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From the Miscellaneous Tracts, we the first article is intitled “Literary opy only the following short article, Characteristics of the most distin. (p. 23) copied from the Calcutta guished Members of the Asiatic SoMonthly Journal.

ciety. By John Collegins, Esq. “ As a party of gentlemen were in From this we shall extract a few pursuit of snipe, in the vicinity of lines, containing the characters of Dum-dum, they most unexpectedly Sir W. Jones and Mr. Richardson, roused a royal tiger. The animal immediately seized on the first per

“ BRITANNIA's genius, eager to explore son near him, which happened to be The mystic mines of Asiatic iore,

With smiles benign accomplistid Jones ada native servant, who was carrying a

dresy'd, gun, and killed him on the spot.

And bid him trace the records of the East. The gentlemen, alarmed as they

He came the heavenly Gopia round him were, did not retire from the place few, where the accident happened, with- His presence every son of learning drew : out attempting to rescue the poor Then first, ye scholars ! met at his comfellow from the jaws of the monster. mand, They discharged their pieces at him; The father of the literary band. but, as they were all loaded with He came-bis presence cast a blaze more small shot, they made no sensible im,

bright, pression on him : he continued to de, Than emanations from the solar light; vour his prey, until the sporting par,

For every art and every science known,

Were all concentred in himself alone! ty assembled a number of the coun

But see, too soon, his soul of meekness try people, who, by shouting, and beating of tom-toms, at length drove To mix with seraphs in the realms above ! him off.

Whene'er with censers by his sacred shrine, “ Intelligence of this unfortunate At rosy dawn I pensively recline, affair was immediately dispatched to Where the tall column towering to the skies, Calcutta, for the information of some says, “ Here the sage once animated lies," keen sportsmen, who delight in the I think the zephyrs, murmuring as they blow, manly exercise and dangerous amuse- Cry, “ What a store of learning sleeps be.

low !! nient of tiger-hunting; the party was suon formed, and the gentlemen who The world admires the wond'rous talents composed it proceeded to the ground To this distinguish'd favourite of heaven; without delay, armed for the purpose, For him in Eartham's academic howers, and mounted on elephants.

Poetic sorrow tuneful Hayley pours; “ Nor were they long in finding And nanity Maurice makes the tidings flow, out the ferocious animal, who was Thames ! to thy nymphs in elegies of woe. weltering ir gore when they came up Ganga, for him, with druoping head appears, with him. An immediate attack be. For him ev'n huly Pundits shed their tears ! gan; but instead of retreating, the Chrisbna for him wail'd Matra's groves tiger made a successful spring, and among, fastened upon one of the elephants. And his romantic grot with cypress hung; The driver was not, however, dis

Alive! - we prais'd the path sublime ho mayed; for, by a very severe blow Dead !--Learning bails him as her demi

trod ;struck with his hook on a tender part

god! of the enraged animal, he forced him,

“ To Burrow gone, be everlasting fame, to quit his hold,

With Archimedes, Muse! arrange his 5. Several shots were then fired at him, and although most of them He near the Syracusan shall be seen, took place, yet none had touched a Except great Newton's self may step bevital part. The animal, however, became furious beyond description,

“ Flora and her attendant handmaids mourn running at and charging every thing Still o'er lamented Kænig's early urn ! that came near him, until one of the

“ On you, O RICHARDSON ! the muse beparty, well known for his

prowess, as well as dexterity in the field, in. (It grew near Hafiz’ tomb) a Shirauz rose.

As much you merit (for your well-spent trepidly advanced upon him, and,

hours,) with a hog-spear, pinned the grisly of fragrant Araby the balmy Aowers ; monster to the ground.” p. 23.

Though in the grave your lifeless body's laid, The poetical articles are but few, Poetie lionours at your shrine be paid.”. chiefly translations from Hæfez: but

p. 108, 109.

name ;

tween.

stows

TO THE EDITOR,

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We shall close with an article of "ference for the officers of governliterary intelligence, which concludes 'ment, which had become conspi. the volume.

cuous, beyond all former example, ' for some time previous to my quit. ting the province. My experience in the office of Malabar translator

* to the commissioners, contrasted “I am happy to find a part allotted ' with what passed under my obserin your valuable undertaking for ob. ‘vation, when acting in the same ca. servations on Oriental languages and *pacity under the committee of ga. Literature. The laudable exertions of

