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*ly devised fables. With all this gospel fixes its residence in the soul; evidence, would you dispute the truth illuminates all, sanctifies all, harmoof these things ? would you assure us, nizes all; and strikes its blessed in. as some in our day have done, that fluences through eternal ages. there is not the shadow of truth in “ Contemplate the gospel in conthem -What should we think of nection with youth and with agethe understandings of such persons, observe its efficacy in the various did we not know that they must pre- conditions of prosperity and adver. tend all this to justify their indiffer- sity-view its agency in the numeence !--that when a man has fallen rous relations of life, in rulers and in out with his conscience, he must se- subjects, in parents and in children, parate from it for the sake of bis own and so of the rest.-- Drop christianity peace ?--and that this is the con- in a family; spread it through a nai demnation, that light is come into tion; diffuse it over the world-let • the world, and men love darkness all be influenced by its spirit, and go. * rather than light because their deeds verned by its dictates; and I would • are evil.'

ask, appealing to infidels themselves, “ How pleasing is truth! how sa- would not a scene be produced, the tisfactory is it to find something to most lovely, glorious, and beneficial which the mind may adhere with And would not the language of propleasure, after being the dupe of ig- phecy be realized? The wilderness norance and error, and like a wave and the solitary place shall be made • of the sea driven with the wind and glad for them: and the desert shall • tossed.'- But though that which is rejoice and blossom as the rose. It important must always be true, that shall blossom abundantly, and rewhich is true is not always important. "joice even with joy and singing ; the It is otherwise here-as the gospel glory of Lebanon shall be given unto

is a faithful saying,' it is worthy of it, the excellency of Carmel and all acceptation.' Even the angels • Sharon : they shall see the glory of • desire to look into these things ;' we the Lord, and the excellency of our no where read of their being natu- · God. Thus whether we consider ralists, or astronomers; they pass by the gospel with regard to man in his moon and stars, and press around the individual, or social existence; as an cross. And you, my brethren, are inhabitant of time, or an heir of eterinuch more concerned than angels ; nity-it is a universal benefactor-it I may take up the language of Moses is of the highest importance-and as to the Israelites- Set your witness it demands, so it deserves all his al"unto all the words which I testify tention- If any man have ears to • among you this day--for it is not a hear, let him hear'.” p. 153–165. 'vain thing; because it is your life.' To you the gospel is not a bistory of wonders only, the journey of a God from a throne down to a cross, and CXIV. YOUTH; A Prem. By J. BIDfrom a cross back to a throne-it is

LAKE, A. B. Chaplain to His Royal the interesting narrative of your sal

Highness the Duke of CLARENCE, vation. Take every other kind of

and Master of the Grammar School, wisdom--how humbling its claims !

Plymouth. they are confined to this world. the greater part of it is valuable only OFT bhores

FT have I seen, when musing on the for a few years ; the knowledge of Unskilful infants grasp th' uswieldy oar; various languages, and a hundred Push the frail bark into the swelling main, other things will be useless in a future Burne by the rapid tide, pant to regain æconomy: The inquiry is, who has The less'ning land, and shrieking weep too • the words of eternal lite s' who can

late, • lead us in the way everlasting ?'

The gaping horrors of tempestuous faie. What is a message, which concerns

True picture of our unsuspecting age

Who long to stretch where fatal bulou's rage. only your property, and the health

'Gainst our own heav'n, like angels we rebel, of your body-the soul is the standard of the man; his supreme happi

And quit the realms where during raptures

dwell; ness must relate principally to the Pant for a wing to range the world around: chief part of his nature, and the cbief The world! how swoons my soul to hear the period of his duration. Now the sound!


The world, where pleasure flies the grasping society for exploring the interior of hand,

Africa, which was established in 1788. And hope builds palaces on shifting sand; It gives an account of the travellers Where treach’ry talks with sweetly melting who have engaged under the direcflow

tion of the society, and states the adOf honied words, that turn to gall and woe; vantages gained, and those which are Confed'racies of profit or of vice, Where friendship’s only firin as faithless ice, searches which have been made.

likely to be derived from the reWhen potent av'rice casts a golden ray, Dissolves its brittle mass, and floats away;

The preface gives an account of Fix'd in the breast, where pride or int'rest, Mr. Horneman, his offering himself thrives,

to, and being accepted by the society, And love a secondary passion lives ; concluding with a letter from him Where children cherish'd by affection's ray, previous to his departure from Cairo, Long in the dust the partial sire to lay; containing the necessary arrangeTlu' daily fondness beams the constant ments for his intended journey ; from smile,

which we learn he was under the neAnd only w sely keeps its own awhile.

