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nora-and Guilelmine de Mortivalle, CXXV. THE LETTERS OF SOLI, which are made, almost insensibly, to

TARY WANDERER. Chiaining slide into each other. We shall give
Narratives of various descriptions. an extract from the 2d, which is in
By CHARLOTTE SMITH, vol. iv. vol. 5, p. 170.
and v. 12mo.

" The Narrative of Leonora, ad.

dressed to her Friend, thus proceeds : HE former volumes of this work “ There is a book, I believe, called TH

having been published before • Great Events from Little Causes." the existence of our new series, it is I have frequently pondered on the necessary to give our readers the sol. trifling circumstances, which, by a lowing extract from the preface to chain of unforeseen and improbable vol. 4.

consequences, have led to the most " The work, of which the fourth important conclusions in private life. and fifth volumes are now published, To circumstances of apparently as was sold to Mr. Sampson Low, more little importance, may be imputed than three years since ; and the first some of those events which have in three books were published in Oc- volved the happiness or misery of tober, 1800. A few months afterwards, millions, and the fate of many nations Mr. Low died; and his executors of the earth. I think I have some. thought it adviseable to sell such parts where seen an anecdote, which reof his effects as consisted of copy- lates, that the fortunate close of the right, by auction. Among the pro- war which had deluged Europe with perty thus disposed of was the re- blood, was brought about, because mainder of the impression of three the Duchess of Marlborough refused volumes of the Letters of a Solitary her mistress, Queen Ann, a new pair Wanderer,' and his purchase of two of gloves; and I believe, if the real manuscript volumes, for which I had motives of those wars, which have been paid. It happened, that of these depopulated the world, could be disa five volumes of the same work, the cerned, they would, whatever impor, three volumes already published were tant causes have been assigned to bought by Messrs. Crosby and Lettere them, be found to have originated in man; and the two others by Messrs. the pride or folly of some individual, Longman and Rees. This occasions unworthy to manage a village, but to the book to appear under very auk- whom it has pleased heaven to entrust ward circumstances, and has prevent the government of the poor creatures ed my concluding it, at least at pre- of the earth. sent, according to my original agree- “ But I am digressing from myself, ment with Mr. Loro, which was, to who am, you know, at least one of the fornish him with six volumes. The heroines of my own tale. These reconclusion of the work must now de- flections, however, were suggested by pend on my health and leisure. Had my considering the apparently inconthe book been of another description, sequential circumstances that intro. and contained only a single narrative, duced another, who will take a conI must have completed it. As it is, siderable part in the sequel of my sad the story of the Solitary Wanderer history: himself remains to be told ; but the “ When I was alone I recalled the want of it does not affect any of the scene that had passed; and while I narratives except the last; and I have considered the appearance and manwritten much of it a second time, to ners of the last of my new acquaintdisentangle it, as far as I could, from ances, I began to doubt whether I was that which would have closed the not acting improperly in cultivating work, had it now been finished, ac- the intimacy of either of them. Yet cording to my first design, and with the recollection of the young women which I intended to connect it.” I had first met, dwelt with such fasci.

Though we are very cautious of nating influence on my mind, that I troubling our readers with the trash could

not determine to relinquish the of tales and novels, with which we are pleasure which I believed it must give deluged, we must not rank every me to converse with, perhaps to asa work of invention under that class, sist, in some way or other, a creature much less the elegant productions of so lovely, and so unfortunate. I own this fair authoress. The tales in these there was a degree of romantic en Jolumes are, the Hungarian-Leothusiasm in this ; but I have much to say in its extenuation. Gertrude, friendship and sympathy, from a be, my beloved sister, had long since ing who could feel and think as I been divided from me; and this young did, and you will surely find many stranger, who was about the same excuses for my conduct. Nor did age, seemed to be sent to fill that these considerations alone influence place in my heart which her absence, me. I thought that my remaining and the infancy of my only remaining little girl, though yet an infant, might girl, left vacant. Whatever, there- one day need advice and protection, fore, appeared objectionable in her as much as this lovely and forlora companion, who had certainly very young woman appeared to want it much the air of a woman of intrigue, now, and I determined to act toI persuaded myself that my new fa- wards her, as I would that some bevourite, whose appearance and man- nevolent woman, with more power ners were totally different, was thrown than I had, should act towards a child by some accident, in which her own of mine, who might be friendless in a inclination had no part, on the pro- strange land. tection, and was probably in the “ With these impressions and resopower of one whose disposition was lutions in her favour, how could I not congenial with her own.

