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· day followed me when I was on • fox, fired two shots at him; the fox • horseback, more than two leagues, . was killed, and the buzzard had his sailing above my head.

wing broken ; yet, notwithstanding • It had an aversion both to dogs * this fracture, he escaped from the (and cats, nor was it in the least keeper, and was lost seven days. • afraid of them ; it had often tough . This man, having discovered, • battles with them, but always came • from the noise of the bell, that he .otf victorious. I had four very strong ' was my bird, came next morning

cats, which I collected into my gara *to inform me. I sent to make search • den to my buzzard; I threw to near the spot, but the bird could not "them a bit of raw flesh ; the nim- ' be found, nor did it return till se. 'blest cat seized it, the rest pursued; ven days after. I had been used to

but the bird darted upon her body, call him every evening with a "bit her ears with his bill, and squeez- ! whistle, which he did not answer • ed her sides with his talons with 'for six days; but, on the seventh, I

such force that the cat was obliged heard a feeble cry at a distance, to relinquish her prize. Often ano which I judged to be that of my

ther cat snatched it the instant it · buzzard : I repeated the whistle a + dropped, but she suffered the same second time, and heard the same i treatment, till the buzzard got en. cry. I went to the place from ' tire possession of the plunder. He ' whence the sound canie, and, at

was so dextrous in his defence, that last found my poor buzzard with * when he perceived himself assailed his wing broken, who had travelled

at once by the four cats he took more than half a teague on foot to • wing, and uttered a cry of exulta. regain his asylum, from which he

tion. At last the cats, chagrined was tlien distant about a hundred with their repeated disappointment, and twenty paces. Though he was * would no longer contend.

extremely reduced he gave me many • This buzzard had a singular an- caresses. It was six weeks before . tipathy: he would not sutter a red "he was recruited, and his wounds cap on the head of any of the pea- • were healed; after which he began sants, and so alert was he in whip 'to fly as before, and follow his old ping it off, that they found their habits for about a year: he then • heads bare without knowing what disappeared for ever. I am con

was become of their caps. He also "vinced that he was killed by acci. • snatched wigs without doing any • dent: and that he would not have

injury, and he carried these caps forsaken me from choice'.” p. 212– and wigs to the tallest tree in a 215. neighbouring park, which was the The affection of owls for their • ordinary deposit of his booty. young is exemplified in the following . He would suffer no other bird instance.

of prey to enter his domain; he at- “ M. Cronstedt has recorded a • tacked them very boldly, and put a very singular instance of the attach• them to flight. He did no mischief ment of these birds to their young.

in my court-yard; and the poultry, This gentleman resided several years, • which at first dreaded him, grew on a farm in Sudermania, near a insensibly reconciled to him. The steep mountain, on the summit of chickens and ducklings received not , which two eagle owls had their dest. • the least harsh usage, and yet he One day, in the month of July, one bathed among the latter. But, what of the young, having quitted the nest, is singular, he was not gentle to my was seized by some of his servants. neighbours' poultry: and I was of- This bird, after it was caught, was ten obliged to publish that I would shut up in a large hen-coop, and the pay for the damages that he might next morning Nr. Cronstedt found • occasion. However, he was often a young partridge lying dead before ' fired at, and he, at different times,re- the door of the coop. He imme. • ceived fifteen musket-shots without diately concluded that this provision • suffering any fracture. But once, had been brought thither by the old

early in the morning, hovering over owls, which he supposed had been • the skirts of a forest, he dared to making search in the night-time for

attack a fox; and the keeper, sec- their lost young one, and had been •ing him on the shoulders of the led to the place of its confinement by

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ts cry. This proved to have been knots appeared upon them, as if the xactly the case, by the same mark disease were of the nature of the gout. of attention being repeated every It was no longer possible for her to right for fourteen days. The game descend and take her fond as forwhich the old ones carried to it con. merly; but the male, ever attentive isted principally of young partridges, and alert in whatever concerned for the most part newly killed, but her, went and brought it to her, car. ometimes a little spoiled. One time rying it in his bill and emptying

moor-fowl was brought so fresh, it into hers. He continued to feed that it was still warm under the wings. her in this manner, with the utmost A putrid lamb was also brought, pro- vigilance, for the space of four entire bably what had been spoiled by lay- months. The infirmities of his mate, ing a long time in the nest of the old however, increased every day; at owls, and they brought it merely be length she became no longer able to cause they had no better provision at sit upon the perch; she remained the time.

