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of his age.”
piness of knowing him, he was exceed- he thus early imbibed. Mr. Weston ingly beloved. A more generous and also formed an early friendship with the benevolent heart than his never beat late Earl of Lisburne, who was rejoiced within a human bosom. His range of to ensure the society of his friend, by information was unusually extensive for conferring on him, in 1777, the living his years, and his judgment was excel- of Mamhead, in which parish his lordlent. He had already written several ship’s magnificent seat was situate. Of treatises which were much esteemed ; the unrivalled beauties of that truly and, with his research and sagacity, and noble place, to all who have visited that uncompromising love of truth, had his part of Devonshire, it will be needless life been spared, he could not have failed to speak; and those who intimately to become one of the chief ornaments knew Mr. Weston, can appreciate the
mutual enjoyment which such a conHis remains were interred on the nection must have conferred. following Tuesday, in the church of In 1784 Mr. Weston married Miss St. George, Bloomsbury; and attended Tierney; and on that occasion entirely to the grave by his immediate relations rebuilt his Parsonage House on a scale and by many sincerely sorrowing friends, worthy of the noble situation in which as well of those more matured in life, it stands, overlooking the grand estuary whose confidence and approbation he of the Exe; but, how uncertain are the had, by his many amiable qualities and schemes of this life! - the loss of his undeviating correctness of conduct, amiable wife, in 1790, closed Mr. Wesconciliated, as also by several young ton's enjoyment of this situation; and men who were treading equal steps with he quitted the scene and his preferment him in the paths of usefulness. Of the there for ever. He resigned this living former description were Sir J. W. Lub- to his patron, amply benefited by the bock; W. Astell, Esq. M.P. Deputy money he had expended there. He also Chairman of the East India Company; held, from 1786 until his quitting DePascoe Grenfell, Esq. ; Isaac Solly, vonshire, the small living of LittlehempEsq. ; Sir M. A. Shee, President of the ston, near Totness, in the gift of the Royal Academy; and Dr. Roget. Crown. The younger part of the attendants His first publication was in 1784, consisted of Mr. J. W. Lubbock, Mr. " Hermesianax : sive onjecturæ in W. H. Ord, Mr. J. Romily, Mr. E. Athenæum, atque aliquot Poetarum M. Fitzgerald, Mr. Hildyard, &c. Græcorum loca, quæ cum corriguntur Monthly Magazine.
et explicantur, tum carmine donantur," 8vo. The title of this work was taken
from the name of a Greek Poet in the W.
days of Alexander the Great.
In 1785 he published “ A Sermon WESTON, the Rev. Stephen, B. D. on Isaiah, xiv. 18, 19, 20. ; in which it F.R.S. F.S. A. M. A.S., Jan. 8. 1830; has been endeavoured to preserve the at his house in Edward Street, Port- genuine sense and original meaning of man Square; aged 82.
the Prophet, in an exact and literal This elegant scholar was born at Ex- translation." Printed at Totness, 4to. eter in 1747, the eldest son of Stephen In 1788, “ An Attempt to translate and Weston, Registrar of that Diocese, and explain the Difficult Passages in the grandson of Stephen Weston, Bishop of Story of Deborah, with the Assistance of Exeter, from 1724 to 1743. The Bishop Kennicott's Collations, Rossi's Verwas a man of eminent learning and cha- sions, and Critical Conjectures.” 4to. racter; his history is elegantly told on In 1789, “ The Provincial Ball," a the monument erected to his memory Poem ; also “ The Turtle-doves of Floin Exeter cathedral, and must be read rian, in French and English,” printed in its own correct and chaste language. at Caen, by Le Roy.
