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KNIGHTING OF THE BLACK PRINCE.

son!”

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KNIGHTING OF THE BLACK PRINCE. EDWARD III., pursued by Philip of in good earnest to discharge their bolts. France, knew that when once he had The English archers waited their time; crossed the River Somme, the cavalry then, when the signal was given, after would be sent forward to harass his their wont, each one stepped forward march; so he stopped at a place called one pace, and drew his bow to his ear. Cressy. He selected a good position, a From this moment cloth-yard shafts gently sloping hill, topped by a thick snowed upon the Genoese. Their cumwood; there he drew up his men. The brous and ill-jointed armor was pierced. wood covered their rear, and on the They flung down their crossbows and flanks he dug deep ditches. The ground fled precipitately. Philip was enraged; he stood on had been part of his he cried: “Kill me the scoundrels, for mother's dowry; he let his men know they stop up our road without any reathat, and thereby stimulated their deter

The French knights did this, mination to hold it. The Prince of and cut down the Genoese as they came Wales, called the Black Prince, from back. the color of his mail, the flower of Meanwhile the English were pressing European chivalry as long as he lived, forward, and began to pick off the who was now only in his seventeenth French knights as they struggled up the year, commanded the first line, having hill, over the down-trodden Genoese. two old earls to help him; this was his A perfect confusion ensued, the woundfirst battle. Two other earls commanded ed horses plunging madly amid the the second line, and the King himself crowds of Genoese; and Welsh and commanded the reserve. Each of the Cornish men, armed with dirks, skulked three lines contained about the

into the mélée, and stabbed the disrelative proportions of bill-men, men-at mounted knights. The tumult was at arms and archers; the latter arm consti- | last in some degree abated. A blind tuted nearly half of the whole force. man, the king of Bohemia, commanded The French came on eagerly, secure

in the front of Philip's army; he reof their victory. Philip was only afraid quested his squires to lead him into the that Edward would escape him.

He thickest of the fight. They ranged winded his whole army in his hurry to themselves thickly around him, and he overtake the English; and they were so had knights on both hands. Those next excited that, when the front was ordered him attached hand-reins to the bit of his to halt, and stood still, it was pushed | charger, and then they all charged forward by the rear right up to the abreast upon the Black Prince and his English front. Philip galloped about Their second line supported them madly, and at last got a sort of half close behind, and the prince was very order established; he, too, divided his hard pressed. The Earl of Warwick army into three lines.

sent off a knight at full gallop to beThe English had been sitting down in seech the king to bring forward the rethe ranks, quietly eating their dinners, serve. He was standing at the top of and watching the surging sea of pers a windmill, studying the progress of piring Frenchmen down below; but their the battle. When the messenger came practiced eyes saw the gradual restora up he said: “Is my son dead, unhorsed, tion of order, and they jumped up and or so badly wounded that he cannot suphandled their weapons.

Philip put port himself?" "Nothing of the sort," foremost fifteen thousand of his Genoese was the reply; "but he is in so hot a bowmen. They had a taste of English fight that he has great need of your fighting before, and at first they con- help.” “Tell him, then," answered the fined themselves, as a weapon of attack, king, “to expect no aid from me. Let to yelling discordantly. Then, when the boy win his spurs; for I am dethey came near enough, they commenced termined that, if it please God, all the

men.

ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE.

287

glory and honor of this day shall be and falling down upon his breech for
given to him, and to those into whose want of one, sets a whole company
care I have en trusted him.” The prince laughing, when all the wit in the world
did win his spurs; he held his ground would not do it; a plain proof, in my
against the fresh men of the French mind, how low and unbecoming a thing
second line, under the Duke d’Alencon, laughter is; not to mention the disagree-
and taking up the offensive, beat them. able noise that it makes, and the shock-
right back on their reserve. That part ing distortion of the face that it occa-
of the French army, as yet unengaged- sions.
for its efforts to pass over the choked Many people, at first from awkward-
and narrow ground had been fruitless ness, have got a very disagreeable and
was now attacked by the heroic boy. silly trick of laughing whenever they
They were broken and dispersed. speak; and I know men of very good
Philip was pitched from his horse, and parts who cannot say the commonest
fled with only sixty companions; thus things without laughing, which makes
the battle of Cressy was gained. The those who do not know them take them
French lost in it, one king, the blind at first for natural fools.-Chesterfield.
monarch, twelve hundred knights, and
English historians say, about thirty Small talk-a baby's prattle.
thousand soldiers. After the battle the