•vernment, during the turbulent pemany gentlemen in the service of 'riod of 1797, may, I hope, justify the honourable East India company, • this remark on those unerring sympat their different settlements, de- toms of subordination to the laws, serves the highest encomiums. From 6 and its concomitant security to per. the press at Calcutta many and vari- sons and property, produced in the ous have been the works on the na. short space of seven years, among tive languages of Hindustan ; the la- a tumultuous race of Mahommedans bours of Mr. Gladwin and Mr. Gil- • and Hindus, bigots in religior and christ are well known. The same rivals in power, who had, for half spirit of inquiry seems to pervade the a century before, spurned the one literati of the presidency at Bombay, “and disregarded the other, with from whose press I have to announce equal contumacy and wantonness." & Grammar of the Malabar lan- " The author says, that, on ac.

guage, by Robert Drummond, of count of bad health, he was com. • the Honourable East India Com- pelled to relinquish his professional • pany's Bombay Medical Establish- studies in that country; and that * ment'. This work, which is a therefore, he intended to have the thin folio volume, was printed in work printed in England; but that

, 1799. The Grammar is dedicated on his arrival in Bombay, he had the

To the Honourable Jonathan Dup. satisfaction to find a fount of types, » can, whose strenuous and unweari. in the Malabar character, executed

ed exertions, in opposition to poli- in an unexceptionable manner by litical prejudices and the mutual Bheramjee Jeejebhoy, a Parsee inha

contending religious bitant of that place; the ingenious • sects, equally intolerant in matters artist, who, without any other help of faith, and impatient of all legal or information than what he gleaned restraint, have eminently contri. from Chambers's Dictionary of Arts buted to the establishment of an en- and Sciences, succeeded in complet

. lightened system of jurisprudenceing a fount of Guzzeratty types a fer in the province of Malabar, where years ago. • by the happioess of the people has

“ With respect to the execution of • been promoted, a state of the most this work, linust observe, that it af, • atrocious licentiousness supplanted, pears to be drawn up in a clear and • and the permanent interests of an perspicuous manner. The following

important appendage to the British areits contents :- Alphabet. Chapo! empire secured.' Nr. Drummond, or the vowels and consonants. !! speaking of the progress made by se- pShewing the radical consonants with veral European gentlemen in the Ma- the vowels joined, and forming the Jabar tongue, says, 'I think I may first natural or simple syllables. III.

without arrogance predict, that, as Of double and triple compound con* this study is now become the prin- sonants, in five classes. IV. Another •cipal pursuit of nearly all the com- order of letters whereby the Malabas

pany's servants in Malabar, the make another form of double conse • business of that fine province will in nants. Numerical marks --Lectura " a short time be conducted in the first. Of the declension of substat

language of the natives, with great tives.--Lect. second. Of the gende case o the gentlemen serving there, and forination of the nouns, and . and diguity to their honourable em

the adjective.---Lect. Third. Orpit ployers. 1 am authorized to draw nouns.--Lect. fourth. Of verbs in this inference from the progressive their conjugation.--Lect. filth. state of peace, good order, and de- the conjugation of verba. -Lechaisu

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Of causal or effective verbs.-Lect. • the impatience of their riders, stop seventh. Of verbs passive.--- Lect. • short, turn round their long neck to eighth. Of the verb personal.-Lect. • bite them, and utter cries of rage. ninth. Of imperfect and anomalous • In these circumstances the man verbs.-Lect. tenth. Of verbs of • must be careful not to alight, as elegance.-Lect. eleventh. Of the • he would infallibly be torn to pieces: other parts of speech --Lect. twelfth. • he must also refrain frow striking On the orthography:-Lect. thir- ' his beast, as that would but increase teenth. Of the principal seasons of his fury. Nothing can be done but the year, and of life; the signs of the • to have patience, and appease the zodiac, the months, days of the week, animal by patting him with the and planets.

hand, which frequently requires “ Such are the outlines of this • some time), when he will resume Grammar, and the execution seeins • his way and his pace of himself?," to be equal to the excellent plan laid P. 3, 4. down by the learned author. I am “ The mode in which the loaded happy to find, that this, as well as cainels were made to cross the Nile, many other books on oriental sub- attracted the particular attention of jects, have been imported by Mr. Mr. Norden, as extremely singular; Debrett. Wishing success to your a man, he says, swam before, with undertaking, I remain, R."

the bridle of the first camel in his mouth; the second camel was tied to the tail of the first, and a third to

the tail of the second : another man, ÇLXX. BINGLEY's Animal Bio- sitting on a truss of straw, brought GRAPHY.

up the rear, and, by his directions, (Concluded from puge 670.)

was employed in keeping the second

and third camels in their course.' mences with a description of the p.9. camel, from the accounts of the ha- In the accounts of the stag, the bits and manners of which animal we method of hunting it is given. extract the following from Sonnini. “ The natives of Louisiana hunt

