Obrazy na stronie

conceals it from mortal eyes. It is by whom the worlds were made and worthy of remark, that the genealogy are upheld, whose ó throne is for ever of our blessed Lord's humanity is and ever:' in one word Christ Jemore clear, and distinct, and ex- sus, ' who is over all, God blessed for tended than that of any other person. 'ever.' Two several Evangelists have declared, “ You are well aware that the doc. it, pursuing it, through two different trine which we wish to establish is in but parallel channels, up to Abra- the present day violently opposed ; hain, and from him up to the com- and while it is maintained in this mon Father of the human race. In place, it may be perhaps in the next this respect, the Spirit himself help- street the subject of profane mirth, or 'eth our infirmity; and he who by of serious argumentation. Thinking the mouth of Isaiah seems to forbid as we do, we will not enter the lists and defy all inquiry, by the pen of of controversy. We will not employ Matthew and Luke makes a clear your time, nor endeavour to enlist and full discovery, and enables us to your passions, by running down one trace the pedigree of Jesus Christ, name, party or opinion, and exalting like that of any other man. It is the another, but will simply and humbly, peculiar privilege of the sacred vo. 'though at the same time, firmly and lume to unfold the real history of unreservedly, propose for your inhuman nature, of the globe, of the struction and improvement, what apuniverse, to follow nature up to the pears to be the meaning and object hour of her birth, to declare the of Scripture ; and, considering the 'generations of the heavens and of' divinity of our Lord and Saviour Jethe earth when they were created ; sus Christ as the first leading object in the day that the Lord God made of all revelation, we will uniformly " the earth and the heavens ;' to ex- bring it forward in every discourse. hibit the first man Adam in the plas- If therefore these exercises are at all tic hands of the Creator springing frequented, or attended unto, it will out of the dust of the ground, and, be by such as expect, and are well inspired with the breath of life, be- pleased, to hear of the great Mediator coming a living soul.' The same between God and man, the Man inspired volume represents to our at. Christ Jesus, in his original, everlasttention one person, and one event, ing, unchanging glory, and in his huas of peculiar importance; as per miliation, as the son of man, to the vading, influencing and ailecting the form of a servant; to the death of the whole course of Nature and Provi- cross, a propitiation for sin, To this, dence; as contemporary with every we trust, not unknown God, our altar generation of men, as looked unto is erected and dedicated, and on it and longed for by successive ages. we would again present our whole In order that the truth of God might selves a living sacrifice unto the one be fully justified, and have its com- true God, and our Saviour Jesus plete effect, the relation in which •Christ, to whom be glory for ever this illustrious person stood to those ' and ever'." who had received the promises of his

" Who shall declare his-generacoming, is distinctly ascertained and • tion?' Incapable thou art, man, minutely described; so that at every to trace back the short and slender period of the world we can say, lo, thread of thy own existence and delie is here, and lo He is there. But the scent. Thou mayest have some faint inspired volume likewise represents recollection of weak and dependent him as before all and above all. If there- childhood; of a father's early care, fore this book be a revelation from and of a mother's tenderness, of the heaven, it must contain real and im- amusements, the companions, the soportant truth, and that truth clothed licitudes, the sorrows and joys of thy in plain, simple and intelligible lan- boyish days. But all beyond is i guage; we must perceive, of conse- blank; to thee creation began a few quence, in the

man of sorrows and years ago; the second or third, at acquainted with grief,' a person most, of thy own immediate proge. whose generation no one is able to nitors, is blended with the men who declare, who is before all and by lived beyond the flood. We are ig

whom all things do consist :' whom norant of and unknown to each all the angels of God are commanded other. How much more so are the to worship, the heir of all things,' men of distant nations and of times

