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the jurisdiction or controul of a Se- ment worthy of every humane breast,
cretary of State. Disappointed as that, in judging of actions, we should
Mr. Livius was in the prospect of li- endeavour to discriminate motives,
berating the prisoner, he hastened to and form our judgment from the most
town again, and got a proper legal lenient and favourable construction."
order from the late humane Aker- p. 30–41.
man; he then hired a Gravesend Section III. Hints respecting wills
boat, and did not overtake the trans- and testaments.
port till he arrived at the Nore, These bints inforce by arguments
whence he conveyed the convict to the propriety of making wills while
London, where a few merchants on in the possession of health.
'Change, on hearing the whole trans- Section IV. Hints respecting a fe,
action, collected sixteen guineas, male benefit club and lying-in cha-
with which the tar, honest in prin- rity, with a silhouette of Mrs. Prise
ciple, sailed a free man to the Ame- cilla Wakefield.
rican continent.

These hints contain accounts and " A second time I was attacked rules of societies in actual existence, and robbed, and at the instant seized for the benefit of the female sex, at the criminal, whom I knew; he fell Tottenham, upon the plans of which on his knees, and returned the ino- similar have been instituted in other ney he had taken from me, and places. They communicate relief to prayed forgiveness. I told him I poor women in lying-in, by some pe. could not commute felony; he must cuniary assistance, and the loan ri instantly depart, and advised him to suitable linen ; the same benefits are go to sea, and never sufler me to see also given to the sick, but the lines him again. About two years after- is not lent in the case of infectious dis. ward, on visiting a person in the eases. By the purchase of fiax they country, I met with this offender. have employed the poor females Upon enquiring into bis situation, I who were without work, by giving found that he had since been married, them flax and a wheel; the flax, and was become a respectable far- when spun, is taken to a place ap

pointed for its reception, the spinner “ I have been since repeatedly at- is paid, and her work made into liner, tacked and robbed, but after the most and sold to the inhabitants. The friendly expostulation with the rob- benefit clubs are aided by the contri. bers, I could not persuade them to butions of honorary members; who listen to advice, or ever afterwards derive no benefit. The advantages call upon me as the highwayman did. resulting from this intercourse of the In one of these instances, the party rich with the poor are many, and one consisted of five footpads, in another noticed is, the keeping of a book tor of even more in number, but in nei- entering the names of such members, ther of these did I receive any per- or their children, who may desire 19 sonal ill usage ; and I think from go to service. their behaviour, had they dared to Section V. Hints respecting a vila postpone their retreat till they had lage society. heard the whole of my expostulation, These merely suggest friendly con: some conviction and submission would viviality. bave resulted.

Section VI. Hints respecting the “ Certain, however, it is, that the support and education of the deai man rescued by the eiforts of Chief and dumb children of the poor, with Justice Livius, as well as the person a silhouette of the Rev. H.C. Maxw who robbed me on the highway, had M. A. forfeited their lives to the laws of this The effects of this institution hard country, and that all were casually, produced astonishment in all when not legally, saved from expiating their have witnessed them, and produced crimes on a gallows. It is equally re: a proportionate measure of benevomarkable, that each became useful lence. If the suggestiou that the duur members of the community, in dif- are caused to speak, to read, and is ferent situations ; namely, in the mi. understand the construction of landlitary, the. naval, and agricultural guage, should produce an addition t. departments ; these circumstances ihe list of subscribers, and therein strongly plead in favour of a senti. extend relief to the numerous a


distressed applicants, we shall feel Vaccine inoculation is here consihighly gratified.

dered as the most important invention Section VII. Hints respecting the of modern times ; the Doctor states employment of the blind, with a sil. its peculiar advantages, and warmly houette of James Ware, Esq.

recommends its universal adoption, The advantages accruing to the ob- In these hints are an account of jects of the institutions noticed in the institution for vaccine inoculathese hints must afford to every be- tion, and the rules for its managenevolent mind peculiar pleasure, in- ment. They conclude with accounts asmuch as they bring into active and of the progress of the invention, and useful life, such as, prior to these, and some correspondence on the subthe institution named in toe foregoing ject. section, were, in general, considered Section II. Hints addressed to card as objects of pity and uselessness. parties.

