Obrazy na stronie


eminently esteemed and beloved. Clifford (afterwards Constable), Bart.
Gentleman's Magazine.

the two brothers amused themselves in
CLIFFORD, Arthur, Esq. uncle there printing, in 4to, “ An Historical
to Sir Thomas Aston Constable, of and Topographical Description of the
Tixall, in Staffordshire, Bart., brother- Parish of Tixall, in the County of Staf-
in-law to Sir Charles Wolseley, Bart. ford, and of the most remarkable places
and to Thomas Weld, Esq. (recently in the immediate neighbourhood. By
created a Cardinal), and first cousin to Sir Thomas Clifford, Bart, and Arthur
Lord Clifford ; January 16. 1830; at Clifford, Esq. ; embellished with fine
Winchester; aged 52.

engravings, of which three are from
Mr. Clifford was the sixth of the original paintings: 1. of the famous
eight sons (and twin with Lewis, who Judge Littleton ; 2. of Viscount Staf.
died unmarried in 1806) of the Hon. ford, who was beheaded in 1682; 3. of
Thomas Clifford, of Tixall (fourth son Walter first Lord Aston." Also, in
of Hugh, third Lord Clifford), by the 8vo, “ Collectanea Cliffordiana, in
Hon. Barbara Aston, younger daughter three parts : 1. Anecdotes of Illustrious
and coheiress of James fifth Lord Aston, Personages of the name of Clifford ;
by Lady Barbara Talbot, daughter of 2. Historical and Genealogical Notices
George fourth Earl of Shrewsbury. He respecting the origin and antiquity of
married, June 15. 1809, Eliza Matilda, the Clifford Family; 3. Clifford; by
second daughter of Donald Macdonald, Arthur Clifford, Esq."
Esq. of Berwick-upon-Tweed; but by Still more recently Mr. Clifford puh-
that lady, who died in August, 1827, lished an Essay on an improved method
we believe had no issue.

of teaching the Dead Languages.
To Mr. Clifford the world was in- Gentleman's Magazine.
debted for the publication of a more CLINTON, Lieutenant-General Sir
complete collection of the State Papers Henry, G.C.B. K M.T. St. G. and
of Sir Ralph Sadler, Queen Elizabeth's W. and Colonel of the 3d Regiment
chief minister in her affairs with Scot- of Foot; Dec. 11. 1829; at his seat in
land, than had previously been pub- Hampshire.
lished in 1720. The private MSS. of Sir Henry Clinton was the younger
Sir Ralph had descended to the Clifford son of Lieut.-Gen. Sir Henry Clinton,
family through that of Lord Aston, into K. B. (grandson of Francis, sixth Earl
which the heiress of Sadler (Sir Ralph's of Lincoln who died in 1795, and bro-
grand-daughter) was married. In 1809 ther to Lieut.-Gen. Sir William Henry
were published, in two quarto volumes, Clinton, G.C. B. the present Lieut.-

The State Papers and Letters of Sir General of the Ordnance, and Colonel
Ralph Sadler, edited by Arthur Clifford, of the 55th regiment.
Esq. ; to which is added, a Memoir of Sir Henry commenced his inilitary
the Life of Sir R. Sadler, with Histori. career Oct. 10. 1787, as Ensign in the
cal Notes, by Walter Scott, Esq.”. 11th foot, from which he was removed
that his name appears associated in the to the 1st Guards, March 12. 1789.
same titlepage with the most success- From Oct. 1788 to Aug. 1789 he
ful author of the present age.

served in the Brunswick Corps, under
In 1811 were announced “ The State Lieut.-Gen. de Riedesel; and on the
Papers and Letters of Sir Walter Aston, 25th of March, 1790, joined his regi-
afterward Lord Aston, Ambassailor in ment, the 1st Guards. He received a
Spain in the reigns of James I. and company in the 15th foot on the 6th of
Charles I.” as printing uniformly with April following, from which he ex-
those of Sir Ralph Sadler, in two changed into the Guards, Nov. 30.
quarto volumes; but we believe they 1792. In January, 1793, he was ap-
were never published.

