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His peace requires it. People for me, when they were sick my love to sting the passionate : they "clothing was sackcloth : I humbled who are easily provoked, commit • my soul with fasting, and my prayer their repose to the keeping of their returned into my own bosoin. I enemies: they lie down at iheir feer, 'behaved myself as though he had and invite them to strike. The man * been my friend or brother: I bowed of temper places himself bevond vex- • down heavily, as one that mourneth atious interruption. He that bath for bis mother!' View Stephen, dr. • no rule over his own spirit, is like a ing under a shower of stones : he • city that is broken down and without more than pardons, he prays; he is walls,' into which enter over the more concerned for his enemies, than ruins, toads, : serpents, vagrants, for himself; in praying for bimself, thieves, enemies -- while the man, he stood; in praying for his enemies, who in patience possesses his soul, be kneeled; he kneeled and said, has the command of himself, places • Lord, Jay not this sin to their a defence all around him, and forbids charge. A greater than Josephi

, the entrance of such unwelcome com- or David, or Siephen, is here. He pany to ottend or discompose. endured every kind of insult: but

"His wisdom requires it. • He when he was reviled, he reviled not • that is slow to anger is of great un- ' again : when he suffered, he threat

derstanding : but he that is basty of ened not; but committed himself spirit exalteth folly,' • Anger rest- ito him that judgeih righteously.' . eth in the bosom of fools.' Wisdom Go to the foot of the cross, and be. gives us large, various, comprehen- hold him suffering for us,

• leaving sive, sailing-round views of things: us an example that we should fol. the very exercise operates as a diver: • low his steps.' Every thing code sion, aifords the mind time to cool, spired to rendered the provocation and furnishes numberless circum- heinous, the nature of ibe otsence, stances tending to soften severity.. the meanness and obligations of the Such is the meekness of wisdom. oflenders, the righteousness of bis

Thus candour is the offspring of cause, the grandeur of his person: knowledge.

and all these seemed to call for ven** His dignity requires it. It is geance. The creatures were eager to • the glory of a man to pass by a trans- punisl. Peter drew his sword. The gression.' • Be not overcome of sun resolved to shine on such crimievil, but overcome evil with good.' pals no longer. The rocks asked to The man provoked to revenge, is crush them. The earth trembles uaconquered, and loses the glory of the der the sintul load. The very dead struggle ; wbile he who forbears, cannot remain in their grares :-He comes off victor, crowned with no sutlers them all to testisty their symcoinmon laurels : he that is slow to pathy, but forbids their revenge : • anger is better than the mighty: and lest the Judge of all should pour • and he that ruleth his spirit, than he forth his fury, he cries, · Father, for• that taketh a city' A tlood assails give thein, for they know not what a rock, and rolls oif unable to make they do.'— Here is the patience of an impression ; while straws, and a God. boughs are borne off in triumph, car- Secondly, Patience is to be disried down the streain, and driven, played in suffering aftliction. Man and tossed.

is born to trouble, as the sparks thy " It is also required by examples, upward ;' and so far are the saints the most worthy of oui imitation. from being exempted, that we are What provocations had Joseph re- told 'many are the afflictions of the ceived from his brethren? but he • righteous. We shall not describe scarcely mentions the crime, so eager them : we have only to inquire afier is he to announce the pardon: • And the temper with which they are to be • he said, I am Joseph your brother, borne. It is not necessary to be in• whom ye sold into Egypt: now sensible; there's no virtue in bearing

therefore be not grieved, nor angry what we do not feel : grace takes • with yourselves that ye sold me hic away the heart of stone, and patience : ther; for God did send me before does not bring it back. You may de

you to preserve life.' Hear David: sire deliverance; but these desires • They rewarded me evil for good, will not be rash, insisting, uncondito the spoiling of my soul. But as tional; but always closed with never

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theless, not as I will, but as thou . affliction, and of patience. You • wilt.' You may employ means to have heard of the patience of Job. obtain freedom; but these means • He was stripped of all-and he said, will be lawful ones. A suffering • the Lord gave, and the Lord hath Christian may see several ways of "taken away, and blessed be the release, but he seeks only God's way. o name of the Lord : what! shall we • He who confined me shall bring me « receive good at the Lord's hands, .forth; bere will I stand still to see " and shall we not receive evil? Con

