Obrazy na stronie

the Odyssey revised as circumstantial the press, from the pen of his intimate as that of the liad, because it went friend Mr. Hayley, it is unnecessary on smoothly from beginning to end, for me to enter on such extensive and was finished in less than eight commendation of his character, as months.,

my own intimacy with him might “I cannot deliver these volumes to suggest; but I hope the reader will the public without feeling emotions kindly allow me the privilege of in. of gratitude towards heaven, in re- dulging, in some degree, the feelings collecting how often this corrected of my heart, by applying to him, in work has appeared to me an instru- the close of this preface, an expres. ment of divine mercy to mitigate the sive verse (borrowed from Homer) sufferings of my excellent relation. which he inscribed himself, with some Its progress in our private hours was little variation, on a bust of his Gresingularly medicinal to his mind; cian favourite. may its presentment to the public prove not less conducive to the bo- Ως τε πατης ω παιδί, και όποτε λήσομαι ευτε. nour of the departed author, who has Lov'd as his son, in him I early found every claim to my veneration. As a

A father, such as I will ne'er forget. copious life of the poet is already in




Sing, Muse, the deadly wrath of Peleus' son, Achilles sing, O goddess! Peleus' son ; Achilles, source of many thousand woes His wrath pernicious, who ten thousand woes To the Achaian host, which num'rous souls Caused to Achaia's host, sent many a soul Of heroes sent to Ades premature,

Illustrious into Ades premature, And left their bodies to devouring dogs And heroes gave (so stood the will of Jove) And birds of beav'n (so Juve bis will per- To dogs, and to all rav’ning fowls, a prey, form’d)

When fierce dispute had separated once From that dread hour when discord first em- The noble chief Achilles from the son broil'd

Or Atreus, Agamemnon, king of men. Achilles and Atrides, king of men. Who of the gods impellid them to con- Who them to strife impell’d? What power tend

divine? Latona's son and Jove's. For he, incensed Against the king, a foul contagion raised In all the host, and multitudes destroy'd, For the affront from Atreus' son received For that the son of Atreus had his priest By his priest Chryses. To the fleet of Greece Dishonoura, Cloryses. To the feet he came He came with precious ransom to redeem Bearing rich raosom glorious to redeem His captive daughter, and Apoilo's wreath His daughter, and his hands charged with And golden sceptre bearing in his hand.

the wreath

And golden sceptre of the god shaft-arm'a His supplication was at large to all The host of Greece, but nost of all to two, Thy sons of Arreus, highest in command.

Ye gallant chiefs, and ye their gallant host,
(So may the gods who in Olympus dwell
Čive Priam's treasures to you for a spoil,
And ye return in safety) take my gilis,
And loose my child, in honour of the sun
Of Jove, Apollo, archer of the skies.

At once the voice of all was to respect
The priest, and to accept the bounteous

price; But so it pleased not Atreus' mighty son, King Agamemnon, who with harsh rebuke Who with rucie threat’nings stern him thus And with loud threat'nings stern, him thus

dismiss'd. dismiss'd. Beware, old man! that at these hollow

barks I 6nd thee not now ling'ring, or henceforth



Returning, lest the garland of thy god,
And his bright sceptre, should avail thee

I will not loose thy daughter, till old age
Find her far distant from her native soil, Sreal on her. From her native country fa,
Beneath my rouf in Argos, at her task In Argos, in my palace, she shall ply
Of tissue-work, and partner of my bed. The loom, and shall be partner of any bed.
Move me no more, Be gone! hence while

thou may'st. He spake, the old priest trembled and

obey'd. Silent he roam'd the loud remurmuring shore, Forlorn he roam'd the ocean's sounding Till far retired the venerable man

shore, Pray'd to his sov'reign god, Latona's son. And, solitary, with much prayer his king

Bright hair'd Latona's son, Phæbus in.

God of the silver bow, who with thy power
Encirciest Chrysa, and who reign'st supreme
In Tenedos and Cilla the divine,
Sminthian Apollo! if I e'er adorn'd
Thy beauteous fane, or on thy altar burn'd
The fat acceptable of bulls or goats,
Grant my petition. With thy shafts avenge
On the Achaian host thy servant's tears.
Such prayer he made, and it was heard.