pointed Aide de-camp to his Royal
In 1813 Mr. Clifford printed, in 4to, Highness the Duke of York, in which
“ Tixall Poetry, with Notes and Illus- capacity he served the campaigns of
trations ;” and in 1814, in 8vo,“ Car- 1793 and 1794, in the Netherlands : he
men Seculare ; an Ode in commemor- was present at the action of St. Amand,
ation of the Hundredth Anniversary of battle of Famars, siege of Valenciennes,
the Accession of the House Hanover action of Lidreghem, battles of Wat-
to the British Throne.”

tignies and Maubeuge, and action of
In 1817, whilst Mr. Clifford was Vaux. On the 22d of April, 1794, he
spending some time at Paris with his was appointed Major by brevet; and
brother, the late Sir Thomas Hugh with that rank was at the action of
and France, returned to England. In
In the following month Lieutenant- July, 1806, he embarked for Sicily, in
Colonel Clinton proceeded to join that command of the flank battalion of the
regiment in the West Indies.



Camphin on the 10th of May following, command of the right of the army: he
in which being wounded, he was absent continued to serve in Hindostan until
from the army to the 10th of August, October, 1804, and then he resigned
when he joined near Breda.

the appointment of Adjutant-General.
Major Clinton next served at the In March following he sailed from India.
siege of Nimeguen by the enemy.

In November, 1805, Colonel Clinton
returned to England with the Duke of was employed on a mission to the Rus-
York, and remained Aide-de-Camp to sian army employed in Moravia, under
his Royal Highness, until promoted General Kutusovv; and, at the con-
to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 66th clusion of the peace between Russia
regiment, Sept. 30. 1795.

He was

Guards. He commanded the garrison
present at the landing in St. Lucie, of Syracuse from Dec. 1806 to Novem-
under Sir Ralph Abercromby, and at ber following, and returned with his
the siege and surrender of Morne For- battalion to England in Jan. 1808 ;
tunée; after which he joined the 66th the 25th of which month he was ap-
at Port-au-Prince in St. Domingo. pointed Brigadier-General, and as such
The 20th of October, 1796, he again commanded a brigade in the armament
exchanged to the 1st Guards, and sailed that sailed under the late Sir John
from St. Domingo to join that corps, Moore to Sweden. On his return from
but was made prisoner on the passage, the latter place, he was appointed Adju-
and did not arrive in England until tant-General to the army in Portugal;
June, 1797. He served with the he was present at the action of Vimiera,
Guards in Ireland in 1798, and in that and with Sir John Moore during the
year was appointed Aide de-camp to campaign in Spain, and retreat through
Lord Cornwallis, the Lord-Lieutenant Gallicia, to the embarkation at Corunna
and Commander-in-Chief in that coun- in Jan. 1809. On his return from
try, under whom he served the short Spain, he published a pamphlet entitled
campaign in Connaught, and was pre- “ A Few Remarks explanatory of the
sent at the surrender of the French force motives which guided the operations of
under Gen. Humbert at Ballinamuck. the British army during the late short

In April, 1799, Lieutenant-Colonel campaign in Spain ;" the object of
Clinton, being attached to Lord W. which was to justify the retreat of Sir
Bentinck, employed on a mission to John Moore, and “ to clear his reputa-
the Austro-Russian army in Italy, was tion from that shade which by some
present at the battle of Trebia, sieges has been cast over it."
of Alexandria and Serravalle, and at the The 25th of Jan. 1809, Colonel Clin-
battle of Novi; after which, being ap- ton was appointed Adjutant-General in
pointed to attend Marshal Suwarrovv, Ireland, and on the 25th of July, 1810,
on his march into Switzerland, he was a Major-General. In Oct. 1811, he
present at the action in forcing the was removed from the Staff of Ireland
passage of St. Gothard ; at those of the

