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Hercules's Pillars, built by the Carthaginians, Stephanus.
Accakon. See Acaron.
Accatucci, a town of Hispania Bætica, Antonine's Itinerary; now Htulma, at the springs of the river Xandulilla; a village of Andalusia.
Acci.a town of Tarraconensis,Pliny, Ptolemy ; formerly called Adi, supposed to be Guadix, to the east of the city of Cranada, at the foot of a mountain, near the source of the rivulet Guadalantin. Now greatly decayed. The Colonia Accitana Ge■nclla, coins; was of some repute among the Roman colonies. The people were called Gemeilenfes, because the colony consisted of colo. nists from the third and sixth legions.
Accipitrvm, or Hieracum Insula, Ptolemy; a small island near Sardinia, to the west of the Sinus Sulci
Accitvm, a town of Hispania Bætici, now Finiana, as appears from an ancient inscription; situate on an eminence of the mountains Alpuxaras, in Granada.
Accua, Livy; a town in Italy.
Accusiorum Colonia, Ptolemy; an inland town of the Cavares, in GalHa Narbonensis: now Grenoble, in Dauphine. E. Long. 5" 28', Lat.
45*. I*'Aci. See Ac A.
Ac EDO Sa, Josephus; a village of Judea.
Acilum, Ptolemy; or Acilium, a town in the Venetian territory, now called Axoh, situate to the west of Trevigi, at the source of the rivulet NJusone. E. Long. 13*, Lat. 450.
Acellus. See Ægithallum.
Ac Em A, a mountain of Gallia Narbonensis, and a part of the maritime Alps; but better Cema.
Acersum, a town of tbe Picentini, Pliny % now Acerno, in the Principato citra of the kingdom of Naples. E. Long. 150 4.1', Lat. 4.0" 50'.
A'. Iuæ, a town on the Clanius, in Campania, not far from Naples, Virgil; now Actrra; the inhabitants Accemni.E.Long.i5s,Lat 4i°.Greatly exposed to be endamaged by the frequent inundations of the Qaniui \ which baffled all the at
tempts of the inhabitants, to keep it within its banks.—Another town of this name, Plutarch, Polybius; now called la Girola, in the territory, and to the south east of Lodi, where the rivulet Serio falls into the Adda, to the west of Cremona, and north of Placentia.
Acerrina, a colony of Brutians in Magna Grxcia, taken by Alexander of Epirus, Livy. ■ .
Ackrris, a town of Hispania Taraconensis, Strabo ; now Gerry, a hamlet in Catalonia, on the river Noguera, towards the Pyrenees.
Acervetis, a town of Thrace, afterwards called CalaUs, Pliny.
Aces, a liver of P.irthia, described by Herodotus, as divided by the inhabitants into several streams, in order to water their fields/ .
Acesæ, a city of Macedonia, whose citizens were called Acesæi, Stephanus.
Acesamenæ, a city of Macedonia, named from Acesamenus, who reigned in Pieria, Stephanus.
Acesia, a part of the island of Lemnos, so called from Philoctetes, who was there cured of his wound, Philostratus.
Ace Sin Es, a river of India; which, after being swelled with the Hydaspes, and another great river, which Arrian calls Tutapus, unknown to other authors, and besides with many other rivers, falls into the Indus, in the country of the Malli.
Ac Es In us, a river of Sarmatia Europea, falling into the Euxine, Pliny.
Acesta, a town of Sicily, so called from Acestes, of Trojan origin. It is also called ÆgeflaznA Egefla, from the different names of the founder. The Romans called it Segefla, in order to avoid the indecency of the term Egefla. It is situate on the river Simois, to the east of mount fcryx and cape Drepanum. The inhabitants are called Acefltti, Pliny.
Achabarorum Petra, in Galilee, mentioned by Josephus.
Achabytos, a high mountain of Rhodes, on whose top stood a temple of Jupiter, Diodor. Siculos.
Ac H. Ad. SeeAcAD.
