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whom she was mother to George Wil- Hampshire; February 4. 1830, at
liam, the tenth Earl of Rothes, who Christ Church College, aged 74.
died in 1817, leaving a daughter, who The family of Pett was, for several
was also Countess in her own right, generations, engaged in the superin-
but died in 1819, and was succeeded tendance of the royal dockyards, having
·by her elder son the present Earl, who been raised to eminence in that em-
was born in 1809. By Sir Lucas ployment by Phineas Pett, who was

Pepys, the first-named Countess was shipwright to King James the First,
mother of three children, who, as is and from whose autobiographical diary
usual with the offspring of the heiresses some interesting extracts are given in
of Scottish peerages, took their mother's the twelfth volume of the Archæologia,
name: 1. the Hon. Sir Charles Leslie, and several others are interspersed in
who has now succeeded to his father's Nichols's“ Progresses of King Jarnes I.”
baronetcy; 2. The Hon. Henrietta, mar- From this honest shipwright Dr.
ried, in 1804, to William Courtenay, Pett derived his descent and his name ;
Esq., Assistant-Clerk of the Parlia- his father resided at Maidstone. He
ments, and elder son of the late Bishop was educated at Westminster, where
of Exeter; and 3. the Hon. and Rev. he was admitted King's Scholar in
Henry Leslie, Chaplain in Ordinary to 1770, and elected to Christ Church,
· his Majesty, Prebendary of Exeter, Oxford, in 1774.* He proceeded
Rector of Wetherden, Suffolk, and M. A. 1781, B.D. 1791, D.D. 1797 ;
Vicar of Sheephall, Herts.

He mar- and served the University office of
ried, in 1816, Elizabeth Jane, younger Proctor, together with Dr. Routh, the
daughter of the Rev. James Oakes, of present President of Magdalen College,
Tostock, in Suffolk, but became a wi- in 1785.
dower in the same year.

At the close of 1788 he was appointed
Sir Lucas was appointed Physician one of the Whitehall preachers. In
extraordinary to his Majesty in 1779; 1789, being then Chaplain to Dr.
- and elected a Fellow of the Royal So- Smallwell, Bishop of Oxford, he was
ciety, November 9. 1780. In 1781, he collated by that prelate to the vicarage
was appointed one of the Commissioners of Orton on the Hill, in Leicestershire;
for visiting Madhouses. By patent, dated but exchanged in the same year for
January 22. 1784, in which he was styled that of Cropredy, in Oxfordshire, which
of Boxhill, in Surrey, he was created a

is in the same patronage.

In 1795 he
· Baronet; with remainder, on the failure was presented by his college to the

of his own issue male, to his elder brother rectory of Wentnor, in Shropshire; and
: William Weller Pepys, Esq. Master in in the same year was collated by the

Chancery; who was, however, after- then Dr. North, Bishop of Winchester,
wards raised to the same dignity, by to the rectory of Chilbolton, in Hamp-
another patent, conferred in 1801. shire, which he retained until his death.

Sir Lucas was appointed Physician. In 1796 Bishop Smallwell appointed
general to the Forces on the death of him Chancellor of the diocese of Ox-
Sir Clifton Wintringham, Bart. M.D. ford, and in the following year Arch-
and F. R.S. in 1794. In 1799, we find deacon. In 1801, he was collated by
him resigning the office of Treasurer to Bishop Fisher to the prebend of Grim-
the College of Physicians, when Richard ston and Yetminster in the church of
Budd, M.D. was elected his successor. Salisbury; and in 1802, by Archbishop

The Countess of Rothes having de- Moore, to the rectory of Newington,
ceased, June 2. 1810, Sir Lucas Pepys in Oxfordshire.
married, secondly, June 29. 1813, De.
borah, daughter of Anthony Askew,
M.D., and has left that lady his widow. * The scholars elected to Christ

A portrait of Sir Lucas, engraved by Church in 1774 were five : the Hon.
J. Godby, from a drawing by H. Ed. Percy Charles Wyndham; Multon
ridge, was published in Cadell's “ Con- Lambarde, of Seven Oaks, Esq. ';
temporary Portraits,” in 1819. Gen- Thomas Andrew Strange, sometime
tleman's Magazine.

