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current of our difcourfes, by turning the stream as it were for a moment back upon itfelf. This Figure alfo fhews the attention and accuracy of the fpeaker, in that he appears immediately aware of objections that may be made against what he is offering, and fhelters himself from their force. Let me obferve further, that whoever duly examines the inftances that have been given will find that the fenfe is enhanced by these corrections, or at least is more advanta¬ geously received; and it is certainly in fome. Gafes wifer to raise our fenfe by degrees, than crowd it all at once upon our audience. As the ideas gradually open, so the mind also gradually opens by this Figure, till we have agreeably and fully imbibed, and, as it were, absorbed a fpeaker's whole meaning. Water bursting in an hafty flood upon the mouth of a vial will certainly be wasted; and we can only hope to fill it by a gentle and leifurely infusion. I fhall add, with Mr BLACKWALL, that "the unex"pected quickness of the recollection and turn "in this Figure pleasingly furprises the Reader, "and all of a fudden fires him with the Au"thor's own pafsion. The height of this Fi
gure is, when a perfon, having lately declared "an inclination to a thing, presently rejects it
with horror, and vows against it with impre"cations." Of this fort Mr BLACKWALL gives an inftance from DIDO's fpeech in VIR
The Queen, deep wounded with the darts of love, Felt the fwift poifon rufh thro' all her veins, And her whole foul imbib'd the fubtil flame. The valour of the man, his high descent, His graceful perfon, his attractive speech, Indelibly were ftamp'd upon her heart, Fill'd all her thoughts, and murder'd her repofe. When the next morning had reftor'd the fun, And scatter'd from the fkies the humid shades, Diftracted to her fifter fhe unfolds The tumults, pangs, and struggles of her foul. "O my dear ANNA, my anxiety "Has chas'd my fleep. What an uncommon guest "Have we admitted to our regal dome! "O what a form! How brave, how great in arms ! " 'Tis paft conjecture; certain 'tis he fprang "From a celeftial ftock: his port, his looks, "His fpeech proclaim his origin divine. "Fear argues vulgar minds; but by what fates "Has he been toft? What wars has he describ'd? "Had not my foul immoveably refolv'd "Never to wear the nuptial bonds again, "From the first hour my dear SICH AUS fell, "And the connubial bed and torch renounc'd, "This man might o'er my prudence so prevail "As to incline me to fecond choice.
"Sifter, I own that fince my husband's death,
"Me in its clofing jaws, or may the arm
"The pale wan ghofts, and dark domains of hell,
At Regina gravi jamdudum faucia cura,
Si mihi non animo fixum immotumque federet,
The APOSIOPESIS confidered,
§ 1. The definition of the Apofiopefis, § 2. An inftance of this Figure from Bishop FLEETWOOD. § 3. Examples of it from VIRGIL, TERENCE, CICERO, and JUVENAL. § 4. Inftances of this Figure in Scripture, and on what occafions. § 5. The ufe of the Apofiopefis.
Pofiopefis is a Figure whereby a perfon, often through the power of fome passion, as anger, forrow, fear, &c. breaks off his fpeech without finishing the fense.
§ 2. We have a remarkable inftance of this Figure in the following pafsage of Bishop FLEETWOOD; in which, contrafting the former and the latter years of Queen ANNE's reign, he thus speaks, and then closes with a striking Apofiopefis.
Never did feven fuch years together pass over. "the head of any English Monarch, nor cover "it with fo much honour. The crown and fceptre feemed to be the Queen's least orna
* From aσlaw, I am filent.
"ments: thofe other Princes wore in common "with her; and her great perfonal virtues were "the fame before and since. But fuch was the i fame of her adminiftration of affairs at home; "fuch was the reputation and felicity in choosing Minifters, and fuch was then esteemed "their faithfulness and zeal, their diligence and great abilities in executing her commands: "to fuch an height of military glory did her. great General and her armies carry the Britifa name abroad; fuch were the harmony and "concord betwixt her and her allies; and fuch 66 was the blessing of GOD upon all her councils "and undertakings, that I am as fure as hiftory "can make me, that no Prince of ours was "ever yet so profperous and fuccefsful, fo loved, "so esteemed and honoured by their fubjects " and their friends, nor near fo formidable ta "their enemies. We were, as all the world "imagined then, just entering on the ways that "promised to lead to fuch a peace, as would "have answered all the prayers of our religious "Queen, the care and vigilance of a most able
Ministry, the payments of a willing and obe"dient People, as well as all the glorious toils " and hazards of the Soldiery; when God for "our sins permitted the spirit of discord to go "forth, and, by troubling the Camp, the City, " and the Country (and O! that it had altoge"ther fpared the Places facred to his Worship!) "to fpoil for a time the beautiful and pleasing "profpect, and give us in its ftead, I know