now crouched at the bottom, and “ M. Cronstedt and his servant from time to tiine made a few useless tried to watch several nights, in ore efforts to regain the lower perch: the der that they might observe through male, who remained close by her, a window when this supply was de- seconded these her feeble efforts with posited; but their plan did not suc- all his power. Sometimes he seized ceed ; and it would appear that these with his bill the upper part of her owls, which are very sharp-sighted, wing, to try to draw her up to him ; had discovered the moment when sometimes he took her by the bill, the window was not watched, as food and attempted to raise her up, reitewas found to have been deposited for rating his etforts for that purpose se

before the coop that very veral times. His countenance, his night.

gestures, his continual solicitude ; « In the month of August this care every thing, in short, indicated in ceased; but that period is exactly the this interesting bird an ardent desire time when all birds of prey abandon to aid the weakness of his compa. their young to their own exertions. nion, and to alleviate her sufferings. From this instance it may be readily But the scene became still more inconcluded, how much game must be teresting when the female was on the destroyed by a pair of these owls duró point of expiring. The unfortunate ing the time that they rear their young. malé went round and round her with And as the eatable species of the fo- out ceasing; he redoubled his assirest repair chiefly in the evening to the duities and his tender cares; he atfields, they are particularly exposed tempted to open her bill in order to to the acute sight, smell, and claws give her some nourishment; his emo. of these birds of the night." p. 225~ tion became every instant redoubled; 227.

he went to her and returned with the Anecdotes of the parrot.

most agitated air, and with the ut“A male and female of this spe. most inquietude: at intervals heute cies were lodged together in a large tered the most plaintive cries;; at square cage. The vessel which held other times, with his eyes fixed upon their food was placed at the bottom. the female, he preserved the most The male most commonly sat on the sorrowful silence. His faithful comsame perch with the female, and close panion at length expired: he him. beside her. Whenever one descend. self languished from that time, and ed for food the other always followed, survived her only a few months.'' and when the wants of nature weré p. 242, 243. satisfied, they hastened together to the " Willoughby tells us of a parrot, highest perch of the cage. They passed which, when a person said to it, four years together in this state of con laugh, Poll, laugh,' laughed accord finement, and from their mutual at- ingly, and the instant after screamed tentions and satisfaction, it was evident out, What a fool to make me that a strong affection for each other · laugh l’ Another grew old with its had been excited. At the end of master, and shared with bim the inthis period the female fell into a state firmities of age. Being accustomed of languor, which had every symp- to hear scarcely any thing but the tom of old age; her legs swelled, and words, • I am sick;' when a person Vol. I,

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asked it, · How d'ye do, Poll? how · This little bird seems peculiarly • d’ye do "' 'I am sick,' it replied in fond of the society of man, and it a doleful tone, stretching itself over must be confessed that in some parts the fire, I am sick’.” p. 246, 237. of the world it is often protected by

“ Mr. Locke, in his Essay on the bis interested care. From observing Human Understanding, has related its utility in destroying insects, it has an anecdote concerning a parrot, of long been a custoni, in many parts of which, however incredible it may the United States, to fix a small box appear to some, he seems to have at the end of a long pole, in gardens possessed so much evidence, as at least and about houses, as a place for it to to have believed it himself. The build in. In these boxes the animals story is this: During the government form their nest and hatch their young, of Prioce Maurice in Brazil he had which the parent birds feed with a heard of an old parrot that was much variety of ditferent insects, particucelebrated for answering many of Jarly those species that are injurious the common questions that were put in gardens. A gentleman who was at to it, like a rational creature. It was the trouble of watching these birds at a great distance, but so much had for the purpose, observed that the been said about it, that his curiosity parents generally went from the nest was roused, and he directed it to be and returned with insects from forty sent for. When it was introduced to sixty times in an hour, and that in into the room where the prince was one particular hour they carried food sitting, in company with several no fewer than seventy-one times. In Dutchmen, it immediately exclaim- this business they were engaged dured, in the Brazilian language, . What ing the greatest part of the day. Sup. a company of white men are here!! posing iwelve hours to be occupied They asked it, Who is that man,' in it, a single pair of these birds pointing to the prince, the parrot would destroy at least six bundred answered, “Some general or other.' insects in the course of one day, on When the attendants carried it up to the supposition that the two birds him, he asked it, through the medium only took a single insect each time. of an interpreter, for he was ignorant But it is highly probable that they of the language, . From whence do often took more. * you come 'the parrot answered, “ We suspect it is this bird that • From Marinnan. The prince ask. Mr. St. John has called a Wren, reed; •To whom do you belong' It cording the following story of its answered, “ To a Portuguese. He bravery and selfishness. Three birds asked again, . What do you do there?' had built their nests almost contiIt answered, • I look after the chick- guous to each other. A swallow had

ens.' The prince, laughing, ex. affixed hers in the corner of the piclaimed, • You look after chickens !' azza next his house; a bird he calls The parrot in answer said, 'Yes, I; a phebe in the other corner; and a • and'I know well enough how to do it.' wren possessed a little box which he