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more remote? But family tradition, self in the person of the Redeemer, National record, the inspired page in a manner still more incomprehencan supply the want of personal know. sible, for perfecting the plan of re. ledge, can carry us back to departed demption? Shall I reject as untrue forefathers, and bring them down to or absurd whatever I do not clearly us. But what recollection, what tra. understand or am unable perfectly to dition, what record, can carry us be explain? The consciousness which i yond the birth of nature, can convey have of my own being must be re. us to a state of existence previous to nounced then among the first, and the lapse of time? Now the person of every thing within and around us whom the prophet speaks, as we saw must be reduced to darkness, doubt, in the preceding lecture, is the WORD and uncertainty. who spake all things into existence, “ Blessed Jesus, we cannot declare who built the world, who spread the thy generation, and would not be food, who set time a flowing, who wise above what is written, but we breathed into man's nostrils the adore in silent wonder, we rejoice breath of life.' Who then of the that the Word was made flesh and sons of men, which of the angels of • dwelt among us,' and that men 'be. God shall declare the generation of held his glory, the glory as of the him who made them what they are, only begotten of the Father, full of who placed them in their stations, grace and truth. We rejoice that who prescribed to them bounds which what we know not now we shall know they cannot pass ? The slightest de. hereafter. Suffice it now that we tail of nature, Oman, presents a see Jesus, who was made a little mystery which thou canst not solve, • lower than the angels, for the sufe a world which thou canst not con- fering of death crowned with glory prehend unto perfection. That seed . and honour, that he by the grace of cast into the ground cannot be quick- • God should taste death for every 'ened except it die;' canst thou de- man:' that it became hiin, for clare the generation of this insect, to * whom are all things, and by whom day a butterfly, yesterday a moth, are all things, in bringing many sons the third day a mere lifeless incrus. unto glory, to make the Captain of tation, and presumest thou to explain their salvation perfect through sufthe great mystery of godliness, God 'ferings.' We can form no concepmade ma est in the flesh;' at so tion of a state pre-existent to this many different times, in such divers frame of nature, for imagination itmanners made known unto the fa- self must draw its ideas from reality; thers by the prophets; and in these and to give scope to a faculty so fanlast days unveiled to us in the person tastical, in treating a subject of such of the Son, the brightness of his Fa- high moment, were presumptuous ther's glory, and the express image and profane. Let us reply then to of his person? We repeat the ques. the prophet's challenge, with the motion, understandest thou, and art ihou desty and humility becoming creaable to unfold the union that exists tures so ignorant, so limited, and so in thy own frame, between the clay imperfect. We presume not to extabernacle and the immortal mind; plore the records of eternity, to pry earth and heaven blended in thine into the counsels of peace, to measure own person? And shall it be thought the infinite Jehovah, his nature, his

a thing incredible,' that he who, decrees, his operations, by the con. in the uninterrupted course of his pro- tracted line of our finite understand, vidence, produces this union which ing ; but, taking Scripture for our inevery one is conscious of existing, structor and guide, we will with rethough no one is capable of explain. verence and joy coatemplate the ma. ing, should form other combinations, nifestation of the Son of God in the unite other natures, to declare his likeness of man, the mystery of the power and manifest his glory: Where. incarnation, his generation as one of fore should it be thought a thing our brethren. In the next lecture incredible,' that he who unites him therefore, if God permit, we will enself to every one of us, through the deavour to lead your attention to medium of reason and conscience, some of the remarkable circumstances for carrying on the plan of nature, which immediately preceded the birth should have united humanity to him- of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,

3 H

Vol. I,

and which give celebrity and noto- seldorf; and while the Count was siety to that illustrious event, and staying in this place a timber flost mark the interest which eternal Pro- passed upon the Rhine, of which he vidence took in it, and the impor. gives the following account in the tance thereby stamped upon it to 3d letter. every serious and reflecting mind. A timber foat having been anTu We conclude at present, with nounced, we went yesterday in the suggesting from what has been said, afternoon to Dusseldorf to see it; for and from every view which is given which purpose we hired a boat, and us in Scripture of the person of the rowed up the Rhine. The spray of Saviour, that there is spread around oars was seen from far, and we preit at once an effulgence that dazzles sently discovered a swimming village; and repels, and a mildness and sim- for such is the appearance of the plicity which composes and attracts. wooden huts that are built on the Is he spoken of as a man, we are sent float. to Bethlehem to behold a babe wrap- “ There are four floats that go ped in swaddling clothes, to Naza- every summer from Andernach to l'eth to converse with the carpenter's Holland. Each is about a thousand son, to Cana of Galilee to join with feet long, and a hundred and thirt; him in the innocent festivity of a wide. The number of the floatmen marriage solemnity, to Bethany to is four hundred and fifty: The rapi, witness the endearments of private dity of the stream, and the bulk and friendship, to Gethsemane to sympa- unwieldiness of the float, make the thize with the agonizing mourner, to navigation dangerous. The passage, scenes (such as daily occur in human if goud, will be from six to seren life'; but we are never left long to days; but if the water be low and consider a mere man in situations the wind violent and adverse, it may and employments like our own, a be as many weeks. Several anchors man of like passions with ourselves ; are carried, and the float lies at anthe glory of the Lord arises, the Son chor every night. In the evening of God stands confessed, a generation the anchors are taken into the boats not to be declared, a power that 110- and brought to the shore. The strong thing can resist, at which devils trem- motion of the float drags them at ble, which winds and seas obey, to first; but this motion slackens, and which death and the grave are sub- the float at last becomes stationary -servient. He speaks as never man “ The worth of the wood, of which spake, legions of angels are conti- the Aoat is composed, is estimated at nually on the wing to minister unto five hundred thousand florins. The him. Prophecy and history repre- toll it pays is heavy. At Dusseldorf sent him in the self-same lights, in it amounts to a hundred and sixteen alternate humiliation and majesty, pistoles ; at Kaisersworth, which is obscurity and splendor." p. 21-31. likewise a town palatine, eighty pis

