Obrazy na stronie


interest is advanced by their seem- a decent deportment, and stimulate ing success; and efforts naturally are to acts of justice and beneficence. feeble and ineffectual, where desire. Let not this seem strange. Men, is languid. If the drudgery of pulpit. who never heard the gospel, or whose work is dispatched, they are not so- leading principles of action were nelicitous what instructions, exhorta- ver changed by its efficacy, have, tions, and warnings, are most neces- notwithstanding, repressed particular sary and best calculated for doing vicious inclinations, and amended good. Sometimes a clergyman's be- many things formerly amiss in their haviour is not visibly influenced by conduct. Though the word and Spithe doctrine and duties of religion. rit of God, and these alone, can conMen of small sagacity discern it, in- vert the soul from sin, eloquence fer his craft and disingenuity, or con- may outwardly reform. What reclude that they may iinitate him 'formation may therefore be expect. without hazard. His well-composed ed, when preachers provoke not the discourse may indeed gratify the cu- Spirit to withhold his blessing from rious, and entertain the man of taste: their useful moral instructions, by but the force of his reasonings is shunning to declare the whole counBlunted, by the evidence, at least by sel of God, and keeping back from the suspicion, that he feels not that their hearers, truths the most profitforce.

able and necessary! “ The natural abilities, extent of “Yes: 'reformation, and something knowledge, and persuasive talents, more than outward reformation, may highly important in a teacher of re- then be expected. Happy, indeed, ligion, do not always accompany are they, whose eyes see their teachtrue piety. The dignity of a subject ers, if their ears hear from them the is not perceived, when it is dressed faithful word, saying, This is the way, in mean and low language. A florid walk ye in it! Not so, when any part and pompous style, and subtile rea- of that word is kept out of view. sonings, which plain common sense All scripture, given by inspiration cannot follow, generally make no of God, is profitable for doctrine, impression : and, when the passions for reproof, 'for correction, for inarr addressed, without informing the struction in righteousness. It is judgment, impressions made on the therefore neither modest nor wise, people prove slight and superficial, to neglect any part of what is reand, as the morning cloud and early vealed as thus profitable. Neglects dew, quickly pass away.

of this kind sometimes diminish, and “ But, are there not teachers of sometimes destroy, the benefit of distinguished genius, learning, taste, public instruction. God bath said, and eloquence, who yet labour and even with respect to prophets who spend their strength in vain? Per. ran unsent, Jer. xxii. 22. • If they haps, this is seldom the case, when • had stood in my counsel, and caused they sincerely aim at the glory of my people to hear my words; then God, and the salvation of souls, and they should have turned them from preach the various truths and duties • their evil ways, and from the evil of which God has appointed to be their doings. Paul tells the Philip, preached, as means of edification. pians, ch. i. 15, 18. • Some preach Striking truths, when frequently and Christ, even of envy and strife ; tervently inculcated, often command and some also of good will

. Notthe attention, conquer prejudice, and withstanding, every way, whether have a powerful influence. Even 'in pretence, or in truth, Christ is when teachers neglect, arraign, or 'preached; and, therein ! do re: exhibit in a false light, the distin- joice, yea, and will rejoice.' ! guishing doctrines of the blessed gos- would therefore seemn, that though pel; the lesser and occasional ad- their motive to preach the gospel vantages of sermons are sometimes was the reverse of holy, and their gained. The warm address of the professed regard to Christ hypocrispeaker, and his fair and amiable tical, their sermons were not useless. character, constrain many to listen A glorious and happy change of to his instructions: and the force of men'scharacters and conduct, is fore his arguments from other topics may told as the consequence of the preach. restrain gross immoralities, promote ing of the gospel, Isaiah 1v. 10, 11,




* For, as the rain cometh down, and mysteries of faith. A third, through

the snow from heaven, and return- that fear of man which bringeth a 'eth not thither, but watereth the snare, disguises his conviction, holds earth, and maketh it to bring forth the truth in unrighteousness, and lianand bud, that it may give seed dles the word of God deceitfully, to the sower, and bread to the He, who, in the study of nature, at, *eater; so shall my word be, which tends more to experiinents than to 'goeth forth out of my mouth: it plausible theories destitute of their shall not return unto me void; but support; in studying the Bible, a. it shall accomplish that which I dopts an opposite plan, and over

