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T from more than forty-eight dit
Island situated near the Gulph of LXV. The Parent's FRIEND ; or, Mexico. His companions were his Extracts from the principal Works on wife, a most lovely woman, and four Education, from the Time of Monbeautiful children, whose history taigne to the present day, methodized, would form an interesting romance : with Notes by the EDITOR. -persecuted by their parents for a mutual love attachment, they forsook their native country. (America), to seek some distant asylum. On their ferent authors on the subject of eduvoyage they were wrecked; but for cation, and the treatment of youth, tunately escaped with their lives, and with the observations of the Editor, preserved their property. Finding who observes in his Preface," that the the little island on which they were name of an Author often acts like a thrown, to be in possession of a few talisman on the mind of the reader.” inhabitants of the most perfect sim- The different extracts are distinguishplicity of manners, and the most ed by figures, which correspond with a lively friendship, pleased also with Chronological Table of the works the salubrity, as well as the beauty froin which the extracts are taken. and fertility of the spot, they adopted The whole form two 8vo. volumes the resolution of passing their days of more than 700 pages. in this remote corner of the globe ; The work is divided into twenty-six convinced that the most perfect hap- chapters, containing the following piness resides oftener in simplicity subjects: Health, food, clothing, than splendour. Their opinion soon gymnastics, and the exercise of the became realized : fond of the inno- senses.--Example.-General obsercent natives, and equally beloved vations on education, obedience, stuagain, the delightful little Republic pidity, &c.- Rewards and punishflourished under their auspices, and ments.--Answering questions, and rearestored the golden age.
soning with children.--Memory-AWe shall only add from this short musements and toys.- Veracity, inpiece the following, which are the tegrity, honesty, justice.- Fortitude, concluding lines of this first part of the sensibility, benevolence, almsgiving,
gratitude, emulation. — Humility, poem.
pride, self-conceit, censoriousness. " From thine, how diff'rent is my Manners and politeness.-Modesty lot!-alas!
and chastity.-Religion and moral In calms of sunshine while thy mo- philosophy - Public and private eduments pass,
cation, schools, and the best manner Mine, ʼmidst the murky clouds that of spending the vacations.-On the life deform,
duties of the female sex, and on the Unequal rush, and mingle with the education of girls.-Reading, grain. storm.
mar, languages, rhetoric, logic.-PoeFir’d with the love of rhyme, and, let try, mythology, choice of books.
History, chronology, law, and comOf virtue too, I pour’d the moral merce.-Geography and astronomy.lay;
Writing, arithmetic, and book-kepMuch like St. Paul (who solemnly ing.-Natural bistory, natural philoprotests
sophy, botany, chemistry, and matheHe battled hard at Ephesus with matics.Drawing and perspective.Beasts),
Music, singing, and dancing.-TraI've fought with lions, monkeys, bulls, velling.-Dress.-Prudence, econoand bears,
my, knowledge of the world, and esAnd got half Noah's ark about my tablishing young men in business. ears :
As a specimen of the work we preNay worse! (which all the Courts of sent our readers with two extracts; Justice know)
the first is taken from Fenelon, on the Fought with the Brutes of Paternos. Education of Girls, which in this work ter-Row."
commences the chapter upon vera. The second part of this poem, we
city, integrity, honesty, justice. are told, may soon be expected.
ic Take care that all you say may have a tendency to teach your children to love truth, and despise dissimulation. You should therefore ne
ver make use of any species of de realizes the fear of not pleasing ceit, to pacify them, or to persuade which it has inspired. theni to do what you wish, for this “ Timidity, though opposite to va. will teach them a sort of low eun- nity, ditsers widely from true moning which may never be entirely desty. The timid are as appreheneradicated.
