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Lead VERS I FIE D:
SUITABLE EXAMPLES under each of them.
HO' FIGURES no new fense on words impose, Yet language with their radiant beauties glows: So clothes on men nor fize nor fhape bestow, Yet 'tis to them we half our graces owe.
FIGURES fometimes o'er Words extend their sway, And fometimes Sentiments their pow'rs obey. Figures of Words fome other words destroy ; Figures of Sentiment no words annoy, But, founded upon fenfe, they endless life enjoy.
An ECPHONESIS ftrong commotion feels, Exclaims, and our impatient fense reveals. "Welcome, fweet hour, (the dying Christian cries, "While pleasure sparkles from his fwimming eyes) "Period at once of forrow, and of fin,
"Corporeal anguifh, and the war within.
"O what bleft objects open to my fight,
My GOD, my Saviour, and the realms of night!
Not fo the finner. Death uplifts his dart,
"For ever O! for ever, there to dwell;
"Ah! there's the horror, there's the hell of hell:
An APORIA agitates the mind,
And now to this, and now to that inclin'd.
"The pavement fwimming with my brother's gore,
My brother, who muft blefs my eyes no more :
"My mother bow'd with age, and drown'd in tears *,”
EPANORTHOSIS our too languid words
Retracts, and more emphatical affords.
His laws, but I that character recal,
See page 135.
APOSIOPESIS half our fenfe reveals,
And smother'd with our paffions half conceals. Rebels whom I but that I'll firft affuage "These dang'rous ftorms, and quell the ocean's rage*.??
APOPHASIS, while feigning to impose
Strict filence, will our fulleft fense disclose.
"I might have mention'd, but I choose to spare,
"You rush'd upon me, and had fhed my blood,
ANACOENOSIS will to others trust
Our cause, and ask them if it is not juft.
Judge, men of Ifr'el; I to you appeal,
" If my kind labours for my vineyard's weal
ss Could be furpafs'd. I chofe the richest ground,
Ss Gave it the nobleft vine, then fenc'd it round,
SS And with my rains and rays the young plantation crown'd t.s
ANASTROPHE will the attention stay
By an irregular and bold delay.
"The matchlefs fongs of two contending fwains,
AN EROTESIS, while it queftions, throws
A luftre round, and kindles as it goes.
ss Canft thou, a grov'ling worm of yesterday,
VIRGIL. See page 151.
+ Ifa. v. 2, 3, 4.
SS Haft thou an arm like GOD, or haft thou hurl'd
PROLEPSIS an objection fully fhows,
Only by death is quick'ned into birth;
A SYNCHORESIS, with furprizing art,
An EPANAPHORA to grace our strain, Dwells on one word, and founds it o'er again. "This globe's the bafis of our lawless pride; "Here we affume our pomp, and here prefide; "Here wealth is courted with intenfe defire; "Here nations rush to arms with boundless ire; "Here civil wars are wag'd, and here the plain "Is delug'd o'er with blood, and heap'd with flain ||."
APOSTROPHE diverts the speaker's strain
To other objects.
SS Witness earth and main,
* Job xl. 9.
+1 Cor. xv. 35-38,
PLINY. See page 212.
S5 Witness thou fun, and all ye rolling fpheres,
PERIPHRASIS, ungrateful sense to hide,
"Full from the feaft, and flush'd with wine, I'll fend
"No more your breasts shall heave with boding fears "Of the hard galling chain that flav'ry wears *."
ASYNDETON cashiers, to speed its pace, The cop'lative from its accuftom'd place. "I came, saw, vanquish'd, mighty CÆSAR cry'd, "Vict'ry and Fame attendant at his fide +."
A POLYSYNDETON each thought to show Diftinct with cop'latives will overflow. "Bagnios, and floth, and whores, and swimming bowls "Diffolv'd their virtue, and unmann'd their fouls ‡."
An OXYMORON is in found abfurd,
And word difcordant wages war with word;
ENANTIOSIS oppofites prefents,
And thus the pow'rs, or charms of both augments.
LIVY. See p. 224.
+ SUETONIUS. See p. 234.