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CHAPTER I.

THE GENERAL NATURE OF

S

T ROPE
CONSIDERED.

§ 1. The definition of a Trope. § 2. Tropes

may extend to Sentences as well as Words. $ 3. The true difference between Tropes and Figures. 4. Tropes may become faulty. § 5. They may be fown too thick. $ 6. They may be wild and extravagant. § 7. Tbey may be mean and low. $ 8. They may be far-fetched and obscure. $ 9. They may be barsh and unSuitable. 10. They may be finical and fantastic. § 11. They may be filtby, and impure : all of which faults are to be carefully avoided, $ 12. A method to discover the value of Tropes; and an observation concerning the purposes for which they are used.

A Trope

$ 1.

is the changing a word or fentence with advantage, from its proper

Signification to another meaning. Thus, for example, God is a Rock +. Here the

B

Trope * Derived from

TgETTW,

I lurn.
† 2 Sam. xxiii. 3. The Rock of Ifrael spake to me, &c.

Trope lies in the word Rock, which is changed
from its original sense, as intending one of the
strongest works and surest shelters in nature, and
is employed to signify that God by his faithful-
ness and power is the same security to the soul
that trusts in him, which the Rock is to the man
that builds upon it, or Alies for safety to its im-
penepable recesses. So our Lord, speaking of
HEROD, says, ss Go ye and tell that Fox *."
Here the word Fox is alienated from its proper
meaning, which is that of a beast of
deep cunning, to denote a mifchievous or crafty
Tyrant, or both. In like manner VIRGIL calls
the two Scipio's, Thunderbolts of war ;

Or ghe two Scipios, thunderbolts of war,

That rolld their syin o'er the Libyan coasts t. The word Thunderbolt is not to be understood in its origỉnal sense, but, being transformed into a Trope, signifies the martial terrors, and the rapid and irresistible conquests of those two renowned generals, the SCIPIONES AFRICANI.

prey and of

$ 2: A Trope may extend farther than a word, and make up a sentence; 'or an whole sentence may be tropical. This observation QUINTILIAN jultifies, when he calls a Tropë, “a change of a

word

• Luke xiii. 32 + Aut geminos duo fulmina belli

Scipiadas, cladem Libyæ- Aneid. vi. ver. 842.

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are tropical

§ 3. The true diftincica me Figures may be easily concere: i change of a word or fentences

Free into another, which its very et ma ons; whereas it is the nature of a Figure 2 cage the sense of words, but to illufraz, eten, ennoble, or in fome manner or another beilith our discourses: and so far, and so far os, as the words are changed into a different meaning from that which they originally signity, the Orator is obliged to the Tropes, and not to the Figures of Rhetoric.

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§ 4. As Tropes infuse a dignity into our language, and fhed a luftre over our expressions, when they are well-chosen and applied; so, on the other hand, when they are mean in themselves, when they are thrown out without judgment, are in any other respect defective and faulty, they

B2 • Tropas eft verbi vel fermonis à propriâ fignificatione in zam com virtute mutatio. QUINTIL. lib. viii. cap. 6. ab

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$ 1. The definition of a Trope. § 2. Tropes may extend to Sentences as well as Words.

3. The true difference between Tropes and Figures. § 4. Tropes may become faulty. § 5. They may be fown too thick. $ 6. They may be wild and extravagant. $ 7. They may be mean and low. 98. They may be far-fetched and obscure. $ 9. They may be harsh and unsuitable. $ 10. They may be finical and fantastic. § 11. They may be filthy and impure : all of which faults are to be carefully avoided, $ 12. A method to discover the value of Tropes; and an observation concerning the purposes for which they are used.

A

$1. Trope * is the changing a word or fen

tence with advantage, from its proper

signification to another meaning. Thus, for example, God is a Rock t. Here the

B

Trofe * Derived from

теп,

I lurn.
+ 2 Sam. xxiii. 3. I be Rock of Israel spake to me, &c.

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