the salvation of the Lord, which be • sider the unparalleled sufferings of
* will shew me. He would rather thy Saviour : he said, the cup which
endure the greatest calamity, than my Father giveth me to drink, shall
commit the least sin: and while the • I 'not drink it?-Do not imagine
afliction remains, there is no rebel- these trials are fruits of my displea-
lious carriage, no foaming expres- • sure: as many as I love, I rebuke
sions, no hard thoughts of God, no · and chasten. I design thy welfare,
charging him foolishly. He calmly and I know how to advance it.
acquiesces in a coodition, of the dis- . You have often been mistaken, and
advantages of which he is fully sen- • sometiines led to deprecate events,
sible : his patience keeps him in the " which you now see to have been
medium between presumption and . peculiar mercies. Trust me in this
despair ; between despising the chas- • dispensation : reasons forbid my ex-
'tening of the Lord, and fainting plaining things fully at present:
* when rebuked of him ;' between what I do, thou knowest not now,
feeling too little and too much.- .but thou shalt know hereafter. In
Here then is another field, in which the mean time be assured, I do not
palience inay gather glory. Affic. " alict willingly, nor grieve the chile
tion comes to exercise our patience, dren of men. These troubles are
and to distinguish it. • The trial of • as necessary for thy soul, as medi:
'your faith worketh patience;' not * cine for the body, the furnace for
ouly in consequence of the divine ·gold, the knife for the vine. Be not
blessing, but by the natural operation afraid of the affliction, I have it
of things ; use makes perfect, the completely under my management;
yoke is rendered easy by being worn, when the end is answered I will re-
and those parts of the body which are move it, and I know how to deliver.
most in action, are the most strong « Till then, fear not, for I am with
and solid. And therefore you are not • thee; be not dismayed, for I am
to excuse improper dispositions un. * thy God:, I will strengthen thee,
der affliction by saying, It was so ' yea I will keep thee, yea I will up-
trying, who could help it?' this is • hold thee with the right hand of my
to justify impatience by what God "righteousness.'- could I hear this,
sends on purpose to make you pa- this would hush each rebellious sigh,
tient: be assured the fault is not in check every murmuring thought.-Is
the condition, but in the temper. this then supposition has not God
Labour therefore to display this grace said all this, does he not say all this
in whatever state you are, and how- in his word?
ever afflicted you may be. Impa. “ Thirdly, Patience is to be exer-
tience turns the rod into a scorpiui. cised under delays. We as naturally
Till you wipe your eyes from this pursue a desired good, as we shun an
suffusion of tears, you cannot see apprehended evil: the want of such
what God is doing; and while the a good is as grievous as the pressure
noisy passions are so clamorous, his of such an evil; and an ability to
small still voice cannot be heard. bear the one, is as needful a qualifi-
Suppose you were lying on a bed of cation, as the fortitude by which we
pain, or walking in the tield under endure the other. It therefore equally
some heavy afiliction; suppose you belongs to patience, to wait as to
were alone, and heard a voice which sutter. We read of the patience of
you kuew to be the voice of God. • hope :' patience will be rendered

Do not imagine your case is singu- necessary according to the degree of
Jar
, there has been sorrow like unto hope. Hope delerred maketh the
Take the prophets,

• heart sick it is the office of pawho have spoken in the name of the tience to prevent this tainting. And * Lord, for an example of suffering God is perpetually calling for the

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exercise of it. He does not always 'rest. I would hasten my escape immediately indulge you with an ait- • from the storniy wind and tempest. swer to prayer. He hears indeed as • when shall I come and appear soon as you knock, but he does not • before God! When shall I leave the open the door: to stand there re- • dregs of society, and join the genesolved not to go without a blessing ral assembly above? When will my requires patience, and patience cries • clear connections gone before, re"wait on the Lord; be of good con- 'ceive me into everlasting habita

rage, and he will strengthen thine * tions: O how I envy them! O the • heart; wait I say on the Lord' glories of yonder world! I seem inHe does not appear to deliver us ac- distinctly to see the shining prize ; cording to the time of our especta- "to hear a little of their melody-0 tion ; and in woe we number days, ' that was a perfume blown across and hours; the language of desire is 'the river ; how it revives my spirits, “O when wilt thou come unto me?' and calls me away!'