Stephen Weston, whose death we now In 1792 and 1793, in two volumes, record, was educated at Eton, and from 8vo. 66 Letters from Paris.” In 1794, thence went to Exeter College, Oxford, “ Elegia Grayiana, Græcè,” 4to. At where he obtained a Fellowship. Ile the same period were published two accompanied Sir Charles Warwick Bam- other Greek translations of the same fylde, Bart., as his tutor, in an exten- Poem, by the present Bishop of Ely, sive tour on the Continent, and never and Mr. Sim, Fellow of Eton (see lost that taste for foreign society which Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. ix.
p. 154.) In 1795, "Conjectures, with some Comments and Illustrations of Various Passages in the New Testament, particularly in the Gospel of St. Matthew; to which is added, a specimen of Notes on the Old Testament." Mr. Weston had contributed to the edition of of " Bowyer's Conjectures on the New Testament." In 1799, "A Fast Sermon," 4to. In 1802, "A specimen of the Conformity of the European Languages, particularly the English, with the Oriental Languages, particularly the Persian, in the order of the Alphabet, with Notes and Authorities," 8vo. Another edition of the same work, enlarged, was published in the next year (1803).
At the peace of 1802, Mr. Weston took an early opportunity of revisiting the French metropolis; and so great was his pleasure and admiration, that in 1803 for the title to a description of his observations, he adopted that of "The Praise of Paris; or, a Sketch of the French Capital, in Extracts of Letters from France, in the summer of 1802; with an Index of many of the Convents, Churches, and Palaces, not in the French Catalogue, which have furnished pictures for the Louvre Gallery. By S. W. F. R. S., F. S. A." 1803. Mr. Weston found much less real alteration in Paris than might have been expected and with regard to libraries he pronounced it a more convenient residence than any other city or university in Europe. He always retained the greatest partiality for the elegant amusements and lively society of the French capital; and during the last summer, when upwards of eighty, he was seen there, frequenting the Théâtre Française and other places of public resort. We may here also notice by anticipation several subsequent productions of Mr. Weston, the result of his foreign travel: "A slight Sketch of Paris in its improved State, since 1802," 1814, 8vo. "Euchiridion Romæ ; or Manual of detached Remarks on the Buildings, Pictures, Statues, Inscrip tions, &c. of Ancient and Modern Rome," 1819, 12mo. ; "A Trimester in France and Switzerland," 1821, 8vo.; "A Visit to Vaucluse," 1823, 8vo.; and "The Englishman Abroad," two parts, 1824 and 1825, 8vo. ; "Short Recollections in a Journey to Pæstum," 1828, 12mo.
In 1803, Mr. Weston published "The Spirited Remonstrance of Rajah
Soubah Sing to the Emperor Aurengzebe, in Persian and English," 4to. In 1804, "Dares and Entellus; or Bourke and the Chicken, Carmine Latino." In 1805, " Q. Horatius Flaccus, cum collatione Scriptorum Græcorum perpetua et notis nominibusque variorum illustratus, præmittuntur Odæ O Fons' atque Intermissa Venus' e Latino in Græcum conversæ," 8vo. In the same year, "Arabic Aphorisms, with Persian comments," 8vo. In 1805-6, "Earths and Metals, Werner and Haüy." In 1807, "Fragments of Oriental Literature, with an outline of a Painting on a curious China Vase," 8vo. In 1808, "The Sunday Lessons for the Morning and Evening Service throughout the Year, with those for Christmas-Day and Good-Friday; illustrated with a perpetual commentary, notes and index. Part I. containing the First Lessons; Part II. containing the Second Lessons," followed in 1809, 12mo. In 1809, "Ly Tang, an Imperial Poem, in Chinese, by Kien Lung; with a translation and notes," 8vo. "Siao çu Lin; or a small collection of Chinese characters analysed and decompounded," &c. 8vo. In 1810, "Conquest of the Miaotsee, engraved (by Mutlow) from the orig Chinese Poem," 4to.; and "Remains of the Arabic in the Spanish and Portuguese Languages, with a passage from Bidpay, in German, Greek and Latin hexameters," 8vo. In 1812, "Specimen of a Chinese Dictionary, with the Keys explained" (engraved by Mutlow), 4to.; and Persian and English Ambassadors, with fifteen new Persian Tales, and a Portrait of Sir Robert Shirley," 4to. In1814," Persian Distichs, from various authors: in which the beauties of the language are exhibited in a small compass, and may be easily remembered," 8vo.; to which were added, additions to his "Conformity of European and Oriental languages." "Fan-Hy-Cheu, a tale in Chinese and English; with notes, and a short Grammar of the Chinese language. 4to. "Porsoniana, or scraps from Porson's rich Feast." In 1815, "An Ode to Her Imperial Majesty Catherine the Great," 8vo. In 1815," Episodes from the Shah Nameh ; or Annals of the Persian Kings, by Ferdosee, translated into English verse," 8vo. In 1816, "A Chinese Poem inscribed on Porcelain, in the 33d year of the Cycle, A. D. 1776;
with a double translation and notes," playing on the Bagpipes,” (176–179.); 12mo. In 1818, “ Nyg.” In 1819, « Account of a Coin of Germanicopo“ La Scava.” In 1820, “ A Chinese lis” 218–219.); “ Of a Roman Altar Chronicle, by Abdalla of Beyza ; trans- found in the neighbourhood of Aldston lated from the Persian, with notes and Moor in Cumberland" (229—330.). explanations,” 8vo. In 1821, “ Voyages In 1814, “ An account of an inedited of Hiram and Solomon."
