« PoprzedniaDalej »
$1, Afyndeton defined. $ 2. Instances of it from
SALLUST, SUETONIUS, CICERO, and VIRGIL. $ 3. Examples of this - Figure from Scripture. $ 4. What LONGINUS says upon the Afyndeton. $ 5. A Polyfyndeton defined. $ 6. Examples of it from Livy and VIRGIL. 7. Instances of this Figure from Scripture. § 8. Examples of the Afyndeton and Polysyndeton, in a pasage from DEMOSTHENES. j 9. Remarks upon these Figures.
. * is a Figure, occasioned by
the omission of conjunctive particles, which are dropped either to express vehemence or speed; or sometimes it may be from a noble negligence of nice accuracy, arising from an attention to our ideas.
$ 2. Sallust furnishes us with an example of this sort in his description of the Moors : « There
From A privativa & oudew, T di funite, or disjoin.
“ was then, says he, an horrible spectacle in the o open plains, pursuit, fight, slaughter, capti« vity *'
So in the Pontic triumph, CÆSAR had it inscribed in the. pageants of the show, I came, I. faw, I vanquifhed t; thereby signifying the rapidity of his success.
CICERO says, designing it may be the excessive rage in which CATILINE left Rome, He is gone,
, departed, escaped, rushed out (I.
In like manner we see the hurry of DiDo's mind, in the abrupt precipitate manner in which the orders her people to pursue Æneas;
Go, hafte, my subjects, feize the flaming brands,
$ 3. Scripture will furnish us with examples of this Figure: Rom. i. 29. - Being filled with us all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, $ covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murss der, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
backbiters, * Tum fpectaculum horribile in campis patentibus, sequi, fugere ; occidi, capi. Sallustius de Bello Jugurthin
, p.106. edit. MAITTAIRE.
+ Pontico triumpho inter pompæ fercula trium verborum prætulit titulum, Veni, vidi, vici. SUETONIUS in Vir. C#SAR. § 37.
| Abiit, exceflit, evasit, erupit. Cicer. Orat, ii. in CaTIL 1. I,
VIRCIL. Æneid, lib. iv. ver. 593.
* backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, ss boasters, inyenters of evil things, disobedient ss to parents, without understanding, covenants breakers, without natural affection, implacable, ss unmerciful.ss. So Rom. iii. 11, 12. s There is * none that understands, there is none that seeks ss after God. They are all gone out of the way,
they are altogether become unprofitable; there s is none that does good, no, not onę.ss. And i Cor. xiii. 4---7. Charity envies not; charity
vaunts not itself, is not puffed up; doth not * behave itself unseemly, seeks not her own, is is not easily provoked, thinks no evil, rejoices # not in iniquity, but rejoices in the truth ; * bears all things, believes all things, hopes all
things, endures all things."
4. Longinus discourses concerning this Figure, and tells us, that “ sentences divested of s their copulatives flow loosely down, and are
poured out in such a manner as almost to out“ strip the speaker. And closing their shields “ together, fays XenOPHON, they pushed, they “ fought, they killed, they were killed. So that report
of EURYLOCHus in HOMER, “ We went, ULYSSES, fuch was your command,
, « Thro' the wild woods, we saw a stately dome
" Rise o'er the trees embofom'd in the vale; « For words of this fort, separated from one “ another, and yet precipitated by the voice, “ carry with them an energy, that at the
- 66 fame
« fame time checks, and yet accelarates the « fentence *."
“ The want of a scrupulous connexion,” says an ingenious Writer, “ draws things into a smaller
compass, and adds the greater spirit and emo« tion: the more rays are thus collected into a
point, the more vigorous the flame t."
§ 5. The very opposite to this Figure is the Polyfyndeton I; for as the Afyndeton drops, so the Polyfyndeton on the contrary abounds with conjunctive particles.
§ 6. We have an instance of this kind in Livy; who, describing the pleasure and luxury which corrupted and foftened the army of HanNIBAL, fays, « For sleep, and wine, and feafts, " and strumpets, and bagnios, and sloth, that
through custom grows every day more be. « witching, had so enervated their minds and
Απλοκα εαπιπίει, και οιονει προχειλαν τα λεγομενα, ολιγο δεν φθανονlα και αυτον τον λεγοντα.
* Και συμβαλόντες, φησιν « ο Ξενοφων, τως ασπιδαις, εωθενο, εωθενο, ιμαχονο, απεκλεικον, απεθνησκον.
Και τα το Ευρυλοχο,
Eυρομεν εν βησσησι τελυγμενα δωμαλα καλα. Τα γαρ αλληλων διακεκομμενα, και εδεν ηταν καλεσπευσμένα, φερει της αγωνας εμφαση, αμα και εμποδιζοσης τι και συνδιο
LONGINUS de Sublimitate, $ 19. + SPENCE's Elay on Mr Pope's Odvey, page 237
From coav and ourdaw, I conjoin much.
" bodies, that the reputation of their paft vic“ tories protected theni more than their present
VIRGIL will also furnish us with an example of the fame Figure ;
The African bears with him all his wealth,
$ 7. We may find examples of this Figure in Scripture : Pfalm xviii. 2. ^ The Lord is my
rock, and my strength, and my deliverer.ss. So Gal. iv. 10. ss Ye observe days, and times, and * months, and years." And Rom. viii.
ss Who * Thall separate us from the love of Christ $ Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or ss famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword ?" And again, ver. 38, 39. of the same chapter, - For I am persuaded that neither death, nor
life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, * nor things present, nor things to come, nor
height, nor depth, nor any other creature shall ss be able to separate us from the love of God, s which is in Christ Jesus our LORD.58
I Somnus enim, & vinum, & epulæ, & scorta, balneaque, & otium consuetudine indies blandius, ita enervaverunt corpora animofque, ut magis deinde præteritæ eos victoriæ quam præfentes tutarentur vires. Liv. lib. xxii. $ 18.
Omnia fecum Armentarius Afer agit, tectumque, laremque, * Armaque, amyclæumque canem, creslamque pharetram.
VIRGIL, Georgic. lib. iii. ver. 343,