Ach Ac A, a town of the island of Rhodes, in the district of Jalyfus, and the first and most ancient of all,
said said to be built by the Heliades, or the grandsons of the Sun.
Achæa, a hamlet of Asiatic Sarmatia, on the Euxine. The inhabitants were called Achæi,a colony of the Orchomenians, Ovid.
Achæi, Livy; the people of Greece; for the most part called Achi-vi by the Roman poets. In Homer, the general name for Grecians.
Achjeia, a hill or eminence in Carj'stus, one of the Cyclades, Stephanes.
Achæium, a district of Troas, opposite to Tenedos, Strabo. Achæmenia, a part of Persia, so called from Achasmenes, the first king : hence the epithet Acliæmenius, Horace; Acbæmenides, the people, Strabo. Aqhæorum Portus, Pliny; now Porto Buon, a harbour of the Chersonesus Taurica, on the Euxine.— Another, near Sigæum, into which the Xanthus, after being joined by the Simois, falls. Achæorum Statio, the tomb of Hecuba, in the south of the Chersonese of Thrace, over against Sigæum, Pliny. Achaia, a name taken first for that part of Greece which Ptolemy calls Hellas; the younger Pliny, Gratia; now called Livadia; bounded on the north by Thelfaly, the river Sperchius, the Sinus Maliacus? and mount Oeta; on the well by the river Achelous; on the east turning a little to the north, it is washed by the Archipelago, down to the promontory of Sunium; on the south, joined to the Peloponnesus, or Morea, by the isthmus of Corinth, five miles broad. Secondly, for that small district in the north of Peloponnesus, running westward along the bay of Corinth, called Achaia trofria, and bounded on the west by rhe Ionian Sea, on the south by Elis and Arcadia, on the east by Sicyonia; its metropolis Patræ. It is now called Romania Alia, in Morea. Achaia was also taken for all those countries that joined in the Achean league, reduced by the Romans to a province; and lastly for Peloponnesus, Ovid, Apuleius. Achaia, Strabo; a town of Aria.— A second, of Parthia, Appian.—A
third of Syria, Id. All three of
Greek or Macedonian original.
Achaiachala, a citadel of Mesopotamia, encompassed by the Euphrates, and of very difficult access, Ammian.
Achamæ, Pliny; a people of Libya Interior.
Achara, a town of Sicily, mentioned by Cicero, now Larrano, in the , territory of Syracuse.—Also a town of Lycaonia, Strabo; on the borders of Galatia and Pisidia, to the west of Iconium. ,
Acharaca, a town of Lydia, situate between Tralles and Nyfa; in which were the temple of Pluto, and the cave Charonium, where patients .slept in order to obtain a cure.
Acharna, or Acharna:, arum, Pindar; a town of Attica, the largest of those, which the Athenians call An/xti, Thucyd. Acharneus, a citizen of Achamse, and Acharnanus the epithet, Corn. Nepps.
Achasa, a country of Scytbia extra Imaum, Ptolemy.
Achates, Sjl. Italicus; a river of Sicily, now the Drilh, Cluverius; which runs from north to south, almost parallel with, and at no great distance from, theGela; and rises in the north of the territory of Noto. It gave name to the Achates, or Agate, said to be first found there.
AciiAZin, or'Achzib, a town of Galilee, in the tribe of Asher, nine miles from Ptolemais.—Also a town in the more southern parts of the tribe of Judah.
Achelous, a river of Acarnania; which rises in mount Pindus, and dividing Ætolia from Acarnania, falls from north to south into the Sinus Corinthiacus. It was formerly called Thaas, front its impetuosity, and king of rivers, Homer. The epithet Acheloius is used for Aqueus, Virgil; the ancient calling all water Achelous; especially in oaths, vows, and sacrifices, according to Ephorus; now called A/pro potamo. Rivers are by the poets called Tauriformes, either from the bellowing of their waters, or from their plowing the earth in their course : Hercules, restraining by dykes and mounds, the inundation sj of tbe Acktbat, is said to have broke off one of his horns, and to have brought back plenty to the country.