Seal of the Hospital of Burton Lazars “Petrarchiana," 8vo. In 1826,“ Historic in Leicestershire,” (XVIII. 525.); “ Of a Notices of Towns in Greece, and other large Gold Medal of Elizabeth of HunCountries that have struck Coins,” 8vo. gary (432-434.). In 1815, “ ReIn 1829, “ A Supplement to the Ger- marks on Gog and Magog, as they are man Grammar, for the use of Students mentioned in Genesis, chap. x. ver. 2."; in that Language, 1829,” 8vo. The in Ezekiel, chap. xxxviji. ; and in the last and perhaps most useful book Revelation of St. John the Divine' which he published was in 1830, “ An- (263–266.); “ Description of a Coin notations on the Sunday Lessons for of the Emperor Vitalian,” (267, 268.); Morning and Evening Service through- In 1816, “ A View of the Opinions of out the Year,” in a thick 12mo.
various writers on the identical place Mr. Weston was elected a Fellow of where the Ark of Noah rested,” (302 the Royal Society in 1792, and of the 305.); On the Origin and Antiquity, Society of Antiquarians in 1794. To Use and Advantage of Cufic Coins,” the Archæologia he contributed : in (309—312.). In 1816, “ A Letter from 1798, “ Observations on Mr. Towne- Queen Elizabeth to King James the ley's Antique Bronze Helmet, disco- Sixth in 1592,” (xix. 11, 12.). In 1818, vered at Ribchester in Lancashire “ Observations on the bas-relief sup(vol. xIII. 223—226.) In 1800, “ Ex- posed to represent the Evil Eye," planations of the Inscriptions on the (99—101.); “ A Letter from Sir base of a Lar of Mars, discovered in Edward Atkyns, to his brother Sir the Fossdyke” (xiv. 274.). In 1801, Robert from London, during the fire « Observations on the second Arunde- 1666” (105-108.). lian Marble” (ibid. 33–36.); and
To his friends Mr. Weston also com“ Explanations of an unfinished Phæ- municated a number of ingenious fuginician Coin ” (ibid. 132–135.). In tive essays, both in prose and verse; 1802, “ Observations on the Ogmian amongst which, “ Cracherode in the Hercules of Lucian, and on the deriv- Shades,” and “ The tears of the Bookation of the word Ogham,” (ibid. 244– sellers on the Death of Dr. Gossett,' 248.) In 1804, “ Explanation of a will be readily remembered. The Cast of an Inscription taken from a Co- humorous epitaph by Mr. Weston, on lumn, brought from a private House Dryander the librarian of the Royal near Aboukir” (xv. 389, 390.). In Society, is preserved in Nichols's Lite1806, “ Four Letters on unpublished rary Anecdotes, vol. ix. p. 44. ; also Greek Coins ” (xvi. 9-13. 89, 90.) some Latin elegiac verses “ In Mortem In 1807, “ Account of an Antique Toupii,” p. 496. In 1789, he contriPersian Gem” (ibid. 135, 136.). In buted notes to Shakspeare, in the edi. 1808, -- Account of a Silver Tetradram, tion by Johnson and Steevens, signed with Siculo-Punic characters" (151, S. W. with the Taming of the Shrew, 152.); “ Of an inedited Coin of Àlex- from El Conde de Lucanor, in Spanander the Great” (179, 180.); “ Of ish. He also printed, separately, in a curious Coin not described by the 1808, “ Short Notes on Shakspeare,” writers on Gadir ; ” “ Of a curious 8vo. He was formerly an occasional and unique Coin of Edesæ ; ” “ Of a contributor to the Gentleman's Magavery rare Samaritan Coin ; and of a