please; and it shall prosper in looks the proof froin experience, • the thing whereunto 1 sent it.' that the doctrines and duties on Every part of revelation, whether which the scripture lays the greatest read or heard, has its distinct use. stress, have in fact conduced most to The strict precepts, and awiul sanc. the holiness and to the happiness of tions of the law, endear the Saviour mankind. Not a few, blinded by to sinners. The glad tidings of sal- prejudice, teach error from real convation are often, to the convinced viction. Yet, though they are sine and humbled, the ministration of the cere, error doth not, and cannot, Spirit, and of life: and, when a tem- operate as truth. None are brought per and conduct becoming sound to look to Christ for salvation, by doctrine, are inculcated, Christians bearing that the doctrines of his are thereby excited to adorn the deity and atonement are absurd, doctrine of God their Saviour in all and that, by repentance and amendthings. But, if pride, forgetting that ment of life, they can save themthe gospel is a divine report, not a selves. Prayer for divine influences human invention, courts applause, by is not excited, by declaiming against pretending new discoveries in reli- all expectation of, or reliance upon gion ; if it diminishes, enlarges, or thein, as fanaticisin. It is remarkalters the sacred directory, and ac- able, that religion and moral virtue commodates it to the fashionable tourish or decay, in proportion as taste, or to popular humours; the doctrines, which pretended modern perfection of that directory is de- reformers pronounce corruptions of nied, and its energy blunted. If in- Christianity, are esteemed or disregenuity arrogantly and absurdly en- garded. All the words of God are deavours to improve a revelation, pure, those not excepted against which can make the man of God which many have discovered the perfect, thoroughly furnished to every greatest spite, by persecution, by good thought, word, and work; the ridicule, or by misrepresentation. Spirit will not honour fancy and Thou, therefore, who desirest to do folly, for awakening the conscience, good, by instructing thy fellow men, enlightening the understanding, or despise none of the instructions of purifying the heart. God will not God. In recommending the belief iransfer his blessing, from that word of truth, or the practice of duty, go which he hath magnified above all as far, but no farther, than the Bible his name, to schemes for attaining goes. Add not to God's words, lest his favour, different from, nay, incon- he reprove thee, and thou be found sistent with, that plan, which Intivite a liar. Christianity, like the first Wisdom hath chalked out in the sa- man, came from the hands of God, cred oracles. One, thinking of his pure and perfect. By every change, oun understanding more higlily than every subile and retined interpreiahe ought to think, pronounces cer- tion, it is corrupted and debased. tain doctrines of revelation useless or “ Even necessary doctrines are pernicious. Another, in his discourses sometimes taught, and necessary duon the leading facts and duties of ties recommended, in language so Christianity, forgets to unfold them incautious, as to excite prejudices in in the plain and clear language of the hearers against other doctrines scripture, which the poor and illite- or duties equally necessary Derate, as far as is necessary for them, cency of conduct and social virtues, may easily understand ; and vainly may be so inculcated, that the hearers hopes, by the aids of genius, philo- may forget that religion requires a sophy, and criticism, to enable his great deal more, even love, love, to bearers fully to comprebend the God, to the Mediator, to the divine

law, to our fellow Christians, to all opinions, and the guilt and danger men, enemies not excepted, flowing of such practices. When some, with from a pure heart, a good conscience, zeal, oppose the scripture doctrines and faith unfeigned. Holiness of of the 'Trinity, the atonement of heart and life may be so enforced, Christ, justification through his ine. that men may view it as their title rits, and the renewing and sanctifyto God's favour; and thus, going ing influences of the Spirit, we, who about to establish their own righe believe the truth and importance of teousness, may not submit themselves these doctrines, should defend them to the righteousness of Christ. Jus- with equal zeal Perhaps we see a tification through the blood and ine- probability of dangers, yet remote, rits of Christ may be so taught that overlooked by those who only take a the impressions may be weakened of superficial glance of the present posthe necessity of that holiness, without ture of affairs, without considering which we can neither serve nor en tendencies, whose operation, though joy God, and of those good works by slow, is certain. It may not be amiss which our heavenly Father is glori. in this case to speak, that our people fied. The obligations of duty may be may hear for the time to come. In so explained, that men may lose sight a neighbouring country, a destrucof their natural depravity, and need of tive despotism for more than a cen. divine influence. The Calvinist may tury, has at last produced the miso speak of man's inability, and the series of anarchy: and a corrupt abArminian of the frailty of his nature, surd religion has betrayed many into that transgressors may conclude, that scepticisin and infidelity, and some their performing duties, and avoid- into downright atheism One with ing criminal indulgences, are natu- half an eye may perceive, ibat too rally impossible, or at least are the many in other countries, seem fond consequence of a frailty, for which they to renounce the religious and politiwere not to blame, and on account cal creed of their fathers, though of which they cannot, without cruelty they have not the same excuse for or injustice, he punished.