sive of blame, as the vain are solicit. “ Timidity and a false shame are ous of applause. Timidity has no often the source of dissimulation. The resemblance to that noble and interbest security against so great an evil, esting simplicity of character, which is never to put your children under is the distinguishing mark of true methe painful necessity of being artful, rit. I know a man who is religious and to accustom them frankly to de- without hypocrisy, and who possesses clare their wishes on all subjects. Let genius and virtue : all bis actions, his them have full liberty to say that labours, and his discoveries are dithey are weary when they are so, rected to the good of the human and do not oblige then to appear to race. Wholly occupied entirely with like those persons or books that are this one great object, he pays no atdisagreeable to them. Make them tention to himself nor to the opinions ashamed of themselves, if you hap- that may be formed of him. Never pen to surprise them in any kind of was he known to boast of his abilities, dissimulation, and deprive them of of the success that attended his unwhatever they endeavour to obtain by dertakings, or of the service he has artifice; telling them they should done the world; his countenance exhave had it, had they asked for it presses the serenity and peace of his plainly and frankly. Do not imitate soul; he neither appears embarrassed those who applaud their children for nor confident, neither fears blame, their cunning, esteeming it a mark of nor seeks honours and distinctions; in sagacity and wit. But instead of be a word he is great and good without ing diverted with their artful contri. endeavouring to appearso, or seeming vances, reprove them severely, and conscious of his own superiority. take care that their stratagems never “ Timidity will always please, when succeed, so that they may be disgusted it is a proof of modesty and of the with them, by experiencing their bad just opinion we entertain of the supe. etiects.” Vol. I. p. 226-927. rior abilities of others. In some cases,
The following is taken from Ma- on the contrary, an excessive and dame de la Fite's Eugenia to her Pu- misplaced timidity is a sign of selfpils, and is in this work in the chap- love. Suppose, for instance, that a ier upon humility, pride, self-conceit, young lady in company is requested and censoriousness.
to exercise an agreeable accomplish“ Timidity is the daughter of Self- ment for the entertainment of the love and Modesty ; it arises from the party, and refuses because she does desire to please, and the fear of not not excel, or fears being eclipsed by pleasing. For this reason, those who another; her timidity will unavoidare free from vanity, and those in ably make an unfavourable impreswhom pride predominates, are equally sion, and the company will justly free from timidity. When not car- suppose she has more vanity than ried to an extreme, timidity is one good-nature, and more self-love than of the graces of youth. The gentle true modesty. She should consider and timid manner, with which a that it is of more importance to please young person gives her opinion, or by her politeness, ihan to shine by expresses her doubts, is a sure pledge her accomplishments.” Vól. I. p. 294, of, the improvement of her under- 296. standing
“ Timidity must be generally pleasing, when opposed to that presump: LXVI. A VOCABULARY OF THE tuous confidence which often opposes PERSIAN LANGUAGE, in ito parts, ignorance and folly. Timidity car- Persian and English ond English ried to an extreme becomes a misfor- and Persian. By S. ROUSSEAU, tune; it throws a veil over the most Teacher of the Persian Tongue. amiable qualities, destroys the beauty of the countenance, gives a stitness Extract from the Preface. to all our actions, seems to fetter our
HE utility of Vocabularies has very thoughts, and, by making us appear in a disadvantageous light, often expatiate therefore, on their general
benefit fn students, would, perhaps, knowledge of which is requisite for be deemed unimportant: yet it may the due discharge of their respective be necessary to make a few observa- functions." Lions concerning the present under- This Vocabulary (which is dedicated taking.
to Sir C. Grant) contains, in both Many persons have been much parts, 484 columns, and half that abridged in their oriental researches number of 8vo pages. from the want of a suitable vocabulary to assist them in their studies; and although some gentlemen have procored Mr. Richardson's elaborate Dictionary of the Arabic and Persian LXVII. THE CONCORDAT between Languages, yet many have been de- Bonaparte, Chief Consul of the French terred therefrom by the price which it Republic, and His Holiness Pope Pius bears. To obviate which, and to VII. 1ogether with the Speech of Citirender their pursuits more rapid and
zen Porialis, Counsellor of State, on pleasant, the following Vocabulary, presenting it to the Legislative Body, containing the most useful words, translated from the Official Dockwas compiled. It is therefore hoped,
8vo. stitched, pp. 79: that the ensuing sheets will be found · of considerable service to those who 'HE Concordat being circulated tionaries, or who have not an oppor- work, we judge it unnecessary to give tunity of cunsulting them. The prin- extracts from that; but as the event cipal works that have been referred to announced by this pamphlet forms in forming this Vocabulary are, Me- an interesting era in the French repinski's Thesaurus, Mr. Richardson's volution, we have made the followDictionary, Golius's Lexicon, tlievo. ing extracts from the speech delivercabularies annexed to Sir W. Jones's ed to the legislative assembly, upon and other Grammars, Mr. Gladwin's laying the plan prefixed before them. Vocabulary, the Farhang Jebangeery, The speech commences with a brief Mons. D'Herbelot's Bibliotheque Ori- description of the effects produced eutale, the Kasht'l Loghat, the Loghat upon religion by the revolution, and Reshedy, Kirkpatrick's Vocabulary, proceeds to argue at length to prove and others. When such learned ori- the advantages resulting from reli. ental repositories appear as the ground- gion. work of the present Vocabulary, it The orator observes “ the sceptimay be needless to advance any thing cism of the atheist tends as much to further. But it may be necessary to disconnect mankind, as religion tends mention a few particulars relative to to unite them. It is not a spirit of the manner of using it.