“ This account came directly from had made on purpose and hung bethe prince to the above author: between. These were all quite tame. said, that though the parrot spoke in The wren had for some time shown a language he did not understand, signs of dislike to the box which bad yet he could not be deceived, for been given to it, though it was not he had in the room both a Dutch- known on what account. At length, man who spoke Brazilian, and a Bra- however, it resolved, small as it was, zilian who spoke Dutch : that he to drive the swallow from its habita. asked them separately and privately, tion, and, astonishing to say it, sucand that both agreed very exactly in ceeded. Impudence,' says Mr. St. giving him the parrot's discourse. If John, gets the better of modesty; the story is devoid of foundation, the and this exploit was no sooner per prince must have been deceived, for "formed than it removed every mathere is not the least doubt but he "terial to its own box with the most believed it.” p. 247-249.

• admirable dexterity. The signs of Anecdotes of the common creeper, triumph appeared' very visible ; it the first extracted from Barton's "fluttered its wings with uncommon Fragments of the Natural History of 'velocity; and an universal joy was Pennsylvania, and the other from perceivable in all its movements. Letters of an American Farmer. • The peaceable swallow, like the


* passive quaker, meekly sat at a would strike almost the rudest of the « small distance, and never offered savage tribes of mankind with horror.

the least resistance. But no sooner The Battle-royal and the Welsh-main « was the plunder carried away, than would scarcely be tolerated in any • the injured bird went to work with other country in the world. In the • unabated ardour, and in a few days former an unlimited number of cocks

the depredations were repaired.' is pitted, of which only the last surMr. St. John, to prevent any repeti. viving bird is accounted the victor. tion of the same violence, removed Thus, suppose there were at first sixthe wren's box to another part of the teen pair of cocks, of these sixteen house." p. 321-323.

are killed ; the remaining sixteep are In the account of the chimney pitted a second time ; the eight conswallow the following instance of sa- querors of these are pitted a third gacity is inserted :


the four conquerors a fourth “ Professor Kalm, in his travels time; and lastly, the two conquerors into America, says, that a very re

of these the fifth time : so that (increputable lady and her children re- dible barbarity!) thirty-one cocks lated to him the following story re- must be inhumanly murdered for the specting these birds, assuring him at sport and pastime of men who bear the same time that they were all eye- the sacred name of Christians ! witnesses to the fact :-A couple of swallows built their nest in the stable Are these your sovereign joys, creation's belonging to the lady; the female lords: laid eggs in the rest, and was about Is death a banquet for a godlike soul? to brood them ; some days after the people saw the female still sitting on “ The tendency of this savage dithe eggs, but the male, flying about version may be readily deduced from the nest, and sometimes setting on a numerous instances of malignant pasnail, was heard to utter a very plain- sions created by its pursuit. We shall tive note, which betrayed his unea. relate' but one. Mr. Ardesoif, of Tot. siness. On a nearer examination the tenham, a young man of large for. female was found dead in the nest, tune, was excessively fond of cockand the people flung her away. The fighting. He had a favourite cock male then went to sit upon the eggs, that had won on many profitable but after being about two hours on matches ; but for once losing he was them, and perhaps thinking the busi- so enraged, that he had the bird tied ness too troublesome, he went out, to a spit and roasted before a large and returned in the asternoon with fire. The screams of the miserable another female, which sat upon the animal were so affecting, that some nest, and afterwards fed the young gentlemen who were present attempt. ones till they were able to provide ed to interfere : this enraged him for themselves." p.387, 388. further to such a degree that he

Annexed to the description of the seized a poker, and with the most cock are the following remarks, with furious vehemence declared, he would an account of extreme brutality, and kill the first man who interposed ; the awful death of a cock-fighter.al but in the midst of his asseverations

