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his edition of the British Poets; but
this amiable young man died of con-
ANDERSON, Robert, M.D. Feb. sumption in his twenty-second year, in
20. 1830; in Windmill Street, the year 1792. Dr. Anderson's first
Edinburgh ; in his eighty-second year. predilection was towards the clerical
He was born at Carnwath, in Lanark- profession; but circumstances altered
shire, in the year 1749. He was the son his intention, and he applied to the
of William Anderson, feuar in that study of medicine. After finishing his
place, and Margaret Melrose his wife. medical studies, he went for a short time
He was educated at the school of La-
as surgeon to the Dispensary of Bam-
nark. In his tenth year he had the mis- borough Castle, in Northumberland.
fortune to lose his father, who died in From thence he visited Alnwick, and
bis fortieth year, leaving his widow very formed some agreeable connections
slenderly provided for, with four sons, among the best society there. In the
who were yet to be reared to manhood. year 1777 he took his doctor's degree
This task, however, she accomplished at Edinburgh, and returned to Alnwick
with credit to herself, and advantage to to settle there as a physician. In the
her children; and before she died, in same year he married Miss Grey,
her 76th year, she had the satisfaction daughter of John Grey, Esq. of Aln-
of seeing her son Robert established in wick, a relation of the noble family of
good circumstances, and respected in that name. She was a most amiable
the estimation of all who knew him. He and accomplished woman, and every
showed very early a taste for study and way qualified to make her husband
reading, though he received little en- happy. After passing a few years at
couragement from those around him, Alnwick, his wife's health began to de-
their rural pursuits engaging them en- cline; and change of air was thought
tirely, and books, or the society of advisable for her recovery. Dr. An-
learned men, being rarely to be found derson returned to Scotland with his
in that quarter. Aware that he must family in the year 1784, and took a
be the maker of his own fortune, the house in the neighbourhood of Edin-
bent of his mind still inclined him to burgh. But in the end of the following
follow some liberal profession. He had year he had the affliction to lose his
one dear and early friend, James Groeme, amiable partner, who sunk gradually
the son of a neighbour, whose taste and under a consumption. He was left at
pursuits were similar to his own. The her death with three infant daughters.
works of this friend he has inserted in The youngest soon after followed her
* The overflow of other matter compels us, in the present volume, to keep the
Index within narrower limits than usual.
mother to the grave. From the time of speedily, was a dropsy in the chest. Yet
his return to Scotland, Dr. Anderson to the last day of his life he retained the
never wished for, or put himself in the possession of his mind, together with
way of, practice; for, although not afflu- his habitually kind and social temper.
ent, he had a moderate independence, On the close approach of death he dis-
and his taste led him to retired and played affecting and exemplary resig-
studious pursuits. About the year nation, and spoke of his dissolution with
1793, his attention was somewhat di- tender remembrances of lost and sur-
vided between his family cares in the viving friends, as well as with pious
affectionate superintendence of his hopes of futurity. His remains were
daughters, to whose education he paid taken to his native place, Carnwath, and
the strictest attention, and his engage- deposited, as had always been his wish,
ments in preparing for the press the beside his father and mother.
Lives of the British Poets, that were As a literary critic, Dr. Anderson
published by Mundell, and engrossed was distinguished by a warm and honest
much more of his time than at first he sensibility to the beauties of poetry, and
had apprehended. In this year he by extreme candour. His character as
married Miss Dale, daughter of Mr. a man was marked by the most urbane
David Dale, a schoolmaster in East manners, the most honourable probity
Lothian. His edition of the British in his dealings, and by unshaken con-
Poets was published from 1795 to 1807, stancy in friendship. He was an en-
in fourteen large 8vo. volumes. His couraging friend to young writers; and
collection of Dr. Smollet's miscellaneous to him the author of “ The Pleasures
works has passed through six editions. of Hope,” who was long and mutually
The eight separate editions of his ac- attached to him, dedicated his first pro-
count of that author appeared under the duction. New Monthly Magazine.
