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uttered upon her death bed are so in- « firm adherence to the doctrines we teresting as to coustrain us to transcribe • have despised ! If, like them, I had the following address to a compa- • been taught to devote the actions of nion, who was a dupe to the same every day to my God, and instead false principles with herself.

' of encouraging a gloomy and queru" " You freinble, my dear!' said "lous discontent against the present Julia. •Does it tien so greatly shock • order of things, had employed my

you to see me thus? Ah, Bridgetina! (ses in a vigilant performance of the could I indeed impress you with a duties of my situation, and a scru• sense of what my mind now feels, I pulous government of my own heart

should not die in vain. You see me • and inclinations, bow very different • now on the threshold of eternity- • would my situation now have been !

that eternity, of which we have 'Think of these things, Bridgetina, • made a jest, but which we must ac- "and if ever you should meet with• knowledge was never by any argu- .but I will not disturb the serenity of • ment to a certainty disproved; im- 'my soul hy mentioning his name. ! probable we were taught to believe Yet why! I carry not with me any • it, but impossible by-mére man it resentments to the grave. Tel Val. could never be pronounced. I am laton, then, that as a christian I for

now convinced, oh! thoroughly 'give him, and pray to God to turn * convinced, of its awful truth. I be- • his heart. If inine had been forti

lieve that I shall, ere the lapse of 'fied by principle he never could 'many hours, appear before the have seduced it by sophistry. No; • throne of God! that God whose will 'it was not he, it was my own pride, • I have despised, whose providence 'my owu vanity, my own presump• I have arraigned, nay, whose very 'tion, that were the real seducers that

being I have dared to deny! Blessed undid me. My strength fails. Fare• be his mercy, that did not leave me 'well, my poor Biddy! Nay, do not 'to perish in my iniquity!'

' weep so much. I have now hopes “After a pause, occasioned by want ! of happiness more sweet, more preof breath, she thus proceeded. You cious, than aught the world can be• believe Jesus Christ' to have been a stow! Go home to your mother, my, * moralist and philosopher. Esamine, Biddy, and in the sober duties of • I beseech you, the morality he life forget the idle vagaries which

preached, and you will acknowledge our distempered brains dignified • its teacher could not lay the founda- with the name of philosophy'." 'tion of such a system in imposture. Vol. iii. p. 346-350. . Well did be say of future teachers, The principal heroine in these voBy their fruits ye shall know them. Jumes is Miss Bridgetina Botherim, • What, my Bridgetina, are the fruits whose person is represented to be of the doctrines we have so unhap- very ordinary, her mind inflated with pily been led to embrace In me conceit, and a victim to the opinions you behold them ! In vain will you ex. this work exposes. She obtrudes her claim, in the jargon to which we favourite subject into every conversa. have been accustomed, against the tion in which she takes a part, and prejudices of society, as it to them not having a single sentiment of her were owing the load of misery which own, previous to every visit she com• sinks me to a premature grave. Ah! mits to memory some portions from no. Those prejudices, against which books of modern philosophy, which we have been accustomed so bitterly form the whole of her reasoning. A to rail, I now behoid as a salutary specimen of this lady's abilities we fence, which, if I had never dared present to our readers; it is sufficient 'to overleap, would have secured my to notice the scene is the bay-field.

peace. Were those barriers broken “ The glee of the rustics was soon down, and every woman encouraged still further animated on beholding by the suffrage of universal applause Maria and her friends advancing in to act as I have acted, fatal, my dear gay procession with a profuse supply Bridgetina, very fatal to society, of refreshments. Maria carried the

would be the consequence! In my goblet, which, like another Hebe, she * friends here, these dear friends presented to all around, and which whom Heaven has in mercy sent as was plentifully replenished from the ministeriny angels to smooth the pitcher borne by Henry. Harriet and palha of death, see the fruits of a Juliet took upon themselves the disa

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Hamilton's Memoirs of Modern Philosophers.

235
tribution of the bread and cheese, civilization miserable, and wretched,
giving, at the desire of Mr. Sydney, a 6 and unhappy ?
double portion to such as had left any • Indeed, iny dear Miss Botherim,"
part of their family at home. Every rejoined Mrs. Martha, • I have the
face wore the appearance of cheerful- comfort of assuring you, that you
ness and contentment.

• are very much mistaken. In the
Miserable wretches !' exclaimed • dwellings of the poor I am no stran-
Bridgetina ; "how doth the injustice ger. As fortune has not put it in
(under which you groan generate

my power to do much towards re-
the spirit of virtuous indignation in moving their wants, I consider my-
* the breasts of the enlightened !' • self doubly bound to do all I can to-

• What d'ye say, Miss ?' said an old wards relieving their afflictions. For
man, who imagined her eyes were di- this purpose I make it my business
rected towards him, though in reality 'to enquire into them; and in the
she was stedfastly looking in Henry's course of these enquiries I have
face. What d'ye say, Miss,' re- • found frequent cause to admire the
peated he, about any one's being order of Providence, in distributing
* miserable ?