Chief Justice of Madras, and knighted;
PETT, the Rev. Phineas, D.D. Phineas Pett; and William Frederick
Archdeacon of Oxford, Canon and Browne, now D). D. and Prebendary
Treasurer of Christ Church, a Preben- of Wells. All these, after the lapse of
dary of Salisbury, Rector of Newington fifty-five years, were living until the
in Oxfordshire, and of Chilbolton in death of Archdeacon Pett.

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In 1801, Dr. Pett was elected brilliant. In addition to the honours
Master of St. Mary Hall, which office conferred upon undergraduates, at the
he resigned in 1815, when he was quarterly examinations, for answering
appointed a Canon of Christ Church. in science and the classics, he obtained

Dr. Pett was tutor to the late states- a scholarship, the gold medal upon
man, Mr. Canning. On the death of graduating, and the mathematical pre-
Bishop Goodenough, in 1827, his late mium, which is the highest distinction
Majesty wrote an autograph letter to that can be conferred upon a student.
Lord Goderich, in which he stated, He was also a leading member of the
that as he knew it was the intention of Historical Society, and gained some
the late Premier to appoint his tutor, high and valuable prizes from the Royal
Dr. Pett, to the first vacant Bishop- Irish Academy for essays on subjects of
rick, if Lord Goderich saw no objection general literature, which were charac.
to it, the death of the Bishop of Carlisle terised by the same good taste and
would supply the opportunity. The sound reasoning which distinguish his
offer was in consequence made; but more mature productions. In 1813
Dr. Pett, without hesitation, declined it, he sat for a fellowship, and, from his
being perfectly content with that station superior answering, it was expected that
in the church he already so honourably he would be declared one of the suc.
filled. From the decided manner in cessful candidates; but, to the amazement
which he had expressed himself, the of all his friends, his name was passed
Doctor expected the affair would have over, and three other gentlemen were
at once been set to rest : three weeks elected. This circumstance arose from
afterwards, however, His Majesty order the jumbling way in which the mem-
ed the offer to be repeated, observing, bers of the Board give their votes, all at
“ That no steps had been taken till the once, or “simul ac semel,” as they term
Doctor had had time to reconsider his it. It were tedious to explain the pro,
refusal, and that the bishoprick was

cess ;

but the reader may form an
still at his service." Dr. Pett, however, opinion of its absurdity from this -
although entertaining the most grateful that had there been no more than two
sense of His Majesty's liberality and vacancies, Phelan was' entitled, by the
condescension, persisted in his first re- judgment of the electors, to the second,
solve, and the see passed into the pos- but, as there were three, he was ex-
session of Dr. Percy. We know not cluded, according the same judgment,
which part of this transaction is the from all. In the following year he

the second offer or the was again unsuccessful ; and those
second refusal.

repeated disappointments visiting a
Dr. Pett passed a long and useful constitution naturally weak and irrita-
life, excepting one short interval, within ble, and now shattered by intense
the precincts of the University of Ox- application, induced him to give over.
ford, beloved for the benevolence of his the further pursuits of College honours,
disposition, admired for his taste, wit, and accept the situation of second Mas-
and scholarship, and respected for his ter in the endowed school of London-
integrity. Gentleman's Magazine. derry. Upwards of two years had

PHELAN, the Rev. William, D.D., passed in this new occupation, when he
Rector of Killynean, co. Tyrone, and was prevailed upon, by the advice of the
of Artray, co. Derry; June, 1830. Archbishop of Dublin (who was the