Acheious, a rivulet of Tbessaly, running by the city Lamia, Strabo, Pausamas. Also a river of Peloponnesus, running by Dyma, in Achaia, Strabo; and by mount Lytxusm Arcadia, Paufanias.
ACRf Son, one of the fabulous rivers of Hell. It is also called Acheroas, and Azktruns; hence Ulmorum Achenoes in Plautus, a (lave, on whose back many elm-twigs are broke; a gulf or sink of elms.
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia, in Epirus, which, after forming the lake y\rcberufia, at no great distance from, falls into, the sea, near the promontory of Chimerium to the weft of the Sinus Amhracius, in a course from noith to Ibuth.
Acheron, C* /tcheros, a river of the firuttii in Italy, running from east to west; where Alexander, king of Epirus, was slain by the Lucani, being deceived by the oracle of Dodona, who bid him beware of Achersn.
Acherontia, Coins; a town on the Acheron, in the country of the Bruttii, or Calabria Inferior. The inhabitants are called Acheroniini, Piiny
Acberontia, now A. trenza, a hamlet of Apulia, situate on a mountain, and which therefore Horace calls, A ;.':<' Ackeront:*. Acheros, 7SeeAcHER0N.
Acherusia Palus, a like between Cumar 3nd the promontory Misenum, now il Logo dclla Collucia, Cluveriu*. Some confound it with the i^ni Lua inui, and others with the : J :a Autrm. But Strabo and Phny distinguish thtm. The former takes it to be an effusion, exun'd'tion, or washes ot the sea, and therefore called by Lycophion, Ajprwta x""«- Also a lake of Epirus, through which the Acheron runs. There is also an Acherusia, a peninsula os Bithynia on the Eu line, near Heraeiea,. and a cave there of tbe same name, through which Hercules des ended to bell, udiag lorth Cerberus.
Achetus, called by some a river, bf others a place in Sicily, mentioned by Silius Italicus; now unknown.
Achilleos Dromos, Pliny; a peninsula not far from the mouth os the Borysthenes, where Achilles instituted games.
Achilleum, a town of Troas, so called from Achilles, at being near his monument; built by the MytiU enians, and soon after also by the Athenians, Pliny.
Achillis Insula, a small island in the mouth of the Borysthenes, famous for the monument and a temple of Achilles, Pliny.
Achindana, a river of Carmania, falling into the Persian Gulf, Ptolemy.
Achivi. See Achæi.
Achnæ, a.townof Theslaly, and another of Bceotia, Stephanus.
Achmb, an island in the Carpathian, Sea, afterwards called Cafes, Pliny.
Ac Ho Au, Pliny; a people of Arabia Felix.
Achola, Ptolemy, Ot Achilla, Livy; a town of Africa Propria, not far from Carthage, to the south of Thapsus. It is Pliny's Obpidum Acolitanum. Called also Acilla by Hirtius.
Ac Holla, a town of Libya, not far from the Syrtes, a colony of the Meliteans, Stephanus.
Ac Hor, a valley of Jericho, lying along the river Jordan, not far from Gilgal, so called from Achan, the troubler of Israel, being there ston
• ed to death.
Achradina, Plutarch; j1cradina,CU cero, Livy; one of the four cities or divisions of Syracuse, and the strongest, largest, and most beautiful part of it, separated by a very strong wall from the outer town, Tycha and Neapclit. It was adorned with a very large forum, with beautiful porticos, a most elegant pryianeum, a spacious senate-house, and a superb temple of Jupiter Olympius, Plutarch.
Achsaph, a town of Galilee, in the tribe of Alher, tailed Chafalus by Jerom; situate in the plain, lying at the foot of mount I'abor.
Achzib. See Achazib.
AcIDalus,"a fountain in Orchome- nus, a city of Bœotia, in which the C Graces,
'feraces, who ate sacred to Venus, bathed. Hence the epithet Acida
• ita, given to Venus, Virgil.