'the portion of happiness with a
• I say,' returned Bridgetina, ó that • much more equal hand than on a
'you ought to be truly wretched.' slight view we could possibly ima.

And why so, Miss ? what has I gine. I question whether any lord
done to deserve to be wretched ? I in the land enjoys half the share of

works as hardly, and I gets as good content and satisfaction that falls to
* wages, as any inan in the parish; 'the lot of that industrious labourer
*my wife has good health, and we ' to whom you spoke. You shall, if
* never lost a child. What should you please, accompany me some
'make me wretched ?'

evening to his cottage, which is one
Miserable depravity !' cried Brid- • of the neatest and pleasantest little
şetina, .bow abject that mind which • habitations you ever visited in your
can boast of its degradation! re- life. You inay there, towards sun.
"joice in receiving wages ! no won- 'set, see the poor man sitting in his
*der that gratitude, that base and nicely dressed littie garden, and
* immoral principle, should be har- perhaps singing some old ballad for
boured in such a breast!'

the amusement of his children, wbile * Why, Miss,' returned the man, their mother is preparing their supconsiderably irritated by her ha- per.' rangue, I would have you to know • Preparing their supper l' repeated

! 'as bow that I don't understand be. Bridgetina. • In that one expression ing made game of; and if you mean * you have given an ample descrip' for to say that I have no gratitude, iion of the misery of their state.

I defy your malice. I am as grate- • Preparing supper" Yes, ye wretched 'ful for a good turn as any man liv

mortals, The whole of the powers you ing. I would go ten miles at mid- possess is engaged in pursuits of mise

iny bare feet to serve 'rable expedients to protract your exist. young Nir. Sydney there, who saved Ye poor, predestined victims of

my poor Tommy's life in the small- ignorance and prejudice! ye go forpox: poor fellow, he remembers it ward with your heads bowed down to * still-don't ye, Tommy? Aye that

o the earth in a mournful state of inanity 'a does; and if thou ever forgets it,

Yet like the victims of thou art no true son of thy father's.' Circe, you have the understanding left

“ Here Mrs. Martha interposed, 10 give you ever and anon a glimpse of and by a few kind words allayed the . what ye might have been *. WhereTesentment which the declamation ever these poor wretches cast their of Bridgetina had enkindled. She eyes, they behold nought but cruel then invited our heroine to walk ' aggravations of their aflliction. with her, and as soon as they were

* Suppose thein at their homely out of hearing of the labourers, meal, and that the sumptuou, carasked her what was her motive for riage of the peer, whose stately man. thinking that poor man was so mi- • sion rises on yonder bill, should pass serable.

* their cottage.. When they behold . And are not all miserable!' said 'my lord and lady lolling in the Bridgetina, are not all who live in * this deplorable state of distempered

* Godwin's Enquirer.

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gilded coach which is conveying 'am insensible to the abundance of them home to the luxuriant repast, "real ones that fall, alas ! too freprepared by twenty cooks, what ef- ' quently to their lot. But in visiting fect will the grating sight produce in their afflictions, in advising and contheir tortured bosoms? Will not a "soling them in their distresses, I con. sense of the inequality of their con- ceive that I conduce more effectu. ditions wring their wretched hearts? 'ally to the alleviation of their misa . With what horror and disgust will « fortunes, than if I were to indulge they then view the smoking dish of myself in the most gloomy reveries, beans and bacon? Will not their or by exaggerated descriptions of mouths refuse to swallow the loathed 'their calamities excite in the wretchfood, which the thoughts of the tarts'ed objects of my compassion the and cheesecakes that cover the spirit of discontent.

Let us not great man’s table has converted into forget, my dear Miss Botherim, that • bitterness? Will they not leave the the essence of charity is very apt to

untasted meal, and retiring to their evaporate in the bitterness of decla. . bed of chaff, or at best of hen's fea- mation. The result of our actire “thers, spend the gloomy night in 'benevolence is, on the contrary, at.

drawing melancholy comparisons tended with the happiest eilects, not • betwixt the happy state of the peer ‘only to the objects of our bounty

and their own miserable condi- • but to ourselves :-it returns to our • tion ?'

own breasts, extinguishes the sparks And do you really believe all this, . of discontent, quencies the tlame • my dear? said Mrs. Martha, laugh- of pride, and keeps alive that spirit ing. How in the name of wonder of kindness and good-will, which is • did such strange notions come into. 'the very bond of peace and source your head ? Be assured,' continued • of social happiness.' Vol. 1. A she, that these poor people see the 207--215.

