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FROM BOSTON TO VAN.
to be a man of very clear views in regard Bastern Turkey Mission.
life. To most readers of the “Herald," who I could understand but little of what was have never been themselves on missionary said, but there was a novelty as well as ground, letters from new missionaries, prea solemnity about the whole scene which senting first experiences and first impresserved to impress it deeply upon my mind. sions, often have a special charm. The
“ In the afternoon two children were following from Mr. Scott, the new misbaptized, and a marriage ceremony was sionary to Van (about 300 miles southeast performed by Brother Bond. The chapel of Trebizond), respecting the journey to was crowded, more than a hundred and that place, the people, the beginnings of fifty being present, I think. Among them the work there, etc., will be read with were, doubtless, many who are opposed to interest. It was written in November us, yet there was no demonstration made, last : and quiet, respectful attention was given “Our journey was somewhat protracted by most. Of course there was not such but not tedious. Across the Atlantic we quiet as there usually is in a Sabbath con had prospering breezes and not much gregation at home.
sickness. Over the continent we had “In the evening three more were ex- good weather and good company. The amined, and the Lord's Supper was ad- waters about the ‘Isles of Greece' treated ministered in the chapel. The candidates us a little roughly, but their roughness all seemed to pass very satisfactory exam- only made more grateful our entrance into inations. The seven were admitted to the the Golden Horn. The two weeks spent communion, and now there are eight com. at Constantinople were busy and delightmunicants where before there was but one. ful. One of the seven was the wife of Demere, " The Black Sea gave us a fair passage, the others were young men, or men in and at Trebizond we found our goods, and the vigor of life. One of them had once an efficient escort in Mr. Pierce and Miss turned our helper from his house, so that Van Duzee; our first taste of genuine be bad to leave the village for want of Turkish life, and the beginning of a well a place to stay; and this, I believe, not engineered and well graded carriage-road, more than a year ago.
extending to Erzroom. Mrs. Scott found “ The progress of the truth seems won the carriage a great relief from the wear derful when we remember that less than and tedium of that part of the journey, a year ago the house in which Mrs. Has. and instead of being overcome, as it was kell was staying in the village was stoned. likely she would be by any other availNow the people have a chapel of their able mode of conveyance, she grew strong own, the first Protestant chapel among every day. We passed six weeks pleasthe Bulgarians, and reared by their own antly at Erzroom, during which time I earnest exertions. They did indeed re- had the privilege of making my first ceive some help from outside, but most of tour' with Brother Parmelee, and of atit, I believe, was from native Protestants tending the annual meeting. in other places, and they spent upon the “ From Erzroom to Bitlis we experichapel themselves about fifteen liras ($75) enced unadulterated Turkish traveling in money, and about a hundred days of and hotel accommodations. The road not labor. And not only have they a chapel, admitting of carriages like ours, we left but we
were permitted to hold large that source of comfort to be brought by i public meetings in it without molestation. cart, and betook ourselves, one and all, to
Surely we may take courage from what the saddle. The first night out we passed we have seen in Merichleri, and go for- in a Koordish village, in an underground ward with renewed earnestness and zeal "house' by name, but mud-built, cavern. to the work to which God bas called us in ous stable, in fact. Our baggage-master' this land."
not thinking it desirable, on his part, to go
as far as we did (six bours only), halted quite strongly impregnated with salt and for the night four hours out of Erzroom, alkaline substances, but not entirely uninthus leaving us, as to bedding and eating, habited, water-fowls, and a kind of fish like in a state of bare expectancy; which state sardines, being found in abundance. For continued till noon of the next day, except two days our way was along the shore — that we procured some native bread and days full of charming pictures. No combuffalo's milk for the eating.