“They possess a very great share these animals both for food, and as an of intelligence, and the Arabs assert amusement. This is sometimes done that they are so extremely sensible in companies, and sometimes alone. of injustice and ill-treatment, that The hunter, who goes out alone, when this is carried too far, the in- furnishes himself with the dried head flictor will not find it easy to escape of a stag, having part of the skin of their vengeance; and that they will the neck attached to it. This, a gun, retain the remembrance of an injury and a branch of a tree, or piece of a till an opportunity offers for gratify. bush, are all that he has need of. ing their revenge. Eager, however, When he comes near any of the wild to express their resentment, they no dcer, hiding himself behind the bush, longer retain any rancour, when once which he carries in his hand, he apthey are satisfied; and it is even suffi- proaches very gently till he is within çient for them to believe they have shot. If the animal appears alarmed, satisfied their vengeance. Accord the hunter immediately counterfeits ingly, when an Arab has excited the the deers' call to each other, and rage of a camel, he lays down his holds the head just above the bushi garments in some place near which then lowering it towards the ground, the animal is to pass, and disposes and listing it by turns, he so deceives them in such a manner that they ap- the stag with the appearance of a pear to cover a man sleeping under companion, that he seldom fails to them. The animal recognizes the come towards it, in which case the clothes, seizes them in his teeth, hunter fires into the hollow of his shakes them with violence, and tram- shoulder, and lays him dead on the ples on thein in a rage. When his spot. anger is appeased, he leaves them, “ When they go in large parties, and then the owner of the garments they forın a wide crescent round one may make his appearance without of these animals, the points of which any fear, load, and guide him as he may be half a mile asunder. Sonie pleases. 'I' have sometimes seen of them approach towards the ani. ? them,' says M. Sonnini, ' weary of mal, which runs, affrighted, to-tlie

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other side, where, finding them on • the animal, as the properest part; that part advancing, he immediately • for should the falcon fix upon the rushes back again. Thus he is dri- • creature's hip, or some other part ven from side to side, the crescent of the body, the huntsman would closing into a circle, and gradually not only lose his game, but his approaching, till at length he is so 'falcon too; for the beast, roused by much exhausted as no longer to be the wound, which could not prove able to stand against them, but quiet. 'mortal, would run to the deserts and ly submits to be taken alive. It the tops of the mountains, whither sometimes happens, however, that he 'its enemy, keeping its hold, would has sufficient strength left to stand at "be obliged to follow, and being sebay, in which case he is seized from ‘parated from its master, must of behind, but seldom in this case be- course perish.' fore some one is wounded. This “ Bell'informs us, that in many mode of hunting is merely adopted as parts of Persia the young hawks are a recreation, and is called the dance taught, by being fed on the stuffed i of the deer.'

skin of one of these antelopes. He “We have a mostanimated descrip- says further, that they are trained tion of the hunting of this beautiful ani- also to fly at foxes and wolves." mal in our own island : a pursuit that p. 59, 60. reflects disgrace on a country, which The following instance of affection boasts over the world its civilization in an Arab for a horse is inserted in and humanity. For the untutored the account of that animal. Indian of America we may plead the · The whole stock of a poor Arawant of knowing better, but we have bian of the desert consisted of a beaunot the same apology to make for an tiful mare : this the French consul at Englishman and a Christian.” p. 37, Saïd offered to purchase, with an in38.

tention to send her to Louis XIV. The Arabians, says the author, hunt The Arab, pressed by want, hesitated the antelope with a falcon, and then a long time, but at length consented, gives the following extracts. on condition of receiving a very con

“I had (says Hasselquist) an ex. siderable sum of money, which he • cellent opportunity of seeing this named. The consul wrote to France • sport near Nazareth, in Galilee. for permission to close the bargain, • An Arab, mounting a coarser, held and having obtained it, sent imme• the falcon on his hand, as hunts. diately to the Arab the information. • men commonly do. When we espied The man, so poor as to possess only • the animal on the top of a mnoun- a miserable rag, a covering for his • tain, he let loose the falcon, which body, arrived with his magnificent flew in a direct line, like an arrow, courser. He dismounted, and look• and attacked the autelope, fixing ing first at the gold, and then sted. • the talons of one of his feet into its fastly at his mare, heaved a deep • cheek, and those of the other into sigh:-? To whom is it (he ex

