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"bodies, that the reputation of their past vic"tories protected then more than their present strength +."

VIRGIL will alfo furnish us with an example of the fame Figure;

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§ 7. We may find examples of this Figure in Scripture: Pfalm xviii. 2. "The LORD is my ss rock, and my strength, and my deliverer." So Gal. iv. 10. " Ye obferve days, and times, and " months, and years." And Rom. viii. 35. " Who " shall separate us from the love of CHRIST? Shall tribulation, or diftrefs, or perfecution, or s famine, or nakednefs, or peril, or fword? And again, ver. 38, 39. of the fame chapter, "For I am perfuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things prefent, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature shall "be able to separate us from the love of God, swhich is in CHRIST JESUS Our LORD.SS

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The African bears with him all his wealth,
And house, and houfhold-gods, and armed force,
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Somnus enim, & vinum, & epulæ, & fcorta, balneaque, & otium confuetudine indies blandius, ita enervaverunt corpora animofque, ut magis deinde præteritæ eos victoriæ quam præfentes tutarentur vires. Liv. lib. xxiii. § 18.

Omnia fecum

Armentarius Afer agit, tectumque, laremque,

• Armaque, amyciæumque canem, creffamque pharetram. VIRGIL. Georgic. liba iii. ver. 343,

"fame time checks, and yet accelarates the " fentence *"

"The want of a scrupulous connexion," fays an ingenious Writer, " draws things into a smaller "compafs, and adds the greater fpirit and emo"tion: the more rays are thus collected into a point, the more vigorous the flame +."

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§ 5. The very opposite to this Figure is the Polyfyndeton; for as the Afyndeton drops, fo the Polyfyndeton on the contrary abounds with conjunctive particles.

6. We have an instance of this kind in LIVY; who, defcribing the pleasure and luxury which corrupted and foftened the army of HANNIBAL, fays, "For sleep, and wine, and feafts, and ftrumpets, and bagnios, and sloth, that through cuftom grows every day more bewitching, had fo enervated their minds and bodies,

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Απλοκα εκπιπίει, και οιονει προχειται τα λεγόμενα, ολιγές

δει φθανονίας και αυλον τον λεγοντα. “ Και συμβαλόντες, φησιν

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ο Ξενοφων, τας ασπιδας, έωθεντο, εωθέντο, εμάχοντο, ἀπέκλει

203, απέθνησκον." Και τα τε Ευρυλοχε,

Βίομεν, ως εκελέυες, ανα δρυμα, φαιδιμ Οδυσσεν,
Ευρομεν εν βήσσησι τελυγμενα δωματα καλα.

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Τα γαρ αλληλων διακεκομμενα, και εδεν ητίον κατεσπευσμένα, Φέρει της αγωνίας εμφασιν, αμα και εμποδίζησης τι και συνδιοςLONGINUS de Sublimitate, § 19.

χυσης.

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+ SPENCE's Effay on Mr POPE's Odyssey, page 237.

+ From πολυ and συνδέω, I conjoin much.

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§ 8. There is an example both of the Afmdeton and the Polyfyndeton together in DEMOSTHENES; which may very properly clofe our dif courfe upon them, fo far as it refpects examples. "For as to naval power, and the number of ❝ forces and revenues, and a plenty of martial "preparations, and, in a word, as to other "things that may be esteemed the ftrength of "a ftate, these are all both more and greater "than in former times: but all these things are rendered ufelefs, inefficacious, abortive, through the power of corruption †."

$9. It may be proper to obferve, that the ground of the Afyndeton feems to lie in its happy exprefsion of our impetuous passions, or in its happy description of fomething that is sudden, rapid, and instantaneous: whereas the ground of the Polyfyndeton appears to be laid in the fpeaker's desire that every one of his weighty and important ideas may be fully comprehended; and therefore he gives time, by the reduplication of conjunctions, for the leisurely infusion of his fentiments, that they may thereby make the more forcible and lasting impression. A man

* Έπει τριήρεις γε και σωμαίων πλήθΘ-, και χρηματων πρόσοδοι, και της αλλης κατασκευης αφθόνια, και τ' αλλά, οις αν τις ισχύειν τας πόλεις κρίνοι, νυν απανία και πλείω και μειζω και των τολε πολλω. Αλλ' απωνία ταυία αχρησα, απρακία, ·œvornĴæ Uño Twi Twλerlwi yıyısraı. DEMOSTH, Philip.iii. edit. WOLFII, p. 48.

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