bination which earth, air, water, and sky “«Straight slumber' will hardly describe can give, was lacking. Besides its beauty, our night experiences, with our animals oc- the lake bad for us a kind of home-like cupying the larger part of our bed-room. interest. Here was that spot on the map We deposed and disposed of ourselves as named Lake Van, with which we had been best we could, on the raised portion of so long familiar, become a visible reality. the room. Pillowing our heads on .downy' Here was the lake to the shore of wbich saddles we sought repose, but instead of we had sent forward our expectations of sleep, fleas - active, skillful, sharp, and in a home, and around which had gathered number as the sands of the sea-shore — hopes of much fruitful work for Christ. It came upon us. For a long time no one seemed like an old friend, and I was glad spoke, but each listened to the rustling to be near it. of the rest, as all turned and rubbed and Sending us to Bitlis, for a time, was brushed, in vain attempts to dislodge the one of the Lord's good directions. I don't invading hosts. These subdued rubbing mean to say he bas any other than good. sounds were interrupted by one of the If we had been obliged to spend our first aorses taking a taste of Miss Ely, who had summer in a place less bealthful, it is probmade her bed in close proximity to the able we should have experienced evil requadrupeds. In a mild but decided tone sults; but under the influence of pure she remonstrated with the animal; and mountain air and water, and Mrs. Knapp's thus introduced a general conversation rare commissary demonstrations, we were which lasted till morning, and in which enabled, at the end of three months, to a rooster, perched near by, took distinct report commendable progress, physically." and frequent part. As soon as daylight
VAN AND ITS PEOPLE. began to come down through a ten-inch hole in the roof, which serves the office at
“ With Van and its people we are agreeonce of window and chimney, we made ably disappointed. The city and gardens our way out into the open air, and by the are much more attractive to the eye than side of a running brook sought to wash any other we have seen in this land, havaway the wan features which the night's ing tolerably wide streets, abundance of accommodations had induced. To veterans trees, and respectable houses. The sursuch experiences are too common to be roundings, too, are pleasant. Picturesque remembered, but we were new then, and mountains attract the eye in the near naturally were impressed with the unique background, while in front, the shore of character of Koordish hotels. But tbe the lake
-curved like the Bay of Naples, Lord gave more sun than shadow to our the blue waters, islands, jutting points, and way.
We had, day by day, the most snow-crowned summits beyond, make a delightful scenery around and above us, picture that would adorn any land. We while beneath our feet was a continuous only regret that, owing to the low level profusion of flowers, many rich in hue, on which the city and gardens stand, the and rare."
dampness of the soil and the abundance
of water and shade, it seems probable that “For days we traveled towards Mount we cannot live immediately among the Stepan, with lofty, snow-crowned summit. people with safety. Mr. Barnum wrote Nearing the mountain, we came suddenly you about buildings to be located on a in sight of beautifully blue Lake Van mountain side, an hour or more from our a gem of lakes, grandly set among the present situation. Since reaching here, hills. The waters are clear as crystal; however, we have explored more thor
oughly, and bave found an elevation ap- tered already. We have great reason for parently high enough and dry enough to gratitude that our prayers, and the prayers be free from malarial influences, and an of the many at home who are interested hour nearer the city than the other pro- in this new field, for a wide door of enposed site. There is a stream of water trance' for the gospel, have been so fully near, and it is only seven minutes' walk answered, even We have four to a thickly settled part of the gardens. preaching services every Sabbath — two (The Gardens' are three miles long by in the city and two in the gardens — beone or more wide.)
sides meetings for the women on the Sab. “ The people are, on the average, more bath and during the week.” intelligent and civilized than in most Turkish cities. Men who cannot read are the exceptions, and within the past two or Mahratta Mission - Western Kndia. three years, one or two girls' schools have been established, and are quite largely at
PLEASANT LABOR, BUT TOO MUCH. tended by the younger girls — an advance MRs. Winsor wrote from Satara, Jandue, without doubt, to the spreading influ- uary 11, stating that her husband was unence of missionary labors in other places ble, then, to report, as he wished to do, a and other years. All classes - Armeni- recent tour, and mentioning overwork as ans, Turks, and Koords, bishops, priests, a reason for bis illness. and laymen - have, thus far, treated us I fear he worked too hard while we with almost uniform civility. Some of the were in the villages; but he saw so much priests have warned their people to keep to be done, and the people were so ready away from us; and an attempt was made to hear, that he was urged on to do more to secure an anathema against us from the than he otherwise would have attempted. * High Priest,' but be, so far as we can Upon going into one village, he would learn, has read the New Testament under- learn of those in other villages who were standingly, and thought it not best to issue anxious to hear, and were calling him to the fearful curse.
