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religious enthusiasm towards the hospitals in this country. The superiority of the Parisian to the London hospitals in point of nurses must be obvious to the most superficial ob

An association of middle-aged females animated by religious feelings, for the purpose of relieving the extremes of human misery, not by pecuniary aid, but by personal attention to the sick poor, in imitation of the Sisters of Charity, or rather of the Beguines (for the latter are bound by no vow except to be chaste and obedient while they remain in the order, and have the power of returning to the world whenever they please) might be eminently useful. The letters on this subject, published in the Appendix to Mr. Southey's Colloquies, were written by Dr. Gooch. They have been reprinted at Liverpool, as a means of calling attention and inviting assistance in support of an institution for educating nurses which has been established there. Mr. Hornby, the rector of Winwick, is the individual by whose active exertions this scheme has been to a certain extent carried into effect, and who had previously introduced the subject into a printed sermon.

Gooch returned from Flanders in wretched health, and found himself under the necessity of relinquishing the practice of midwifery: that branch of his business he transferred, as far as he cou!d, to Dr. Locock, on whom he could thoroughly rely, and henceforth confined himself to the prescribing part of his profession. He spent the month of October at Bath, and returned to town somewhat better; but on the 1st of January, 1826, he was attacked with hæmoptysis. On his recovery from this attack, he writes thus :-“ You will be sorry to hear that since I last wrote to you I have had another long and suffering illness. Early on New-year's morning I was waked by a symptom I never had before-a hæmorrhage from the lungs. As I have for many years never passed a day without some degree of cough and expectoration, I immediately concluded that this was the breaking up of some old organic mischief in the lungs, and took it for granted that my. hour was come; and now I felt the difference between the prospect of death during bodily suffering which has no remedy,

and the saine prospect in a state of mental and bodily comfort. Generally my illnesses have been suffering, and death has looked a welcome visiter. Now, on the contrary, I felt well, at least I had no pain. Every object around me and before me looked pleasant, and I felt unwilling to quit them; but it was not dying, but parting with those dear to me, which caused the pang. It was just what I have felt when death has removed from me those I loved, and just what I should have felt in the prospect of my wife and all my children being taken from me by death. The hæmorrhage soon ceased, and I believe was of no consequence; but the anxiety I felt about it, and the low diet which I observed for a fortnight, ended in one of my old vomiting illnesses, which lasted three weeks, and has now left me as thin as the anatomie vivante.”

Notwithstanding these repeated illnesses, which withdrew him for months together from his profession, Gooch's reput. ation continued to increase; and as soon as he was able to resume his practice, he always found that he had more patients on his list than he could visit. In April 1826 he was appointed librarian to the King-a situation which added much to his comfort, by insuring him a moderate annuity for life, in case (which then appeared too probable) ill health should oblige him to relinquish his profession entirely. For this he was indebted to the kindness of his friend, Sir William Knighton. The summer of this year Gooch passed chiefly at Malvern; he had intended to visit the Cumberland Lakes again, but found his strength unequal to the journey. The air of Malvern agreed with him, and he returned to town able to resume his medical practice, but still obliged to restrict himself to a very limited number of hours of active employment. His mind was, however, rarely at rest; he was either occupied in preparing for publication his work on the diseases of women, or in contributions to periodical publications. In whatever he engaged, there was an earnestness of purpose which not unfrequently exhausted his bodily powers.

The few remaining years of Gooch's life exhibited a striking contrast between mental vigour and bodily weakness. His best health was that of a complete valetudinarian; but he was able to see a considerable number of patients most days, and to devote some hours to literary labour. The summer of 1827 he passed at Southborough, near Bromley; that of the following year at Hampstead and Tunbridge Wells.