despising or hating them, and can“Counsels equally necessary at all not point out, what evil either of tiines, are the most important, and them have done. But are no evils should be the most frequent subjects to be dreaded for men's changing of sermons. Yet counsels peculiarly good principles for bad ones, or for adapted to the times, have their total want of principle, except those importance, and the withholding which immediately ensue? Is there thein inay diminish our usefulness. no danger, that, when nations have In this dangerous crisis, when with deeply felt the baneful consequences out are fightings, ' and within are of anarchy and irreligion, they may fears, men should be excited to turn fly for shelter to the opposite ex. to Him who threatens to smite, and treines of tyranny in the state, despoto seek the Lord with the whole tism in the church, implicit faith, heart. Personal reformation should idolatry, and superstition and are be exhibited, as necessary for na- measures to be adopted, which, tional reformation, and for prevent though perhaps their aim is directly ing national ruin. Isaiah's warning opposite, from the impetuosity with should be inculcated, that they fast wbich multitudes often rusl from in vain, who undo not the heavy one extreme to another, may at burden, (and surely the burden of length issue in so dreadful a catanegro slaves is heavy), and who turn strophe ? not away their foot from the Sabbath, "To conclude-The usefulness of from doing their pleasu

sure on God's public teachers of Christianity, doth holy day. When political opinions not infer the usetulness of teaching spread, seducing subjects to unders doctrines or precepts falsely dignimine, under pretence of improving, fied with that name : yet, as he who an excellent constitution, and to re- oniends not in word is a perlect man, bel against their rightful Sovereign, where the most essential and necesbecause they see not the wisdom of sary articles of Christianity are incertain measures of government, we culcated, they will prove the power ought, occasionally, to exhibit scrip- of God to salvation to every one that ture principles and precepts, which believeth, though much hay and stubdemonstrate the falsehood of such ble may be built on the true foun


dation, and though often little wis- and hunger. The soldiers, struck dom may appear in the arrangement with compassion, and forgetting their or style of discourses, in the choice own wants in the presence of the of particular subjects, or in the de

more pressing wants of others, ingree of stress laid upon them. Still, mediately gave her a part of their rahowever, the grace of God is no apo. tions. They were bestowing part logy for the neglects or rashness of of the precious water with which public teachers. p. 95–105. they were threatened to be soon

wholly without themselves, when they behelil the furious husband approach,

who, feasting his eyes at a distance CXXXV. Travels in Upper and with the fruits of his vengeance, had

Lower Egypt, during the Campaigns kept its victims in sight. He sprang of General Bonaparie. By Vivant forward, snatched from the woman's DENON. Translated from the French. hands the bread, the water (that last To which is prefixed, an historical necessary of life!) which pity had Account of the Invasion of Egypt by given to misfortune: Stop!' cried the French. By E. A. KENDAL, Esq. he: she has lost her honour, she has Illustrated by Maps, Views, &c. &c. • wounded mine; this child is my in Two Volumes, 8vo.

shame, it is the son of guilı! The

soldiers resisted his attempt to de. HE first volume is embellished prive the woman of the food they had

with a map of Upper and given her. His jealousy was irritated Lower Egypt, on which are traced at seeing the object of bis fury bea part of the marches of the French come that of the kindness of others. army, and the route of the travels of He drew a dagger, and gave the wo. the autbor; an engraving of an man a niortal bow; then seized the Egyptian lady, and the manner of child, threw it into the air and depassing the Nile; a dance of Al- stroyed it by its fall: afterwards with melis in an Harem ; and a view of stupid ferocity he stood motionless, the Birket at Kaira.

looking stedfastly at those who surThe historical account contains a rounded him, and defying their sketch of the actions of the French

vengeance. in Egypt, from their first landing to M. Denon enquired whether their defeat by the army under Ge. there were no prohibitory laws against beral Abercroinby.

such an atrocious abuse of authority: Soon after the French landed in He was answered, that the man had Egypt, the author informs us they done wrong to stab the woman, bemet with the following melancholy cause at the end of forty days she occurrence.