its throat, extending his wings ob-claimed) that I am going to yield • liquely over the animal; spreading thee up? To Europeans! who will (one towards one of his ears, and • tie thee close, who will beat thee, • the other to the opposite hip. The • who will render thee miserable ! • creature, thus attacked, made a leap • Return with me my beauty, my • twice the height of a man, and freed • jewel! and rejoice the hearts of my • himself from the falcon; but, be- children!' As he pronounced the

ing wounded, and losing both its last words, he sprang upon her back, • strength and speed, it was again and was out of sight almost in a mo.attacked by the bird, which fixed ment. «the talons of both bis feet into its " What an amiable and affecting • throat, and held it fast, till the sensibility in a man, who, in the midst • huntsman coming up, took it alive, of distress, could prefer all the dis. • and cut his throai. The falcon was asters attendant on poverty rather • allowed to drink the blood, as a re- than surrender the aniinal that he had • ward for his labour, and a young long fostered in his tent, and had

falcon, which was learning, was like been the child of his bosoin, to what • wise put to the throat. By this he supposed inevitable misery! The • means the young birds are taught temptation even of riches, and an • to fix their" talons in the throat of ellectual relief from poverty, had 10$

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sufficient allurements to induce him cies only, when so many others are to to so cruel an act." p. 102, 103. be heard around them. This arises

Among other observations with from the attention paid by the nestwhich the author introduces his ac- ling-bird to the instructions of its counts of birds are the following on own parent only, generally disregardtheir various notes.

ing the notes of all the rest; but per“ It appears from very accurate ob- sons who have an accurate ear, and servations, founded on numerous ex. have studied the notes of different periments, that the peculiar notes, or birds, can very often distinguish birds song, of the different species of birds that have a song mixed with those of are altogether acquired, and are no some other species; but these are in more innate than language is in man. general so triding, as scarcely to be The attempt in a nestling bird to sing, looked upon as any thing more than may be exactly compared with the the mere varieties of provincial dia. imperfect endeavour of a child to lects." p. 166, 167. talk.. The first essay seems not to The following accounts of the hapossess the slightest rudiments of the bits of a buzzard, extracted from the future song; but, as the bird grows work of the Comte de Buffon, is inolder and stronger, it is not difficult serted by the author. to perceive what it is aiming at.- « • In 1763 (says this gentleman) Whilst the scholar is thus endeavour- ' a buzzard was brought to me that ing to form his song, when he is once had been taken in a snare : it was sure of a passage, he commonly raises at first extremely savage and even his tone, which he drops again when cruel. I undertook to tame it, and he is not equal to what he is at. "I succeeded, by leaving it to tast, tempting. What the nestling is thus and constraining it to come and eat not thoroughly master of, he hurries out of my hand. By pursuing this over, lowering his tone, as if he did plan I brought it to be very familiar: not wish to be heard, and could not •and, after having shut it up about yet satisfy himself.--A common spar- • six weeks, I began to allow it a little row, taken from the nest when very liberty, taking the precaution, how. young, and placed near a linnet and ever, to tie both pinions of its goldfinch, (though in a wild state it . wings. In this condition it walked would only have chirped) adopted a 'out into my garden, and returned song that was a mixture of these two. when I called it to feed. After some Three nestling linnets were educated * time, when I judged that I could one under a skylark, another under trust to its fidelity, I removed the a woodlark, and the third under a ligatures, and fastened a small bell, litlark, and, instead of the song pe- ' an inch and a half in diameter, culiar to their own species, they ad- above its talon, and also attached hered entirely to that of their respec- on the breast a bit of copper having tive instructor. A linnet, taken from my name engraved on it. I then the nest when but two or three days it entire liberty, which it soon old, and brought up in the house of abused; for it took wing, and flew Mr. Mathews, an apothecary, at Ken- as far as the forest of Belesme. I sington, from want of other sounds to 'gave it up for lost; but four hours imitate, almost articulated the words after I saw it rush into my hall, pretty boy,' as well as some other which was open, pursued by five short sentences. Its owner said, that • other buzzards, who had constrained it had neither the note nor the call it to seek again its asylum. of any bird whatever. It died in the • After this adventure it ever preyear 1772. These, and other well served its fidelity to me, coming authenticated facts, seem to prove every night to sleep on my window; decisively that birds have no innale it grew so familiar as to seem to notes, but that, like mankind, the “take singular pleasure in my comlanguage of those to whose care pany. It attended constantly at they are committed at birth will be • dinner, sat on a corner of the table, the language they adopt in after life. and very often caressed me with its It may, howerer, seem somewhat un- • head and bill, emitting a weak accountable from these observations, sharp cry, which, however, it some. why, in a wild state, they adhere so "times softened. It is true that I steadily to the song of their own spe- • alone had this privilege. It one

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