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2 [ In nomine sancte et indivi- ventu domini si aliquod festum due trinitatis. Amen. Incipit ix lectionum in sabbato contigerit : ordo Breviarii secundum morem tunc in ipso sabbato vespere de & consuetudinem ecclesie Ebora- dominica fiant cum antiphonis et censis anglicane. In parte hye- psalmis ad sabbatum pertinentimali. Et primo de adventu do- bus : et memoria de sancto : que mini quedam regule ponentur. precedet memoriam beate virginis. Prima quarum est.

( Si vero tale festum in domini

tam kalendas decembris cele- per differaturin secundam feriam: brari inchoetur: nec ejusdem in- si eam contigerit a festo novem choatio ultra quartam Nonas lectionum vacari2 : & tunc in decembris differatur. Sed in hiis dominica vespere fient de sancto : septem diebus ubi dies dominicus incipicndo de eo ad capitulum : evenerit : ibideın adventus domi- cum memoria de dominica. Et ni celebrari incipiatur. Alia si in hujusmodi feria secunda regula. Andree festo vicinior aliud festum ix lectionum continordine quovis. Adventum domini gat : tunc de frsto in dominica prima colit feria. Si cadat in contingente dicatur : sicut ordilucem domini : celebretur ibi- natur in magna rubrica ante dem. ( Notandum vero quod Deus omnium. ( Si vero in si festivitas sancti Andree in aliqua dominica infra adventum sabbato ante primam dominicain domini festum duplex evenerit : adventus evenerit : nulla in eo- totum fiat de festo : cuin memoria dem sabbato ad vesperas de dupli- de dominica tam in primis quam ci festo sancti Andree fiet men- in secundis vesperis & matutinis: tio : preter pulsationem signo- cum antiphonis et versiculis dorum : que duplex erit tam ad minice 3 contingentibus : & oracompletorium quam ad vesperas' tione dominicali : que precedent preter inemoriam : cum anti- memoriam de beata virgine : & phona. Domine Jesu Christe & in crastino dicatur de officio doversiculo Dilexit andream domi- minicali ferialiter : cum tribus nus, & collecta Majestatem. Et lectionibus de expositione evanfient memorie de domina : et de gelii & tribus responsoriis de sanctis Crisanto et Daria. ( Si primo nocturno cum* . continvero ejus festum in dominica gente feriam super psalmos Beneevenerit : qualiter agendum fue- dictus non impediente festo iij rit : invenietur ad ejus festum in lectionum. ( De festis vero iij principio sanctorum. T In ad- lec. in adventu non agatur : nisi

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These are all copies of the Pars Hyemalis of the 1526 issue, printed for Gaschet of York. E and B are in York Cathedral Library (x. P. 7, and x. P. 25), K in the Bodleian (Gough 59), L in the British Museum, and C belongs to Philip Davies Cooke, Esq., of Owston Hall, Doncaster. E (to take one as a type of the class) has the following title page: [ Breviarium ad usum insigis (sic) Metropolitane ecclesie Eboracensis : una cum Pica diligentissime accuratissimeque recognitum et emendatum: in preclara Parrhisiensi academia: in edibus videlicet Ffrancisci Regnault impressum: ac expensis honesti viri Foannis Gascheti : in predicta Eboracensi civitate commorantis : hic suum capit exordium pro tempore hyemali. Anno nostre reparationis 1526. This title-page is on a j not paged. (1) Temporale. aj to t 8 b in eights (a iiij is wrongly signed G iiij). The service for Easter Eve ends on t 8 b. (2) Kalendar. First folio signed ři. 8 folios. (3) Psalter and Commune. Second series of Signatures. A to P 4 in eights. (4) Sanctorale. Third set of signatures. A to G, all in eights. The imprint which follows the register of signatures on G. 8 b is as follows: ( Finit pars hyemalis tam de tempore quam de sanctis breviarii ad usum insignis ecclesie Eboracensis Parisiis impressum arte ac pervigili cura Francisci Regnault Alme universitatis Parisiensis librarii jurati | in vico sancti Jacobi e regione maturinorum sub signo elephantino commorantis. Anno domini millesimo quingentesimo xxvj, decimaquinta mensis Octobris. In E, between the Commune and the Sanctorale, is interposed the service for the feast of the Visitation of the B. Virgin. The same service is in B and L, introduced not before, but after the Sanctorale. Its rubric notices the fact that the York Convocation in 1513 ordered its use: but it had been printed in the Sarum books at a much earlier date. This service will be found in the Appendix to Vol. ij. of the Breviary. It consists of 8 folios : the first signed with a inaltese cross, and the verso of the last folio is illustrated with a woodcut representing 7 or 8 bishops standing and dictating to a scribe, who is seated on a bench writing at a lectern. This volume E has on the first leaf of each octave through the book the signature,

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title Ebo.: has 2 columns to each page and 35 lines to each column. Where it is cited, except in the Kalendar, in our reprint, it represents all the five copies of this same edition.

