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mily, in more instructive portions numerous; and in the New, I bare than they can be in the common weighed with all the care and imparform-the historical and devotional tiality that I could, every alteration parts being united, will in general from our common reading, which I illustrate each other. No lesson ex- have admitted. I can honestly say, ceeds a page in length, and for the that I have endeavoured to elicit greater ease of the reader, the num- truth, at the same time I am not so bers of the lessons and pages unic vain as to suppose, that in every informly correspond.

tricate case I have found her. l'em. “ 'The reading will thus not only brace this opportunity of avowing be convenient and regular, but select, the strongest conviction of the geneas those passages which it must be ral excellence and fidelity of our admitted cannot be publicly read to common version of the seriptures: edification (and some such there are but language is continually varying, in the Old Testament history), will and therefore some alterations of be either wholly omited, or only words, and even phrases, are occaslightly referred to. By the supple- sionally necessary. The writers to mentary verses, which are selected whom I am most largely indebted are from other parts of the sacred writ. Whitby, Doddridge, Campbell, and ings, it may be expected that the Wakefield. It would have occupied iind will have a devotional turn more room than I could spare, and given to it; and by this means, to have answered no particularly valuagether with the hymn which follows, ble end, to have noticed, in all cases, be furnished with materials for a from which writer I adopted every prayer somewhat appropriate to the minute alteration ; I therefore make lesson which has been read. This this general acknowledgment, observ. will give both a unity and a varietying, that they frequently agree in to our devotional exercises, which, using the same word, and that on if conducted with judgment and pie- some few occasions I have ventured ty, will render them more impressive to differ from them all. than a constant repetition of nearly “ The harmony I have adopted is the same thoughts and phrases. On that of Dr. Doddridge. For the ge. this account I would recommend that veral division of the prophecies rethe hymn should be read even where lative to the Messiah, I am indebted it cannot be sung.

to Gilpin's valuable exposition of the " In family reading, the improve. New Testament. Had I seen Cradment of childien, şervants, and less dock's Old Testament methodized, attentive persons, is one grand object, before a good part of this work was and their benefit has been kept in printed, my labour in harmonizing view through the whole of this work. the books of Kings and Chronicles, At the same time I hope, that from and some parts of the second book the nature of its arrangement, and of Samuel, would have been greatly the various concise notes with which alleviated, and a few alterations it is illustrated, it will not be found would have been made in the order either unpleasant or unprofitable for of some of the lessons ; particularly, the more deliberate perusal of the Job would have been placed at the closet. For this purpose several ta- end of Genesis, and Ruth between bles, which contain much inforina. the lessons now numbered 111 and tion in a little space, are interspers. 112. Percy, Gray, and Harwood, ed. Chronology has been carefully have all been consulted, and have attended to, and a copious index for supplied the brief accounts of the the more convenient reference to par- several books which I had room to ticular parts, inserted.

insert; I should with great pleasure “ In the execution of my plan, I have made larger extracts from their have availed myself of the labours of learned and truly satisfactory works, many valuable writers, who have if the nature of any plan would have newly translated or published com- permitted. To various other writers ments upon the whole, or upon select I am more or less indebted, but fros parts of the sacred volume. The those already named my principai criticisms and variations thus intro. assistance has been derived. duced, will, I trust, be found to elu. " Perhaps it is necessary to say cidate the passages where they occur... something upon the supplementary In the Old Testament tbese are not verses collected from such differes and distant parts of the sacred writ- engaging and interesting to the gene. ings. Had it been intended, by thus rality of professors, tban, from their taking passages out of their original conduct, 'it appears to have hitherto connection, to defend any particular been. I can honestly say, it has cost views of christianity, or to argue, me a great deal of labour, and that from passages thus classed, in favour it is with much diffidence I usher it of this or the other set of notions into the world. May the blessing of which have obtained amongst the fol. God accompany and rest upon it! lowers of Jesus, I would have been Should it, in the sinallest degree, the last man in the world to have prove the means of reviving amongst made the attempt. All I have de- us a love of family devotion, and assigned has been to throw together sist the sincere christian in the dissuch portions as were either applied charge of his duties, I shall esteem to the events with which they are myself truly honoured and happy in connected by the sacred writers them- its compilation." p. iii, iv. selves, or which appeared to me best

SPECIMEN-LESSON IV. calculated to give a devotional turn to the narratives to which they are