If you want knowledge, you must king embraced his boy, and said:

toil for it; if food, you must toil for
“Sweet son, you have this day shown
yourself worthy of your spurs, and the it; and, if pleasure, you must toil for

it. Toil is the law. Pleasure comes
for which you have so nobly
God grant you good persever-

through toil, and not by self-indul

When a man
Never did knight more royally

gence and indolence. receive the accolade.-Selected.

gets to love work, his life is a happy and

contented one. LAUGHTER.

As we cannot judge of the motion of Frequent and loud laughter is the the earth by anything within the earth, characteristic of folly and ill-manners; but by some celestial point that is beit is the manner in which the mob ex. yond it; so the wicked, by comparing press their silly joy at silly things; and

themselves with the wicked, perceive not they call it being merry. In my mind, how far they are advanced in their inithere is nothing so illiberal and so illbred, quity; to know precisely what lengths as audible laughter. True wit or sense they have gone, they must fix their attennever yet made any body laugh; they tion on some bright and exalted characare above

it; they please the mind, ter that is not of them, but above them. and give a cheerfulness to the counten- When all moves equally, says Pascal, ance, But it is low buffoonery, or silly nothing seems to move, as in a vessel unaccidents,

that always excite laughter; der sail; and when all run by common and that is

what people of sense and consent into vice, nonė appear to do so. breeding should show themselves above. He that stops first, views as from a fixed A man's going to sit down in the suppo- point the horrible extravagance that sition that he has a chair behind him, I transports the rest.Colton.

crown fought. ance!"

ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE.
QUARTERLY CONFERENCE.

on Sunday evening, April 17, 1881. The A Quarterly Conference of the Young

house was crowded. There were present Men's Mutual Improvement Associa

on the stand, President Jos. F. Smith, C. tions was held in the Tabernacle, Ogden, W. Penrose and the Presidents of the

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288

PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.

the young.

most of the societies in the Stake. | three lectures given, and six hundred Superintendent Joseph A. West pre and thirty-five testimonies borne. siding. After singing and prayer, reports Elder C. W. Penrose addressed the were given of the condition of the Asso- | audience, giving choice instructions to ciations, which indicated a favorable the young on the efficacy of prayer and growth and a season of prosperity among the existence of God.

He was followed by Prest. Jos. F. An interesting statistical report was Smith, who, relating anecdotes of Job, read by the Secretary. There are twenty Abraham, Daniel, and the Hebrew one Associations in the county, with a Children, beautifully illustrated how immembership of eight hundred and thirty; plicit faith in God ends in blessings, eight libraries, with a value of three welfare and prosperity. hundred and sixty-four dollars, and The Stake Association officers were eight manuscript papers. During the sustained as formerly. The choir sang past year, sixty-six thousand one hun an anthem, and conference adjourned for dred and twenty-eight chapters have three months. E. H. Anderson, been read, seven hundred and eighty

Secretary Weber Stake Y, M. M, 1. A.

PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. "AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND POEMS," by Hannah "How we FED THE BABY," is the title to Cornaby. For sale at Spanish Fork, Utah Co., a small work hy Dr. Page, of New York. and at the Exponent Office, Price $1.00.