Ac Id As, a river of Peloponnesus, whose ancient name, according to Pausanias, was Jariamit.
Acidava, a town of Dacia, in Peutinger's map, near the Danube.
AciDON, a river of Triphylia, a district of Elii, on the sea-coast, Stra
, bo. . .
Acila, Strabo, Ocila, Pliny, and Ocelit, Ptolemy, a staple or m.3rt town in Arabia Felix, on the Arabic Gulf, from which, according to Pliny, they set sail for India. Now Ziden>
AciliA Augusta, a town of Bavaria, now Azelburg, as appears from an ancient inscription.
Aciliskne, a diilrict of Armenia the Greater, situate between mount Taurus and the Euphrates, before It takes its course to the south, Stra
AcifciNCUM, Antonine; a town in the Lower Pannonia, on the banks ,of the Danube, between the river Cufus and town Taurunum, called jtcumincum by Ptolemy. . It seems to Be Salankemen, a hamlet with a citadel, in the south of Hungary, to the west of, and not far from, Belgrade1, opposite to where the Teiss falls into the Danube.
At Isa, a town of Arabia, Pliny.
Acinasis, a river of Colchis, running between the Phasis and Trapezus.
Acincum, Arrianj called Aquincum, Ptolemy, a town of Lower Hungary, on the Danube, supposed to be Buda.
Acinippo, a town cf Bætica, Pliny; its ruins, called Roada la Vitga, are to be seen near Arunda, in the kingdom of Granada.
Aciris, Pliny; now Acri, a river rising in Lucania, and falling into the bay of Taientum, near Metapontura. Also a town at the mouth of the Aciris, how 'Torre d'Acri.
Acts, Ovid, Theocritus; a river of Sicily, running from a very cold spring, in the ,woody and shady foot of mount Ætna, eastward into, and not much above a mile from, the sea, along green and
pleasant banks, with the speed of an arrow, from which it takes its name. It is now called Act, loci, cr Chiati, according to the different Sicilian dialects. Antonine calls it Aciut. Also the name of a hamlet
. at the mouth of the Acts.
Acis, a small island in the Egean sea, and one of the Cyclades, Pliny.
Ac It His, or Acithius, Ptolemy, Atyt, Pliny; a river in the south of Sicily, running in the vale of Mazara into trie African Sea, between the Thermæ Selinuntiae to the east, and the promontory of Lilybæum to the west; now U Carab'i, Cluverius.
Aciton, an island near Crete, Pliny.
Acius. See Acis.
Aclisen A,a city of Armenia theLess, Strabo.
Acmonia, and Agmonia, in Peutiriger's map, a town of Phrygia Major, now in ruins. The inhabitants are called Acmontnses by Cicero, and the city eivitat AemotienJit. Also a city of bacia, Ptolemy; on the Danube, near the ruins of Trajan's bridge, built by Severus, and called Se-vericum, distant twelve German miles from Temesu-ar, to the south-east.
Acolitanum Oppidum. See Acho
Acon. See Aca.
Aconæ and Aconc, a port and town of Bithynia, on the Euxine, Stephanus. The dock or arsenal of Heraclea.
Acontisma, a very narrow pass of Macedonia, Amraian'; in the confines of Thrace, between Neapolis and Topiris, Antohine's Itinerary.
Acontium, a town of Arcadia, so called from Acontius, Lycaon's son. Another in the island Eubœa, Stephanus.
Acontius, a mountain of Magnesia in Thesl'aly, or of Bœotia, Strabo, Pliny.
Acoraca, a town in the Chalybonitis, a district of Syria, Ptolemy.
Ac'pRis, a town of the Higher Egypt, to the east of the Nile, towards the Red Sea, Ptolemy.
Acota, a town of Media, Ptolemy.
Acra, Jofephus; one of the hills of Jerusalem, on which stood the lower town, which was the Old Jerusalem, to which was afterwards added Zion, or the City of David. Probably called Acra, from the fortress 1 which Antiochus built there, in j order to annoy the Temple, and which Simon Macchabæus took and razed to the ground.