The god,
Down from Oiympus with his radiant bow,
And his full quiver o'er his shoulder slung,
March'd in his anger; shaken as he mov'd
His rattiing arrows told of his approich.
Like night he came, and seated with the Gloumy he came as night; sat from the

ships In view, dispatch'd an arrow. Clang'd the Apart, and sent an arrow. Clang'd the cord

cord. Dread-sounding, bounding on the silver bow. Mules Girst, and dogs he struck, but at Mules first and dogs he struck, but, aiming


Dispatching soon his bitter arrows keen Against the Greeks themselves his bitter Smote them. Death-piles on all sides ai. shafts,

Ways blazed. Smote them. The frequent piles blazed

night and day; Nine days throughout the camp his arrows



The tenth, Achilles from all parts conven'd
The host in council. Jove's niajestic spouse

The host in council. Juno, the whiteMoved at the sight of Grecians all around

arm'd Expiring, touch'd his bosom with the thought. Dying, imparted to his mind the thought. The luli assembly, therefore, now convened, Uprose Achilles ardent, and began. Atrides! I suppose, if we escape

Atrides, now it seems no course remains With life, we now must wander home again, For us, but that the seas roaming again, Since war and plague unite to lay us waste. We hence return; at least if we survive; But time is urgent;-haste we tu consult But haste, consult we quick some prophet Priest, prophet, or interpreter of dreams,

here, (For dreams are also of Jove) that we may Or priest, or ev'n interpreter of dreams, learn

(For dreams are also of Jove) that we may What crime of ours Apollo thus resents,

learn, What broken vow, what hecatorb unpaid By what crime we have thus incens'd Apolla, He charges on us, and if soothed with steam 'What broken vow, &c. Of lambs or goats upblemished, he may yet Be won to spare us, and avert the plague.

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seized them close to the head with CXL. DENON'S TRAVELS ir Upper the other, he, to their great scandal, and Lower Egypi.

did all that they had done, and with (Concluded from page 561.)

out danger. From this juggle they

went to the grand mystery: a psyl. HE caveros at Ssakkarah were lus took one of the serpents, the lower

opened while M. Denon was jaw of which he had previously brok. there, and a sepulchral chamber con- en, and of which he further scraped taining more than five hundred ibis the gums till: the whole palate was mummies were discovered, two of gone; ihis done, he laid 'hold of it which were given to our traveller, with an affectation of transport, apwho opened them to ascertain the proached the chief, who bestowed on manner of their embalming: a long hin the breath, that is to say, after account of the way in which these some mysterious words he breathed birds had been preserved is given in his inouth; instantly the other, It is remarked that there is a visible seized with a holy convulsion, his variety in the degree of care which arms and legs distorted, bis eyes starwas bestowed upon the embalments ing from his head, began to tear the of these birds ; it is supposed that animal with his teeth; and his two there was for these, as for those of supporters, who held him with diffi. men, a variety of prices, and that culty, moved by what he seemed to the ibis

, the destroyer of all reptiles, suffer, tore from his hand the serpent, must have been heid in veneration in while he resisted the attempt; as a country where they abound at a soon as he was separated from it, he certain season of the year, and that, remained as if in stupor: the chief like the stork in Holland, this bird approached hiin, muttered a few being domesticated by the attention words, re-umed the spirit by aspirapaid him, each house had its own tion, and he returned to his natural facebful attendant, to whom, after its state ; but he who had obtained posdeath the master, according to his session of the serpent, tormented with means, gave the honour of sepul- eagerness to consummate the mystery, ture.

demanded the breath likewise; and, as The author considers what Hern- he was more vigorous than the former, dotus has related of winged serpents his cries and convulsions were still as fabulous, and introduces an ac- stronger and more ridiculous. Here count of the psylluses, from whom he the jugglery ceased *.” p. 123–125. obtained the sight of an inspiration, The following character is given of which is thus described. “The chief the ass : “ Melancholy in Europe, and of the psylluses came to him in all always the more sad the nearer he is the gravity of his supremacy: he was to the north, is in Egypt in bis most clothed in a long robe, of which the favourable climate; there, in consemagnificence was relieved by the in- quence, he seems to enjoy the fulness different raiment of three of the ini- of his existence : spirited, active, and tiated who accompanied him, and willing, he is the gentlest and surest who had only a few rags on their animal that can be mounted; his nabodies.

