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NEPHITE APOSTATES.

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McCloskey pulls the door open and glides | count of the bad associations he was into the free air; and with a long pent up learning to form there. There remains yell of relief,as he finds that this turns out to this day a matter of some forty marto be another version of the old play, bles, a rabbit, the bass cow bell, and Mr. where the Indian does not form a grand Beadle's “Scar-face, the Chief,” unsettableau by standing on Jacob's chest, tled between us; but we cheerfully forhe dashes through the yard, jumps the gave him the debt long ago, in the thankpicket fence, and after hesitating a mo fulness of our heart at having escaped in ment on the wisdom of shying a cobble safety from that memorable meal at his at the upper window of the Indian's family board.

Gax. dwelling and discarding the notion, retreats helter skelter to the seeurity of Prepare yourselves for the world as domestic fastnesses, where no fears of the athletes used to do for their exerhis sanguinary foe assail his breast. cises; oil your mind and your manners

Jud did not appear at school next day, to give them the necessary suppleness and we learned soon afterwards that he and flexibility; strength alone will not had been withdrawn altogether, on ac do.-Chesterfield.

I.

NEPHITE APOSTATES.

ideas which answer the same purpose, A BRIEF consideration of the doings of for though mankind cannot deny the a few of the Anti-Christs, who at different actual mortal life of Jesus of Nazaeras of the Nephite national life, afflicted reth, and in many instances award that people with their unwholesome to him a nominal recognition as the presence, and misguided them with their only begotten Son of God, yet these, pernicious doctrines, may not be without by their vain philosophy, rob him of all value at the present time, particularly as that is divine. This much accomplished, there is so great a resemblence between Satan is as satisfied as though they uttermany of their methods and those of ly denied his existence in the flesh, and modern uninspired religious teachers, in ignored his death on Calvary. But when their common efforts to overthrow the we have passed by this prominent and principles of eternal truth. This simi- most important feature, we find amongst larity of method implies two things; one, the ancient Nephite apostates nearly all that the Nephites were a people subject the leading and most popular vagaries to be led very considerably by the same that have dismembered the so called influences and ideas as are modern sec Christian church during the last two or tarians, and the other, that the devices of three centuries. At one time we are Appolyon, in his warfare against the confronted with dogmas, akin to the freeKingdom of God, have borne an evident grace theories of the Methodists, then and strongly marked likeness in all gen-election and predestination loom up in a erations. True, the leading idea of the form that would affright the strictest majority of his emissaries amongst the Calvinist; another age gives birth to a ancient inhabitants of this continent, bastard Universalism, with a "go-as-you that it was a folly and a sin to look for please”—that is, through the flesh to the the coming of a Messiah in the flesh, devil-train of articles of belief, or rather who should redeem his people, is no unbelief, which permitted every man to longer possible, as the advent of Christ, do that which was right in his own eyes. is an historic verity that cannot, in this Again, there were those who discredited day, be gainsaid.

the resurrection, and others who denied But in the place, we find to-day, the efficacy of the atonement. The bein the midst of Babylon, widespread | lief of those last named, led to their

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NEPHITE APOSTATES.

baptizing little infants, from the same false | blushingly taught that there would be no reasoning as do the ministers of the man Christ and that there was no necessity made systems of our day. Nor were for an atonement. He was a type of these all; the readers of the Book of many who came after, and a well fitted Mormon will find many other striking tool for his evil work. Bland in manners, similarities, both in thought and action, fluent of speech, much given to flattery, between the apostates of this age and and withall, well versed in the learning those of two thousand years ago.

of the Nephites, he, by his sophistries, To better understand the workings of led many astray. His success fired his these Anti-Christs, we must take a zeal and filled him with overweening moment's glance at the religious condi confidence in his own powers.