Dr. Phelan was a native of Clonmel, Dean of Cork), to try his chance once
and received so much of his education more; and, notwithstanding so long a
as qualified him for a Sizarship in the desuetude of familiarity with the austere
University of Dublin at the Grammar- Muses of the upper end of the Hall, he
school of that town, which was then was easily successful. From this period
conducted by the Rev. Mr. Carey. he devoted himself almost exclusively
Amongst the number of his school to the study of divinity, for which, in-
fellows were the two O'Sullivans, deed, the solitary state of his chambers
whose hopes of advancement, like his left him abundant leisure; for whatever
own, depended upon their own indus- may have been the cause, he was unpo-
try and abilities. Seldom it happens pular as a tutor, and either was igno-
that three such buds of promise blos- rant of the arts, or disdained to make
som together beneath the roof of an use of them, by which pupils were
Irish country school-room.

made to swarm around others, his in-
Dr. Phelan's college course was very feriors in every respect. A pamphlet
Irish Paper.
down with the multitude for superior
knowledge. Phelan took his weapons
from a store-house into which the good

more rare



which he published, intitled, “ The Plunkett undertook to procure that in-
Bible, not the Bible Society,” operated dulgence for him ; but either he did not
in some degree against his success. It exert himself as was expected, or the
was praised highly by the High Church Oxford prejudices of the Home Secre-
party, but it excited the pious indigna- tary were not to be overcome, and
tion of a numerous and influential class Phelan once more began the world with
in society, than whom there are few a wife and a curacy.

He met with a
more active as friends, and none so bit- munificent patron, however, in the Pri-
ter and indefatigable as foes. No won- mate, who never suffers a deserving
der if poor Phelan sinarted under the clergyman to languish in his diocese,
lash. In 1820, he was appointed to and who takes a laudable pride in pro-
preach the “ Donnellan Lectures,” and moting men of learning and ability.
bis discourses were greatly admired for Dr. Phelan was soon presented to a
the beauty of the style as much as for good living (Killyman) by his Grace;
the strength and closeness of the argu- and the College, to mark their sense of
ment. But, although his sermons were his merit, as well as to compensate him
masterpieces of composition, he wanted for the loss of his Fellowship, agreed to
the physical requisites which go to bestow upon him the first benefice at
constitute a great preacher. His voice, their disposal (Artray), the choice of
in particular was bad, and so weak as which would have fallen to his turn if
to be almost inaudible in the gallery he had still remained in college. Thus,
even of the College chapel. It was as at the time of his death, he was in the
a controversialist that he shone. In possession of two valuable preferments.
that field the peculiar powers of his Since Dr. Phelan's examination by
mind were brought into action, and the the committee of the House of Lords,
variety of his information, as well as the in 1825, his name has been but little
acuteness and intrepidity of his charac- before the public. His time has been
ter, displayed themselves. This Dr. chiefly engrossed by the pastoral care
Doyle found to his cost, when, in 1824, of his extensive parishes, and in the cul-
he launched out the first of his fierce tivation of the graces and virtues of do-
tirades against the doctrines and the mestic life, which his many amiable and
establishment of the Church, with all social qualities so eminently fitted him
that confidence of assertion which goes to adorn.

easy Doctor little dreamt of any Pro-
testant divine intruding; for, being well RODERICK, the Rev. David,
versed in the Irish language, not only M. A., Perpetual Curate of Cholesbury
as it is spoken, but, what is a rare ac- in Bucks, and Lecturer of Cholesbury
complishment even in Ireland, being and Wigginton ; Aug. 21. 1830; at
familiar with its written character, Cholesbury; aged 86.
he ransacked the Manuscript-room of Mr. Roderick was a native of Wales
the College Library, and speedily con- and descended from one of the most il-
vinced the world that he knew more lustrious families of that Principality.
about the introduction of Christianity Having commenced his education at
into Ireland, and even about the re- Harrow, he completed it at Queen's
nowned St. Patrick, than Dr. Doyle College, Oxford, where he attained the
himself. A pamphlet which he pub- degree of M. A. Nov. 15. 1769. He
lished under the signature of “ Declan” was a Junior Master of Harrow School,
(after an ancient worthy of the Irish at the time of the late Dr. Parr (then
church who flourished before the do- Second Master) becoming a candidate
minion of the Pope was recognised in for the Head Mastership in 1771; and
the “ holy isle,”) placed its author at on that distinguished scholar's failure in
the head of modern controversialists, that great object of his ambition, was
and the redoubtable J. K. L. attempted induced from strong personal attach-
to answer it in vain.