It is whole bound in brown calf, has the stamp of York Minster Library on the side, and on the flyleaf next before the titlepage has this inscription : Biblice Decani & Capituli Ebor. Dono Dedit Rokby Scott Clicus, 1733. Its size is six inches by four. Of B, K, and C the same description as that given of E will hold good. L (British Museum, C 35 b) is the copy which belonged to Mr. Gordon, by him bequeathed to Dr. Raine. It has in MS. on the flyleaf the following: ‘Bre'viary according to the use of York, an extremely rare book. ‘On the 9 June, 1534, Hen. viij. issued a proclamation com'manding the pope's name to be erased out of all prayers and • Church Books ; in compliance with which the then possessor ‘ of this Book has erased the word "papa" throughout, as I have also observed in various MS. Missals &c. And in Sep. 1538, he issued another proclamation for the abolition of counterfeit Saints; to comply with which the owner has crossed 'out various passages and also cut out 4 leaves containing the Festum S. Thome à Becket-I leaf in the Translatio sancti Willelmi—and one leaf in the Festum S. Cuthberti.' There is also this second note : ‘Wants the following leaves, sig. e 'vij. viij. f j. ij. in Pars I. and gj. (it should be G j.) in part 3.' To this should be added that folio i I is also wanting, and it is added in the catalogue. Strangely enough, on G 7 b and two following leaves the lections for S. Wilfrid are not erased.

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This volume, unhappily deficient, represents the Pars Estivalis corresponding to the former volumes of the P. Hyemalis. It gives us the only text we have of that portion of this 1526 edition.

It has neither title-page nor colophon nor Kalendar : and the whole of the Temporale and Psalter is gone, and much of the Commune. The first folio now remaining is M j. (the service being the Commune plurimorum confessorum): M and N in eights, and O in tens, with one hiatus, probably of 1 folio. The Sanctorale begins a new series of signatures from aa to vv, all in eights : on vv 8 b the service is that of S. Edmundi Archiepiscopi (16 Nov.).


Thence to S. Saturninus the contents are lost, and there is no Festum Visitationis B. M. V. On 6 August is the service for the Transfiguration, to which M. Fothergill has appended a note in MS., ‘not in the MS. Brev. Ebor.,' which same note is added to the service for the next day, 'In festo nominis Jesu.' It is to be recognised as a York book from having the feast of S. William (8 June), that of S. Wilfrid (12 Oct.), and of the translation of S. John of Beverley (25 October). In size it is 53 inches by 3 wide : it is bound like E, with the York Library stamp on it.


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This, with its fellow volume N, in the British Museum, gives us the latest known arrangement and text of the York Breviary. They are therefore of great value : and being very correctly printed, are most useful for collation. G (Pars Hyemalis) was bought by Dr. Gott at the Saville sale in 1860. In the Catalogue of the sale the following notice was added : ..: A diminutive and excessively rare volume, in black and red letter, of an impression of which no other copy is known to exist. With the exception of a portion of the last leaf being torn away to the extent of the last six lines, it is in beauti*ful condition, and in old binding. It possesses, on the title, 'the autograph of “Henricus Comes Arundell,”' &c. In spite of the assertion here made, we may safely affirm that there is another copy of this impression, viz. N, which is the Pars Estivalis, answering to this ; for, although there is no date in N to prove it is of the year 1533, it is clear by comparing in each the parts which are common to both, that they both belong to the same edition. The title-page in G is as follows:

Breviarium insignis ac metropolitane ecclesie Eboracensis una cum Pica (quod vulgo dicitur) diligentissime emendatum: et in Parisiorum Academia expensis Francisci Regnault ejusdem universitatis bibliopole jurati : et honesti viri Joannis Gascheti in predicta Eboracensi civitate commorantis impres

( Pars Hyemalis. Venit Parisiis Francisco Regnault sub insigni Elephantis e regione Maturinorum, 1533. Colophon (which is on h h 4, the last page of the Sanctorale) is as follows: C Finit pars Hyemalis tam de tempore quam de sanctis breviarii ad usum insignis ecclesie Eboracensis.


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