cessity of travelling as a Mahommedan Here obligation e'en beneath the wing

merchant, the very supposition of his That hatches it to life will fix a sting; Here worth is trampled down by mounted posed him to the danger of death.

being a Christian would have ex. pride; And modesty hy av'rice push'd aside;

This letter also informs us, that Such slow discernment guides the stupid upon “the arrival of the French on crowd,

the coast of Egypt, himself and other That impudence for talent is allow'd. Europeans were seized, and confined lu life's true masquerade fools are so blind, in the castle, rather as a place of reThas half a thin disguise will cheat man- fuge from the indignation and fanakind;

ticism of the populace, than as a priHere ostentation weak expedients tries, son, where they remained until the To lead from happiness our wand'ring eyes. arrival of the French at Cairo." Thou wouldst do good! but be thou pure as He further writes, “ Soon after With ev'ry kindness let thy busom glow;

their coining, I made acquaintance Detraction's pois’ nous breath thy fame shall thollet and Monge ; they liberated

with two of their learned men, Berblot, Or envy's microscope pry out a spot.

and presented me to the commander Has then this sickly world no cordial in chief, and he received me with

every inark of attention and good. This storm of passion no delightful calm

His regard for science and Yes, as the traveller mid dreary wastes, esteem of learned men are too well Here meets a flow'ret, there a fountain knowo to render it necessary for me

to expatiate on these high qualities. As stars that aid the gloom of during night, So scatter'd worth diffuses partial light;

He promised me protection, he of. O'er all our ills a self-born radiance sheds,

fered me money, or whatever was More bright, like phosphorus, as darkness requisite for my undertaking, and

he directed the necessary passports to spreads. Let potent wisdom smooth the wrinkled be prepared for me.” p. xx, xxi. It brow,

is also added, “ I have been in some And sweet complacence soften all below ;

doubt as to the means of sending this See in each rising sun new comfort giv'n, letter ; but on my request, Generat And when it sets behold a nearer heav'n; Bonaparte has, with great goodness, The few rare gems of friendship here im- hiniseli condescended to take charge prove,

of its sale conveyance." P. XXV. As fading emblems of eternal love.

To the jourual is prefixed a plan of the route of Mr. Horneman from

Egypt to Fezzan), with the coasts and CXV. The JOURNAL OF FREDERICK countries adjacent, compiled by Major

Rennell, 1802. HORNEMAN'S TRAVELS from Cairo io Mourzouk, the Capital of the King

Chapter Il. comprehends the voydom of Fezzan, in Africa, in the age from Cairo to Augila, and conYears 1797-8, 4to.

tains seven sections, the first of which

takes us to Uminesogeir. HE introduction to this volume Ou the first day our traveller join

contains a review of the de- ed the caravan, he felt some inconve. signs, pursuits, and progress of the nience, having travelled from break Volili

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p. 26–28.

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of day till noon, and no indication and useless idler in their troop.' appeared of halt or refreshment, p. 2, 3. when he observed the principal and We have in this section an account richest merchants gnawing a dry bis- of the provision the Arab makes for cuit and some onions as they went his journey, and the nature of his on, and was then, for the first time, food, which is thus described. informed that it was not customary “ The Arab sets out on his journey to unload the camels for regular re- with a provision of flour, kuskasa

, past, or to stop during the day time, onions, mutton suet, and oil or butbut in case of urgent necessity. This ter, and some of the richer class add his first inconvenience was soon reme- to this store a proportion of biscuit died by the hospitality of some Arabs, and of dried flesh. As soon as the who were riding near him, and who camels are halted, and the baggage invited him to partake of their pro- unladen, the drivers and slaves dig visions.

a small hole in the sands wherein to “ Soon after sun-set, our sheik make a fire, and then proceed in gave the signal for halting, and we search of wood, and of three stones pitched our tents."

to be placed round the cavity, for Our traveller then proceeds to state the purpose of confining the embers the following incident, which we have and supporting the cauldron. The extracted as one specimen of the cauldron, (which is of copper) being character and manners of those with set over, the time till the water bewhom he associated.