He tion of the Nephite people. We under- actually sought to convert to his views, stand them to have been a branch of the Jacob, the prophet and presiding priest house of Israel, well acquainted with of the church, a man rich in wisdom, the teachings of the ancient Hebrew filled with the powers of heaven, and the prophets, whose writings they possessed recipient of many divine revelations, one and valued, who also were blessed with indeed, who had seen angels and heard the presence and guidance of living ser the voice of the Lord from time to time. vants of the Almighty Jehovah. Like In the interview that occurred between the rest of their race they observed with these two widely differing men, Sherem strictness the law of Moses, and in order charged that Jacob had converted the to meet the obligations of this code, one of law of Moses, which was the right way, their first labors in whatever land they oc into the worship of a being, whom he cupied, was to build a temple for worship said should come many hundred years and sacrifice. To this law of types and hence, adding, “Now behold, I Sherem, shadows was superadded a clear under eclare unto you, that this is blasphemy; standing of the Gospel of the Son of for no man knoweth of these things; for God. His coming was unequivocally he cannot tell of things to come.,' Thus proclaimed, and the believers were bap- he denied prophecy, and styled good, tized and organized into churches in his evil, and exalted error in the place of name; in all respects, as appears from truth. Jacob, being filled with the Spirit the record, they enjoyed the same bless of God, confounded his arguments, ings as we do, the difference being that brought forward the testimony of the it required greater faith and confidence Scriptures, and proved that the very in them to accept of these things, before law of Moses on which he lay so great the advent of the beloved Son, than it a stress, was from beginning to end but does in us who live after his coming. the type and foreshadowing of the more SHEREM.

perfect law of the Christ who should We judge it to have been in the second come. Beaten in his arguments, Sherem generation that the first Nephite Anti fell back upon that almost universal reChrist appeared. His name was Sherem. | fuge of the false teacher. He defiantly Lehi was dead, Nephi was dead, and called for a sign. A sign was given him. Jacob, born in the wilderness, was an old The power of God came upon him and man. The Nephites were then few in he fell stricken to the ground. For numbers; they had fled far from the spot many days he was nourished, but inefwhere they first landed on America's | fectually; he himself perceived that death shores, to avoid the animosities of the was approaching, and with this percepLamanites. To their new home they tion gathered in his soul all the fears and gave the name of the Land of Nephi, horrors of an apostates doom. But beand it was there and under these circum fore his death he gathered the people to stances that dissent first raised its un him and confessed his iniquity. He hallowed head, and that the denial of the denied the things he had taught, he “consaving powers of the Redeemer were fessed the Christ and the power of the first mooted, Sherem openly and un Holy Ghost, and the ministering of

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angels.” He avowed that he had been The corrupt weeds he had sown in their deceived by the power of the devil, and hearts had withered, the truth had been bitterly bewailed his condition, as the vindicated, the cause of the Savior exfear that he had committed the unpar- | tolled, and peace and the love of God donable sin, in denying the Savior, was restored again among the people. weighed his soul down to hell. Having Thus was this apostasy eradicated, and made these small amends for his past ini God glorified; the Nephites of that genquities, he could say no more, and gave eration from that time searching the up the ghost.

Scriptures and cleaving unto the truth. When the people who had gathered to

R. hear his words, witnessed the terrors of his death, they were softened in their No man is rich whose expenditures hearts, and the power of God came down exceed his means; and no one is poor upon them and they fell to the earth. whose incomings exceed his outgoings.

AMBITION. How may ambition be defined? What · Why grudge an hour, a month, a year, is it? From whence does it come and To plant my ladder and to gain the round whither does it lead? To happiness, to

That leads my footsteps to the heaven of fame, honor, or to the shrine of the fickle god- Where waits the wreath my sleepless midnights dess, Fame? The answer is difficult, for

won?

Not the stained laurel such as heroes wear, the subject assumes no tangible form.