tural paces are the amble and the “They had brought some ser- gallop, and, without fatiguing his ridpents; they put them out of a lea- er, he goes over the great extent of thern bag in which they had them ground which it is necessary to cross confined, and, by irritation, caused

in passing from one part of Kaira to them to rise and hiss. M. Denon another.' p. 125, 126. remarked that they were principally The following description of the irritated by the light, for as soon as country is given. “ Visiting the entheir anger ceased, and they no trance of the valley of Faiùm, about longer attempted to bite; they had two miles to the west of Benézúčt, this peculiarity, that below their after a march of two hours, the French heads, for the length of six inches, arrived at Davalta, a beautiful vilanger dilated their skin to the width lage, that is to say, a beautiful land. of a hand. He clearly saw that he scape ; for, in Egypt, nature, when should for the future be as little fearful she is beautiful, is adınirable, in spite of the bite of a serpent as a psyllus ; for having carefully remarked that in

* The serpents are neither mischievous attacking them with one hand they nor dangerous,

p. 121.

of all with which men disfigure her, though we have not acquired evi. and in spite of those detractors of Sa- dence of the eminent degree at which vary, who are angry with his delight. they had arrived in the abstract ful description. With all deference sciences, their architecture alone, in to such, it must yet be allowed that the state in which we have found it, here nature herself, unassisted by should give us an idea of the antihuman industry, plants groves of quity, the refinement, the character, palms, under which she unites the and the gravity of this people." orange, the sycamore, the oponcia, p. 206. the banana, the acacia, and the The first volume contains 264 pages. pomegranate ; that these trees form Volume II. is embellished with an groupes of the sweetest, variety of engraved plan of Alexandria, and verdure; that when these thickets are the following plate: Arms of the surrounded as far as the eye can see Mamluks; an Assembly of Shecks; by fields covered with ripe dură of Meccans brought before General sugar canes ready for the harvest, Belliard in the tombs of Nacadeh; with wheat, with Dax, and with tre- and the Battle of the Pyramids. foil, which covers with velvet the The author has given the following cracks in the earth as fast as the in- account of the crocodile. “ Wane undation retires; when, during the dering continually on the banks of winter months of Europe, there are this river, M. Denon saw a considerbeneath the eyes this brilliant picture able number of crocodiles, of all of the riches of spring, assuring the sizes, from three to twenty-six or abundance of summer, it must be said twenty-eight feet in length; several with the traveller mentioned, that officers worthy of credit have assurEgypt is the country most wonder- ed him that they have seen one of fully organized by nature, and that it forty : they are not so much to be wants nothing but shady hills, with feared as it is pretended; they affect rivulets flowing from the sides, à go- certain shallows in preference to vernment that would render its po- others, an habitude which prores pulation industrious, and the repul- 'that they live in families; it is on sion of the Bedüins, to become the the low isles that they bask in the finest and the best of regions.” p. 148, sun, the heat of which they seem to 149.

seek; several are seen at a time, al• The opinion of the Egyptians con- ways motionless, and usually asleep, cerning thunder is given in the fol- in the midst of birds, whom they do lowing reply of a professor of the law not frighten. What is it upon which to General Dessaix. “ It is well these bulky animals live? Many sto. known that the thunder is an angel, ries are told of them, but M. Denon but one of so small a bulk that he

was never a witness of a single fact; cannot be seen in the air: he has the bold to rasbness, the soldiers braved power, however of bringing clouds them; he himself bathed daily in from the Mediterranean into Abyssi- the Nile; the greater tranquillity ofnia ; and when human wickedness tered by the night induced him to has arrived at its height, he makes his risk pretended dangers which no voice heard, which is that of rebuke event rendered probable. They ate and threat; and, to prove that pul- some of the corpses which war scate nishment is at his disposal, he causes tered in their way, a food which the gate of heaven to open, whence should have excited their appetite, darts the lightning : but, the mercy and engaged them in a chase that of God being always infinite, his an- promised the same ; and yet the ger is never further manifested in French were never attacked, and ne. Upper Egypt.” p. 192.

