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know in part: but then I shall know, even as I am known. And now there remain faith, hope, charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
GRAD. Ps. lxxvi.— Thou art God that alone dost wonders: thou hast made thy power known among the nations. V. Thou hast delivered thy people, the children of Israel and Joseph, by the strength of thy arm.
TRACT. Ps. xcix.--Jubilate Deo omnis terra ; servite Domino in lætitia. Sing joyfully to God, all the earth: serve ye the Lord with gladness. V. Come in before his presence with joy. Know ye that the Lord he is God. V. He made us; and not we ourselves: we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
GOSPEL. Luke xviii. 31. 43. At that time : Jesus took unto him the twelve, and said to them: Behold we go up to Jerusalem, and all things shall be accomplished which were written by the prophets concerning the Son of Man. For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and scourged, and spit upon: and after they have scourged him, they will put him to death, and the third day he shall rise again. And they understooil none of these things, and this word was hid from them, and they understood not the things that were zaid. Now it came to pass, that when he drew nigh to Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the way-side, begging. And when he heard the multitude passing by, he asked what this meant. And they told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by. And he cried out: Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me. And they that went before, rebuked him, that he should hold his peace. But he cried out much more: Son of David, have mercy on me. And Jesus standing, commanded
him to be brought unto him. And when he was come near, he asked him, saying: What wilt thou that I do to thee? But he said: Lord, that I may see. And Jesus said to him: Receive thy sight; thy faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he saw, and followed him, glorifying God. And all the people when they saw it, gave praise to God. CREDO.
OFFERT. Ps. cxviii.-Blessed art thou, O Lord, teach me thy justifications: with my lips have I pronounced all the judgments of thy mouth.
SECRET. May this offering, we beseech thee, O Lord, cleanse away our sins: and sanctify the bodies and souls of thy servants, to prepare them for worthily celebrating this sacrifice. Thro'.
COMM. Ps. Ixxvii.-They did eat and were filled exceedingly, the Lord gave them their desire: they were not deprived of that which they craved,
P. COMMİ. Quæsumus.--We beseech thee, O Almighty God, that we who have taken this heavenly food, may by it be defended from all adversity.
ASH-WEDNESDAY. THEceremonyof applying ashes in the form ofacross,
L to the heads of the faithtul on this day, is a relick of the ancient discipline of the Church which, at the begin. ning oi Leut, subjected public and scandalous sinners to public and canonical penance. The priest, (having tirst heard their confession, clothed them with sackcloth Caid ashies on their heads, and sprinkled them with holv water) recited aloud over them the siren Penitential Psulms, assisted therein by all the clergy lying prostrate on the ground. After the procession, in which they kalked lare-foot in the penitential dress above described, they were turned out of the Church, not to be again admiited to assist at the sacred mysteries, till Maunday-Thursday. The Church doors were then shut, and the Mass of the faithful began.
Thongh public penances are not so frequent as they formerly were, the Council of Trent expressly orders them for public crimes, Sess. xxiv. c 8. de Roform. And the directions given in the Romun Ritual, de Sucram. Penit. are: “Let not the priest absolve those who have given public scandal, till they have made public satisfaction, and removed the scandal.” • We are therefore to perform this holy ceremony with an humble and contrite soul, with a firm resolution of entering upon penitential practices in order to punish our sins, and to satisfy for them in a manner that may bear some proportion to the enormity of our offences.
THE BLESSING OF THE ASHES. Axt. HEAR us, O Lord, for thy mercy is kind:
1. look on us, O Lord, according to the multitude of thy mercies. Ps. Save me, O God: for the waters have reached my soul. V. Glory. Ant. Hear us, &c. to Ps. The Lord be with you. R. And with thy spirit.
Let us pray.-Omnipotens.
repent, shew mercy to those that humbly intreat thee: and vouchsafe to send from heaven thy holy angel, to te bless, and of sanctify these ashes, that they may be a wholesome remedy to all who humbly call upon thy holy name, and conscious of their sins, accuse themselves, and deplore their crimes in sight of thy divine Majesty, or humbly and earnestly have recourse to thy sovereign bounty: and grant, by our calling on thy most holy name, that whoever shall be touched by these ashes for the rcmission of their sins, may receive health of body, and defence of soul. Thro'.'
Let us pray.- Deus, qui non mortcm. o God, who desirest the conversion, and not
the death of sinners, graciously consider the weakness of human nature, and mercifully vouchsafe to fo bless these ashes, which we design to re
ceive on our heads, in token of our humiliation and to obtain forgiveness: that we, who know that we are but ashes, and must return to dust because of our wickedness, may obtain, through thy mercy, pardon of all our sins, and the recompence promised to penitents. Thro'.
Let us pray.--Deus, qui humiliatione. O God, who art appeased by humiliation, and
pacified by satisfaction, incline to our prayers the ears of thy mercy; and pour upon the heads of thy servants, covered with these ashes, the grace of thy blessing; so as both to fill them with the spirit of compunction, and to grant them the effects of their just desires, and when granted to remain stable and untouched for ever. Thro'.
Let us pray.-Omnipotens. Almighty and eternal God, who forgavest the U Ninivitei, when they did penance in salke cloth and ashes: mercifully grant us so to imitate their penance, that we may obtain pardoni of our sins. Thro'. R. Amen. The Priest having sprinkled the Ashes with Holy Water, saying the Anthem, Asperges, &c. p. xiii. without the Psalm, and fuming them thrice, receives or gives them to himself; then he lays them on the heads of every one, saying to each :
Pr. Remember, o man, that thou art dust, and shalt return to dust again. In the mean time, the following Anthems are sung by
the Choir. Ant. Let us change our dress for ashes and sackcloth: let us fast and weep in the presence of the Lord; for our God is very merciful to forgive us our sins.
Ant. The priests, the ministers of the Lord, shall weep between the porch and the altar, and say: Spare, O Lord, O spare thy people, and shut not the mouths of those who praise thee, O Lord.
Anf. Let uz amend of the sins we have como mitted through ignorar:ce: icst suddenly overtaken by the day of our death, we seek for time to do penance, and be not able to find it.* Look down on us, O Lor:), and take pity: for we have sinned against thec. V. Help us, o God our Saviour, and deliver us for the glory of thy name, O Lord.* Look down on us, fc. to V. Glory, &c. Look down on us, fc. to V.' The Lord be with thee. R. And with thy spirit.
Let us pray.-Concede nobis. CRANT us, O Lord, to begin with holy fasting
U our christian warfare ; that being to fight against spiritual wickedness, we may be aided therein by temperance. Thro'.
INTROIT. Wisd. xi. Ps. Ivi. T'HOU, O Lord, hast mercy on all, and hatest 1 none of those things, which thou hast created ; thou winkest at the sins of men, to draw them to repentance, and thou pardonëst them: because thou art the Lord our God. Ps. Have mercy on me, o God, have mercy on me; for my soul trusteth in thee. V. Glory.
COLLECT. Præsta, Domine.-Grant, O Lord, that thy faithful may enter on this solemn fast with suitable piety, and go through it with unmolested devotion. Thro'. After the II. Collect, A cunctis, r. xx. the following,
with its Secret and P. Comm. is continued till Passion-Sunday.
III. COLLECT. Omnipotens.-0 Almighty and eternal God, who hast dominion over the living and the dead, and art merciful to all, whom thou know. eșt will be thine by faith and good works: we humbly beseech thee, that they, for whom we have proposed to offer our prayers, whether this world still retains them in the flesh, or the next world hath already received them dirested of their bodies, may,