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tending along the coast of Greece, I from the promontory Sunium of Attica to Theslaly,,and separated from Bceotia by .a narrow strait, called Euripus. From its length the island was formerly called Macris: afterwards Abantias, or Abantis, from the Abantes,a people originally of Thrace, called by Homer oiriyflin Ko/uoWff, from wealing their hair long behind, having in a battle experienced the inconvenience of wearing it long before. And from cutting their forelocks, they were called Curetes, Abantaus, the epi. thet, Ovid.

Abaratha, a town of the island of Taprobane, Ptolemy.

Abarbina, a town of Hyrcania in Asia, Ptolemy.

Abarim, high mountains of steep ascent, separating the country of the Ammonites and Moabites from the land of Canaan, where Moses died. According to Joscphus, they stood opposite to the territory of Jericho, anoV were the last station but one of the Iraelites coming from Egypt. Nebo and Pisgah were parts of these mountains.

Abarimon, Pliny; a district lying along mount Imaus.

Abarina, a territory of Africa, mentioned by Victor Uticenfis.

Abaritanum, a place in Africa Profria, Victor Uticenfis. In Pliny we have Abaritana arundo.

Abarnus, Stephanus; a town district and promontory os Pariana, on the Hellespont, the territory of Parium in Troas, Strabo.

Abarraza, Antonine; a town of Syria, between Cyrtha and Edefi'a.

Abas. See Aba.

Abascus, Ptolemy, Arrian; a river of Asiatic Sarmatia, which rising from mount Caucasus, falls into the Euxine, between Pityus to the east, and Nefis to the west.

Abasitis, Strabo; a tract of Asiatic Mysia, in which is situate the city Ancyra.

Abassus, Livy; a town of Phrygia the Greater, on the confines of the Tolistobogii, a. people of Galatia in Asia.

Abathu3a, Ptolemy; a village of

Mar ma ri ca or Barca in Africa. Ab A Ton, an erection at Rhodes, as

a fence to the trophy of Artemisia, queen of Halicarnaflus, Coos, &c. raised in memoiy of her victory over the Rhodians i or rather as a screen to conceal the disgrace of the Rhodians from the eyes of the world; the effacing or destroying the trophy, being with them a point of religion.

Abatos, an island in the lake Moeris, formerly famous for its flax and papyrus. It was the burial place of Osiris, Lucan.

Abba, a town of Africa Propria, near Carthage, Polybius, l-ivy.

Abboras. See Aborras.

AbDAda, a town of Galatia, Ptolemy.

Abdara, so called by Ptolemy, and Abiera, by Strabo, Mela, and Stephanus ; a town of Bætica in Spain, a Phœnician colony, now called Adra, to the weft of Almeria, in the kingdom of Granada.

Abdera, e long, a maritime town of Thrace, not far from the mouth of the river Ncjsus, on the east side, Strabo. The foundation thereof, according to Herodotus, was attempted 'to be laid by Temesius the Clazomenian, but he was forced by the Tliracians to quit the design. The Teians undertook it, and succeeded, settling there, ia order to avoid the iniults of the Peisians. Hence the proverbial saying, Ac$.-,.>x, xaWi Tiixv oVuixi'a, to people that prove unsociable; meaning, that we know where to meet with better treatment. Ephorus and Mela use Abdera, orum, plurally. The inhabitants were called Abdcrita and Abdcritani: they were subject to a species of frenzy, which gave rife to the adage, Abderitica mens. Abdera, however, produced several great men: which causes the greater wonder, that Juvenal mould call it Vervecum patria: nothing being more opposite than madness and stupidity, the greatest wits being subject to a species of phrenzy. Protagoras was a native of this place, expelled by the Athenians for his atheism, and bis books burnt; Anaxarchus also the philo- sopher. Here Democritus, called the Laughing Philosopher, resided.