gins to boil is employed, first in dis“My dragoman, or interpreter, cussing, and then in preparing, what might, even in Europe, have passed the mess of the day shall consist of. for a good cook; and from remains The ordinary meal is of hasside, a of the provision which our hospitable stiff farinaceous pap, served up in a friends at Cairo had supplied, was copper dish, which'in due economy preparing an excellent supper, when of utensils and luggage is at other an old Arab.of Augila, observing his times used for serving water to the preparations, and that inyself was camels : when this pap or pudding is unemployed addressed me nearly as thus served on table, it is diluted follows: "Thou art young, and yet with a soup poured on it, enriched or dost not assist in preparing the meal seasoned with the monachie dried and of which thou art to partake; such, finely pulverized. At other times the . perhaps, may be a custom in the land dinner consists of four kneaded into

of inndels, but is not so with us, and a strong dough, which being divided • especially on a journey: thanks to into small cakes and boiled, affords God, we are not in this desert dependent on others, as are these poor mijotta. A yet better repast is made

a species of hard dumplins called • pilgrims, but eat and drink what we of dried meat boiled together with ourselves provide, and as we please. mutton suet, onions sliced thin

, * Thou oughtest to learn everything crumbled biscuits, salt, and a good * that the meanest Arab performs, quantity of pepper. The meat isted • that thou mayest be enabled to assist others in cases of necessity, for the master, and the broth alone otherwise thou wilt be less esteen is the mess of his followers. The

ed, as being of less value than a slaughtering of a cainel affords: • mere woman; and many will think feast to the camel drivers and slaves. * they may justly deprive thee of The friends of the owner of the beast every thing in thy possession, as have a preference in the purchase ; thing; (adding sarcastically) per. Slave comes in for a share: no part of • haps thou art carrying a large sum the animal, capable of being gnawed * well. This remonstrance was not post; the very bones pass througe sisted in every thing that was not

various hands and mouths before beyond my force, and proportion- sandals of the skin, and they weave ally gained on the good opinion and the hair into twine. esteem of my fellow travellers, and “It is not on every occasion that was no longer considered as a weak time can be allowed, or guaterials

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found, for dressing victuals : in the these runs a flat tract of moorish anticipation of such an exigency, the swampy land, from one to six miles traveller provides a food called simi- in breadth, abounding in springs, and tée : it consists of barley boiled until to which we resorted every second or it swells, then dried in the sun, and third day for a supply of water; but then further dried over the fire ; and at the period of our journey, the lastly, being ground into a powder; springs throughout the whole valley it is mixed with salt, pepper, and were nearly dried up. The water carraway-seed, and put into a leather which remained, and run or spread bag: when it is to be used, it is on the surface, was bitter; yet digkneaded into a dough, with just was ging wells near to these rivulets or ter enough to give it consistency, marshes we found water at the depth and it is served up with butter or only of five or six feet, which was oil

. If further diluted with water, sweet and palatable.” p. 10. then dates are added to the meal, Section l'Il. Ummesogier, and further and it is called roum. Such is the Journey 10 Siwah. food of the traveller when there is a In describing the inhabitants of this scarcity of fuel or of water, and none place the author says, “ Its inhabican be expended in boiling. I was tants, poor as they appeared, receive often, for days together, without ed us with hospitality; they came other food than this cold farinaceous down, almost to a man, from their pap, mixed with a few dates. Onions houses, and assisted us in watering and red Spanish pepper are the gene- our camels, or whatever service was ral, and the only seasonings of each required. Towards evening I walked meal, with the addition of salt.” up to the village by a path of very A 5, 6.

difficult access. Coming to a kind of On the third day from their de- market-place, in its centre I observ: parture they entered the desert, and ed bargains making with such eageron the eleventh arrived at the small ness, noise and altercation, that one village of Ummesogier.

should suppose the dealings to be of Section II. contains Observations the first moment; but I soon peron the Desert from the Valley of Natron ceived the sellers to be only a few in the Mountains of Ummesogier. poor pilgrims of our caravan, and

This section notices the petrified their articles of trade to be merely wood found in this vast tract of sands, henna hoechel, rings of lead or glass, and informs us that “ sometimes are and such like ornaments for women; seen whole trunks of trees of twelve which, with a little shot and gunfeet in circumference or more, powder, they were bartering for sometimes only branches and twigs, dates; the merchandise on either scarcely of a quarter of an inch dia. side was not altogether worth a meter; and sometimes merely pieces crown." pill. of bark of various kinds, and in par- Section IV. announces the arrival ticular of the oak, are to be found.” at Siwah, and describes the place, -" The interior of other bo which the author says is a sinall indies of timber was become a petri. dependent state, and acknowledges faction, shewing no distinctions of the grand sultan paramount, but grain or fibre, but bearing the appear- pays him no tribute. “It is built ance of mere stone, though the out- upon, and round a mass of rock, in ward coat and form of the substance which, according to tradition, the clearly denoted the tree.p. 8. antient people had only caves for