to that of the army under Lord Wel-
Teufels Briich, Klonthaler See, and lington in Portugal, and was appointed
Glarus. Early in 1800, being employed to the command of the sixth division.
on a mission to the Austrian army In June, 1812, he was charged with the
in Swabia, he was present at the siege of the forts of Salamanca ; and he
battles of Engen and Moeskirck, and was present at the battle fought near
during the retreat from the Upper that city on the 22d of July. When
Danube to Alt Otting in Bavaria. At Lord Wellington marched against Jo-
the end of the campaign he joined his seph Buonaparte at Madrid, Major-
battalion in England: in June, 1801, General Clinton was intrusted with the
he was appointed Assistant Adjutant- command of that part of the army left
General in the eastern district; and in upon the Douro, to observe the enemy
June, 1802, Adjutant-General in the in that quarter. He was present at the
East Indies. He received the brevet siege of the Castle of Burgos, and in
of Colonel, Sept. 25. 1803, and in Oct. the several affairs which happened in
he joined the army under Lord Lake, the retreat from thence to the frontiers
at Agra. He was at the battle of of Portugal. Major-General Clinton
Lasswarree, on which occasion he was received the thanks of Parliament for
intrusted by his Lordship with the his conduct at the battle of Salamanca;
&c. &c. Among the historical subjects
Sir Henry was appointed Colonel- were, Andromache imploring Ulysses
Commandant of the first battalion 60th to spare the life of her son ; Genevieve,
foot, May 20. 1813; Lieutenant-Ge- from a poem by T. Coleridge, Esq., a
neral in the army, June 4. 1814; the child rescued by its mother from an
same year Inspector-Generalof Infantry, eagle's nest; and a demoniac, which he
and, subsequently, second in command afterwards sent as a presentation, and it
in the Belgian army.


on the 29th of July, 1813, he was ap- Mr. Dawe was the author of “ The
pointed an extra Knight of the Order Life of George Morland, with Remarks
of the Bath, and, on the enlargement of on his Works, 1807," 8vo. In this work
the Order, nominated a Knight Grand (of which a critique will be seen in the
Cross. In April, 1813, he was ap- Monthly Review, N. S. Ivi. 357–370.)
pointed a Lieutenant-General in Spain he states that his father, Mr. Philip
and Portugal; he was present at the Dawe, was articled to Morland's father,
investment of Pampeluna in July, who was a painter in crayons.

and at the actions which were fought believe the elder Dawe was after-
upon passing the Nivelle in November, wards an engraver in mezzotinto, em-
and the Nive in December, of that year. ployed by Bowles, of St. Paul's
During the winter he was employed in Churchyard, &c.
the blockade of Bayonne; was present From 1809 to 1818, Mr. George
at the battle of Orthes on the 27th of Dawe was constant exhibiter, at
February, 1814; affair of Caceres, on Somerset House, of many portraits and
the 2d of March ; affair at Tarbes, on a few historical subjects. Among the
the 20th ; and at the battle of Toulouse, portraits were, Dr. Parr, Lord Eardley,
on the 10th of April. Lieutenant. Ge- the Hon. S. E. Eardley, Prince and
neral Sir Henry Clinton received the Princess of Saxe-Coburg, the Arch-
thanks of Parliament for his services in bishop of Tuam, Bishop of Salisbury,
these several actions.

He commanded now adorns the council-room of the
a division of infantry at the battle of Royal Academy. He was elected an
Waterloo; and for his conduct on that Associate in 1809, and a Royal Acade-
occasion was appointed Knight of the mician in 1814.
Austrian Order of Maria Theresa ; In the year 1816, he painted a large
Knight of the Third Class of the Rus- whole-length picture of Miss O'Neill
sian Order of St. George ; and Knight in the character of Juliet, which was
of the Third Class of the Wilhelm Order exhibited by lamp-light, in order that
of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. it might be viewed under the same cir-

He afterwards commanded a division cumstances as the original was seen on
of the British contingent in France. the stage. This portrait was engraved
On the 9th of August, 1815, he was in mezzotinto by Mr. G. Male.
removed from the sixth battalion 60th Mr. Dawe for the last few years en-
foot to the Colonelcy of his late regi- tirely practised his art upon the con-
ment, the 3d foot; and on the 20th of tinent, particularly at St. Petersburgh,
May, 1816, he again received in person where his talents were held in the high-
the thanks of the House of Commons. est estimation by the Imperial family.

Sir Henry Clinton married, Dec. 23. He had arrived in England only about
1799, Lady Susan Charteris, sister to six weeks before his death ; at which
the present Earl of Wemyss and to the time the following paragraph appeared
countess of Stamford and Warrington, in the newspapers: “Mr. G. Dawe,
Her Ladyship died, without issue, Aug. R. A., who has recently arrived in this
17. 1816. - Gentleman's Magazine. country from Warsaw, where he had

been engaged in painting the emperor

and empress of Russia as king and

queen of Poland, and also the Grand
DAWE, George, Esq. R. A. Mem- Duke Constantine, went to the Royal
ber of the Imperial and Royal Aca- Lodge in Windsor Park, on Sunday,
demies of Arts at St. Petersburgh, by command of the King, for the pur-
Stockholm, Florence, &c. First Painter pose of showing his Majesty portraits
to his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of of the King of Prussia, the Duke of
all the Russias, &c. October 15. 1829; Cumberland, and other works executed
at the house of his brother-in-law, since his last visit to this country His
Thomas Wight, Esq. in Kentish Town. Majesty was graciously pleased to ex-