toles ; and the Prussian tolls are still cvu. Travels through Germany, floatmen is estimated at upwards of

" The daily maintenance of the Switzerland, Italy, and Sicily. Translated from the German of FredeRIC each man for the whole voyage

a hundred Prixdollars. The pay of LEOPOLD COUNT STOLBERG. By Thomas HOLCROFT, in Four vols. only five rixdollars. Having arrived 8vo. a new Edition, embellished with

at their place of destination, they descriptive Copper Plates.

form themselves into parties of seven HE former edition of this was for the whole, and the losers are

each, club their pay, and then shoot The

noticed in our first volume, not obliged to beg their way home lowing additional extracts from this during the voyage delights and . found uninteresting or unentertain we saw.sat oxen on the float, and ing:

were informed that one was slaughTo the first volume is prefixed a téred daily. The cabin of the master map of Italy. The four first letters is as spacious as that of the captein

more severe.

is the lost






e stop with

o curious to give a

oung mechi Sastruments




Hefy for the use of floor- and sixteen, while an expeditious Travels through Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and Sicily. 427 p. 15-17.

writer could scarcely copy the proEgg and capiters.

Alfortourtraveller passes ducts fast enough *.
kfurt on the Main, and “ Mr. Auch is now (1790) five-and-

at Karlsruh to view twenty years old, and is the son of a

of mechanism, and peasant of Wurtemberg. When a aphical sketch of a child about the age of four or five, he

* Counsellor Böck- often rose with the sun, and diligently

indly shewn us his employed himself in mechanical purchanical and the promoting of me- suits

. He conducted water through experimental discove- tubes of elder ; dug wells; made con nies, and explained their uses. He duits of quills'; and about his sixth possesses a large astronomical clock, ycar made a pendulum clock from constructed by the reverend pastor shingles, with a kind of English cogs, Habo, which not only contains the which would go tolerably for a quar

common divisions of time, but has' ter of an hour. In his tenth year he 91 likewise divisions of ten, of a hun- wished his school-master to teach him bundred, and of a thousand years. The arithmetic ; in which request he was i spectator contemplates with pleasure not indulged. At eleven, he was per

the contrasted quick motion of the mitted to stand in a corner, while second hand and the thousand year the teacher heard the other scholars band, which turns on a small dial their lessons, all of whom he soon plate not larger than that of a Pariexcelled, and was often cited by the sian watch. The progress of the late master as an example, and as capable ter in fifty years is very small, so that of working sums too difficult for the its motion is imperceptible. The ten, other pupils. His father wished to bundred, and a thousand year hands bind him apprentice to a barber, but are not a mere display of the art of for this the boy had no inclination. the maker, they are of great use ; for “ At last he was brought acquaint. on the large dial plate, which con- ed, by his own pastor, with the Rev. tains all the lesser, the globes are de- Mr. Hahn, at "Kornwestheim, near scribed, and the progress of the stars Ludwigsburg, who found in him a denoted, so that the hands, by their scholar as apt to learn as he was combining motions, display the vari- thankful for instruction. He alterations, positions and appearances of wards quitted his teacher, and re, the earth and the heavenly bodies. sided at Vaisingen, a small town in We saw a watch made by Mr. Auch, the province of Wurtemberg, where of Stutgard, a scholar of the ininister, he married, and lived highly respecto Haha. He is only six-and-twenty, ed for his talents and his morals. He yet, in the opinion of some, he al- employed his leisure hours in read ready surpasses his master. This ing, much to the improvement of his watch contains the divisions of time, beart and understanding. Astrono: from a second to a century. Ou the mical knowledge was that which he opposite side, on a clouded azure most eagerly endeavoured to acquire. ground, is seen the course of the sun He constructed a meridian line for and the moon, with its nodes and himself, with other necessary astro. eclipses. The artist means to im- nomical instruments, and began, with prove this watch, and describe the great ardour, to observe the motions course of Venus as a morning and an of the heavenly bodies, proceeding evening star. The price of the watch to draw ingenious plans, to simplify is only three hundred rixdollars, astronomical watches, and the whole which is but about half the sum paid system of the universe. for an English time-keeper, and " I have the less difficulty in send. which does not describe the course ing you these anecdotes of a living of the heavenly bodies.