The Fall of Man. After giving the subjoined. The order in which the history of this event from the book several passages are placed, has fre- of Genesis, which we need not tranquently been determined by the man

scribe, the author adds, ner in which they seemed to read

“ This is the simple narrative, best. Some few passages from the which it has pleased God to give us Apocrypha are introduced, their real

of the introduction of sin into our excellence will, I presume, be es

world; in whatever light it is underteemed a sufficient apology for their stood, whether as real or allegorical, admission.

the melancholy result is the same; The hymns, it will be perceived sin and misery have found their way from the names affixed to them, have amongst us: with what unfeigned been collected from a great variety of gratitude should we turn from this authors. A large portion of them are gloomy scene, to the glorious light from Dr. Watis, whose poetry and which the Gospel sheds upon us ! devotion, rarely equalled, we may

Wherefore, says the Apostle, referventure to pronounce, will, upon the ring to this first transgression, as by whole, never be exceeded in our

one man sin entered into the world, churches. There are, however, in and death by sin*; and so death his excellent composures, some ex

passed upon all men, for that all have ceptionable lines and sentiments :

sinned : nevertheless death reigned these I have made no scruple of alter: from Adam to Moses, even over them ing; and I embrace this opportunity tude of Adam's transgression, who is

that had not sioned after the simili. of acknowledging the help I have received, in this part of my work, from the figure of him that was to come. a large volume of Hymns published But not as the offence, so also is the in London a few years ago, collected free gift. For if through the offence by Dr. Kippis, Dr. Rees, Mr. Jervis, of one many be dead, much more and Mr. Morgan, and used by their the grace of God, and the gift by respective congregations. For those grace, which is by one man, Jesus which are markedB. I acknowledge And not as it was by one that sinned,

Christ, hath abounded unto many. myself responsible. The lessons frequently contain a variety of subject : so is the gift. For the judgment was by in such cases it cannot be expected

one to condemnation, but the free that the hymn should embrace the gift is of many offences unto justifiwhole; and the reader will find, that cation. For if by ove man's offence sometimes the supplement, rather death reigned by one; much more than the lesson itself, leads to the they which receive abundance of hymn. In some few places, where the lesson is very long, the hymn

“ * Romans v. 12, 14--21. alone will suggest ihe devotional turn lish reader must appear very confused, the

In this sentence, which to an Engof which the subject is susceptible.

first and should have been rendered so; thus, " I have only w request the can- *As by une man sin entered into the world, dour of the pious reader in examin- ' so death by sin. Our translators theming this humble attempt to render the selves have given this sense of the conjuncperusal of the best of books more tion xas, in Luke xi. 2. and John vi. 57.”




grace and of the gift of righteousness mences with an introductory chapshall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. ter, which states the design of the Therefore as by the otsence of one work, and is thus arranged. The judgment came upon all men to con- various branches of literature and demnation ; even so by the righteous. science considered, with reference to ness of one the free gift came upon all young men in the higher classes of men unto justification of life. For as life, as they are, I. CHRISTIANS; by one's man's disobedience many II. as STUDENTS, who enjoy the adwere made sinners, so by the obedi. vantages of a liberal education ; 11. ence of one shall many be made as MEMBERS OF THE BRITISH Coxrighteous. Moreover the law enter. STITUTION. The consideration of ed, that the offence might abound. these important relations in which But where sin abounded, grace did they stand to society, has suggested much more abound. That as sin hath the choice of the following subjects. reigned unto death, even so might The pursuit of them, carried to such grace reign through righteousness an extent as is compatible wish due arunto eternal life by Jesus Christ our tention to professional studies, is calcuLord.

lated to improve the faculties of the

mind, to inform the understanding, “ HYMN C. M.

strengthen the judgment, engage the memory

in an agreeable exercise,

and prepare a young man for the best « NOT from the dust affliction grows,

perfomance of his various duties in

Nor troubles rise by chance;
Yet we are born to cares and woes;
A sad inheritance!

TABLE OF CONTENTS. “ As sparks break out from burning coals,

And still are upwards borne; So grief is rooted in our souls,

“ Vol. I. Introductory Chapter.And man grows up to mourn.