ment to accompany him to his new
In 1825, Dr. Phelan withdrew his establishment at Harrow. The cir-
name from the College books and mar- cumstance is thus noticed by one of the
ried, having previously endeavoured to learned Doctor's biographers, Mr. Field:
obtain a dispensation from the King to "From Harrow Dr. Parr was followed
enable him to retain his fellowship. Mr. to Stanmore by so large a number as


year 1775.

forty of his former scholars; and these, Dr. John Johnston of Birmingham, says Mr. Maurice, were in general the under the auspices of Dr. Parr's family, flower of the school in the zenith of he furnished much important assistance. its glory. Nor was this all. Another (See particularly Vol. I. pp. 58-63, gratifying proof was on this occasion 74-76; Vol. VIII. pp. 233-235.) Two exhibited of the sympathy which un- of his letters to Dr. Parr are given in merited suffering is sure to excite; and Vol. VIII. pp. 231-233. of the esteem and admiration which The late Rev. Thomas Maurice in high desert seldom fails to call forth, his auto-biographical memoirs (Part II. and to attach with ardent devotion to pp. 47-131.), has given a long deitself. The second assistant under the scription of a tour he took to Netherby late Dr. Sumner was the Rev. David in Cumberland, and thence to Glasgow, Roderick, who, on the resignation of in company with Mr. Roderick, in the Dr. Parr, was earnestly solicited by the

Mr. Roderick had been governor to remain at Harrow, and to the private tutor of the late Sir James fill up the vacant place of head assist- Graham of Netherby, and his elder ant under the new master. But from brother Charles. concern or indignation at the wrong Mr. Roderick was formerly Vicar of which had been done in defeating claims Sherbourne and Windrush in Glouces. so just as those of the rejected candidate, tershire. He was presented to Choleshe resisted all their entreaties; and an- bury in 1784. nounced his determination to follow During many years an irremediable the fortunes of his friend, and to sup- blindness and increasing infirmities port by his name and his services the wholly incapacitated him for the perintended establishment at Stanmore. formance of his ecclesiastical duties, and The credit of an honourable name, ten- occasioned his living in great seclusion dered in a manner so encouraging to from society; but his heart was always Dr. Parr, was joyfully accepted by warm in the cause of literature and be. him; and the services of an instructor nevolence, and he was ever ready to of tried fidelity and known ability were afford the benefit of his advice, and to received with respectful and grateful dispense with promptness and liberality regard by all those for whose benefit the rich stores of his mind, to all who they were unceasingly exerted. Mr. were desirous or capable of participating Roderick is a man of very considerable in such advantages. — Gentleman's Ma. powers of mind, of much acquired gazine. knowledge, and of great moral worth ; and it has always been a subject of regret to his numerous friends and pupils,

S. that none of the preferments of the church have ever been bestowed upon SANDFORD, the Right Reverend him, who contributed to rear so many Daniel, D.D., Bishop of Edinburgh, of its firmest supporters, and some of January 14. 1830 ; at Edinburgh; its brightest ornaments.

aged 63. How long Mr. Roderick continued Dr. Sandford was descended from a the profession of schoolmaster we are highly respectable family in Shropshire; not aware ; but it was in 1776 that the and was formerly a member of Christ school of Stanmore was broken up. Dr. Church, Oxford, where he proceeded Parr, in his last will, speaks in the M.A. 1791, B. D. and D.D. 1802. He warmest terms of " his old and his settled at Edinburgh, as a private clertrusty friend.” After having bequeathed gyman, between thirty and forty years a small legacy and a mourning ring ago. He was much admired as a to the Rev. David Roderick, he adds, preacher, his matter being always sound, “ whose sound understanding, whose his manner excellent, his voice clear, various and deep learning, whose fidelity distinct, and impressive. He became as a friend, and whose uprightness and the happy means of commencing and piety as a Christian, have for the space completing the union of Scottish and of fifty years endeared his very name to English Episcopalians in that part of