title of “ The Life of Tobias Smollet, ATHOLL, the Most Noble John
M. D., with Critical Observations on Murray, fourth Duke of, Marquis of
his Works,” 1818. His Life of Dr. Tullibardine, Earl of Strathtay and Strat-
Samuel Johnson, with critical observ- hardle, Viscount of Balquhidar, Glen-
ations on his works, reached a third almond, and Glenlyon, Lord Murray,
edition, Edinb. 1815. At one time, he Balvenie, and Gask (1703); fifth
proposed to bring out a separate edition Marquis of Atholl, Earl of Tullibar-
of the Lives of the British Poets. He dine, Viscount of Balquhidar, Lord
had collected some materials for that pur- Murray, Balvenie, and Gask (1676);
pose; but delicate health, and that spirit ninth Earl of Tullibardine (1606), and
of procrastination which increases with sixth Earl of Atholl (1628); eighth
advancing years, prevented him from Lord Murray of Tullibardine (1604)
fulfilling what he had so much at heart. all Scottish honours ; first Earl
He was for several years the editor of Strange and Baron Murray of Stanley,
the Edinburgh Magazine, which af- co. Gloucester (1786), and ninth Baron
forded him some amusement, and the Strange (by writ, 1628); K. T.; a
pleasure of occasionally bringing for- Privy Councillor, Lord Lieutenant and
ward the performances of his young Hereditary Sheriff of Perthshire, Go-
literary friends. In the year 1810 his vernor of the Isle of Man, a General
eldest daughter was married to David of the Royal Archers of Scotland, and
Irving, LL.D. author of the Life of F.R.S. ; Sept. 29. 1830; at his palace
George Buchanan, and other learned of Dunkeld, after a short illness,
works. In the year 1812, Dr. Ander- aged 75.
son had the severe affliction of seeing His Grace was born June 30. 1755,
Mrs. Irving very suddenly withdrawn the eldest of the seven sons of John the
from her family, at the moment when third Duke, K. 'T., by his cousin Lady
every thing bade fair to her for length- Charlotte Murray, only surviving child
ened years and prosperity. She left a and heiress of James the second Duke,
son who still survives. Dr. Anderson's and K.T., and in her own right Baro-
habits were so regular, and his dispo- ness Strange in the Peerage of Eng-
sitions so cheerful and animated, that his land. He succeeded to the dukedom,
oldage stoleonhim almost imperceptibly. and his father's other titles, Nov. 5.
For the last winter he had been more 1774; and married, at London, on the
than usually confined to the house by a 26th of the following month, the Hon.
succession of bad colds : but the disease Jane Cathcart, eldest daughter of
which proved fatal, and terminated very Charles ninth Lord Cathcart, and sis-
ter to the present William-Schaw Earl which the Crown had in view in ob-
Cathcart, and K. T., and to Louisa taining the sovereignty. An investi-
Countess of Mansfield.
gation was in consequence made ; but
On the 25th of March, 1775, the the House of Keys again advanced in
Duke of Atholl was installed Grand opposition, and, after considerable dis-
Master of the most ancient and ho- cussion, Mr. Pitt, “notwithstanding
nourable fraternity of Free and Ac- his full conviction of the propriety and
cepted Masons, according to the old even necessity of proceeding with such
institution. In 1799 he had occasion a measure, yet, after the unfavourable
to defend in Parliament the conduct of impression which had gained ground
that body, and at the same time assert- on the subject,” thought it prudent to
ed their loyalty and obedience to the postpone the Committee on the Bill
for three months. It was, however,
In 1777 the Duke of Atholl raised probably in consequence of the agita-
a regiment for the public service, which tion of the question, that the Crown
was named the 77th regiment of foot, appointed the Duke of Atholl Captain-
or Atholl Highlanders, and of which general and Governor-in-chief of the
his uncle (afterwards Major-Gen.) Isle of Man, Feb. 4. 1793.
