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lations of that benignant system of faith which they are enabled to expound so successfully to others. Instead of an open, cheerful expression of countenance, we often see a wrinkled, contracted, sinister look, which speaks anything but in favour of the benign religion of the gospel. Thus, Christianity itself is made to suffer from the physical sufferings of its professors and expounders. The light-minded and thoughtless imbibe a prejudice against it, from observing the care-worn and sorrowful features of some of its advocates. They think it to be a legitimate effect of their principles, and are made to shun the places, and books, and people, whose influence appears to be so detrimental to all earthly enjoyment. Unhappily, these outward tokens of disquietude are but too significant of what is passing within. If the face be covered with gloom, it is only an index of the state of such a Christian's heart, when in the retirement of his closet he pours out its exercises in lamentations, and confessions of sin, and supplications for relief. At one time, he feels that he has grieved the

Spirit, that his best services are only hypocritical forms, and surely God has forsaken him. His heart appears like the nether millstone, and his bosom the cage of every unclean bird. The arrows of the Almighty are within him, the poison whereof drinketh up his spirit, and the terrors of God do set themselves in array against him. Again the scene is wholly changed; the turbid current of his thoughts has become clear as crystal. The rain is over and gone, and the time of the singing of birds is come.

The change in his exercises is like the transition from the terrific tempest to the serene sky, and air, and pleasant sun, that follow it. Or ever he is aware, his soul makes him. like the chariots of Amminadib. His doubts are solved, his fears are gone, and his present joys perhaps are in proportion to his previous sad

He is brought into Christ's banqueting house, and the banner over him is love. He is stayed with flagons and comforted with apples, and restored to the joys of salvation.

That such spiritual fluctuations as these, to which so many Christians are subject, are very


often produced by physical causes, is as capable of proof, as it is that an excited pulse and increased heat are symptoms of fever. They are the reflected influence of some bodily malady upon the soul. They arise, as Rev. Dr. J. R. McDuff says, from a diseased body, an overstrung mind—a succession of calamities, weakening and impairing the nervous system. We know how susceptible are the body and mind together, of being affected by external influences. Of that constitution which, in our ignorance, we call union of soul and body, we know little respecting what is cause and what is effect. We would fain believe that the mind has power over the body; but it is just as true that the body rules the mind. Causes apparently the most trivial—a heated room, want of exercise, a sunless day, a northern aspect—will make all the difference between happiness and unhappiness; between faith and doubt; between courage and indecision. To our fancy there is something humiliating in being thus at the mercy of our animal organism. We would fain find nobler causes for our emotions. But many of those sighs and tears, and morbid, depressed feelings which Christians speak of as the result of spiritual darkness and the desertion of God, are merely the result of physical derangement; the penalty often for the violation of the laws of health. The atmosphere we breathe is enough to account for them. They come and go, rise and fall, with the mercury in the tube. These are cases not for the spiritual, but for the bodily physician. Their cure is in attendance to the usual laws and prescriptions which regulate the healthy action of the bodily functions. We once knew a man of superior natural gifts and piety, an officer of the church, who suffered occasionally from such a cause. The effect on his devotional feelings was so marked, that you could discover the state of his health in his prayers. They were always excellent and edifying, yet there was at times a subdued manner, or a sadness, which indicated the influence of bodily infirmity, and of the struggle of the soul to resist the tendency.

Many have discovered that their periods of


spiritual depression are always contemporaneous with periodical changes in their physical condition, or with that sort of indisposition which proceeds from gastric derangement or an affection of the liver. How many thousands are daily affected by changes in the atmosphere, scarcely less than was Dr. Francia, Dictator of Paraguay, whose most extravagant outbreaks of passion, and cruel exertions of despotic power, generally occurred during his seasons of hypochondria, which were most frequent when the wind was north-east, but which ended with a change to south-west, when he would begin to sing and laugh to himself, and was readily accessible. Sir Woodbine Parish informs us, in his narrative of a visit to Buenos Ayres, that a sort of moral derangement prevails when the wind blows from the north; that quarrels and bloodshed are much more frequent at such times than at any other. He relates that a gentleman of amiable manners under ordinary circumstances, was so affected by this wind, that whenever it prevailed, he would quarrel with any one he met; and he

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