might have been received into a On the second day of the march house, and fed by charity." p. 30.of the troops across the desert, from 32. Alexandria, they met, near Beda, a In prosecuting their march, the young woman, whose face was smear- following observation occurs : ed with blood. In one hand she held a

a corn-country the soldiers wanted young infant, and her other was va- bread; and with the image of a vast cantly stretched out to the object that lake before their eyes they raged mighi strike or guide it. Their cu- with thirst. To explain this riosity was excited. They called their species of calamity it must be obguide, who was at the same time served, that it is the effect of an, illutheir interpreter. They approach- sion which has not been found in any ed, and they heard the sighs of a be. Other region. This is produced by ing from whom the organs of tears the mirnge of projecting objects on had been torn away! Astonished, and the oblique rays of the sun, refracted desirous of an explanation, they by the whiteness of the burning earth; questioned her. They learned that a phenomenon which offers so comthe dreadful spectacle before their plete a reseniblance of water, that gyes had been produced by a fit of ihe traveller is as much deceived the jealousy. Its victim presunied to ut- tenth time he sees it, as the first, and er no murmurs, but only prayers in which thus tantalizes a thirst by so behalf of the innocent who parlook much the more ardent, as it occurs of her misfortune, and which was on in precisely the hottest part of the the point of perishing with misery day.

" In


[ocr errors]

« The inhabitants deserted the “ Envy, that evil from which the villages as the army approached abode of want is not exeinpt, hovers them, carrying away all the provi- over even the burning'sands of the sions they contained. Water-melons desert. The Beduins, at war with were the first refreshment which it all the universe, hate and envy only Jeceived from the soil of Egypt; the Beduins who are not of their own and the memory of this fruit lives in horde. They enter into every war; its gratitude. On reaching the Nile, they put themselves in motion the the soldiers threw themselves into moment a domestic quarrel, or so. that river, clothed as they were, to reign enemy, troubles the repose of drink,” says M. Denon, “ at every Egypt; and, without attaching thempore.” p. 33, 34.

selves to either party, they make After a severe battle with Murat use of their hostilities io pillage both. Bey they arrive at Rashid, where Where is the booty, there is the ene. they witnessed the following custom. my of the Beduins. Their barbarity, “When the government of this meanwhile, has nothing in it atroplace was put into the hands of Ge- cious. Those of the French, who neral Menou, many blows of the club had been their prisoners, spoke of were distributed among the popu- the evils they had suffered during Jace. This was a remain of the their captivity, as the result rather of oriental practice, the purpose of the manner of life than of the ferocity which seems to be, at once to drive of this nation. Officers who had away a mob, to ennoble a ceremony, been taken, told M. Denon, that the and to make the weak sensible of the labour required of them to perform presence of the strong, and of the was neither excessive nor cruel; it distance at which they ought to was only to be obedient to the wokeep. The French never entered men, and to load and lead the asses a village in which the Shech did and camels. They were obliged, innot command, for their honour, such deed, to encamp and decamp inces. a distribution, which ceased only at santly. All the tackle was packed their intercession, and when he up, and a march commenced in les thought the due respect sufficiently than a quarter of an hour. This manifested.” p. 43.

tackle consisted of a mill for corn The following character of the and coffee, an iron plate for dressing Arabs is introduced thus. “We," cakes, a large and a little coffee pot, says M. Denon, “ had indeed driv. a few leathern bottles, a few sacks of en away the Mamlucks; but, being corn, and the cloth of a tent which in want of every necessary on our covered the whole. A bandful oi arrival, did we not ourselves, while roasted corn, and a dozen of dates, we removed these, fill their place with a little water, which, on account And then for the Beduin Arabs, who of its scarcity, had served every purare ill armed, and can make no re- pose before it was drank, was the sistance ; whose ramparts are more common ration of a day spent in traing sands, whose lines are space, velling: but these officers had dot whose retreat is immensity; by whom bad their souls wounded by the leacould they be vanquished or con- ill treatment, nor did they retain any fined? Shall we endeavour to win bitter recollection of an adverse conthem by otiers of land for cultiva- dition of which it had been their in tion? I'he husbandmen of Europe, but to partake. once become hunters, cease to till “ Free from religious prejudice the ground; and the Beduin is the himself, the Beduin iolerates all. primitive hunter: indolence and in- few revered customs serve him *** dependence are the basis of his cha- laws. His principles resenible en racter; and to gratify and protect virtues which are sufficient for i. both the one and the other of these, partial association he forms, and t" he keeps binıself in continual action, the patriarchal government UEL and endures the siege of tyranny and which he lives. want. We have nothing, then, to “Of the hospitality of this peopl: offer to the Beduin that is equivalent continues M. Denon, " I ought to." to the advantage of robbing us; and the following instance: a French this calculation is always the princi- cer had been several months tbe s ple of the treaty into which he will soner of an Arab chief. Surpr be persuaded to enter.

by our cavalry in his camp, at ng

« PoprzedniaDalej »