James Murray was appointed Colonel; Having lost his first Duchess, Dec. 5.
it was disbanded at the peace of 1783. 1790, his Grace married secondly,
In 1780 his Grace was elected one of March 11. 1794, Margery, dowager of
the sixteen Representative Peers for John Mackensie, Lord Macleod (the
eldest son of George, the third and
In 1781 he presented a petition to attainted Earl of Cromartie); eldest
Parliament, complaining of the provi- daughter of James, 16th Lord Forbes,
sions of the Act of 1765, by which the and sister to the present possessor of
sovereignty of the Isle of Man had that title. Her Grace is still living.
been transferred from his father to the On the 15th of May, 1796, in a re-
Crown, and praying for a Bill to ply to the Duke of Bedford, the Duke
amend the same. A petition was pre- of Atholl declared that he was as
sented by the House of Keys against warm in support of the constitution, and
the Bill; which, however, somewhat as independent, and as much a friend
amended, passed the Commons, but to liberty,” as the chief of the Russells.
was lost in the House of Lords.
The Duke of Atholl was sworn a Privy-
In 1784 his Grace was not again Councillor June 28. 1797; constituted
elected a Representative Peer; but, by Lord Lieutenant of the county of Perth,
patent dated August 18. 1786, he was and Colonel of the Perthshire Militia,
introduced into the House of Lords in in 1798; and invested with the Order
his own right, as Baron Murray of of the Thistle in 1799.
Stanley, in the county of Gloucester, In 1805, a third petition respecting
and Earl Strange. In 1788, when the the Isle of Man was presented to Par-
Regency question was debated, his liament by the Duke; and a Bill for
Grace voted with Ministers. In 1790, granting him an annuity in further
considering that his father had been so compensation, was, after great opposi-
far intimidated, in consequence of the tion, carried in the Commons by a ma-
suspicion attached to him as a partisan jority of 57, and in the Lords by 35 to
of the House of Stuart, as to have 11. By this Act one fourth of the
parted with his sovereignty of the Isle customs of the island was granted to
of Man for an inadequate considera- the Duke, and in hereditary succession
tion", his Grace again petitioned the to the heir-general of the seventh Ear!
House of Commons, praying for an of Derby. His mother, through whom
Act to appoint Commissioners, to en- he had derived this golden claim upon
quire what rights might be restored to the public purse, just survived to wit-
him without prejudice to the object ness the favourable decision, and died
Oct. 13. in the same year; whereupon
* The price was, however, no less his Grace succeeded to the Barony of
than 70,0001. and an annuity of 20001. Strange. During the last thirty-six
to the Duke and Duchess for their years he has discharged the various and
lives; and all manorial rights, and the important duties attendant on his office
patronage of the bishopric and eccle- as Lord Lieutenant of Perthshire, with
siastical benefices, were also reserved. a zeal and integrity which will make
Stat. 5 Geo. III, cap. 26.
the bereavement as severely felt by
that county, as his loss, as a patriotic service on board the Valiant, of 74 guns,
nobleman, will be lamented by the na- commanded by the Hon. John Leveson
tion at large. By his first marriage, the Gower, Dec. 1. 1776, and in that ship
Duke of Atholl had five sons and four was present at the capture of the Li.
daughters : 1. Lady Charlotte, married corne and Pallas, French frigates, by
in 1797 to Sir John Menzies, of Castle the fleet under Admiral Keppel; and
Menzies in Perthshire, Bart. who died in the action with M. d'Orvilliers, off
without issue in 1800; and secondly, in Brest, July 27. 1778, on which occasion
1801, to Capt. Adam Drummond, R. N. the Valiant had 6 men killed and 26
by whom she has several children; 2. wounded. In Oct. 1779, he was re-
Lady Mary Louisa, who died an infant; moved into the Shrewsbury, another
3. the Most Noble John now Duke of third-rate, commanded by Captain
Atholl, born in 1778; 4. the Right Mark- Robinson, and soon after sailed
Hon. Amelia-Sophia, Viscountess in company with the fleet under Sir G.