Scotland, by which the respectability Mr. Roderick made some agreeable and usefulness of that community were communications to Mr. Field's biogra- much promoted. His influence in this phy; and to the larger work written by respect, and the general worth of his

my soul.”


character, induced his reverend brethren merchant, the well-known author of to elect him to be their Bishop - an several standard essays on trade and election not unanimous only on their political economy; and grandson of the part, but earnestly desired. His pro- Rev. William Tooke, F.R.S., author motion was confirmed with equal zeal of “ The Life of Catherine II.” and of by the Bishops, by whom he was con- other popular publications relating to secrated on the 9th of February, 1806. Russia, and also of several valuable As a private clergyman, his merits will works in theology and general litehe long remembered by his friends and rature. his flock. The mild and conciliating Mr. W. Eyton Tooke was educated manner in which he exercised the duties at Westminster School, and finished his of his episcopal office was generally studies at Trinity College, Cambridge, felt, by his clergy in particular. The where he soon so greatly distinguished impressive solemnity with which he himself by the depth and extent of his performed the religious duties apper- enquiries into the several branches of taining to that office has been frequently Moral and Political Philosophy, and remarked, and was indeed remarkable. by the acute and able expression of his His piety was pure and unaffected, and sentiments on those subjects, that he therefore, in the private duties of his was elected President of the Union profession, in visiting the sick, and in Society, an Institution for enquiry and consoling the afflicted, he was particu- debate, consisting of a numerous and larly admired and eminently useful. highly gifted portion of the Students

Dr. Sandford the author of of the University. He quitted Cam“ Lectures on Passion Week,” 1797, bridge on obtaining his degree of 8vo. dedicated to the Queen ; “Sermons Bachelor of Arts; and, by his own designed chiefly for Young Persons,” free choice, entered in the mercantile 1802, 12mo. ; “ A Charge delivered to establishment of his father; still dethe Clergy of the Episcopal Commu- voting his unremitting attention to the nion at Edinburgh,” 1807, 4to.; “ A same studies, in connection with the Sermon for the Lancastrian Schools ;' great topics of commercial policy in 1813, 8vo. He was also a contributor which he was now more immediately to the Classical Journal.

interested. He had been for some time His remains were interred on the a Member of the Committee of the So21st of January, in the burying ground ciety for the Diffusion of Useful Knowadjoining St. John's Chapel. The fune- ledge, and actively engaged in revising ral was private ; nevertheless the num- and preparing treatises for publication. ber of persons who attended to pay the The over tension of mind, occasioned last tribute of respect was very great. by these absorbing contemplations, The Episcopal clergymen of the diocese which were not only unrelieved by the preceded the corpse, which was followed ordinary relaxations and recreations of by a numerous body of noblemen, gen- youth, but too frequently allowed to tlemen, and clergymen of the city, in- trespass on needful hours of rest — cluding those of the Established Church, there is every reason to suppose, caused as well as Dissenters. The Rev. Mr. that morbid state of the brain, which, agLane, Bishop Sandford's son-in-law, gravated and accelerated by the unusual read the service. The Bishop married severity of the weather, produced the a Scottish lady; and the Rev. Daniel deplorable event - thus prematurely Keyte Sandford, M. A. of Christ Church, quenching all the fond hopes which his Oxford, and now Professor of Greek in parents were justified in entertaining, the University of Glasgow, is his eldest but which constituted the least portion Gentleman's Magazine.

of his claims to their attachment, as his high attainments were all subservient

to the better feelings of duty and affecT.

tion, by which every part of his domes

tic conduct was influenced. TOOKE, William Eyton, Esq., The following tribute to the memory B. A., Jan. 27. 1830 ; at his father's, of Mr. W. E. Tooke appeared in the in Richmond Terrace, on his twenty- Morning Chronicle : :-“ The loss of this fourth birth-day.

amiable, able, and accomplished young This much lamented young gentle. gentleman, produced a great sensation man was the eldest son of Thos. Tooke, yesterday. He was a youth of great Esq. F.R.S., the eminent Russian promise; and, by all who had the hap


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