Section VIII. Hints respecting the These hints are not intended to monument erected to John Howard, “ condemn or vindicate” the pracin Saint Paul's Cathedral, with a sil- tice, but are designed to promote behouette of John Nichols, Esq. and an nevolence, by the appropriation of engraving of the monument. winnings to charitable purposes. These hints contain the correspon

Section III. Hints respecting the deace upon the object in view: they establishment of schools for extendexbibit the impression made upon ing the education of the poor, with benevolent minds by Mr. Howard's an engraving of the elevation of the eminent philanthropy, and his ex- house at Ackworth. treme nodesty and unaffected hu- This school was instituted, and is mility, which fully appear in his let. supported by the people called Qua-' ters on the subject.

kers, the management is regulated by Section IX. Hints for establishing rules, which embrace every minutiæ a society for promoting useful litera- relative to the treatment, instruction, ture, with silhouettes of the Rev. Da and conduct of the children. vid Williams, and Thomas Dale, M.D. The Sunday school society is comAn account of this society may be prehended in these hints, and its refound under the article Claims of Li- gulations accompanied with silhouterature, No. V. p. 257.

ettes of R. Raikes, Esq. and N. Section X. Hints to masters and Hulme, M. D. and an engraving of mistresses respecting female servants. James Sims, M.D. Section XI. Hints respecting reli

Section II. Hints respecting the gious persecution.

Philanthropic Society. Section XII. Hints respecting hu. Section IV. Hints designed to pro. mane societies for the recovery of mote the establishment of a dispendrowned persons, with silhouettes of sary for extending medical relief to William Hawes, M.D.T.Cogan,M.D. the poor at their own habitations. and A. Fothergill, M. D. and an en- These hints, which conclude with graving of the honorary medal of the the rules of the General Dispensary in Royal Humane Society.

Aldersgate Street, contain a pathetic These bints contain an account of address, stating the situation of the the origin and progress of the Royal poor, for the purpose of increasing Humane Society-The method of the means of affording them medical treatment it employs-An oration assistance in time of sickness. The delivered before the Society, Sept. 17, support of dispensaries is recom1794—The presenting of the medal to mended in the following note: “By A. Fothergill, M. D. and the Doctor's the report in 1796, respecting the Gereply.

neral Dispensary, it appeared that Volume III. The engraved title to 125,316 poor persons have received this volume is embellished with a sil- medical assistance, either at their houette of Dr. Jenner.

own habitations, or at the dispensary Section 1. Hints respecting the in Aldersgate Street. A plan so pecow-pock, with an engraving of the culiarly useful was instituted in difsacred cow, silhouettes of W. Wood- ferent parts of the metropolis ; and ville, M. D. and G. Pearson, M. D. at the present time as many have F.R.S.&c. and an engraving of B. Wa- been established as to afford relief to terhouse, M.D. Professor of the The. about 50,000 poor people annually ; ory and Practice of Medicine. one third of whom at least are at: tended at their own habitations; a liament relative to Wilkes and Ame. mode of relief which keeps tlie rican affairs—The repeal or all dutie branches of the family from being except that on tea, and the proroga. separated, and affords an opportunity tion of parliament. for the wife to nurse the sick husband At the opening of the session the or child, or the husband to superin- address was opposed by Lord Cbattend and protect a sick wife, which ham, who after approving some of naturally tends to meliorate and aug. the topics of the king's speech, adment the tender affections. By this verted to the state of the nation, and mode of conveying relief to the bo- among other observations used in insoms and houses of the poor, the ex- troducing an amendment to the adpence is trivial indeed; as one gui- dress, said, “ the privileges of the nea, which is the annual subscription house of lords, however transcendent, of a governor, affords the means of however appropriate to them, stood relief to at least ten patients! Hence in fact on the broad bottom of the 50,000 patients are annually relieved people. The rights of the greatest for 50001. a sum not exceeding one and meanest subjects had the same third of the revenue of a single foundation, the security of the law hospital in London, which relieves common to all. It was therefore their scarcely 6000 patients in a year highest interest, as well as their duty, p. 185, 186.

to watch over and guard the peoSection V. Hints respecting the bite ple; for when the people had lost of a mad dog, or rabid animal, with their rights, those of the peerage a silhouette of W. Norris, Esq. Some would soon become insigniticant. cases are here noticed, the result of • Be assured, my lords,' he contigued, which is, “ that by the removal or that in whatever part of the empire destruction of the wounded parts, at 'you suffer slavery to be established, any time previous to the appearance • whether it be in America, in Ireof the disease, the dreadful effects • land, or at home, you will fiod it from the bite of a rabid animal may ' a disease which spreads by contact, be obviated.” p. 233.