them. One afternoon I said to him, .Now " In some respects the intelligence of do you not think you had better rest a the people is favorable to our work. little, and go only to Meera ?' (a near They are less easily controlled by their village.) Yes,' he said, I am going to ecclesiastics, less inclined to be satisfied Meera, but I feel as if I must go to two with the mummeries of the church, and other villages first.' better able to understand the errors of “ There was a village far away from our their faith. But in some respects it is un- place of camping, up among the mounfavorable. A little learning' here ope- tains — that was where he must go. Two rates very much as it does in America. villages, four miles apart, bad been visited They are puffed up, self-satisfied, proud in the morning, and I felt not a little of their wisdom, and know not that anxious when three more were spoken of. they are poor and blind. A man with After he returned, however, bringing a wbom some conversation was had in ref- very interesting account of the reception erence to his giving us lessons in the lan- of the Word, I almost chided myself for guage, recommending himself, said he what seemed selfishness — that I sought, was superior to any man in the city, in perhaps too much, to save my husband's writing and religion.'
strength, and thus binder the Word. * We shall not be disappointed if oppo “ There was that old man, the Patil sition comes; but if Satan rises up against (chief man) of that mountain town, who us, it will be a tardy move on his part, for on that day beard about Jesus for the first the Lord has already brought large num time. He said, 'Eighty years have I lived bers to our Sabbath services who have in this village; why didn't you come beheard the Word, and a good number of fore? Your words are all true, true!' Bibles and parts of Bibles have been sold, And with tears streaming down his furso that the truth has been widely scat- rowed cheeks, he again said, 'I will try to
believe.' How would this man, and the of my school in Peking. Another was two hundred in another village, have been the widow of the school teacher. Her reached, if the wearied missionary and his husband died in Peking last summer. He tired helpers had not climbed the rough, was a graduate and a man of some propuneven paths of the mountains that day, erty. His wife was baptized in the presto tell about Jesus and his salvation ? ence of her three sons, young men, who Other days might bave come, but they also now desire baptism, and of a large might have been too late; for one, who number of relatives and of the village peoheard and tried to believe, might have ple, who were attracted by the presence of passed away, with hundreds who are to- a foreigner. Besides those baptized, there day dying among these mountains, with are fourteen others who may be regarded no one to show them the light and love of as under instruction with a view to bapJesus.
tism. These all desire to become members “ Never was our life happier than in of the church. this touring; never were we more eager
We have now church-members in to work. We are, therefore, much disap- twelve or more hamlets, or villages, in pointed that we must leave this partic- different localities to the south and southular work for a little season. In our ab- west of this city. The journey through sence [from Satara], Sukeram, the school- Pacheu, Shencheu, Ning-tsin, then turnteacher, has preached, as we had the two ing eastward, through Têbcheu, would preachers with us. Everything has moved bring one into the vicinity of most of these on well. All the prayer-meetings bave places. The work is only beginning, and been sustained, and I am especially pleased will require much faithful labor, and much that the women have sustained their little prayer, in order to its successful prosecumeeting. V-, our preacher, is so good tion. and kind! He comes and talks to me of “ We have dispatched a woman, who his interest in Mr. Winsor, with the tears bas been taught to read by Miss Porter, in his eyes, and says, “ We are all praying to spend the winter in a country village for him and his speedy recovery."" “ No. 7,” near Têhcheu, with the church
members there, teaching them to read, and instructing them in the gospel. These
members are mostly women, and greatly North China Mission.
desire her presence.
She is a country
woman, and will fall in easily with their A TOUR IN THE COUNTRY - BAPTISMS.
habits. MR. BLODGET wrote from Peking, No. “ In the course of our journey we put vember 13th, soon after returning from a into circulation 5,000 or more tracts, or visit to out-stations and other places in portions of the sacred Scriptures. the country. He says:
“ Mohammedans are scattered every“My recent journey into the country where throughout this region, and their occupied thirty-three days. Mr. Smith mosques are found in many places. joined me at Tientsin, and we were absent from that city twenty-three days, travel.