help being enchanted with the frank. “ The arguments thus suggested ness, the simplicity, the thousand by the lively interest I took in this graces of the young creature I am deunknown young person, quieted the scribing? It is true that I saw she suspicions which prudence, and, in- was romantic, and even wildly

enthudeed, judgment offered. Nothing siastic ; but I had at that time too had lately awakened me from the much tendency to those faults my. torpor into which my mind had been self to be very rigid in my reinarks accustomed to sink, from the mere on another. The affectation with hopelessness of ever tasting happi. which that style of talking is often ness, or even tranquillity. But now assumed, would instantly have disI once again felt a solicitude in some gusted me, but here was no affectathing not immediately relating to my tion. I must tell the story of her own children, and looked forward wanderings, and of her misfortunes, with a considerable degree of impa- as she herself told it; for bo words tience for the time when I was again but her own can do her justice. I to meet my young friend.

give them to you as well as I can, “ It came; and if I had before through the medium of another lanconceived for her a degree of regard, guage"; though it is impossible for me such as a newacquaintance bad hardly to convey to you what I felt myself ever the power of inspiring, it was --the inexpressible graces of her mangreatly increased by this second conversation. Her companion had on this day engagements, which she

“GUILELMINE DE MORTIVALLE. probably preferred to a female party “ You already know I ain of Swit. only, and sent an excuse, which I was zerland. In a country that has long very willing to accept.

boasted of the inflexible spirit and * Instead, therefore, of the rendez- love of freedom of its inhabitants, it vous she had proposed, we returned is strange that aristocratic notions, to our favourite haunt, in the Ludo- and the pride of birth, should have visi gardens : their being triste et such powerful infuence over the upmorne,' was to us a recommenda- per ranks; but the Baron de Mortition:-Alas! my dear Sophy, do valle, my father, though a native of not blame me for this sudden aitach, Switzerland, had received his educament; do not say that a woman, tion in France; and having entered some years married, the mother of á early in life into the service of the family, should have repressed this French monarchy, had himself a rewarmth of immediate and unautho- giment, and my elder brother a majo. rized friendship, which is justly con- rity, when the revolution began, in sidered as an error, even in the age which the Helvetic states have since of inexperience. Before you condemn been so deeply involved. I was then me, recollect how long my heart had very young; for I have not yet recka preyed upon itself, devoured by its oned eighteen years. own miseries ;-how long it was since “ I had a mother, with wbom my I had heard the soothing sound of days were passed in tranquillity and


to bear arins.

happiness. She was the best, the do I wish, or will I ever see them. gentlest, the most indulgent of wo- The delight his enchanting writings men. We lived so much alone, that have given me, I will not have polmy whole heart was devoted to her; luted : if it is illusion, I desire, not to for my father I seldom saw. The have the illusion dissolved ! paternal fortune, which had been “ But, my dear madam, you will, sufficient for his ancestors; was now perhaps, smile at the romantic folly so much lessened, from the change of your young friend, if I tell you all; of manners, and the loss of a process ! will hazard it, however. Situated at law, with another branch of his fa. in many respects like Julie, I fancied mily, that it was by no means equal that I should emulate her character to the support of the rank on which in all but its fatal errors : but I had he prided himself, and which it was - no beings near

r me that resembled, his ambition that his sons should be or that my fancy could elevate in able to preserve in undiminished lus- any thing at all like those who made tre. It was not as the citizen of one her destiny. My mother was, indeed, of the cantons that this could be in many respects, like the Baroness done ; and he had insensibly attached de l'Eiang; and my father had the himself to the manners of the court, in faults and the feelings of the Baron. whose service he bad entered at an I lived almost in the very midst of es age, and to which he dedicated the scenes that the fascinating pen of his dest son as soon as he was able Jean Jacques has described.' Can