• and soon reaches from the extreSection VI. Hints for establishing inities to the heart. The man who has a sea-bathing infirmary at Margate, • lost his own freedom becomes from for the poor of London, with an ele- • that moment an instrument, in the vation and plan of the infirmary. hands of an ambitious prince, to

Section VII. Hints for the esta- destroy the freedom of others.' He blishment of a medical society in Lon- then affirmed that the liberty of the don, with an engraving of ihe prize subject was invaded not only in the medal of the society, and a silhouette provinces, but at home. The people of John Fothergill, M.D.

were loud in their complaints, and Section VIII. Hints respecting a would never return to a state of transubstitute for wheat bread.

quillity till they obtained redress; The use of the Indian corn is re- nor ought they; for it were better to commended as a pleasant, cheap, and perish in a glorious contention for nutritious substitute.

their rights, than to purchase a slavish tranquillity at the expence of a

single iota of the coustitution. He CXXX. ADOLPHUS's HISTORY OF

had no doubt the universal disconENGLAND, from the Accession of tent of the nation arose from the proKing George III. to the Conclusion of ceedings against Wilkes, and therethe Peace in the Year 1783.

fore moved an amendment to the ad

dress, purporting that the House (Concluded from page 456.) would, with all convenient speed, lake THAP. XVII. 1770.--This chap; into consideration the causes of the ter

and proceedings of parliament- The tur- ihe proceedings of the house of combulence of the city of London-The mons, touching the incapacity of John conduct of the livery and common Wilkes, thereby refusing (by a reso• council-and their remonstrance de- lution of one branch of the legislature livered to the king on the throne, only) to the subject his common with his answer. This is followed right, and depriving the electors of by remonstrances from Westminster Middlesex of their free choice of a and Middlesex-Proceedings in par representative," p. 416, 117.

This amendment was opposed by the exception of tea. Another reLord Mansfield, who observed, that monstrance is presented to the King * declarations of law made by either from the City of London, by Beckhouse of parliament were always at ford, who, after his majesty's answer, tended with bad effects : he con- obtained permission to reply, which stantly opposed them when he had he did in enforcing the prayer of the an opportunity, and never in his petition, which was not answered. judicial capacity thought himself The subsequent subjects in this chapbound to honour them with the slight- ter are the debates in parliament upon est regard. He considered general the Falkland Islands, and the popu. warrants illegal, or rather no warrants lar topics of the time, one of which at all, but was sorry the house of was Lord Mansfield's opinion in the commons should declare it by their case of libels. vote. Had they been declared legal, Chap. XIX. 1771,1772.—This chapthe courts at Westminster would have ter begins with the disputes between judged otherwise, and thus the vote the city and the house of commons, of the house would have been treated which originated in a complaint of with disrespect.” p. 417.

breach of privilege made by Colonel Chap. XVIII, 1769, 1770, 1771.- Onslow, who moved that Wheeble This chapter commences with a view and Thompson, two printers of newsof America, and it is observed, “while papers, should be brought to justice, the cause of American insubordina- for misrepresenting the speeches, and tion was so vehemently defended by reflecting on several of the members advocates of unparalleled courage,

of the house of commons. The credit, and ability, it could not be printers were ordered to attend at expected that the exertions of autho- the bar of the house, but as they did rity in restraining the turbulent, and not attend in consequence of the orrestoring the reign of order, should der, Mr. Onslow moved for an adbe attended with success. Every ef- dress to the King, to issue a proclafort of coercion was resisted as an mation, with a reward to any person illegal incroachment, while all conci- who should apprehend them. Wheeliatory attempts were considered as ble was taken, and carried before the results of timidity, and pledges Wilkes, who not only discharged him, of victory to future opposition.” but took recognizances for prosecutp. 462.

ing the person by whom he was apOn the revival of the statute of prehended. Thompson was arrested, Henry VIII. the author notices, “the and discharged by Alderman Oliver. measure of the Grafton administra- Complaints were made against some tion, which announced the revival of other printers, who were ordered to the obsolete statute of Henry VIII. appear before the house, one of whom, produced extensive ill consequences; named Miller, refused to obey the the tyrannical spirit of that proceeding summons, and an order was issued was so obvious that in the provinces for taking him into custody by the where the inliabitants were tranquil serjeant at arms. When the messenand loyal, it was felt as an invasion ger appeared to take Miller, a refusal of liberty, and the people were oblig- to submit produced violence, and the ed to those who, in the other states, inessenger was taken by a constable were willing to brave the storm, and ready for the purpose, before Wilkes, by a display of courageous hostility, charged with assaulting Miller, but secure their freedom.'