It is one containing very many valuable This new literary home production is suggestions to parents on dieting their one deserving public recognition. The children and feeding them regularly Autobiography is quite interesting, pre- and properly, from the earliest hours of senting familiar scenes in the journeying infancy until grown. Its arguments are of the Saints from abroad, and their ex- apparently based on the belief that perience as pioneers, in the unmurmuring “more deaths occur from over feeding spirit of patience and devotion that God than from starvation;" a statement in gives His people in their hours of trial. which we have undoubting confidence. The Poems breathe the same kind feel Published by Fowler & Wells, New ing, and though mostly of a personal | York. Price 50 cents. nature, intended for the comfort of indi

"A CENTURY OF DISHONOR," by H. H., is vidual friends, are meritorious, and may a sketch of the United States Government's dealbe read with pleasure by all.

ings with some of the Indian tribes, "A STRING OF PEARLS," and "LEAVES It is a work of very great interest to FROM MY Journal," published at the Juvenile the sympathizers with the poor aborigInstructor Office.

ines, whose unjust and inhuman treatThese are the second and third books

ment at the hands of Government and of the Faith Promoting Series, and are

modern civilization calls for the liveliest full of interesting and profitable matter

interest from humanitarians and philanfor young readers. Price 25 cents ea

thropists. We hope the book will exert

the influence it is designed to, and lead The Youth's Companion comes regu- those in power to modify their methods larly from the publishers, Mason, Perry in the management of Indian matters. & Co., Boston. It is altogether the finest. The people of Utah, who understand the weekly juvenile journal published in Indians, will be much interested in this America. We have never yet seen an book. Published by Harper Brothers, article in its pages with an objectionable New York, and for sale at Jos. H. moral.

Parry's book store, Salt Lake City,

THE CONTRIBUTOR.

The Glory of God is Intelligence.

Vol. II.

JULY, 1881.

No. 10.

IV.

DIVINE ORIGIN OF THE BOOK OF MORMON.

uated about two leagues east of the town HISTORICAL EVIDENCES CONSIDERED. of Ococingo; Mayapan is well known to

In the preceding number we traced have been the capital of Yucatan, and the historic migrations, from the old to Chiquimula is thought to have been Cothe new world, of Votan and the seven pan, in Honduras,

Votan families whom he led by divine command deposited a great treasure at Huehuetan, to this continent. We likewise made in Soconusco, which he left under the brief extracts from the Book of Mor- | vigilant care of a guard directed by one

of the most honorable women of the mon, showing that a similar commandment had been given by the Lord to the land. Finally, he wrote a book in which brother of Jared, who led, under divine he recorded his deeds and offered proof instruction, a small colony to America. of his being a Chane (or serpent.) This The two accounts evidently refer to the ancient document, which is claimed to same persons and circumstances; the have been written by one of Votan's account of the peregrinations of the one descendants, of the eighth or ninth gencolony being almost, if not entirely, eration, and not by himself, was in the identical with the other. In this number Tzendal language, a dialect or branch of we desire to make further comparisons, the Maya, spoken in Chiapas and around and to briefly note the historical account Palenque. Its history is, however, quite of this remarkable character and founder checkered, and the information which it of the Votanic dynasty, under which the contained comes very indirectly. For first peopling of America was accom generations the Votanic document was plished.

scrupulously guarded by the people of “The achievements of Votan in the Tacoalya, in Soconusco, but was finally new world

Were as great as any of the discovered by Francisco Nuñez de la heroes of antiquity.

His great city, Vega, bishop of Chiapas. In the prenamed Nachan (city of the serpents),

amble of his Constituciones, sec. xxx, he from his

own race, which was named claims to have read this document, but it Chan, a

serpent. This Nachan is un is probable that only a copy, still in the questionably identified with Palenque." Tzendal language but written in Latin De Bourbourg fixes the founding of this characters, had come into his possession. city shortly after the journeyings of Vo He fails to give any definite information tan, 1000

B, C.; while Garcia Pelaez from the document except the most genstates that Votan founded Culhuacan, or

eral statements with reference to Votan's Palenque, in the year 3000 of the world.