you wonder that my heart sought a s from early habit, this young man St. Preux and a St. Claire ? Alas! [ became what his father had desired was but a child; and it is, perhaps, to see him : his ideas were those of a on impressions received at the age i French subject; and his ambition only then was of, that the future character to attain an high rank in the armies depends ; and the ideal Julie has posof the King of France, where, in the sibly influenced the life of the real nominally Swiss regiment, command- Guilelmine. The convulsions which ed by my father, though hardly a have now for so many years agitated third of the men were of that nation, Europe, were then rapidly increasmy elder brother was, at an early age, ing; and uneasiness on account of promoted to a majority ; but the political affairs for the first time reachyounger, who had remained, till he ed our abode at Mont Galaciel. We was turned of seventeen, at the pa- heard, that of the regiment my father ternal house, and whose education commanded, a great part had gone had been more that of a Swiss, was over to the convention ; that three of yetonly a subaltern; and, being placed his officers had fallen victims to the in another regiment, was, soon after fury of the soldiers, in attempting to he first entered it, sent to Martinique, reduce them to obedience, while the from whence he returned with the baron and his eldest son, having narcorps he belonged to, in 1790), being rowly escaped with their lives, had then about niveteen. Such was the attached themselves, with the small situation of our family at that period; remains of their corps, to another reI was only in my fifteenth year; and, giment, and waited, at some distance except that my mother had taken me from Paris, the orders of those who three or four times to Lausanne, I acted for the king. had never seen any thing beyond the “ If this account filled my mother's beautiful and romantic country over- mind with uneasiness and apprehenlooking the lake where I had drawn sion, in which, though less able to my first breath. Among my mother's judge of consequences, I very truly collection of books, where I was suf- participated, the letters we received fered, and even encouraged, to pass from Felicien, my younger brother, many hours, I acquired ideas of the were very little calculated to appease world which did not give me any our anxiety. He told us that the senwish to enter it. It was not unna- timents he had, in early youth, im. tural that Rousseau should be my bibed from his tutor at Galaciel, had favourite author ; for ( saw not, in- made it impossible to behold with indeed I have never yet seen, those of difference the scene then, passing in his works which are said to prove his France; still more impossible for him life contradictory to his principles, to devote himself to the party to which and so unworthy of his morality. Nor his father and his brother adhered. They had their principles and mo- earth, but of which the doors may tives--he had his: it was not in his be closed upon him for ever.' power to yield up his conscience to “ You who are a mother, you may his private affections; and where the form some idea of what mine felt whea duties of a man clashed with those of she read such a letter from the son private life, he must consider the first she best loved; for Felicien having as paramount to every other. To been longer with her, and baving a avoid the consequences of his father's milder and more affectionate temper indignation on one side, or the re. than D'Aspermond, (her eldest son,) proaches of his own conscience on the she had never been able equally to other, he must come to take the pay divide her affection between them, of France, as he coulil no longer bear and Felicien was, I believe, dearer to ariis for the niouarch he had sworn her even than Guilelmine. Married to serve, and wohi 1,6 the them at a very early age to a man of that up in a cause which mizol, at po very hard and imperious character, wbich distant period, isting

to the field is, I believe, common enough-a man in bostile opposition to his fatiar and who thought it beneath the dignity his brother. He had therefore given of his nature to consider his wife in bis resignation, and having done otherwise than as an inferior crea. so, hastened, as a private individual, ture, who was to continue in his fato throw himself at the feet of the mily, and obey his will; my mother baron, state the reasons for what he had never, till within the last years had done, and implore his forgive- of her life, ventured to suppose that ness. • But my father,' said Felicien, she bad an understanding or a will 'my father forbade me ever again to of her own. Left, however, in soli. • address him by that revered name; tude, or solitude relieved only by the • he renounces, he disclaims me; por, company of her daughter ; feeling • since I could not recede from the herself unhappy, and compelled to • resolution I had taken, did I dare read, a new train of ideas bad fol. • to solicit leave to see you, my be- lowed; and though she still trembled • loved mother, and Guilelmine, once before the stern and imperious autho• more, before your Felicien, who, rity of the baron, neither the early . whatever may become of bim, will impressions of her youth, which were • not cease most affectionately to love thus awakened, (for she had been • you, takes of you, and of his native bred up among the republicans of

country, a long, perhaps a last fare. Geneva,) nor the voice of reason and * well! Alas! my mother, your son of justice, would suffer her any longer

has not deserved the reproaches to consider herself as the mere crea• with which his father has in his ture of another, without an opinion • wrath loaded bim. But I dare not, or will of her own; nor did she wish • I will not defend myself against him: that I should acquire the same no* yet surely in one instance, and in tions of unqualified submission. When, “one alone of a private nature, I may therefore, to these sentiments, the • disobey him. I must see you, my strong impulse of maternal love was • mother---I must see Guilelmine added, Madame de Mortivalle was • before I quit my native coun- by no means disposed to refuse ad

try. Do not refuse me adinittance; mission to her son; and even bad "let not the doors be shut against she already received, as Felicien ima.

one who could in po other instance gined, the prohibition of her husband . disobey his father. Yet, if his com- against receiving him, it was more

mands have reached you to refuse than probable her obedience would « me this last favour, I know that he have failed.” I must be obeyed, and I will submit, We cannot proceed farther with • whatever it may cost me.