JESUIT MISSIONS - NAVAL ARCHITECTURE. ing by carts, and stopping for the most “ The Jesuit missions of the Roman part at Chinese inns. The distance trav- Catholic Church are making rapid adeled in going and returning was five hun. vances among these country people. In dred miles — from Peking six hundred and one place we entered a country church, sixty miles. Six adults were baptized and recently erected by the converts, with a five children. Four of the adults, and grant in aid from the European priest. the children, are connected with the The cost was not far from $750. In the Tientsin station. 'Three of the persons past, China has had her three religions, baptized live in villa, es wbere hitherto Consucianism, Tauism, and Buddhism. we have had no church-members. One of The three religions which now strive to them is a young man, formerly a member gain her people are Mohammedanism,
DEATH OF YEINOSKI.
Romanism, and Protestant Christianity. twelve at the school-house. Yesterday we Here is the contest of the future. read the last half of the 19th chapter of
* At Tientsin I noticed three gunboats, Matthew, which furnished the suggestions constructed after the most recent models for a talk of an hour and a balf. I could of Western naval architecture, and of the not ask for a more attentive or appreciamost costly materials, armed with the most tive audience. approved weapons of modern naval war- “I think that, very soon, I shall be able fare, and manned entirely by Chinese. to form a class for the daily study of the One day's journey south of Tientsin I New Testament, besides the regular readfell in with an encampment of foreign ing in the school, and if it were not for drilled and foreign armed Chinese soldiers. the work of translating, I should be inThe number could not bave been less clined to commence on it at once; but as than ten or twenty thousand.
it is I am in some doubt. For nearly two years, with very little intermission,
we have read daily to a small class of Japan Mission.
Japanese, but I have never before bad an
audience like the one this school brings A BOARDING-SCHOOL AT KOBE.
together, and we trust great good may reA LETTER from Mr. Greene, dated sult from the enterprise." “ Kobe, Dec. 16th," mentions several matters of interest in connection with the work in Japan, the first of which is the The arrest and imprisonment of Yei. opening of a school at Kobe. He states :- noski, a teacher of the missionaries at
“ I wrote you, some little time since, of Kobe, who had become much interested our intention to open a school, for the in Christianity, in the summer of 1871, sake of gaining access to a larger number the efforts to secure his release, subseof the people than have bitherto belonged quent rumors of his death in prison, etc., to the circle of our acquaintance. The will not bave been forgotten by readers of school has been in operation about two the “ Herald.” Mr. Greene now writes weeks, in a building hired for the purpose. (December 16):It is not a mission enterprise, that is, the “ Some little time ago, a letter was remission as such is not in any way respon- ceived from the wife of Yeinosuki [Yei. sible for it; but it is a private affair of noski], by some of her old neighbors, to Mr. Davis and myself. It is a boarding- the effect that she had been suffering school, but aside from the teaching and a much during her confinement, but was general supervision of the whole, we are somewhat better off at the time of writrelieved from all care by a self-consti- ing. She asked them to tell us of the tuted body of officers, who seem to be do letter, and to solicit from us money with ing very well. The number of boarding which she might alleviate the misery of and day scholars is about forty. We give her prison life; but she neglected to give an hour and a half each, every afternoon. any directions as to the sending of the My principal exercise is a lesson from the money, and the only clew to ber whereOld Testament, which occupies about an abouts was the post-mark on the letter, hour. It is from the English Bible, to be which showed that it had been mailed sure, but we must choose between that from a city some four or five miles southand the Chinese, and there is not much east of Kioto According to the best indoubt as to which is the best of the two formation we could get, the letter (which for the class of scholars who come to me. we never saw) was manifestly genuine. There are about eight or ten who read, There was, we understood, no mention of and more than as many others who sit by her husband's name in it, which was not and listen ; and all manifest a good de. strange, for the husband and wife bave gree of interest in the exercise, and keep not probably met since they were capme pretty busy answering their questions. tured. I almost immediately wrote to the
“ Sundays I bave a Bible-class of about Governor of Kobe, who had previously