having finished the business of the The effect of this measure appeared day, referred the matter to the lord in Massachusetts Bay, and the con- mayor, who beld the messenger to duct of the people there was soon fol- bail to answer for the assault." The lowed by the other provinces. This proceedings of the house against the was succeeded by the forming of non- Lord Mayor and Alderman Oliver, importation committees, and the con- and the enthusiasm of the people in duct of the people of Boston towards favour of them, are stated. The rethe military. The author here intro- maining contents of this chapter are, duces a circumstantial account of the the application of a number of the pints at Boston. The repeal of taxes clergy to be freed from subscription induces the inhabitants to give large to articles, and of the Dissenters for orders for British commodities, with the repeal of the test laws--The royal

3 Y

p. 462.

Vol. I.

marriage bill-Deaths of the Princess ble inheritance descended to FerdiDowager, and of the Queen of Den- nand, the fifth Earl of Derby. mark.

“ In the year following his succes. At the end of the first volume is sion, this nobleman died, leaving three an Appendix, containing letters be- daughters, co-heiresses, and his brotween Lord Bute and Lord Melcombe ther William, sixth Earl of Derby, on the state of parties and politics his heir male. previous to and during Lord Bute's “ On the death of Earl Ferdinand, administration-Correspondence re- a controversy arose between his three Jative to the discontinuance of the daughters and widow, on the one Prussian subsidy - Correspondence part, and the said Earl William on respecting Ireland-On the Isle of the other. A reference in consequence Man-Letter from a person in high was made by Queen Elizabeth to some office in America, on the temper of of her privy council and judges. the people and state of politics, dated This dispute continued sereral November 1765, and the establish- years, and in the mean time the ment of the Royal Academy.

crown appears to have had possesThe account of the Isle of Man, sion of the island. At length an agreewhich appears by the notes to be ment was made, various sums of mocollected from several authorities of ney paid to Earl Ferdinand's daughcredit, we present to our readers. ter and his widow, and the succes.

The early history of the Isle of sion of the island regulated by an act Man is involved in considerable ob. of parliament, in the 7th of James l. scurity. On the expulsion of the Nor- • By this act it was settled, after cerwegians, the ancient records of the tain limitations, on the right heirs of island were carried to Drontheim, in James, then Lord Stanler, afteruds Norway, and on inquiry, within these Earl of Derhy, with a clause prohithirty years, it has been discovered bitory of alienation. that they were accidentally destroyed « The island descended to James, by fire. However, it seems from the tenth Earl of Derby, on whose dereport of Calvin's case, that this island cease the male line of leirs of James was an ancient and absolute king. Lord Stanley becoming extinct, fedom.

course was had to Amelia Sophia, “The tradition of the island points the youngest surviving daughter of out the first trace of monarchy in the James, seventh Earl of Derby, who latest stages of druidical hierarchy, was married to John Marquis of Awhen christianity was introduced, thol, and from whom, by lineal sucand bishops were placed there by St. cession, the island has devolved on Patrick, not only ad erudiendum, but, the present Dutchess Dowager of ad regendum populum istius insula. Athol, Baroness Strange, under the

"The island was under an indepen- parliamentary entail of the 7th of dent sovereign. By Edward II. it was James I. granted to his favourite, Gaveston, " It being conceived that the British Earl of Cornwall, and was afterwards and Irish revenues were materially conquered and held by Alexander III. affected by illicit practices carried of Scotland, and governed by his to and from the Isle of Man, acts of thanes. By the assistance of Ed. parliament passed from time to time, ward III. it again returned to the regulating the trade of Great Britain English line, and became the pro- in respect to the Isle of Man, which perty of Sir William Montacute, who, in the year 1765, being considerin 1393, sold it to William le Scrope, ed inzutticient to carry their puron whose forfeiture it fell to Hen: poses into effect, after much negoti


ation and correspondence with the “ This monarch, in the first year Athol fainily, which was at length of his reign, granted the isle to Henry dropped, the bill of 1765, for investEarl of Northumberland, wbo being ing the island in the crown, passed, attainted for treason, it was granted

" The present Duke of Athol, who to Sir John Stanley and his heirs, is heir apparent, and on the decease Tenendam de rtge, hæredibus et succes- of his inother will be heir general soribus suis, per homagium ligeum, reden. of James Lord Stanley, conceiving do nobis duos falcones, &c. &c. from that this act of parliament has been whom, by a lineal succession, this no. made in direct violation of the par

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ry IV.

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