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implanted by natural laws cunningly working for the propagation of life. Its origin, as Professor Maccunn remarks, does not explain its end, and its initial motive but poorly suggests its final value. Even in its grossest forms sacrificial, Love has within itself the power of expansion and development 5 into the holiest of social forces, and in the process of this development it passes out of the stage where it has to be excited by the pleasing of the eye, into a pure passion of a soul for a soul; and then out of that, ceasing to restrict itself according to the fancy, as the heart enlarges and beams upon the multitude of men and women, satisfied only to be lover of the world's soul, of the universal heart, and to spend itself in unreasoning sacrifice for even the mean, the ugly and the sinful of that family for which our Lord Jesus Christ was contented to be betrayed and to die.
Ah! how feebly and superficially we have used the word. How little we have understood its divine meaning!
A few men have understood it; One, perfectly, because He knew it as the name of His Father, whose will—the will of LoveHe had come into the world to do. Jesus gave us the perfect exposition of what Love is, and then He left it as what He called a New Commandment. But what was there new about it? Love was an old thing. Certainly the newness was in the fulness, the unreservedness, in which exercised, Love was indeed become a new thing, and for the first time worthy of its name. We are to love in the measure in which He loved, and loves. And how is that ? Even with the uncalculating and supreme self-surrender of His passion, Who on the cross prayed for His murderers, and of His own will giving up His life, refused to give up the Love with which He loved His own unto the end.
Was He in earnest ? Who can doubt it as he contemplates the tragedy of Calvary! And was He any less in earnest in desiring us to love than He was in loving? Is our Palm Sunday Collect using vain words when it declares that He took upon Him our flesh and suffered death upon the cross in order
that all mankind might follow His example ? Is it not true that the purpose and end of His sacrifice is to inspire us to sacrifice ?that He fails unless He does so inspire us ?
-that the salvation which His blood accomplishes is just this and nothing else: the salvation of men from the isolation and chaos of selfishness to membership in a Kingdom of Love? He wrought, not some mysterious transaction in heavenly assizes, but a definite work among men, which, widening and increasing, is indeed more and more their salvation. His life did not aim at arousing in future generations tender and sentimental emotions; it aimed at making plain for concrete application the principle which is intended to rule in men's relations with one another. His utterances concerning Love are not rhapsodies, but scientific formulations of eternal social truths. Those specific directions for conduct which we were thinking of last week, largely seen, all interpret themselves as parts of the Law of Love, of which His career was the expression. It may be called the Law of the Integration of Mankind. To its obedience we are called
by the revelation of humanity's inevitable unity in interests and fate, which modern studies in unprecedented degree have made. The physical sciences, medicine, mental and psychological researches, combine in their results to impress us with the truth that in cause and destiny men are one. I am bound to you, you to one another and to me, not in a kinship, rather in a vital partnership, solemn and terrible in its responsibilities, its burden and its inspiration. The fate of the race is mine. Its sins I must bear in my own flesh; mine are wounds in its body. Is it not true that Christ's supreme effort was to persuade us of this ?
It is true, and I venture to believe that days very close at hand are to acknowledge and act upon its truth to a degree unparalleled except in its acknowledgment and obedience by the primitive Church. It is not true-it is not true—that this is an age more cruel and selfish than past ones have been. Nice words indeed fail adequately to characterize its enormities of injustice, its deep-seated viciousness and cruelty. But when we who see these things feel upon us the commission to cry out against them, let us not forget that it is something that we see them, that it is much that we think it worth while to cry out. The age continues in its wrongs, but it is conscience stricken. Never was there such sensitiveness to the sight of suffering. Never was there such interest in the searching out of class wrongs,
conditions; never such certainty of sympathetic reception for appeals for justice. Mr. Kidd, who, in Chapter VII. of his book, gathers the evidence on this point, furnishes most convincing testimony of the steady, unperceived triumph through the centuries of the Gospel as a social power. The Kingdom of Heaven is as if a man should cast seed upon the earth; and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he knoweth not how. The social conditions under which the fathers of this generation lived are well-nigh inconceivable to us. But there is no stopping now. The institutions of society as it is now organized which do not commend them