The design of the work. The various " Great God, I own thy sentence just :

branches of literature and science And nature must decay:

considered with reference to young I yield my body to the dust,

men in the higher classes of life, as To dwell with fellow-clay.

they are, I. Christians; II. as Stu“ Yet faith may triumph o'er the grave,

dents, who enjoy the advantages of And trample on the tombs :

a liberal education; III. as Members My Jesus, my Redeemer lives,

of the British Constitution. The From God my Saviour comes.

consideration of these important re. “ The mighty Conqu’ror shall appear

lations in which they stand to so. High on a royal scat,

ciety, has suggested the choice of the And Death, the last of all his foes,

following subjects. The pursuit of Lie vanquish'd at his fece.

them, carried to such an extent as is “ WATTS."

compatible with due attention to pro. fessional stuities, is calculated to improve the faculties of the mind, to inform the understanding, strengthen

the judgment, engage the memory ia CLXXII. ELEMENTS OP GENERAL an agreeable exercise, and prepare a

KNOWLEDGE, introductory 10 use- young man for the best performance ful Books in the principal Branches of of his various duties in life. Literature, and Science. With Lists “ Class I. Religion). Chap. I. The of the most approved Authors; in- Christian Religion.-The reasonable cluding the best Editions of the Clas- ness of instructing children in the prinsics. Designed chiefly for the ju- ciples of religion at an early age. The nior Students in the Universtises, and superior excellence of Christian Knowthe higher Classes in Schools. By ledge. Six of the leading proofs of HENRY KETT, B.D), Fellow and Christianity stated. !. The authenTutor of Trinity College, Oxford. ticity of the Books of the New TesIn Two Volumes, svo. Bowds. tament. II. The Character of our

Lord anal Saviour. III. The Pro HE subjects of this work are di• phecies of which he was the subject, *bdivided into chapters. It com- IV. His Miracles. V. His Precepts,

P. 4.

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or Christian Ethics. VI. The rapid son, and Mr. Horne Tooke-Is both and extensive propagation of the copious and energetic, and well Gospel at its first preaching, under adapted to poetry. Its imperfeccircumstances the most hostile to its tions inferior to Greek and Latin success.

as to the arrangement of words in “ Chap. II. The subject continu- composition. Strictures on those ed. Reasons why the doctrines and writers who have unnecessarily inprecepts of Christianity have been troduced into their works many attacked by infidels of all ages. words of Latin derivation, particuTheir cavils shewn to be weak, and larly Sir Thomas Browne,

" the their arguments proved to be incon- `author of the Vulgar Errors,' and clusive. The character and conduct and Dr. Johnson. The practice of the of modern intidels furnish additional latter, especially in his · Rambler,' evidence to the truth of Christianity, seems inconsistent with his remarks as they are plainly foretold in Scrip- in the Preface to his Dictionary.' ture. The absurdity of the opinions The style of Gibbon considered and of the French philosophists and their censured. Several of the Scotch pofollowers relative to Universal philan- pular writers have deviated from the throphy exposed. Genuine Chris- kuliom of our language. tianity has produced the happiest “ Chap. III. The subject contieffects upon the opinions, conduct, nued.-Some of the purest writers of and institutions of mankind. It was English recommended. - Ascham darkened by superstition, and inter- Raleigh - Speed - Taylor-Clarenmixed with error by the papists—but don Temple — Barrow - Locke was refined and brought back more Dryden - Swift – Addison-Popenearly to the apostolical standard by Melmoth. — The excellence of the the Reformation-particularly by the English translation of the Bible.—The Protestant Establishment of the practice of writing gives to converChurch of England. Summary of sation, correctness, and elegance. the sublime truths of Christianity. The standard of the English lanIt comprehends the last Revelation of the guage.- Disagreement between our divine will to mankind-establishes the orthography and pronunciation certainty of a future state-reconciles man how they ought to be regulated. The to the dispensations of Providence and excellence of our language, when qualifies him by a life of faith and obe considered as the vehicle of some of dience for the rewards of eternity. the most instructive and delightful

“ Class II. Language. Chap. I. productions of the human mind. The Language in General. - Advantages settlement of the English colonies in resulting from a knowledge of various North America and the East Indies languages. The theories of Lord will probably contribute to its perMonboddo and Adam Smith relative petuity. to their origin examined. All lan- “ Chap. IV. The Latin Language. guages derived from one original - Its utility - It was formerly the

The most rational system of general language of all persons of the origin of speech accords with the education for conversation as well as Scriptural account of Moses.-Alpha- writing. - Its. origin. - Inferior to betical characters are the most per- Greek-Its beauties and discrimifect.--Representation of ideas-their nating features. The progress of its origin and progress-those of modern improvement. Sketch of the purest Europe may be traced to one source. writers-Terence-Lucretius CiceThe distinctions between ancient and ro— Nepos-Cæsar--Livy-Virgilmodern languages. — Origin of the Horace - Ovid --Catullus Tibullus Italian and French languages. The -Phædrus. Points in which Latin rise of the modern languages forms a are interior to Greek writers. A decurious part of the history of the dark generacy of style remarkable in Taages.

citus - Suetonius - Pliny - Lucan“ Chap. II.