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being originally of MiktuJ, Diogenes Laertius. Abdera in Spain. See Abdara. Abdiabda, Ptolemy, a town of Albania, situate on the Caspian Sea. Abdon, one of the Levitical cities, in tbe south of the tribe of After, Joshua. Aidua. SeeADDUA. Abe'a, Abxa, or Abia, a town on the bay ofMesseniain Peloponnesus,and one of the seven which Agamemnon promised Achilles, Homer. Also a town of Phocis, burnt by Xerxes's army, according to Herodotus and Strabo. Abel A. See Abel-keramin. Abel-beth - Maacha, called also Abel-maim, a town in the tribe of Naphthali, in the noith of Canaan, towards Syria, where was a district called Maacha, i Kings xv. 2 Chronicles xvi. Abelites. See Sinus Avelhes. AlEL-KBRAMiM,or Vint arum, bey on d Jordan in the country of the Ammonites, where Jephtha defeated the Ammonites, distant seven miles from Philadelphia, abounding in vines, and hence the name; called also AbtU. Asella, a town of Campania, now Amelia, near the river Clanius. The inhabitants are called Abellani.and said to be a colony of Chalcidians. The Nux Avellana, called also Præ neftina, or the hazel-nut, takes its name from this town, according to Macrobius. Abellihum, now Avellino, a town of the Hirpini, a people of Apulia, distant about a mile from the rivulet Sabbato, between Beneventum and Salernum. Pliny calls the inhabitants Abelliaates, with the epithet Protropi, to distinguish them from the AbellinatesMarsi.E.Long. 15. zo. Lat. 41. Abel-mehola, the country of the prophet Eliftia, situate in Manasseh, on this side Jordan, between the valley of Jesreel and the village os Bethmaela, in the plains of Jordan, where the Midianites were defeated by Gideon, Judges. Abel-mizraim, Moses; called also the threstiing-floor of Atad; signifying the lamentation of the Egypi for whoni the Canaamtes

took the comoany that mourned for Jacob; supposed to be near Hebron. Wells.

Abbl-sattim or Sitt'm, a town in the plains of Moab, to the N. E. of the Dead.Sea, not far from Jordan, where the Israelites committed fornication with the daughters of Moab, Moses. So called, probably, from the great number of sittimtrees there.

Abia. See Abea.

Abida, Ptolemy; a town of CceleSyria, situate to the S. of Damascus.

Abieta or Abritta, a town of the Jazyges Metanastæj Ptolemy; supposed to be Agria.atown of Hungary. E. Long. 20', Lat. 48*.

Abii ScYTHÆ.HomerjCurtius;taken by Strabo to denote the European Sarmatæ, bordering on the Thracians and Bastarnæ; who might be better known to Homer than the Scythians dwelling more to the north: commended for their love of justice, Curtius; and for their trampling on and despising earthly things, Ammian.

Abila, <r, or orum, Polybius; the fame with Abel-keramim.

Abila, orum, Jofephus; the seme with Abel Sattim, or Sittim.

Abila Lysaniæ, a town of CoeleSyria, between Heliopolis and Damascus, Ptolemy, Polybius, Pliny. Abilita.a citizen of AbUa; the country, Abilene, Luke.

Abila. See Abyla.

Abilene. See Abila Lysaniæ.

Abilunum, Ptolemy 5 a town of Germany, situate on the Danube.

Abinna, Ptolemy; a town in the inland parts of Suliana.

Abiolica, Antonine; according to Cluverius, h le Mullet, a town ot the Franche Comte, six miles from Ambrun, in the road to Besangon.

Abisa, or Abisa, Ptolemy; a town of Arabia Felix.

Abisama, Ptoleniy; a town of Arabia Felix, situate in the territory of tlie Adiamitæ.

Abissa. See Abisa.

Ablata, Ptolemy; a town os Pontus, in the territory of Polemonium.

Abliala, a town of Albania, on the west side of the Caspian Sea,between B z the

ike rivers Albanus and Cyrus, Pto, lemy.