. But a 'voice and of impatience, why should I cries, be patient, brethren, onto the • wait for the Lord any longer?'-but 'coming of the Lord; behold the patience whispers, it is good that a husbandman waiteth for the pre* man should both hope, and quietly cious fruits of the earth, and hath * wait for the salvation of the Lord.'- 'long patience for it, until he receive To long for pardon, and to feel only the former and the latter rain. The an increased sense of guilt; to im- saint answers, I pray not that he plore relief, and to be able only to should take me out of the world, say, ' without are fightings, and but keep me from the evil. I am « within are fears ;' to journey in a ' willing to remain, while he has a weary Jand, and see the way stretch- station for me to fill, a duty for me ing out immeasurably before us, “to perform, a trial for me to bear. lengthening as we go; to pursue bles- * All the days of my appointed time sings which seem to recede as we ad- • will I wait until my change come.'vance, or to spring from our grasp as • Here is the patience of the saints.' we are seizing them-all this re- “ Let us learn then, my brethren, quires patient continuance in well: how necessary it is for us to possess

doing.' We have also need of pa- this temper of mind : it is of perpetience, that, after we have done the tual and universal use. All of you • will of God, we may receive the need it, and will need it always. You • promises.'-See the Christian wait. do not all need genius, learning, ing composedly year after year in wealth--but what will you do in a a vale of tears, for an infinite hap: world like this without patience ? piness; the heir of such an inne- How can you pass through a wilderritance resigned to abide so long in ness of thorns and briars, unless indigence ! Surely, it is trying to be • your feet be shod with the preparadetained so many months at anchortion of the gospel of peace' Who off the fair haven, the end of his voy

can say,

my mountain stands so age in view; to have all the glory of strong, I shall never be moved?'the unseen world laid open to the 'If a man live many years, and reeye of faith ; the trials of this life to "joice in them all; yet let him reurge, and the blessings of another to member the days of darkness, for draw; to have earnests to ensure, • they shall be many : all that cometh and foretastes to endear-Surely, • is vanity.'-How undesireable is a there is enough to make him dissatis- squeamish appetite, that incessantly fied to stay here. And it seems pro- requires delicacies; a puny body that per for the Christian to be more than can bear no hardships; a tender willing to go. Should an Israelite fix frame, that must not be exposed to on this side the promised land? Is he the variations of the weather: but not commanded to arise and depart how much worse is it to have a soft, hence? Can he love God, unless he enervated, pampered constitution of wishes to be with him? Does not the mind, that must be stroked or rocked new nature tend towards its perfec. like a child; that can with extreme tion ?- What wonder therefore, if we difficulty be pleased; that must have should hear the believer sighing, '() every thing according to its fancy. " that I had wings like a dove; for in a state where so little is left io

tlien would I tiee away, and be at choice and convenience, and where

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we are liable to trials and changes their condition stated and provedevery day; we should seek after a Reasons assigned for believing that general preparation, and strengthen a restitution of the old slavery is the and invigorate' the soul by pa- true object which the West India tience.

expedition is designed to accomplish. * -Labour strenuously, not only to SII. The probable issue of the exacquire this grace, but to excel in it. pedition as far as relates to the French Seek higher degrees of it; exercise it Colonies enquired into-Motives that not in one thing, but in every thing, will induce the negroes to resistand in every thing to the end. Let Their means of resistance - Gepatience have its perfect work, that ye neral difficulties of West India war

may be perfect and entire, lacking Their nature and canses explained * nothing. There is a God of patience, Comparative advantages possessed by who giveth more grace. Approach negro troops-Means of repelling inhim with enlarged desire, that you may vasion arising from the face of the abound in this grace also, "sirengthe country and the climate-Difficulties 'ened with all might according to his of keeping the negroes in subjection 'glorious power, unto all patience and if conquered, and of restoring perma. long-suffering with joyfulness.' nently the foriner system of boudagé.

"And remember, you will not al- III. The probable consequences of ways be called to the exercise of pa- the expedition inore inmediately aftience ; your warfare will soon be fecting the interest of Great Britain in 'accomplished :' for yet a little the West Indies considered - Ist.Con'while, he that shall coine, will come, sequences of the total failure of the ' and will not tarry.' A little more enterprise - 2d. Those of a middle patience, and the wicked shall cease event or compromise ; or of an imfrom troubling, and the weary be at mediate agreement on the basis of rest: then, farewell

, provocatio:), af- the liberty of the negroes--3d. Profiction, and anxious delays. Patience, bable ettects of the entire success of having conveyerl you safe, and being the supposed enterprise of the Reno longer necessary, shall return for public-Dangers to which the British more; but it shall leave you in a state Islands will in either of these cases bé where all shall be peace, all shall be exposed.IV. Measures that the quietness, all shall' be assurance for prospects opened in the former letters ever. O bless our God, ye people, and should suggest-A strict neutrality make the voice of his praise to be heard between France and her Colonies -for thou. O God, hast proved us, thou recommended - Means of defence hast tried us, as silver is tried : we that ought to be prepared in our West went through fire and through water, India Islands-Right of Parliament to but thou bringhtest us out into a wealthy make laws for the government of the place,' p. 40-55

Colonies considered - Thoughts on the (To be continued.)

means of settling Trinidada-The vacant lands ought not to be settled by means of Slavery and the Slave Trade