“We cannot take leave of this ani- he fell down senseless on the spot, mal without a few observations on and, on their taking him up, was the savage diversion of cock-tighting, found to be dead. Such we are aswhich even still continues, to the dis- sured were the circumstances that grace of a Christian nation, to be attended the death of this great pillar encouraged, not by the lowest and of humanity! meanest merely, but even by some “ The greatest rivals the English that are stationed in the highest ranks have in the art of cock-fighting are of society. The Shrove - Tuesday the inhabitants of Sumatra, and some massacre of throwing at these unfor other parts of the East. They, intunate animals is, it is true, almost deed, pay, perhaps a greater attendiscontinued; but the cock-pit yet tion to the training and feeding of remains a reproach and disgrace to these birds than we ever did, even the characters of Englishmen. The when that diversion was at its height. refinements that have in this country They arm one of the legs only, not taken place in the pitting of these with a slender gatf as we do, but with courageous birds against each other a little implement in the form of a


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cimeter, with which the animals make as a horse, but without all doubt they ·most terrible destruction. The Su- would be able to perform the race in matrians fight their cocks for vast less time. I have frequently besums : a man has been known to holden this sight, which is capable stake his wife or his children; a son of giving one an idea of the prodigious his mother or sisters, on the issue of strength of an ostrich ; and of shewthe battle. In disputed points four ing what use it might be of, had we arbitrators are appointed, and if they but the method of breaking and macannot agree there is no appeal but naging it as we do a horse.” p. 463, to the sword. Some of them have a 464. notion that their cocks are invulner- “ The mildness of the disposition able : a father on his death-bed has, and sagacity of the stork are describe under this persuasion, been known to ed in the following instances. direct his son to lay his whole pro “ It has a grave air, and a mournperty on a certain bird, fully per- ful visage ; yet, when roused by ex. suaded of consequent success. p. 437 ample, it shews a certain degree of -439.

gaiety, for it joins the frolics of chil. The fleetness of ostriches is thus dren, hopping and playing with them: described in an extract from the “I saw in a garden (says Dr. Hermann) voyage to Senegal.

• where the children were playing at « During the time that Mr. Adan- hide and seek, a tame stork join the son was at Podor, a French factory 'party, run its turn when touched, on the south bank of the river Niger, and distinguish the child whose turn he says, that two ostriches, which it was to pursue the rest, so well, had been about two years in the fac- *as, along with the others, to be on tory, afforded him a sight of a very its guard." extraordinary nature. These gigan- “ Å wild stork was brought by a tic birds, though young, were nearly farmer, in the neighbourhood of of the full size. They were (he con- Hamburg, into his poultry-yard, to tinues) so tame, that iwo little blacks be the companion of a tame one he mounted both together on the back had long kept there; but the tame of the largest. No sooner did he feel stork, disliking the idea of a rival, fell their weight than he began to run as upon the poor stranger, and beat him fast as possible, and carried them se. so unmercifully, that he was comveral times round the village ; as it pelled to take wing, and with some was impossible to stop him, otherwise difficulty got away. About four months than by obstructing the passage. This afterwards, however, he returned to sight pleased me so much, that I the poultry-yard, recovered of his wished it to be repeated ; and, to wounds, and attended by three other try their strength, directed a full- storks, who no sooner alighted than grown negro to mount the smallest, they all together fell upon the tame and two others the largest. This bur: stork and killed him." P. 473, 474. then did not seem at all dispropor- “ In the account given of the laptioned to their strength. At first they wing we have the following instance went at a pretty high trot, but when of the sociability of its disposition. they became heated a little, they “ The following anecdote exhibits expanded their wings, as though to the domestic nature of the lapwing, catch the wind, and they moved with as well as the art with which it consuch fileetness that they seemed not ciliates the regard of animals differto touch the ground. Every one must, ing from itself in nature, and geneone time or other, have seen a par- rally considered as hostile to every tridge run, consequently must know species of the feathered tribe. Two that there is no man whatever able to of these birds were given to a cler. keep up with it; and it is easy to gyman, who put them into his garimagine, that if this bird had a loiiger den; one soon died, but the other step, its speed would be considerably continued to pick up such food as augmented. The ostrich moves like the place afforded, till winter de. the partridge, with both these advan- prived it of its usual supply. Neces. kages ; and I am satisfied that those sity soon compelled it to draw nearer I am speaking of would have dis- the house, by which it gradually be tanced the feetest race-horses. that came familiarized to occasional interwere ever vred in England. It is ruptions from the family. At length arue they would not hold out so long one of the servabis; when she bad

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