Abnoba, now Abenonu, a long range of mountains in Germany, taking different names according to the different countries they run through. As about the river Maine, called the Oden or Ottenuialds between Hesse and Franconia, the Spejsart, and about the duchy of Wirlemberg, where the Danube takes its

, rife, called the Baar.

Abobrica, or Abobrign, a town in Gallicia, in the north-west of Spain, supposed to be Bayona. And in an old inscription called Aobriga. W.

. Long, i* Lat. 43* 30'.

Aboccis, Pliny; Abuncis, Ptolemy; a town of Ethiopia, lying beyond Egypt.

Abodiacum, Ptolemy, or Abudiacum; now Fueffen, a town of Germany, in the south-east of Suabia, on the Lech, near the borders of Bavaria and Tyrol.

Abolla, Stephanus; a town of Sicily; now either unknown, or extinct.

Abon, Abona, or Abonis, Antonine; a town and river of Albion. The town, according to Camden, is Abington, and the river Abhon, or Avon. But by Antonine's Itinerary, the distance is nine miles from theVenta Silurum, orCaer-Went: others therefore take the town to be Porstiut, at the mouth of the river Avon, over against Bristol. Abhon or Avon, in the Celtic language denotes a river.

Aboniteichos, Ptolemy, a town of Paphlagonia, on the Euxine, between Teuthrania and Sinope. The birth place of the impostor Alexander. See Lucian. Aboniteichita, the people, Stephanus.

Abor, Chabor, or Habcr, a district in Assyria, on the river Gtzan, bound5ng On Media, i Kings xvii.

Aborigines, Dionysius Halicarnasseus, Li'vy, Virgil: a very ancient people in Latiumj who are said to' have come with Saturn; ami to have learned the use of letters from Evander, the Arcadian, Tacitus. The term is become appellative, to denote a people, whose origin cannot l>e traced. The Greeks call such "Aws^eovif, a name the Athenians as

fected much. Dionysius Halicarnasseus assigns a three-fold etymology of the name Aborigines; one, from their giving origin to their posterity, which seems to be confirmed, by Virgil; a second from their roving, desultory life, as if called Aberrigines; and a third, from their inhabiting • the mountains; which also seems to be alluded to by Virgil.

Aboraca, a town of Asiatic Sarmatia, near the Euxine, Strabo.

Aborras, Abboras, or Abxras, alarge river of Mesopotamia, running, according to Ptolemy, from north to south out of mount Masiiis, by the town of Anthemusia, into the Euphrates.

Abos. See Aba.

Abotis, a town of Egypt, according to Stephanus. The inhabitants are called Abotida, id.

Abragana, Ptolemy; a town of the Seres.

Abranitis. See Auranitis.

Abravannus, Ptolemy; the name of a promontory and river of Galloway in Scotland, se called from the Celtic terms Aber, signifying either the mouth of a river, or the confluence of two rivers, and Avon, a river. •

Abreta, the ancient name of Mysia, Pliny.

Abrettene, Strabo; Abrtttine, Stephanus; a district of Mysia, in Asia. Hence the epithet Abrcttenus, given Jupiter, Strabo; whose priest was Cleon, formerly at the head of a gang of robbers, and who received many and great favours at the hands of Antony; but afterwards went over to Augustus, id. The people were called Abretteni; inhabiting the country between Ancyra of Phrygia, and the river Rhyndacus.

Abrieta. SeeABiETA.

Abrinca. SeeOBRINGA.

Abrincatarum Oppidum, the town of the Abrincat*, or Abrincatui, now Avranchts, in France, situate on an eminence in the south west of Normandy, near the borders of Britanny, on the English Channel. W. Long. 1? io7, Lat 48' 40'.

Abrostola, Ptolemy, Peutingerj a town of Phrygia Major.

Abrotonum, a town and harbour

on

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on the Mediterranean,in the district of Syrtis parva, in Africa, Strabo, Pliny -. one of the three cities that went to form Tripoly.

