« PoprzedniaDalej »
"not what Our enemies will tell the reft
with pleasure *."
$ 3. VIRGIL brings in one of his thepherds faying to another,
We know who faw
And again; NEPTUNE, in his rage against the winds, for having raised a tempeft without his orders, fays,
Whom I-but let me ftill the boiling waves 1.
But I, you tyburn-villain, if I live
QUINTILIAN furnishes us with an example of this Figure from CICERO. "But would CLObius have made any mention of this law, which he boafts to be his own invention, while
MILO was living, not to fay while he was Con"ful? As to all ourselves-- I durft not fay all §." L4
FLEETWOOD's Preface to his Four Sermons on public Ge-
+ Novimus & qui te
Ego te, furcifer,
Eclog. iii. ver. 8..
Eunuch. a&t. 5. fc. 6,
§ An hujus legis quam Clodius à fe inventam gloriatur mentionem facere aufus effet vivo Milone, ne dicam Confule } De noftrum enim omnium-non audeo totum dicere. QUINT. lib. ix. cap. 2. § 2.
CICERO, in a letter to ATTICUS, makes use of this Figure in a great perturbation of mind." I "know nothing of POMPEY, and believe he "must be taken, if he has not got on fhipboard. "O incredible fwiftnefs! But of our friend --"Though I cannot accufe him without forrow, "for whom I feel fuch pain and anguish *." The fame Figure is alfo employed by him to exprefs his gloomy anxiety, when he thus writes to his friend CASSIUS: "BRUTUS could scarce fup"66 port himself at Mutina. If he is fafe, the day "is ours but if not (may Heaven avert the "omen!) all must have recourse to you †." He means, if BRUTUS is defeated.
JUVENAL Concludes his eighth fatire, in which he lashes the Romans for priding themselves in their high birth, with an Apoftopefis :
Better that from THERSITES' t loins you came,
De Pompeio fcio nihil; eumque, nifi in navim sese contulerit, exceptum iri puto. O celeritatem incredibilem! hujus autem noftri . Sed non poffum fine dolore accufare eum, de quo angor & crucior. CICER. ad ATTICUM Epift. lib. vii. epift. 22.
+ Brutus Mutinæ vix jam fuftinebat. Qui fi confervatus erit vivimus, fin, quod Dii omen avertant! omnis omnium curfus eft ad vos. CICER. ad Familiar. lib. xii. epift. 6.
The name of a worthless fellow, mentioned by HOMER.
§ 4. The Scripture makes ufe of this Figure upon the following occasions :
In a way of promife. 2 Sam. v. 8. » And SS DAVID faid, On that day whosoever gets up to ss the gutter, and fmiteth the Jebusites, and the ss lame and the blind, that are hated of DAVID'S "foul "--- Here the fpeech ftops; but what is understood is, that he who does this fervice fball be chief captain, as we learn from comparing this place with 1 Chron, xi. 6. In like manner, Dan. iii. 15. SS Now if ye be ready," the words of NE BUCHADNEZZAR, " that at what time ye hear the I found of the cornet, flute, harp, fackbut, pfaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of music "-Here the speech is broken; but our Translation fupplies the word well, which undoubtedly is understood.
Your boafted pedigree up to its fource;
This Figure is ufed in Scripture in a way of anger or commination. Gen. iii. 22. " And " now left he," that is, ADAM," put forth his
* Malo pater tibi Therfites, dummodo tu fis
hand, and eat, and live for ever." As a fupplement to the words, which are the threatning of the Almighty against ADAM for his sin in eating the forbidden fruit, we are to add, "I "will banish him from paradife, and guard the pafsage against his re-admifsion there." In like manner, James iii. 5. "My brethren, fays. "the Apostle, be not many masters, knowing " that ye fhall receive the greater condemna" tion; that is, unless we cease from a censorious and arrogant judgment of others.
This Figure is fometimes employed in the facred Writings to give vent to forrow and complaint. Pfalm vi. 3. "My foul is fore vexed, " but thou, O LORD, how long?" that is, "how "long wilt thou continue the tokens of thy "displeasure against me? or, how long will it be “ere thou wilt attend to my cry, and relieve "me?" So again, Luke xix. 42. " If thou hadst
known," the words of our LORD lamenting over Jerufalem," even, thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong to thy peace! " but now are they hid from thine eyes:" that is, "how happy hadst thou been if thou hadft "known the things that belong to thy peace."
This Figure is made ufe of in facred Writ in folemn oaths and appeals to Heaven. I Sam. iii. 17. " GOD do fo to thee, and more alfo, if "thou hide any thing from me :" that is, "I "adjure thee, by an imprecation of the divine " vengeance upon thee if thou refusest my de
sire, that you tell me the whole matter." Thus
Thus Heb. iii. 10. " To whom I fware in my ✩ wrath, if they fhall enter into my reft;" that is, "if they do enter into my rest, I am not God, "and my truth is pledged in vain.”
§ 5. The use of this Figure is to communicate our passions in public speaking, just in the Tame manner as they are found to operate in nature, and hereby we may expect to engage and inflame the minds of our audience. These fupprefsions are the genuine products of anger, forrów, fear, and the other pafsions, wrought up to violence in the foul, which are too mighty and vehement for utterance. But let us take heed that this Figure does not become too common, and thereby lofe its efficacy; and let us alfo beware that the Apofiopefis does not obfcure our meaning, for when this Figure is properly managed, though our fenfe is not exprefsed, yet it is readily understood; and the fubfequent thought is fo obvious, that it strikes the mind, notwithstanding it is not uttered by words. Nay, when the Apofiopefis is well conducted, there may be weight and energy given to the fentiment, which words are not able to reprefent; and our silence fhall, it may be, have more power upon our hearers than a diffusive eloquence. "An Apofiopefis," fays DEMETRIUS PHALAREUS, "infufes a ftrength into our dif "courfes *" "This Figure," the words of HERMOGENES,
Η ειρημενη δε Αποσιώπησις δεινότερον ποιήσει τον λόγον, De Elocutione, § 276.