toleration, but of resistance, that it " la all oriental compositions there infuses; it loosens all the bonds that are a variety of particles prefixed or attach us to each other, it flies from annexed to words, which it is abso- every thing that restrains it, and delutely requisite to separate or analyse spise's every thing which others bebefore the meaning of an expression lieve; it deadens sensibility, it stifles can be clearly made out, and the Per- all the spontaneous emotions of nasians and Arabians, like the Hebrews, ure; it strengthens itself, and makes are by no means exempt from this pe- it degenerate into a gloomy sellishculiarity."
ness; it substitutes doubis in the The author then instances both in room of truths; it arms the passions prefixes and suffixes--observes, that and remains itsell delenceless against Dany Arabic words will be necessarily errors; it establishes no system, and found intermixed in this Vocabulary; leaves every one to adopt what his and concludes with the order of the fancy may suggest; it inspires arroGovernor General and Council of gance without affording information; Bengal, that “no civil servants” of it leads by licentiousness of spinion the East India Company in those to licentiousness of conduct; it corparts “shall be nominated to certain rupts and pollutes the heart; it tramoffices of trust and responsibility” ples down every fence, and finally until he shall be “ sufficiently ac- dissolves society itself. quainted with the several languages,” “ But does not atheism at least (and principally the Persian) “ the contribute to extinguish every kind Vol. I.
of superstition, every kind of fanati- has passed under their eyes: “ It is cism? No, it is impossible to believe time,” say they, “ that theory should it.
give place to facts. There can be no “ Superstition and fanaticism have instruction without education, and no their root and principle in the imper- education without religion and mofections of human nature.
rals: the lessons of public teachers “ Superstition is the offspring of have been deserted, because it was ignorance and of prejudices; it is imprudently declared, that it was at chiefly characterized by being found no time necessary to speak of religion united with some of the secret and in the schools. Public instruction confused emotions of the soul, which has for ten years been almost unare usually produced either by too known; it is now necessary to make inuch timidity or too much confi- religion the basis of education. The dence, and which make conscience youih are given up to the most dantake a greater or less degree of inte- gerous idleness and the most alarming rest in the excursions of the imagina. vagrancy; they are without any idea tion, or the illusions of the mind. of a Deity, without any notion of Superstition may be defined a blind, what is just and unjust. Hence seroersoneods, or excessive belief, which cious and barbarous manners! hence a , almost wholly depends upon the man- barbarous people! If we compare the ner in which we are aifected, and actual state of instruction with what which we reduce, by a sentiment of it ought to be, it is impossible not to respect and of fear, into a rule of con- lament over the fate which threatens duct or a principle of manners." p. present and future generations." 28. 23.