place in the calendar, and his having “The kingdom of the serpents four

seen the Tower of Babel, at which each ished so rapidly that Votan founded three people was given a new language. He tributary

monarchies, whose capitals states that he could have made more revwere Tulan, Mayapan, and Chiquimula. elations of the history of Votan from The former is supposed to have been sit

this document but for bringing up the old

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DIVINE ORIGIN OF THE BOOK OF MORMON.

er.

idolatry of the people and perpetuating it. ) temptation of the serpent; and we also With the zeal of a true Vandal, the bishop have typified the lifting up, or crucifixion committed the dangerous documents, to- of the Savior. So that, as in the wildergether with the treasure which he claims ness, those who were bitten unto death Votan to have buried in the dark-house, had life again, by looking up to the emto the flames in 1691. There seems to blem which was raised in their midst to have been other copies, however, of this secure their temporal salvation; so, in remarkable manuscript, for about the like manner, all who die from the effects close of the eighteenth century, Dr. of the bite inflicted by the serpent upon Paul Felix Cabrera was shown a docu- Adam shall live again through the atonment in the possession of Don Ramon | ing blood and redeeming power of Jesus. de Ordoñez y Aguiar, a resident of With this view, it would hardly seem Ciudad Real in Chiapas, which purported reasonable to suppose that Votan, who to be the Votanic memoir.”-Short, pp. had led a colony from Babel to this land, 205-7

had written a book to prove that he was In connection with this brief extract the descendant, or the representative of there are several important points which the powers or excellencies of an ordidemand the careful attention of the read nary serpent, or common reptile. He,

First, let us consider the evident having acted under divine command, is ruling desire of Votan to perpetuate, in it not far more reasonable and consistent, his own name, and in that of the capital and more in harmony with the leading city of the extensive empire founded by idea of the primitive inhabitants of the him, the greatness and glory typified by continent, that he sought to perpetuate, a serpent; which, throughout the entire in his own name, and in the name of his history of the Quichés, Olemecs, Toltecs great capital, the healing, redeeming, reor Nahua races, is found to be an em vivifying, characteristic powers of Christ blem of power. The vivifying force in Jesus our Lord? nature, "the god of the harvest and of Recent explorations, by Charnay,at Pathe air,” “the vapor clouds and vernal lenque go far to prove that it was built, if showers with their refreshing and fructi not entirely,almost wholly as a city of worfying influences," giving life, light and ship-a place for the performance of relibeing-a deity as personified by Quetzal gious ordinances and ceremonies. When coatl among the Nahuas, Gucumatz we consider this fact in connection with among the Quichés, and Cukulcan among the testimony already herein given of the the Mayas, each meaning, when translat bishop of Chiapas, "that he could have ed, identically the same thing, namely, made more revelations of the history of "feathered," or "plumed,” or “winged” Votan from this document but for bringserpent.

ing up the old idolatry of the people and When Moses led the children of Israel

perpetuating it,” we can readily underfrom bondage into the wilderness, we stand that Votan was not only a hero, an learn that they were on a certain occasion empire founder, a great leader, but was grievously afflicted by fiery serpents, more than all these-a deeply religious whose bite inflicted death. God, how character. As to what the early Catholic ever, commanded Moses to make a ser- | bishops and clergy were pleased to conpent of brass, and to lift it up upon a sider the idolatry of the Indians at the pole, in the midst of the people, so that time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico all who had been bitten might be healed and Peru, we need only mention how through the exercise of faith prompting they endeavored to account for the reobedience to the commandment requiring markable knowledge, with which they them to look upon the brazen serpent found the primitive inhabitants familiar, which was lifted up, that they might not pertaining to Jewish laws, customs and perish. In this we find represented the ceremonies, and pertaining to the Gospel death wrought by Satan in the Garden of plan of human redemption, namely," that Eden, when our parents yielded to the the devil, seeing the effects of these

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