Abkystvu. See Aprustum.

Ab Sa Rum, a town of Cappadocia, on the Euxine, in the confines of Colchis, Pliny; on the river Abfarus.

Absar.cs, a river of Colchis, called Afsarus by Pliny, and Apsorrus by Ptolemy, falling into the Euxine, having there a cognominal citadel.

Absorus, Apsorus, Ab syrtis, Abfyrti* «fcr, Apjjrtides, Apfyrtis, and Abfyrthmm, Sti abo, Mela, Ptolemy; islands in the Adriatic, in the gulf of Carnero; so called from Abfyi tus, Medea's brother, there slain. They are either one island or two, separated by a narrow channel, and joined by a bridge, and now called Ckirfa, and O/ero.

Absynthus, a town of Thrace. See Ænus.

Absyrtidss. See Absorus.

Absyrtis, and Abfyptium. See AbSorus.

Abudiacum. See Abodiacum. Abdla, Ptolemy; a town oftbeBaftitani, a people of Hispania Tarraconensis; a Carthaginian colony. Abuxcis. See Aboccis. Abu Xi A, Pliny; a town of Scythia, to the north of Colchis, situate at mount Corax, which on the west joins to Caucasus. Aburai. SeeABORRAs. . Abus, Tacitus 5 a river of Britain, formed by the confluence of the Ure, the Derwent, Trent, &c. falling into the German Sea, between Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, and forming the mouth of the Humber. Abcs, a mountain. See Aba. Aeusjna, Antonine; atownofVindelkia, now Abenjberg, in the north of Bavaria, on the river Abens, which soon after falls into the Danube, about twelve miles to the fctitn west of Ratisbon. E. Long. iie 40', Lat. 48^ 40'. Abydo, onis, Homer; a place on the Axius, in the district of Pæonia of Macedonia, Stephanus. Ait DO:, a town built by the Milesians in Asia, on the Hellespont, where it is scarce a mile over, ppto Sestos on the European Dionysius Periegetes. Now

both called the Dardanelles; Abyddl lies midway between Lampfacus and Ilium, famous for Xerxes'* bridge, Herodotus, Virgil; and for the loves of Leander and Hero, Mufæus, Ovid; celebrated also for its oysters, Ennius, Virgil. The inhabitants were called Abydeni, Stephanus, Pliny; who worshipped a stone, said to have dropt from, heaven: a soft, effeminate people, given much to detraction; hence the proverb, tie temere Abydum, when we would caution against danger, Stephanus.

Abydos, Strabo, Pliny; an'inland town of Egypt, between Ptolemais and Diospolis Parva,towards Syene, famous for the palace of Memnon, and the temple of Osiris. A colony of Milesians, Stephanus.

Abyla, Ptolemy, Mela; one of Hercules's pillars, on the African side, called by the Spaniards Sierra de las lionets, over against Calpe in Spain, the other pillar; supposed to have been formerly joined, but separated by Hercules, and thus to have given entrance to the sea, now called the Mediterranean: the limits of the labours of Hercules, Pliny.

Abystrum. See Aprustum.

Aca, Ace, or Aeon, a town of Pheninicia, on the Mediterranean, afterwards called Ptolemais, now Acre. E. Long. 36. Lat. 33. 35.

Acabe, Ptolemy; a mountain of Egypt, on the Red Sea. — Acabe, Ptolemy, a fountain in Africa Propria, near the borders of Cyrenaicat

Acabene, a district of Mesopotamia

on the Tigris, Ptolemy. Acabis, Ptolemy; a town of Cyre

naica.

Acacesium, atown of Arcadia, from which Mercury was called Acacestus, Pa u fan.

Ac Ad. Moses, or Achad, the town in which Nimrod reigned, called Archad by the Seventy, situate in Babylonia, on the east side of the Tigris.

Acadama, Notitia; a town of Syria, situate on the Euphrates.