With a

this narrative ; and analysis destroys * young Englishman, who thinks as I the interest of this species of writing,

do, and who has acted on the same which in a great measure depends on • principles, I shall almost immedi

the expectation of new scenes and • ately leave this country, and possi- incidents continually arising, and bly almost as soon as you receive of which anticipation destroys the this letter, your son inay, from his

charm. • native mountains, be within sight

of the paternal house, that contains ' two of ihe beings dearest to him on

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Reply to 7. Sos Defence of his New Testament Doctrine of Atonement.

most, if not altogether, unoccupied ; AM less surprized at what Mr. S. the travellers have walked through than at what hehasnot said, and he arose a father in Israel. therefore tacitly admitted. He makes Mr. S. complains of misrepresentano objection to my statement, that tion. He does not “ disown all deon his principles MODERN UNITARI- Pendence it seems upon the teachings ANISM, or Unitarianism as einbraced of the Holy Spirit, but merely the by the great body of that denomina. unsupportable sense of them in which tion, IS DESTITUTE OF THE GRAND they are contended for by enthusiPRINCIPLE OF CHRISTIAN OBEDI- asts. Yet he had said, “ Here then, ENCE. But if so, with what face can (in examining after truth) we are he contend that they are “ ministers wholly dependent upon those powers of the gospel ?" whether popular or- with which we are furnished by our thodox preachers have an exclusive benign Creator.” (p. 2.) And again, right to this character, or not, the “ The exercise of our reflecting powgenerality of Unitarians are excluded ers is our last, and only proper refrom it, and that by one of their bre. source in the determination of what thren. That mistakes of lesser mo. is truth. As to the notion, that God 'ment may consist with an attachment will illuminate the minds of those to the gospel, is readily admitted; who pray for his enlightening Spirit but an error which renders the atone. to guide them infallibly, and to form a ment“ void and useless” (p. 14); an right judgment of truth, it stands opinion which is so inimical to the confuted by its own advocates,” &c. spirit of practical Christianity, that (p. 5.) If this be not disowning all perbaps there is not one existing dependence on the teachings of the amongst its professors that is more Holy Spirit, it is difficult to deterso” (p. 15); a scheme where “the mine what is. His representing those grand aod only true spur to serious who pray for divine teaching as preand universal godliness is wanting," tending to infallibility, resembles many (p. 19), must utterly subvert it. other of his caricature descriptions.

It is true that what he has said of That there are enthusiasts who make orthodox preachers is equally strong. such pretences, is admitted; but it is He represents their scheme as founded not them only that he opposes; his in “ a total misunderstanding of the principles are equally opposed to all doctrine of the atonement, (p. 13); prayer for divine illumination, as to as that which is subversive of every the plain direction of scripture not to truth taught in the volume of inspi- lean to our own understanding. Again, ration, and of every design for which I have “discovered in him, he says, the Son of God came into the world." an advocate for the abominable doc(p. 11.) If this be just, they cannot trine of original sin.” No, this is his be said to believe the gospel, nor to mistake. By the phrase of whatever preach it. It is therefore surprising age,' I meant not whatever age of that after all this Mr. S. can compli. buman life, but whatever period of ment each of these erroneous descrip. time ; and I say again, that sin should tions of people with the character of have taken an universal range through

gospel ministers." It can be no the whole of mankind, of whatever other than a compliment.-If he mean period, nation, or condition, and what he says, when describing their should have been so malignant in its principles, he must in reality refuse operations, as to render them all the them this honourable character, and enemies of God, and exposed to fu. very nearly, if not wholly confine it ture punishment, isa concession some. to those who imbibe the Unitarian what singular for an Unitarian. If system upon his principles. The bigh- all this do not imply a corrupt nature ways of truth have for ages been al- in man, or a nature corrupted from

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