Gooch had now been for a considerable part of his life engaged in attending more particularly to the diseases of women, and he was not a man upon whom the lessons of experience were lost. The publication of his work on this subject was, therefore, sure to add to his reputation. He corrected the last sheets of this volume while at Brighton, in the summer of 1829; and he lived long enough to know that he had not disappointed the high expectations of his medical friends. On his return to town he found that his book had been praised by every professional reader, and that he could have increased his practice to any extent had his health permitted. But his strength was unequal even to the former demands upon it. His bodily powers failed gradually and progressively, but his mind retained its activity almost to the last. He became a living skeleton, and so helpless that he was fed like an infant, yet he would dictate with a faltering voice sentences which indicated no mental feebleness. Once or twice he became delirious for a few minutes, and the consciousness that he was so distressed him greatly. His life was prolonged for some days by the constant watching of his medical friends, Mr. George Young and Mr. Fernandez, who relieved each other at his bedside ; and by thė admirable nursing of his wife, whose health suffered materially by her incessant attentions.

On the 16th of February, 1830, he breathed his last. Enough has been stated in this brief memoir to show that Robert Gooch was no ordinary man. During a short life, embittered by almost constant illness, he succeeded in attaining to great eminence in his profession, and left behind him valuable contributions to medical knowledge. His Essay on the Plague settled the question of the contagious nature of that

disease, at least for the present generation *; and, when the same controversy shall be again revived, (for medical as well as theological heresies spring up again after the lapse of a few generations,) will furnish facts and arguments for the confut‘ation of future anticontagionists. The paper on Anatomy in the Quarterly Review for January, 1830, which bears internal marks of being his, and must, of course, have been dictated from his death-bed, has placed the question in a right point of view, by proving that it is the interest of the public rather than that of the medical profession that the impediments to the study of that science should be removed. His book On the Diseases peculiar to Women is the most valuable work on that subject in any language; the chapters on puerperal fever and puerperal madness are probably the most important additions to practical medicine of the present age.

With regard to personal appearance, Gooch was rather below the ordinary height, and always thin; his countenance was elegantly marked; the dark full eyes remarkably fine; the habitual expression made up of sagacity and melancholy, though no features could exhibit occasionally a more happy play of humour. His manners were singularly well adapted to a sick room— natural, quiet, impressive; and the kindness of his heart led him to sympathise readily with the feelings of others, and rarely failed to attach his patients strongly. They who were accustomed to rely upon him merely for professional aid, will find it difficult to supply his place; to his intimates and his family his loss is irreparable. Dr. Gooch has left three children - two boys and a girl; his family will be moderately provided for, and his sons will inherit the inestimable advantage of their father's good name and example.

• A letter has recently appeared in the London Medical Gazette, from Dr. Granville, denying that it was Dr. Gooch who, by his essay, settled the question of the contagious nature of the plague, and maintaining that the question was settled by Dr. Granville himself and other medical men examined before a Committee of the House of Co ns, whose opinio was acted on by government before Dr. Gooch wrote upon the subject. -Ed. A. B.

254

No. VIII.

SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE, KNIGHT,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY, PRINCIPAL PORTRAIT

PAINTER TO HIS MAJESTY, LL.D. OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, MEMBER OF THE FRENCH LEGION OF HONOUR, AND OF THE ACADEMIES OF ROME, VENICE, FLORENCE, VIENNA, AND NEW YORK, FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY, MEMBER OF THE DILETTANTI SOCIETY, &c.

“ We may venture to assert,” was the just remark of a popular journal, in alluding to the decease of Sir Thomas Lawrence, “ that since the lamented deaths of Byron and Canning, no public loss has been so generally or so feelingly deplored. If refinement of intellect, liberality of principle, and urbanity of manners, can entitle a man to the regard and interest of his contemporaries, the late President of the Royal Academy was indeed richly endowed to win and wear the honours of social favour; but when we connect these valuable gifts with the one surpassing talent which has dispersed his fame throughout Europe, and bequeathed his name to history, we can no longer wonder at the universal regret excited by the announcement of his premature decease.”

Sir Thomas Lawrence was born at Bristol, on the 13th of April, 1769. His father, Thomas, who had been a Supervisor of Excise, took possession of the White Lion Inn, in Broad Street, on the 3d of June following. His mother was the daughter of the Rev. W. Read, the Incumbent of Tetbury, in Gloucestershire. He had two brothers and two sisters. His elder brother, the Rev. Andrew Lawrence, was Chaplain of Haslar Hospital, and his brother William a Major in the army: both have been dead some years. His elder sister Lucy, was married in March, 1800, to Mr. Meredith, Solicitor,

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