Academia, a place near Athens, where Plato taught, being formerly in the possession of a private person, Ibn, tailed Academus, and henfe the appellation. Spon places it to the north of thecity, from which Meursius has proved it to be distant six stadia. It was also called Ceramicus, as being a part of the Ceraniicus, that lay without the city, there being another within the wallst according to Hefychius. It had a portico and grove.

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Academia CtcERONis, the name of a villa of Cicero, situate between the LacusAverni and Puteoli on the sea stiore; famous for a portico and grove, in imitation of. the Academia near Athens; where Cicero wrote his Academics.' After Cicero's death,! there burst out warm springs, good for the eyes, called Aqua- Ciceronian*.

Acadera, Curtius; a town of the Hither India.

Acaora, or Acathra, an island of the Sinæ, or Siamese, as it is supposed, towards" the north. Another of the fame name in Arabia Felix, Ptolemy.

Acalandra, a town of Lucania on the other fide the Apennine, Strabflj now Salandra, in the fasilicata, on the river Acalandrus.

Acalandrus, a river, falling into the bay of Tarentura, not far from Metapontum, Pliny, Strabo s now Fiume di Rofelo.

Acale, a town of Arabia Felix, Ptolemy,

Ac Amantis, the ancient name of the island Cyprus, taken from one of its promontories, situate to the west, called Acamas, Stephanus—Teos.in Ionia, was thus also called, Anacreon; from Acamus, the sounder, Herodotus.

Acamas, antis, Strabo, Ptolemy; the west promontory of the island of Cyprus, from which it took its ancient name. Now Capo Pifanio, or Epijanio, where formerly was a town of the fame name; now a village, called Crusocco.

Acampsis, a river of Colchis, Arrian.

Acannæ, or Accana, a staple, or mart, on the Red Sea, Stephanus.

Acanthine, Ptolemy; an island in the Arabian Gulf, next Daphnine.

Acanthos, a town of Egypt, near Memphis, Pliny; now Bisalta. Also

a maritime town of Macedonia.tothe* west of mount Athos, a colony of Andrians, Thucydides, Ptolemy; now Erijso; nearwhich was (hewnXerxes's ditch,of seven stadia, in order to separate mount Athos from the continent, and convey his ships, without doubling Athos, into the Singitic Bay. Acanthos, is also a town of Epirus. Acara, a town in Cisalpine Gaul, not far from Regium Lepidura, Strabo.

Acarassws, a town of Lycia, Stephanus,

Acaria, a fountain in the territory of Corinth, where Iolas cut off the head of Eurystheus, Strabo.'

Ac Ar Man, or Carman, a city of Arabia Felix, Ptolemy.

Acarnania, the first country of free Greece, or Greece Proper, bounded on the west by the Sinus Ambracius, and separated from Ætolia by the river Achelous on the east, and by the Sinus Ambracius from Epirus. The people are called Acarnanes, denoting persons unshorn, other Etolians, to the east of the Achelous, being called Cu;etes,Homer; from being shorn: the name comes from the singular, Ataman: according to Macrobius they reckoned but six months to the year; and, according to Lucian, were noted for effeminacy and incontinence; hence the proverb, Porcellus Acarnanius. This country wa* famous for an excellent breed of

. horses; so that Axajnnat is a

proverbial saying for a thing excelent in its kind. It is now called la Cernia and il Despotato.

Acaron, or Accaron, a town of Palestine, tailed Ekron in Scripture. It was the boundary of the Philistines to the north; stood at some distance from the sea, near Bethsemesh; was famous for the idol of Baalzebub ; Accaronita, Joshua; the gentilitious name: still called Accaron.—Also the name of a village, called Callim, Jerome; in the tribe of Judah.

Acathra. See Acadra.

Acathartos, a large bay in the Arabian Gulf, towards Egypt, Strabo.

Accabicus Mxirus, a town near Hercuks's

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