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press his approbation of them, and ceaux, being intrusted with the execu-
honoured Mr. Dawe with some flatter tion of this service, for which he had
ing commissions.”

a small squadron, and 200 additional
It has been stated that Mr. Dawe marines embarked, Mr. Fraser was
realised 100,0001. by painting the prin- ordered on board the Canceaux as
eipal sovereigns of Europe.

lieutenant. The town of Falmouth,
At the time of his arrival, he was in the inhabitants of which had opposed
an ill state of health from a disease of with violence the loading of a mast
the lungs His remains were interred ship, being the first object, Mr. Fraser
in St. Paul's Cathedral, attended by a was sent on shore with a flag of truce,
long cortege of artists and literary men; offering to spare the place on the con-
the Russian Ambassadorand Sir Thomas dition of the rebels delivering up all
Lawrence (the latter of whom was so their artillery and small-arms: this not
soon after to be borne to the same spot) being complied with, the squadron
acting as pall-bearers. Gentleman's opened a heavy cannonade, and in a

short time destroyed 130 dwellings,
278 stores and warehouses, a large new
church, the court-house and public

library. To complete the demolition
FRASER, Alexander, Esq., Vice of the town, a large body of seamen
Admiral of the Red, and Equerry to and marines were landed under Mr.
his present Majesty, then the Duke of Fraser, who was a good deal annoyed
Cambridge, January 11. 1830; at Por- by the Americans from behind hedges,
tobello, near Edinburgh, aged 82. &c. ; but being covered by the squa-

This gentleman was the eldest sur- dron, he reimbarked the whole party,
viving son of Hugh Fraser, Esq., Sur- having only a few wounded.
veyor of the Customs at Lerwick, in During the ensuing campaign of
Shetland, (and fifth in lineal descent 1776, Mr. Fraser was constantly em-
from William, second son of Thomas ployed in the flat boats at Long Island,
Fraser, Esq., of Strichen, second son of New York, &c., and particularly at the
Alexander fifth Lord Lovat, who died taking of Fort Washington, where he
in 1558,) by Jane, daughter of the Rev. led one of the divisions of boats in
Thomas Linning, of Walstein. His which the light infantry were embarked.
maternal grandmother was eldest daugh- At the latter end of the year he re-
ter of John Hamilton, Esq. of Gilkers- turned to England in the Bristol with
cleugh, descended from the first Mar- Lord Shuldham, who had been super-
quess of Hamilton.

seded in the chief command on the
In 1760 he entered the Navy,on board American station by Earl Howe.
the Fly Sloop, commanded by the late In 1777, Lord Sandwich, then at the
Admiral Gayton, with whom he served head of the Admiralty, gave Mr. Fraser
at the reduction of Belleisle. At the his first commission, with the flattering
conclusion of the war in 1763, Alexan- compliment that it was for his services
der Fraser returned to school, where he in America. The appointment was to
continued until the latter end of 1767, the Hector, of seventy-four guns, Cap-
and then went, as midshipman of the tain Sir John Hamilton. In June,
Mermaid frigate, to America, where 1778, our officer was ordered to take
he remained in her three years; at the charge of La Licorne French frigate,
expiration of which he was appointed detained by the Hector, and carried
acting lieutenant of the Bonetta sloop. her into Portsmouth harbour. On the

Returning to England in the winter 27th of July, he was present in the ac-
of 1772, he passed the usual examin- tion between Keppel and D’Orvilliers.
ation at the Navy Office; and in June, In 1779, the Hector was ordered
1773, was ordered on board the Royal to the West Indies with Sir George B.
Oak, of seventy-four guns, at Spithead, Rodney. In the summer of 1780, she
where he remained till the autumn of formed part of a squadron sent under
1774, and then again went to America, Captain the Hon. W. Cornwallis to
as acting lieutenant of the Scarborough, escort the homeward-bound trade
a twenty-gun ship.