That withers when some stronger conqueror's In no two instances are its characteristics

heel the same. Though generally accepted Treads down their shriveling trophies in the dust; as a desire for honor or preferment, so

But the fair garland whose undying green, varied are its forms that any definition

Nor time can change, nor wrath of gods nor must in some instances fail of accuracy.

men!" It is the anticipation of unseen rewards. The unholy desire to snatch from heaven To trace the benefits of honest, and the glorious flowers of its power, and the evils of perverted ambition, would wreathe a garland to decorate our unde be to follow the history of the world. To serving brows, and share with that high rise above his fellow man, and at least in authority the adoration of lowlier men. fancy to mingle with the gods, has ever

Yet, like all other qualities, ambition | been the desire of active minds. Whether has its place. It cannot be ruthlessly for purposes right or wrong, ambition condemned, for it has much power. Ex- stimulates them almost equally. The terior powers cannot crush it, for it is philanthropist and patriot-overcoming without form, and so escapes detection. the selfishness of nature—think only to Controlled by the higher faculties of the advance the interests of man's nobler mind, ambition leads to happiness, honor, self; and thereby prepare him for that glory. Perverted by debasing influences, millennium of bliss, whose port, guided its path is to misery, dishonor, disgrace. by the beacon fire of honor, he enters How potent has been its power in all after the turbulent voyage of life is ended. times. Consult history where we may, All honor let us pay to such ambition! the influence of ambition, in framing the For its fruits are uncorrupted by decay destinies of men, is constantly seen. and produce perfect seed, wherein lies From the first murderer, who longed for the embryo of future good deeds. Such greater favors from his parents' hands, a feeling it was that prompted Christ to to the philosophers of our day, who sacrifice His life on the cross; Leonidas teach goodness to all mankind, ambition to die for his country's good; Cincinplays an important part.

natus and Washington to lay aside their

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chosen pursuits and assume the helm of something to present truths in any destate. A more selfish desire made the partment, has been the great secret of oratory of Demosthenes and Cicero pos- the advancement of intellect and civilizasible; made Erskine, at twenty-three, tion in all ages. Ambition gave the cue leave his wife and children to enter Cam- and motive power, and thus to her we bridge; made the younger Pitt, at the are much indebted. Governed by high immature age of twenty-three years, intellectual qualities and honor, ambition Chancellor of the Exchequer, and less may be a benefactor. In such conditions than two years after, Premier of England; let us give it all needful encouragement, and placed Daniel Webster near the hoping to create those feelings which apex of the human cone, that great men will benefit mankind. constitute.

“ The fiery soul abhorred in Cataline, The selfish ambition—which should not In Decius charms, in Curtius is divine; be encouraged—brings forth far different The same ambition can destroy or save, fruits. Individual interests then take And make a patriot as it makes a knave.T. precedence of all others and become the ruling powers. This it was that enabled Alexander to be the conqueror of the

HABIT.-It has been truly said that world; ; gave Rome the greatest empire even happiness itself may become hab

itual. on earth; rendered the Saracen con

One may acquire the habit of quests possible, and made Napoleon the looking upon the sunny side of things, terror of Europe. The motive of all and he may also acquire the habit of these careers may be illustrated by the looking upon the gloomy side. Hume,

the historian, remarked that the habit of speech of Parrhasius:

looking at the bright side of things was "'Pity' thee! So I do!

better than a thousand a year. I pity the dumb victim at the altar

Habit being so easily formed, and when But does the robed priest for his pity falter ? once formed so powerful in its hold, how I'd rack thee, though I knew

important it becomes that correct habits A thousand lives were perishing in thine

should be adopted early in life! “BeWhat were ten thousand to a fame like mine?" ginning with single acts, habit is formed

Old customs were changed for those slowly at first, and it is not until its spider that generally were no better; the ad- threads are woven into a thick cable, vancement of knowledge was checked; that its existence is suspected.” and thus, through many changes and adversities, the world became no better.