English Lan- Seneca. Many beauties of the clasguage.--Its origin and progress. The sics are lost in iranslations. The wide simplicity of its grainmatical con. extent of the Latin language before struction – Has been brought more and after the fall of the Roman emnearly to a regular standard by the pire. Periods of its rise, progress, writings of Bishop Lowth, Dr. John. and decline. The best models of


imitation for writers of Latin are “Chap III. The History of the Cieero and Virgil. Rules necessary Jews. The accomplishment of some to be observed in this elegant species remarkable prophecies, relating both of composition.

to the affairs of the Jews, and to the Chap. V. The Greek Language. Christian Revelation, and the evi, --Its origin-Dialects--- The theory dent proofs, that the Jews were se. of its derivation as stated by Lord lected as the peculiar people of God, Monboddo considered. Its charac. reuder their sacred books highly in. teristics — harmony and wonderful teresting. I. The remote Antiquity copiousness. Various examples of the of these Books--the proofs of their Greek classics prove how admirably Authenticity-the sublime nature of it was adapted to subjects of poetry their contents. II. The Institutions, -eloquence-history-and philoso Manners, and Customs of the ancient phy. The peculiar beauties of Greek Jews. The knowledge and Worship composition. The causes of the ex- of the One True God discriminated traordinary duration and wide ex- them from all other Nations in the tent of ancient Greek as a living lan, World. III. The Effects of their guage. Modern Greek. Compara- Opinions and Institutions upon their tive view of the Greek, Latin, and literary Compositions. The CharacEnglish languages.

ters of Moses David - Solomon « Chap. VI. Eloquence. - Fine Isaiah Jeremiah-Daniel. The Acencomium on eluquence by Cicero.- curacy of the Scripture Chronology Four ditferent beads under which the proved by Sir Isaac Newton. IV. Adproductions of eloquence may be con- vantages to be derived from the sidered. !. The Sources of Argu. Study of the Holy Scriptures in genement. II. The Nature of Style. ral.- Praise of the English Transla111. The Arrangement of the differ- tion. Sir William Jones's Opinion of ent parts of a Discourse. IV. Proper the Holy Bible. Action and Delivery, The Elo “ Chap. IV. The History_of quence of ancient and modern Greece.-Origin of the Greeks. The Times. What Examples to be pro- descriptions of Homer correspond posed for the Imitation of a public with the most authentic accounts of Speaker - Demosthenes - Cicero- their early manners and condition. Lord Chatham Lord Mansfield Athens and Sparta the most eminent Burke, &c.

of the Grecian states--their religion “Class III. History. Chap. I. His and government. The influence of tory in General. - Historical inform their respective institutions upon mation is calculated to gratify that manners and characters. The most curiosity which is common to all pe- splendid era of Athenian greatness. riods of life. The methods adopied Characters of some illustrious perin the early ages of the world to trans- sons during that period-Miltiadesinit the knowledge of events to pos- Pausanias - Cimon-Themistocles terity-The defects of such methods Aristides--Socrates. The sufferings completely remedied by history.- of patriots and philosophers under a The advantages of a knowledge of democratical form of government. history. Its most important branch- Degraded state of the fair sex. Hard es, 1. The History of the Jews. condition of slaves.--Digression an II. Of Greece. Ill. Of Rome. the treatment of slaves in ancient IV. of Modern Europe. V. Of times, and of those conveyed by the England. Statistics, biography, and moderns to the West Indies. Conthe letters of eminent persons, are trast between the Greeks and Perhighly useful and pleasing in an bis- sians. torical point of view. Chronology “Chap. V. The subject continued. and Geography are the lights of his- -The great influence of liberty and tory. Coins, medals, and laws, fur- emulation upon the elegant arts and nish it with strong auxiliary evi- literature of Greece. The peculiar dences.

excellence of Grecian poets-Homer " Chap. II. The subject continued, -Sappho Pindar- Æschylus - So-Comparison between ancient and phocles, Euripides-Aristophanesmoderu historians-sketch of a com- Menander - Theocritus. Grecian plete writer of history given as a orators-Pericles-Demades-Hypestandard whereby to ascertain the rides Æschines-Demosthenes. merits of bistorians.


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