"These petrifactions are sometimes their habitation. Indeed the style of scattered in single pieces, but are building is such, that the actual oftener found in irregular layers, or houses might be taken for caves; strata, covering together a consider- they are raised so close to each able space of ground.” p. 9. other that many of the streets, even

On the subject of water in this part at noon, are dárk, and so intricate of the Desert is the following obser- that a stranger cannot find his way vation. "To the north of the Desert into or out of the town, small as it is, runs a chain of steep and bare calca- without a guide. Many of the houses, Teous mountains, which were in con- built on the declivity of the rock, and stant view of our caravan, travelling especially those terminating the de. at the distance of three to seven miles scent towards the plain, are of more in like direction. At the foot of than ordinary height, and their walls



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particularly thick and strong, so as to by party support and interest, gained form a circumvallation of defence to the most applause, and carried the the town witbin.

greatest influence; perhaps such re“ The people of our caravan com- sult is not uncommon in most popular pared Siwah to a bee-hive, and the meetings. Whenever these councils comparison is suitable, whether re- cannot agree ultimately on any point, garding the general appearance of then the leaders and people Ay to the eminence thus covered with arms, and the strongest party carries buildings, the swarm of its people the question. Justice is administered crowded together, or the confused according to antient usage, and genenoise, or hum and buz from its narrow ral notions of equity. Fines, to be passages and streets, and which reach paid in dates, constitute the punishthe

a considerable dis. ments: for instance, the man who tance.” p. 14.

strikes another pays from ten to fifty This district is a very fruitful kaftas or baskets of dates; these valley, and well watered, and, assisted baskets, by which every thing in this by no great industry of the natives, it place is estimated and appraised, are produces corn, oil, and vegetables about three feet high, and four in for the use of man and beast: its circumference." p. 16. chief produce is dates, which from The dress of the people is describtheir great quantity and excellent ed; their character, which represents favour, render the place proverbial them to be very great thieves, is for fertility among the surrounding given, and a specimen of their lanArabs of the Desert. Each inhabi. guage concludes the section. tant possesses one or more gardens, Section V. Antiquities of Siwah. making his relative wealih, and As our traveller and his interpreter these it is his whole business to water were suspected of being Christians, it and cultivate. The dates produced was necessary for him to proceedi are preserved in public magazines, with caution. He had observed, in of which the key is kept by the sheik: approaching the spot destined for to these store - houses the dates are their encampment, some ruins of an brought in baskets closely rammed extensive building, which he visited down, and a register of each deposit several times, but on account of the is kept.

suspicion they entertained of him, he " North-west of Siwah there is a was prevented from making that acstratum of salt extending a full mile, curate inspection he desired; for on and near it salt is found on the sur- one of his visits some of the Siwabans face, lying in clods or small lumps. said to him, “ Thou undoubtedly art On this spot rise nuinerous springs, yet a Christian in thy heart, else why and frequently a spring of water per- come so often to visit these works fectly sweet is found within a few of infidels.” This building he sup. paces from one which is salt." p. 15, poses to be the famous Temple of Japi16.

ter Ammon. From the cursory view The nature and administration of he took, he gives a description of the their government is thus described. ruins, and contends, that although “. According to their antient consti. these should not be the ruins of the tution and Jaws of the state, the go- building he supposes, that Siwah had vernment should be vested in twelve been a residence of the antient Amsheiks, two of whom were to admini. monites. He says, “I draw my ster its powers in rotation ; but a few conclusions from the relative situayears past twenty other wealthy citi- tion of the country; from the quality zens forced themselves into a share of of the soil; from its fertility; from the authority, assumed the title of sheik, information of its inhabitants, that no and enlarging the circle of aristocra- other such fruitful tract is to be found cy, increased the pretensions and any where near; and, in addition to disputes for power. "On each matter the certainty at least that some great of public concern they now hold and magnificent building once here general councils. I attended several stood, I derive a further conclusion of these general meetings, held close from the numerous catacombs to be to the town wall, where the chief's found in the vicinity." P. 25. were squatted in state; and I ob- Our traveller visited the catacombs, served that a strong voice, violent which he briefly describes as of din action, great gesticulation, abetted ferent extent, and each wrought with

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