artist, because I think it highly pro“ This artist has likewise construct. bable that this young man, who has ed an arithmetical machine, that works the most difficult questions * The above particulars, and what follows with incredible expedition by the of his life, are to be found in an essay by aid of a comprehensive table; in professor Böckman, inserted in the first part about five hours he worked all the of the second volume of the Journal der Physums, from eleven times eleven to'one sick, published by Dr. Gren, professor at hundred and sixteen times a hundred Halle, 1790.

already displayed so much genius, town of Zürich built in a fruitful val. will hereafter make very valuable dis- ley, and arriving there notices the coveries." p. 51-55.

attention of the government to the From Karlsruh our traveller jour. convenience of the inhabitants, and nies through Ulm, Lindau, and Con- describes the nature and mode of stance, describing each place, and government. Lavater took us the the surrounding country, as he pro- day after our arrival to a public walk, ceeds, particularly the fall of the which, some years ago, was laid out Rhine. 'He enters Switzerland with on the south-east side of the town. these reflections : “ About a league There are high terraces among these before we came to Schaffhausen, we walks. These, and their various prosaw the Rhine in the valley, among spects, some gently rising towards the woody shores, strongly coursing its hills, some to the lake, discovering clear waves of einerald green, after the situation of Zürich, the lake be having refreshed itself in the lake of side which it is built, the Limmat, and Constance. The top of a hill, in the the water sluice, make this a charmforest over this stream, divides the ing place. Those liberal expences, German empire (there no longer which characterize a free people, are German) from Switzerland, half a incurred here as well for the profit as league before we come to Schaff- the pleasure of the burghers. The hausen. No longer German ! ingenious author, whose acute and

“ Nol-by the sacred waves of the just remarks have from the lines of Rhine, which rises among the moun- ihe face pointed out the propensities tains of our more free allies; and of the man, maintains that the police which, watering the plains of the Ba. of a town may be known from its tavians, lovers of liberty, empties it. pavement. It is natural that free self into the sea; no : our brethren citizens should equally consult their of these hills, and our brethren of convenience and their advantage ; these plains, are no longer German, and where the government is in one, because they would no longer endure or in many, it would be equally adthe yoke of tyranny. We contem- vantageous to the one, or the many, plate them with respect ; yet may were the enjoyments as well as the ihey never forget their origin! We necessities of the wholel their une cast a retrospective look of admira- deviating rule of action. A standing tion over their dark valleys, with a army, a brilliant court, a thousand hope that the time may come when expences of never satisfied caprice, the clouds that envelope our own and a vain and ruinous luxury: exhills shall disappear. Here and there, haust in many kingdoms the riches where and when it shall be necessary of their impoverished lands, but do may the mountains be visible! If not give happiness to their inhabi. they portend starins, they likewise tants. The fountain, which should poriend fertility. But oh, never may water the fields of the farmer, is made Germany, like France, mistake the to rush through the brazen throat of brand of exterminating discord for a dragon, or the marble breast of the fire of heaven! With such a de- a mermaid, and is the token of a Juge may her parched plains never be royal garden, the gates of which are fertilized I" P. 84, 85.

shut upon the citizeu, by whose la. After repeating their visit to the bour and at whose expence it has fall of the Rhine, they proceed on been constructed. their journey by Eglissau, and oh, “ In these cantons, where the exserve, as they travel in this country, pence is so trifling, the state is rich. that “ the same beneficent marks of The walks I have described cost prosperity which distinguish the town above a hundred thousand florins. are visible in the country. The peo- A wise government estimates the adple, well fed, well clothed, laborious, vantage which poor day labourers de and cheerful, live in roomy, clean, rive from works like these. Zürich and airy houses. Their fields have is wealthy by the wisdom of its ecothe appearance of gardens, by which nomy. It expends great sums for they are the more strikingly con- the benefit of the country. Its buildtrasted with the wild beauties of sur. ings and public institutions are berounding nature.

coming the dignity of a free town, “ As we travelled through them Patriotic simplicity ornaments the rewe suddenly perceived the pleasant gulated welfare of the happy burgher.

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