Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

through. A meteor that is exhaled from the “ earth by a foreign force, though it may mount

high in appearance, and brave it in a blaze, enough to be envied by the poor twinkling

ftars, and to be admired by ordinary specta“ tors, yet its fate is to fall down, and shame“ fully confess its base original. That religion, " which men put on for a cloke, will wear out " and drop into rags, if it be not presently

thrown by as a garment out of fashion *' Would there not have been a sufficiency of Paraboles without the addition of the last, and, I might add, is it not evidently of an inferior texture to the former? Which leads me,

5. To observe that our Comparisons should ascend in a Climax. Let us not begin high, and sink low; but rather let us begin low, and rise high, if we choose to employ two or more Paraboles at the same time. Horace says,

It grieves me HOMER's muse should sometimes nod t.

“ Among

And is not the following passage an incontestible proof of it, as there is evidently an AntiClimax in the succession of similies ? « the Chiefs was King AGAMEMNON, in his

eyes Shaw's Immanuel, or Discovery of Religion, as it imports a living Principle in the Minds of Men ; a treatise remarkable for genius and piety, and one of the finest pieces on the subject that perhaps was ever written. + Indignor, quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus,

De Art. Poet. ver 359.

« eyes and head like JUPITER, rejoicing in his “ thunder; in his belt like Mars, and in his c.cheft like NEPTUNE. Like a bull that is

greatly eminent among the herd, did Ju66 Piter on that day make AGAMEMNON il

lustrious among many, and distinguished

among heroes * "

Certainly after a General has been resembled to Jupiter, Mars, and NEPTUNE, it is an infufferable downfal to compare him to a bull among the herd; and therefore Mr Pope tells us, that “ the liberty has been taken in his “ translation to place the humble simile first, “ reserving the nobler one as a more magnificent c clofe of the description."

The King of kings, majestically tall,
Tow'rs o'er his armies, and outshines them als.
Like some proud bull that round the pastures leads
His sulject-herds, the monarch of the meads.
Great as the Gods th' exalted chief was seen,
His strength like NEPTUNE, and like MARS his mien,
Jove o'er his eyes celestial glories spread,
And dawning conquest play'd around his head.

« There

Μελα δε κρειων Αγαμεμνων, ,
Oμματα και κεφαλην ικελG- Διι τερπικεραυνω,

,
Αρεϊ δε ζωνην, σερνον δε Ποσειδάωνι.
Εύτε βες αγελαφι μεγ' εξοχή- επλειο πανιων
ΤαυρG- ο γαρ τε βρεσσι με απρεπει άγομενησι
Τοιον αρΑτρειδην 9ηκε Ζευς ημαθι κεινω, ,
Εκπρεπε' εν πολλοισι και εξοχον ηρωεσσιν.

Iliad, lib. ii. ver. 477;

« There are some," says Dionysius HalsCARNASSENSIS, “ that without any order heap.

up Figures, being totally ignorant of the proper season for their insertion *.”

* Οι δε και σαν αχόθεν συναγoυσιν, αγνοοντες του καιρον αυ

Dionysu HALICARNASSENS. Art. Rhetoric. vol.ii. p.112. edit. Hudson.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

§ 1. Its definition. § 2. Instances of this Figure from CICERO, Virgil, Milton, and COBB. $ 3. Examples of the Epiphonema from Scripture. $ 4. The use of this Figure. $ 5. Dire&tions concerning it.

fi. N Epiphonema * is a pertinent and in

structive remark at the end of a difcourse or narration.

[ocr errors]

- Hence we may

§ 2. We shall find instances of this Figure in some of the finest Writers. « learn, says Cicero, that there is no duty fo « sacred and solemn, which it is not usual with

66 avarice * From Emi@winja, an acclamation,

So again,

age; and

« avarice to injure and violate *.” « All wish, says the same Author, to arrive at « old

yet when they have attained it, they are disgusted with it: such is the levity os and perverseness of folly 7."

Virgil, after he has given us a view of the difficulties and dangers of the ancestors of the Romans, makes this refiexion,

So vast the toil to found the Roman state 1.

Milton represents the obduracy of the rebellious angels, upon the inarch of the Son of God against them, in the following verses;

This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdur'd,
And to rebellious fight rallied their pow'rs

Insensate, hope conceiving from despair ;
And then the Poet adds this remark,

In heav'nly sp’rits could such perverseness dwell!

Mr COBB, in his pindaric. ode, intitled, the Female Reign, occasioned by the wonderful fuccess of the arms of Queen Anne and her allies, has these lines :

What

Qua ex re intelligi facile potuit, nullum esse officium tam fanctum, atque solemne, quod non avaritia comminuere, atque , violare foleat. Cicer. pro Quint, n. 6.

+ Quo in genere in primis eft fenectus, quam ut adipiscan. tur, omnes optant; eandem accusant adeptam : tanta est inconftantia ftultitiæ atque perversitas ! CICER. de Senectute, n.2. -Tantæ molis crat Romanam condere gentem !

Æneid. lib. i. ver. 37.

What treble ruin pious AnnA brings

On false Electors, perjur'd Kings, Let the twice fugitive Bavarian tell;

Who from his airy hope of better ftate,

Bylult of sway irregularly great,
Like an apoftate angel fell.

He, by imperial favour rais’d,
In highest rank of glory blaz’d,
And had till now unrivall'd fhone
More than a King contented with his own:
But Lucifer's bold steps he trod,

Who durft affault the throne of God;
And, for contended realms of blissful light,

Gain’d the fad privilege to be

The first in folid misery, Monarch of hell, and woes, and endless night. Immediately the Poet as it were suspends his poem, to make room for the following reAexions ;

Corruption of the best is worft :
And foul ambition, like an evil wind,
Blights the fair blossoms of a noble mind; :

And if a seraph fall, he's doubly curs'a,

§ 3. We shall next produce some instances of the Epiphonema from the sacred Writings. After the account of ABIMELECH's wickedness in slaying his father Gideon's sons, threescore and ten persons, of his being wounded by a piece of a mill-stone cast upon his head by a woman, and of his being thrust through and dying by the sword of his armour-bearer, the sacred Hifto

« PoprzedniaDalej »