and also to the Classical Journal. Coin struck at Cyparissa ” (all printed Nr. Weston was remarkable for the ibid., pp. 272-278.). In 1810, “ A peculiarly happy manner he possessed Note on Sir Joseph Banks's Swan-roll” of communicating his immense and (ibid. 163.); “ A translation of the diversified stores of erudition; and by Inscription on the Rosetta Stone” the charm of his conversation he was (220–224.); “ Explanation of an An- the delight of a numerous circle of tique Bacchanalian Cup” (xvii. 113, friends, of all ages, and of every rank 114.). In 1812, “ An account of in society. His frequent trips to the a Bronze Figure found at Richborough, Continent, and constant intercourse Kent, representing a Roman Soldier with the higher classes of society, as
well the learned as the gay, enabled overcame the obstacles which prejudice him to form a valuable collection of had raised against his efforts, and which “ Reminiscences,” contained in more threatened to prevent the general adopthan fifty volumes, of various sizes, from tion of his discoveries and improvewhich an excellent 6 Westoniana" ments. might be selected.
In 1812, however, a charter of incorThere are two private portraits of poration for a gas-light and coke comMr. Weston; one engraved by Harding, pany was obtained, and success crowned from a picture painted at Rome, in his labours ; but his mind having been 1775, and the other recently taken, and wholly possessed with the prosecution etched by Mrs. Dawson Turner.-Gen- of an object of such public importance, man's Magazine.
he was too regardless of his own pecuWINSOR, Mr. Frederick Albert, niary interests, and omitted to retain a at Paris, in his 68th year.
legal power over the advantages which Mr. Winsor was the founder of the resulted from his exertions; he unforGas Light and Coke Company in tunately trusted too much for his reward London, and of the first gas company to the honour of the parties with whom which was established at Paris. From he was engaged. his public and persevering efforts arose In 1815 he extended to France the these and every other gas-light esta- advantages which had attended his efblishment which has since been founded. forts in England. There, too, he was
It will be recollected that in 1803 the first to establish a company and Mr. Winsor demonstrated the use to erect gas works : but rival interests which his discovery of gas-lighting created other companies, in defiance of might be publicly applied, though many patent privileges ; and these associamen of high scientific reputation denied tions, with large capitals, undermined its practicability. His first public ex- his interests, and he again gave fortunes periments were shown at the Lyceum, to others which ought to have been his in the Strand; he afterwards lighted own reward. with gas the walls of Carlton Palace It is thus that a life, which, it may Gardens, in St. James's Park, on the truly be said, has been an honour to king's birth-day, in 1807; and during England, has been embittered, if not 1809 and 1810, one side of Pall Mall, abridged, by cares and ingratitude. from the house which he then occupied After all the services which he rendered in that street. His house was for many to his country and to the world, and the years openly shown, fitted up with gas- gains which individuals have realised by lights throughout, to exhibit to the his discoveries, the founder of gas-lightlegislature and the country the practi- ing has left no other legacy to his family cability of his plans.
than the remembrance of his virtues, The memorial to his late Majesty and of those talents by which the preGeorge III. for a charter, and the evi- sent and future generations have been dence taken in Parliament and before and will be benefited : the Privy Council, bear testimony to
Sic vos non vobis. the indefatigable and unremitting zeal with which he persevered, until he
END OF THE FIFTEENTH VOLUME.