P. 33-34. Prosecuting his arguments he says, Aiter describing by example the ve feel more than ever the necessity effects of pagan superstition, he conof public instruction. Instruction is trasts there with the advantages deą want of man, but it is above all a rived from Christianity, and says, want of society. Shall we not then “ Among Christian nations, literature protect religious institutions, which and the fine arts have ever formed a are, as it were, the channels by which pleasing alliance with religion. It is ideas of order, of duty, of humanity, religion, which, by elevating the soul, and of justice, flow ihrough the dif- and inspiring it with sublime ideas, ferent ranks of the community. Sci- has produced our first and most celeence must ever be the portion of a brated painters, and which has furfew, but with the aid of religion, men nished the subjects and models for our may be instructed without being poets. It is religion which, among us learned. It is religion which discloses has given birth to music, which has useful truths to that great portion of directed the pencil of our greatest the human species, who have neither painters, which has guided the chisel the means nor the time to discover of our sculptors, and for which we are them by painful research. Who then indebted for some of the most perfect can wish to dry up the sources of productions of architecture. that sacred knowledge which disse- * Can we regard as irreconcileable minates good maxims through soci- with our manners, or with our pbiloety, which renders them present to sophy, a religion which such nen as every individual, which gives them Descartes and Newton gloried in properpetuity, by connecting them with fessing; a religion which developed permanent and durable establish- the genius of a Pascal and à Bossuet, ments, and which communicates to and which formed the soul of a Fe them that character of authority and nelon? Can we forget the happy inof popularity, without which they fuence of Christianity, without rewould be unknown to the populace, jecting masterpieces of genius in evethat is to say, the great majority of ry department, without condemping mankind : Hear the language of all them to oblivion, without effacing the good citizens, who in the depart. monument of our own glory." mental assenblies, have expressed their wishes upon what, for ten years,
(To be continued.)
ORIGINAL CRITICISM AND CORRESPONDENCE.
TO THE EDITOR.
Observations on Marsh's Michaelis. SIR, CHE dissertation on the origin state, in the composition of his Gosaccording to Matthew, Mark, and report of antiquity, was first written Lale, annexed by Mr. Marsh to his in the same language. Copies of the note: upon the translation of Mis original narrative were multiplied; chaelis lately published by him, dis- and in process of time, various addis plays such extent of erudition, such tions were made to the several copies, diligence of research, and such pa- the persons who possessed them in. tience of discussion, as may justly serting in the text, not only addiclaim the applause and gratitude of tional circunstances relative to transall who are versed in biblical litera- actions tecorded in ii, but likewise tore. It is however possible, that other transactions not mentioned in many, who are highly gratified with the original. Each of the first three bis laborious investigation, and are Evangelists possessed, and used in the indebted to him for much additional composition of his own gospel, differinformation, may not be able to adopt, ent copies thus augmented; and those with equal confidence, the same con- of Mark and Luke were accompaclusion, in every respect, which he nied with a Greek translation of each, has deduced. He asserts, that “the couched in the saine terms, so far as phenomena of every description, ob- the original was the same. serrable in our three first Gospels, ad. Besides these documents, which mit of an easy solution by the pro. were chiefly narrative, another, conposed hypothesis. And since no taining a collection of precepts, para. other hypothesis can solve them all, bles, and discourses, was used by ne may conclude that it is the true Matthew and Luke, and not by Gne." 'Accordingly in various parts Mark. The copies of this document, of his comment upon Michaelis's in- used by the former two Evangelists, Hoduction to the first tbree Gospels, differed from each other, as those of be refers to his own hypothesis as in- the narrative did. fallibly certain. I must, not withstand- Each of the three Evangelists coming, confess, that although an atten- posed his Gospel, without having seen tive examination of his arguments the other Gospels: and that of Mathas afforded me considerable light thew was translated, subsequent to the upon the subject, it has not convinced writings of Mark and Luke, by a perme that all the difficulties attending son who had their Gospels before him. the subject are easily solved by his He copied from Mark the passages hypothesis ; nor that a system some- which agreed verbally with Matthew, what different from his, may not be except they were not in the same orat least equally true.
der, in which case he translated in I wish ihat any remark I can sug- his own words; and from Luke, those gest, may lead biblical students to a passages in which he agreed verbally perusal of Mr. M's dissertation ; your with Mathew, and which had not limits scarcely admitting of a clear been inserted by Mark. statement of his hypothesis in all its This statement, I think, includes branches, much less to detail the va- every thing essential to Mr. Marsii's rious phenomena, for which it was de hypothesis, in as simple a forın as I signed to account. He supposes that can present it to your readers. The there existed, prior to the composi- author's object is to account for the tion of any of the canonical Gospels, introduction of the same phrases and a short narrative of the principal sentences, sometimes of considertransactions which intervened from able length, in all the three Gospels, the baptism of Christ to his death, without supposing that the authors drawn up from communications made copied the terms in which they are by the Apostles, and written in that expressed from each other's writings. dialect which in the New Testament Mr. M. has succeeded, so far as I can is called Hebrew. Of this narrative, judge, in forming a scheme which may Aatthew made use, in its original be true; and the labour he has eui