Habit at first is but a silken thread,

Fine as the light-winged gossamers that sway Youth seems to be the period when

In the warm sunbeams of a summer's day, ambition has most complete sway. The

A shallow streamlet rippling o'er its bed; youthful mind is essentially progressive, A tiny sapling 'ere its roots are spread; and readily grasps anything apt to facili

A yet unhardened thorn upon the spray; tate its advance. These two conditions

A lion's whelp that hath not scented prey; account for the earnestness and continued | A little smiling child, obedient led. efforts of so many young persons, who Beware! that thread may bind thee as a chain; sacrifice present pleasures for the bene

That streamlet gather to a fatal sea; fits their laudable efforts are sure to

That sapling spread into a gnarled tree; bring. Burning the midnight oil should That thorn, grown hard, may wound and give not be encouraged; but how many in thee pain; stances history furnishes of ambitious That playful whelp his murderous fangs reveal; persons, working during the day for sus That child, a giant, crush thee 'neath his heel. tenance, devoting their only leisurenight-to the improvement of their minds, Think naught a trifle, though it small appear, and at last reaching positions of emi- Small sands the mountain, moments make the nence.

year, The thirst for knowledge, or to add And trifles, lise. --- Young,

GEOFFREY CHAUCER.

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GEOFFREY CHAUCER. GEOFFREY CHAUCER has been styled | ring his imprisonment in the Tower he the “father of English poetry.” This is wrote one of his famous poems, The a just appellation, for at the head of Testament of Love. England's long list of poets his name is Upon his release, having spent many written. A few writers of considerable years in public life, he retired to the calm note had preceded him; Alfred the Great, quietude of his bome at Woodstock, the venerable Bede, Sir John Mande- / where he lived to see the son of his forville, but none can lay claim to so proud mer friend and patron ascend the throne a title as Chaucer. The date of this with the title of Henry IV. poet's birth has not been determined, Surrounded by the beauties and the some authors stating it to be in 1828, happiness of this country seat, Chaucer others in 1840; most likely the former wrote his finest poem, The Canterbury date is the correct one. He describes Tales. It is probable that the plan of himself as being a Londoner, and from the work was conceived from the Decamhis having written his Court of Love eron of Boccaccio. In Chaucer's work under the title of Philogenet of Cam a number of pilgrims, thirty-six in all, on bridge, many have supposed that he was their way to the tomb of Thomas à educated at that place. His connections Becket at Canterbury, meet at the Tabwere all of the highest class, his family ard inn, Southwark, where they all being of the aristocracy of the continent, agree, each to tell two stories, or tales, and himself marrying one of the maids on their way to Canterbury, and two on of-honor to the queen.

their way back. The work was but parThe Court of Love and Troilus and tially completed, twenty-four stories only Creseide were written while he was still being given; but these twenty-four attest a young man at college. Under the the versatility of his genius, the perfect patronage of John of Gaunt, the young command he possessed of the English poet was introduced at court, where he language, and his keen observance of was favorably welcomed, as well for his human nature. Although The Flower pleasing manners and appearance, as for and the Leaf is one of the most beautiful his ingenious writings. He did not re allegorical poems in the language, it main long at court, for when, by King ranks far below the Canterbury Tales. Edward's order, the army embarked for Some of his minor poems are, The RoFrance, Chaucer was among the number maunt of the Rose, The Cuckoo and the who crossed the channel; and in the Nightingale, Legend of Good Women, seige of Ritters he was taken prisoner. House of Fame, and Assembly of the In 1840 he was ransomed and returned Fowls. to England.

The great poet died October 24, 1400, For some years he enjoyed high posi- | and was buried in Westminster Abbey, tions of confidence, and emolument, and where repose the noblest of England's during the first years of the reign of dead. Chaucer's character was in every Richard II, his life grew constantly way exemplary. Though religiously inbrighter. But troubles soon clouded his clined, he still possessed a ripple of quiet prospects. Having sided with Lancas- humor, a fine appreciation of all that was ter, in the difficulties between him and the beautiful and good, and, above all, the king, the poet was compelled to take

power of exquisitely communicating his refuge on the continent, where he re thoughts to others, so that by his readers mained for sometime, suffering all the he is considered one of the most enjoymiseries of poverty. Venturing to return able poets among the many that England to his native land, he was immediately has produced.

Viva. seized and thrown into the Tower of London, where he was confined until he The greatest truths are the simplest, so made a full confession of his guilt. Du are the greatest men.

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