Acra, Strabp; a hamlet on the Pa lus Mzotis.
Acka Japygia, Pliny; Salcntina, Ptolemy; now Capo di San Maria di Ltura, a promontory in the kingdom of Naples, to the south-east of Otranto, where formerly was a town, now lying in ruins, on the Ionian Sea, over-agai'nst the Mon- . tes Acroceraunii of Epirus.
Ac R Ab A, a town of Mesopotamia on the banks of the Chaboras, below Carnc, Ptolemy.
Ac a Ab Ata, or Acrcibatia, a town in the south-west of Samaria, Josephus. The country is called Acrabatent.
Acrabbui. SeeADSCENsus Scor
Acracasus, a river of Babylon, supposed to be the some with the Malar agam of Pliny, and the Maarsarei os Ptolemy.
Acraoina. See AchrADINA.
Acræ, a town of Sici'y, whose inhababitants are called Acrenscs. It lrood to the south of Syracuse at the distance of twenty-four miles, near the place now called the monastery of Santa Maria d"Arcia, on ah eminence, as appears from Sinus Italicas. The Syracusans were the foun ders of it, according to Thucydi Ces, seventy years after the building of Syracuse, or six hundred and iixry five before Christ. Hence the epithet Acrtcus.
Acræphia, Acrapkium, or Acriphia, a town of ficeotia. Pausanias calls it Acrjrphxien, in the territory of Thebes. From it Apollo took the name Acrirphuts.
Acragas, or Agragas, so called by the Greek*, and sometimes by the Romans, Virgil; but more generally AgrigmSum by the Jattpr; a town of Sicily. In Greek medals the inhabitants are called Akpwantinoi, and Agrigtntini by Cicero. Tlie town stood upon a mountain, at the confluence of the Acragas andHypu, a mountain near the port called Zf*.-.(,n by Ptolemy, but Eot'kiov, or the E>ocjc, by Strabo. And in
the time of the latter, scarce a trace of all that side remained. In the year before Christ five hundred and eighty-four, the peoplp'! of pel'a' built Acragas, one hundred ^nd eight years after building their own city. It took its name from the river runsting by it. And.''being but two miles from, enjoyed all the conveniences that could come by the sea. It was a place of great strength, standing on' the top of a very steep rock, and warned on the south side by the river Acragas, now called fiume di Gergenti, and pn the southwest by the Hypsa, with a citadel to the south-east, externally surrounded by a deep gulf, which made it inaccessible but on the side next the town.' It was famous for the tyrant Phalaris and his brazen bull. They were a people luxurious in their tables, and magnificent in their dwellings, of whom Empedocles, in Diogenes Laertius, fays, that they lived to-day as if they were so (lie to-morrow, and built as if they were to live for ever. The country round the city was laid out jri vine and'olive-yards, in the produce ot which they carried oh a great and profitable commerce with Carthage. K. Long, i j0 %q'. Lat. 370 atf. Acra Salentina, Sec Acra JaPycia.
Acrath, a place in Mauritania Tingitana, Ptolemy. Now supposed to to be Eelia, or Velix; a fortified town in the kingdom of Fez, with a citadel and commodious harbqur, on the Mediterranean, scarce a mile distant from Penon de Velez, a Spanish fort. W. Long. 5°, Lat. 34°. 45'. '." ■
Acriæ, a maritime town of Laconica, near the mouth of the Eurotas, Ptolemy, Strabo. Now almost in ruins, and called Ormoas,
Acridophagi, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus; a people of Ethiopia, beyond Egypt; who lived on locusts; which is the reason of their name: on the blowing of certain winds vast quantities of locusts are carried to their country, Id.
AcRit-LA.and Acr'dlg, Stephan, a towa of Sicily, not farfrom Syracuse, situate in the road between Acra: and Hybla, but in what particular spot is C 1 'uncer