ver did they see a single crocodile at The buildings at Tintyra and Thebes any distance from the river. It should are described by the author: they appear that the Nile supplies them aiforded him much gratification, and in sufficient abundance with an easy he makes this conclusion. “ Their prey; that they digest slowly, having, ornaments, always founded upon rea- like the lizard, cold blood and a stoson, always agreeing with each other, mach with but little activity. To conand always signiticalive, equally clude, having to fight in that part of evinced fixed principles, a taste the Nile which is known to us only founded upon truth, and a concate- for themselves and for men, they Dation of profound reasonings; and would be very alarining to the latter,

if, coveted as they are with a defen- celestial bodies, and those of the sive arm, almost proof against every wall to that of the earth, the inone of ours, they were skilful in the fluence of the atmosphere, and those use of the offensive ones with which of the water. The earth is every they have been provided by na- where represented by the figure of ture." p.91, 92.

Isis* ; this was the divinity of all the Muché of this volume is taken up temples of Tintyra, for her emblem is with describing the ancient ruins of formed in all their parts: her bead Egypt. We select the following ac- serves for the capital of the columns count of the ruins of the great temple of the portico and of the first chama at Tintyra, now called Berbeh, which, ber of the great teniple; she is on the in a former visit, had engaged the centre of the astragal; she is gigantiadmiration of M. Denon. He be- cally sculptured on the exterior wall of gan with that which was in some sort the bottom; she is the object of the orThe object of this journey, the celes- naments of the frieze and cornice; she tial planisphere which occupies a part is in all the pictures, with all her at. of the ceiling of a little apartment tributes; it is her to whom all the ofbuilt on the top of the cella of the ferings are made, when it is not she great temple. Neither the extreme herself who makes them to Osiris, Towness of the roof, the darkness of her husband ; she is on the doors the chamber, which allowed him only which form the entrances of the en. a few hours of the day for the pursuit closure ; it is to her that are dedicated of bis labour, the multiplicity of the the little temples that bear her indetails, nor the difficulty of not con- scription : that which is on the founding them, when reviewed in so right of the entrance, she is triumphincommodious a manner, could ar. ing over two evil geniuses; in that rest his purpose ; the thought of de- which is behind the greater, she is scribing to the learned of his native incessantly depicted as holding Orus country an Egyptian low-relief of so in her arms, defending him against all great importance led him to make a attacks, confiding him only to the duty of suffering the twisting of the figures of cows, suckling hiin at all neck which was necessary to its ex. ages, from infancy to puberty, hold. amination. The remaining part of ing him in her arms like a child just the ceiling is divided into two equal born, and sometimes as offering him portions, by a great figure, which the breast, which he receives standM. Denon believes to be that of Isis; ing, being already near the height of her feet are supported by the earth, his mother. her arms extended towards heaven, “ M. Denon devoted all the moand she seems to occupy all the space ments in which he was without light which separates these. In the other sufficient for his view of the planidivision of the ceiling is another great sphere, to measuring the capitals, the figure, which he believes either to be columns, taking the plans, and enterheaven or the year, touching, both ing into other details. There remain with its feet and hands, the same base, neither hinges nor fastening to those and covering with the curvature of its doors which enclosed mysteries of body fourteen globes, seated in four which the priests were so jealous, teen barks, distributed on seven bands which enclose also, perhaps, the or zones, separated by hieroglyphics treasures of the state, concealed with without number, and too much co- the same care; for the sanctuaries, vered with besmoked stalactites to resembling strong boxes by their doube distinguished. Behind this little ble enclosure, preceded by so many chamber There is another, which re- doors; the chambers, devoted to an ceives light only by the door, but eternal night; the mystery spread which is similarly covered with the over the riies, as obscure as the temmost interesting and best executed ples; the initiations, so difficult to be hieroglyphics. It is very difficult to obtained, to which no stranger was fix a Thought on the probable use of ever admitted, and of which we have this little edifice, thus highly elabo. no idea, except that they were mysrate in its details

, and ornamented terious; the government, and ihe with pictures evidently scientific : it would appear that those of the ceil. * This appears to be a mistake : Isis is ing are relative to the motion of the the moon, Orus the curth.

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