- The sale of the Crown Lands CIX. The Crisis of the Sugar Colonies; ought at least to be deterred-Moral

07, An Enquiry into the objects and view of the question of opening a probable Effects of the French Expe- new slave Colony after the resoladition to the West Indies; and their tions of the House of Commons in Connection with the Colonial Interests 1792 - Innocent uses that may be of the British Empire. To which are

made of this Island - Its commersubjoined, Sketches of a Plan for sete cial advantages--The practicability lling the vacant Lands of Trinidada. of cultivating the uncleared lands In Four Letters to the Right Hon. by the labour of free Negroes-GeHENRY ADDINGTON, Chancellor neral suggestions on that head-Conof the Exchequer, &c.

clusion.

Having given the whole of the conLet. I.

flections on the Peace the last letter, containing the author's Subjects of enquiry proposed--For- plan for settling the vacant lands of mer slavery of the negroes in the Trinidada. French Colonies defined and describ- “ To the West India possessions ed-Nature of the recent changes in of Great Britain the peace has now made a great and very valuable ad- sis which we have been contemplatdition. The large and fertile island ing, will most probably arrive; and of Trinidada, an island comprising then if your old colonies are to be in perhaps 1500 square miles of the jeapardy, let us enquire what better richest territory between the tropics, security will you have in the new? has been added to the crown of the " Wherever negro bondage is United Kingdoms.

planted, interior danger and in beci“• What å mine of wealth bas Spa- lity must inevitably take root with nish indolence left unopened in this it; and grow with its growth; but • luxuriant soil, of which scarcely a this must more especially be the * thousandth part perhaps has yet case, where an extensive island is ra• been put in tillage, nor one acre pidly peopled with new negroes from • in a hundred yet granted from the Africa; because, it is an admitted crown! What large sums may be fact, that such negroes are far more

raised by the sale of these lands! prone to insurrection than the Creole • and what great additions made by slave, who is subdued by education - their future produce to our imports to his degraded state, and is ren• and revenue! Let Trinidada only dered by babit less intolerant of the • be placed on the same footing, in yoke; because also, numbers, and a • point of constitution and laws, with wide range of territory, give confi• our other West India colonies, and dence to the spirit of revolt; and be• her ports be open to the slave trade; cause, the dreadful mortality, ever • and British enterprise will soon rea- attendant on the clearing of nex . lise these golden prospects. The lands between the tropics, must form uncleared lands will be purchased at one great additional subject of dishigh prices, by eager competitors; content. When it is considered that they will soon be disencumbered of no island comparable in magnitude their timber, thrown open to the to Trinidada, has yet been settled sun, and broken by the hoe; the with the rapidity which, from the sugar cane will speedily cover with present extent of credit, and preva

its most luxuriant growth the whole lence of West India speculation, may • surface of the island; and the pro- in this case be expected, these inte• duce will equal, if not exceed, the rior sources of weakness and insecu. • most abundant crops of Jamaica !' rity seem likely to be great there be

“Such are the dreams of avarice, yond all former precedent. Nor and such already has been the lan- should it be forgotten that the shock guage which she has insinuated not to commercial credit from the loss only into the public mind, but I of such a colony, would be dangerous, doubt not also still more assiduously, in proportion to the recency and into your own private ear. But from magnitude of the speculations of the delusions of these wizard scenes, which it had been the field. let the considerations here set before “ If we look to the exterior sources you be your safeguard ; for if they of danger, we shall find that Trinihave any force, those gaudy prospects dada will be exposed beyond most of have no more reality, than the ver- our other islands to invasion ; while in dant fields which tempt the feverish the case supposed, it would present patient in a calenture to plunge into the strongest attractions to an enemy. the ocean.

It has the important disadvantage in “That you have the means of imme- a belligerent view, of being situated diately opening a new slave colony of to leeward of Cayenne, and of all the great agricultural capacity, is indeed Dutch settlements on the continent, true ; nor can it be denied that com- within a short distance from the formercial enterprise would probably mer, and still nearer to all the latter; make rapid advances in its settlement. and is separated on the south only by Open the flood-gates of the Guinea a narrow straight, from the Spanish market upon this new soil, and it will main; wirile Tobago, an island now soon be saturated with many millions restored to the Republic, lies close to of British capital spent in improve. its opposite shore. By colonies therements; but before you plant, it is fore either of France, or of Powers prudent to enquire who is likely to dependent upon France, this island reap the harvest. Before any pro. is in a manner surrounded, and from portionate returns for this great capi- thence at all times accessible. tal can be expected, the perilous cri- The situation in respect of those

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