through the Gulf of Florida.
When hostilities with the colonists Mr. Fraser afterwards exchanged
broke out, it was thought fit to destroy into the Conqueror, seventy-four, as
some of their seaport towns; and first lieutenant, in order to return to
Captain Henry Mowat, in the Can- England to join his friend Commodore

Johnstone, who had recently been ap- of commander on the 1st December of
pointed to the command of a squadron that year; but remained unemployed
destined for the reduction of the Cape till the autumn of 1790, when he was
of Good Hope. On her passage home, appointed to the Savage sloop, on the
the Conqueror lost her mainmast in a Greenock station, and where he con-
hurricane, and was in other respects so

tinued till the latter end of 1792. The
much damaged, that it became neces- Savage was then ordered to the River,
sary to keep 100 men constantly em- to assist in carrying to the Nore the
ployed during the remainder of the newly-impressed inen; and from thence
voyage, bailing the water out at the was sent to join Adiniral M.Bride in
hatchways. By extraordinary exertions, the Downs.
however, she arrived at Spithead, and At the breaking out of the war with
her commander (the late Admiral France, Captain Fraser captured La
Dickson) ever afterwards declared that Custine, a privateer, and several Danish
the preservation of the ship was in a ships laden with corn, bound to that
great measure owing to the efforts of country. In April, 1793, he was di-
Mr. Fraser. Commodore Johustone rected to take the Ferret sloop and
having in the mcan time completed the several cutters under his command, and
number of his lieutenants, Mr. Fraser proceed to Ostend : here lie received a
was induced to accept a commission for requisition from the Baron de Mylius
the San Carlos, a fifty-gun ship armée to land and take possession of the town
en flúte, attached to the armament; he and garrison ; with which he complied,
was consequently in the skirmish in and ran the Savage into the harbour,
Port Praya, when M. de Suffrein sur- landing about 500 men, partly marines
prised the British squadron ; soon after and partly seamen. On the 5th, he
wbich event he was removed into the received from the court of Brussels the
Romney, bearing the broad pendant of intelligence that General Dumourier
his patron, with whom he returned to had arrested Beurnonville and the other

commissioners of the National Conven-
We next find our officer serving as tion, and sent them to the Count de
first lieutenant of the Panther, in the Clairfait. This intelligence, of infinite
action with the combined fleets, after consequence to the war, he instantly
the relief of Gibraltar, in 1782, by transmitted to the Admiralty; and it
Lord Howe. He was afterwards re- was received in so very short a time
moved into the Ruby, of sixty-four that Lord Chatham could scarcely
guns, one of the ships detached from believe the officer who brought the
the fleet, and ordered to the West despatch. In four days afterwards, the
Indies. On the passage out, falling in French army, refusing to march to
with the enemy's squadron to windward Paris with Dumourier, he was himself
of Barbadoes, the Ruby, after an action obliged to fly, which of course put an
of forty-eight minutes within, pistol- end to the armistice between the Prince
shot, took the Solitaire, of equal force, of Coburg and him. This intelligence
which had thirty-eight men killed, and Captain Fraser received through the
above forty wounded, though the Ruby same channel, and was equally fortunate
had not a man killed, and but a few in the speedy transmission of it to the
slightly wounded.

Admiralty. As he necessarily lived on
Having brought the Ruby back to shore, the Duke of York was pleased to
England, Lieutenant Fraser accom- order the Commissary-General to pay
panied Sir R. Hughes in the Adamant him one pound sterling per day for his
to the Leeward Islands, where he con- table, which was continued all the time
tinued until the autumn of 1786; at he remained on the station. Sir Charles
which station he had the good fortune of Ross, with the 37th regiment, relieved
acquiring the acquaintance and friend- him in the command on shore, on the
ship of Lord Nelson, who then com- 20th of April; but he still continued
manded the Boreas frigate. In June, as commander of the naval department,
1787, Mr. Fraser was appointed to the until events required a greater force
Colossus, seventy-four ; but on the and officers of superior rank. On the
armament taking place in October, he 1st of July, 1793, he was promoted to
was removed by Admiral Pigot to be post rank, in the Redoubtof twenty
first of his own ship, the Royal Sove- guns, the Savage's crew turne:l over
reign, at Plymouth. Thus, when the into her, and sent to the same station;
armament ceased, he obtained the rank where he materially contributed to the

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