Strathallen, married in 1809 to James B. Rodney, to the relief of Gibraltar.
Drummond, esq. who succeeded to the On the passage thither, the Shrews-
Viscounty of Strathallen in 1817, and bury assisted at the capture of a Spanish
has a numerous family; 5. Major-Gen. convoy, and the defeat of Don Juan de
the Right Hon. James Lord Glenlyon, Langara, Jan. 8. and 16. 1780. Re-
who was created a Peer at the Corona- turning to England with the prizes in
tion of King George the Fourth, and the ensuing month, she also contributed
is a Lord of the Bedchamber; he mar- to the capture of a French 64, and se.
ried in 1810 Lady Emily Percy, sister veral merchant ships, by the squadron
to the Duke of Northumberland, and under Rear-Admiral Digby. We next
has two sons and two daughters; 6. find her proceeding to the West Indies,
Lord Edward, who died in 1795, aged where she bore a part in no less than
eleven; 7. Lord Robert, who died in five actions with the French fleet com-
1793, aged seven ; 8. Lady Elizabeth, manded by Count de Grasse, viz. off
married in 1808 to Col. Sir Evan John Martinique, April 29. 1781; off the
Macgregor Murray, Bart. Aid-de. Chesapeake, Sept. 5. in the same year;
Camp to the King: and has a numer- and in Basseterre Road, Jan. 25, 26,
ous family; 9. Lord Frederick, who and 27. 1782. In the two former she
died in infancy. The present Duchess sustained a loss of 20 men slain, and
was mother of two children, Lady 66 wounded.
Catherine, who died young; and Lord Mr. Ballard was promoted to the
Charles, who, having volunteered in the rank of Lieutenant by Rear-Admiral
cause of Greek independence, died at Joshua Rowley, at Jamaica, Feb. 10.
Gastouini in Greece, Aug. 11. 1824, 1783; and from that period served
aged 25.-Gentlemin's Magazine. successively in the Shrewsbury, Torbay,
Astrea, Monarch, Alfred, and Queen,
from which latter ship, bearing the flag
of Rear-Admiral Gardner, he was made
a Commander for his gallant conduct
BALLARD, Samuel James, Esq., in the battles between Earl Howe and
Vice-Admiral of the Blue, of Park- M. Villaret de Joyeuse, May 28. and
Street, Bath, and Coates Hall, York- 29. and June 1. 1794. The Queen on
shire ; at Exmouth, October, 1829. the latter day had 36 men killed, and
This officer's grandfather, a Dutch 67 (including her captain and 3 lieu-
merchant, settled at Portsmouth, and tenants) wounded.
married a grand-daughter of the Rev. Our officer's post commission bears
Francis Chandler, a bold, awakening, date Aug. 1. 1795; previously to which
and popular preacher, and a man of he had acted as Captain in several line-
great piety and learning, who lost a of-battle ships, during the temporary
considerable property in houses by the absence of their proper commanders ;
Great Fire in 1666. His father, served as a volunteer in the Queen;
Samuel, went to sea at a very early age regulated the quota men on the coast of
with Admiral Holmes, but afterwards Sussex; and commanded the Megæra
became a merchant at Portsmouth, and fire-vessel, attached to Lord Bridport's
married a Miss Flint, of Epsom in fleet. He subsequently acted for some
Surrey, to which county he retired from time as Captain of the Thunderer 74;
business in 1784.
and on the 20th Feb. 1796, obtained
Mr. S. J. Ballard entered the naval the command of the Pearl frigate, in
which he was employed during the en- guns, were shortly after destroyed at
suing two years in affording protection Ance la Barque, together with the
to the Quebec, Baltic, and Newfound- batteries and magazines under which
land trades, and in occasional cruises off they had taken refuge.
Calais and Havre.
Towards the latter end of Jan. 1810,
In March 1798, the Pearl, in com- Captain Ballard escorted a division of
pany with the Sheerness, of 44 guns, the army destined for the attack of
bearing the broad pendant of Commo- Guadaloupe from St. Lucia to the
dore James Cornwallis, sailed for the Saintes, and from thence he proceeded
coast of Africa; from whence she was with the squadron under his orders,
sent to Barbadoes. Captain Ballard and transports, towards Trois Rivières.
arrived there at the close of July, and From that period until the surrender of
from that period was principally em- the island, he commanded the detach-
ployed as senior officer at the Saintes, ment of seamen and marines attached
watching two French frigates in Bas- to the second division of the army; and
seterre, and cruising to windward of his active co-operation was acknow-
Deseada, where he captured le Scevola, ledged with the best thanks of the
a privateer of 10 guns and 73 men ; Commander of the Forces, Lieutenant-
l'Independance, of 12 guns and 66 men; General Sir George Beckwith, in
a row-boat, and a Dutch schooner; and general orders.
re-captured eight American vessels. Previously to his return to England,
He returned to England in June 1799 Captain Ballard visited Antigua, Mar-
with the Vengeance 74, and a large tinique, St. Lucia, Barbadoes, Tobago,
fleet of merchantmen.
Trinidad, Dominica, St. Kitts, Tortola,
In October following, Captain Bal- and St. Thomas's. He sailed from the
lard conveyed General Fox from Ports- latter island with the homeward-bound
mouth to Minorca; and, during the trade early in August, and arrived at
ensuing two years, he was engaged in Spithead Sept. 25. 1810. After dock
a great variety of service on the Medi- ing and refitting the Sceptre, he was
terranean station, particularly in the placed under the orders of Lord Gam-
Gulf of Lyons, and in the defence of bier, and by him occasionally intrusted
Porto Ferrajo, in the island of Elba. with the command of a detached squa-
He returned Dec. 3. 1801, and paid dron employed in watching the enemy's
off the Pearl on the 14th March, 1802, ships in Brest Harbour and Basque
after commanding her for upwards of Roads. Some time in 1812 he re-
six years, during which time he had ceived official notice of his being ap-
taken, destroyed, and re-captured about pointed to superintend the payment of
80 vessels; among which, in addition the ships at Spithead; but, as he did
to those already mentioned, were not wish to be superseded at sea, while
Genoese polacre, of 14 guns; la Vertu, blockading an enemy, he remained in
of 10 guns and 40 men; and an armed the Sceptre, on Channel service, till she
sebec. He also assisted at the capture was ordered to return to port, in Jan.
of la Carerre, a French frigate of 40 1813. He became a Rear-Admiral
guns and 356 men ; l'Incroyable, of June 4. 1814.
28 guns and 220 men; and a Ragusan Admiral Ballard married, first, his
brig bound to Algiers, with presents cousin Maria, only daughter of James
from Bonaparte to the Dey.
Flint, of Feversham, Esq.; and by her
From this period, notwithstanding had eight children, three of whom, a
his repeated applications for an active son and two daughters, are now living;
ship, Captain Ballard could not obtain secondly, Dec. 2. 1822, Catherine,
any other command than that of a dis- daughter of the late, and sister to the
trict of Sea Fencibles, till Oct. 1809, present Sir Thomas Crawley Boevey,
when he was appointed to the Sceptre, Bart. of Flaxley Abbey, co. Gloucester.
of 74 guns, in which ship he soon after - Marshall's Royal Naval Biography.
sailed for the Leeward Islands; and BELSHAM, the Rev. Thomas,
immediately on his arrival off Marti- Minister of the Unitarian Chapel in
nique, with the Alfred 74, and Freija Essex Street, Nov. 1829, at Hampstead
frigate, under his orders, was sent by (where he had for some time resided),
Sir Alex. Cochrane in pursuance of in his 80th year.
four French frigates, which had recently This celebrated preacher was the
captured the Junon, a British frigate; elder brother of the late William Bel.
and two of them, each pierced for 44 sham, the historian. He was educated