equipage of my lord and lady with • the same inditference that they be"hold the flight of a bird ; and would 'as soon think of grieving at the want LXII. A CHARGE delivered to the of wings as at the want of a car- Clergy of the Diocese of Durham, at riage. Were you to follow that lord the ordinary Visitation of that Diocese, 6 and lady to their banquet, you in July, 1801. By SAUTE, Bishop I would soon be sensible that it was at of DURHAM. • their luxuriant feast, and not at the cottagers supper, the spirit of re- THIS Charge has too long escaped

pining and discontent was to be us, and has now been so widely • found. At night, when tossing on circulated that our extracts may be • their separate beds of down, they the more concise. His Lordship's • might very probably be heard to avowed design is to “ show the ne

envy the sound sleep of the peasant; cessity of cultivating the pure princi · while the contented cottager, in the ples of the Gospel, and of studying ' arms of his faithful wife, and sur- the means of promoting-a truly spio 'rounded by his little babes, enjoyed ritual religion,” which he thus de«the sweets of sound and uninter- fines : • rupted repose.

. Spiritual religion is a sincere de• And so,' said Bridgetina, “your votion of the mind to God: an huin. religion, I suppose, teaches you to ble resignation to all his dispensations; • be callous to the iniseries of the an universal and unvaried obedience

to his will. That this is very far frein *God forbid !' returned Mrs. Mar- the religion of the world, very little tha, “but my understanding teaches experience is necessary to discover, 'me to discriminate betwixt the natu- and it is certainly no breach of chia• ral evils that are incident to poverty, rivy to assert. Yet we know that it • and the fantastic and imaginary ought to be the rule of

every

Chris. . ones which have no existence but in tian's conduct ; that it is the surest "the dreams of visionaries. It is one source of every thing most dear and

of the blessings belonging to a life permanent in earthly happiness, and * of labour to be exempied from the the only security for lappiness here. • disquietude of fancied ills. You after. To cultivate it above all things • mistake me, however, if you think I in ourselves, and to promote in others

TH

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by every faculty of our minds, is our illustrate the connection between Libounden duty. It must therefore be terature and Christianity.” The text always a concern of the highest in. is Matt. xxviii. 20, “Lo! I ain with terest in a conscientious Pastor to you always,”' &c., which the preacher obtain both these important ends." applies to the influence of the Holy p.3, 4.

Spirit accompanying the Gospel, and In order to recommend objects of the arrangements of divine Provi50 bigh importance, his Lordship dence by which it was introduced and states what appear to him the princi- spread. Mr. G. particularly consipal impediments to this “pure and un- ders the progress of literature, both defiled religion," namely, " want of previous and subsequent to the profaith,” (that faith which works by mulgation of Christianity, as highlove)—" the fear of singularity" and ly favourable to its interests, and reproach- “ prejudice" -- " worldly from thence forcibly insers that the mindedness," &c. Having thus stated same religion can have nothing to and animadverted on the chief im- fear, but much to hope, from the culpediments to true religion, this vene- tivation of learning and the spread of table Prelate proceeds to state what useful knowledge, appear to him the principal means of “ As to the influence of the diffu. cultivating in the Clergy, and of sion of learning on the lower classes promoting it in those committed to of society, it is to be observed, that if their charge, and they are briefly the an insiduous spirit of seduction, following : To found all our religious which accommodates its designs to opinions on the scriptures—" To con- every condition and circumstance, sider faith as the beginning and end has endeavoured to mislead the minds of all religion”-To urge the neces- of the inferior ranks of society to subsity of personal sanctification, and es. jects beyond the sphere of their inpecially " that newness of spirit, and telligence, the evil consequences rectitude of heart, which constitutes which hàve resulted will not afford the new birth, and is the source of any argument against the conveyance every spiritual comfort here, and all of that information, which is adapted our hopes hereafter." p. 17.

to their station; while it tends to Toward the end of this charge his raise their minds to those consideraLordship has the following pointed tions, in which their eternal welfare and animated address, with which we is involved, and which should be close our extracts. “Whatever is de- equally the concern of every rank. clared in scripture, you are bound to Superstition and disaffection to civil preach ; whatever is peculiar to chris- government strike their deep roots, tianity, and essential to salvation, and spread their banefulshade, chiefly must be constantly laid before your where ignorance prevails. in these congregations, and enforced upon united realms it is apparent that relia their minds, whether they will hear, gion and moral virtues are found to or whether they will forbear ;' such flourish, in proportion as eflicacy has principles and such doctrines are in- been given to the original intention dispensable subjects of your in-truc- and discipline of those institutions, tion and your exhortation; whether which were tramed by ancient wise preached by Papist or Puritan, Con- dom for the promotion of real knowformist or Non-conformist; the choice lexige; and which embraced, in the of them is not matter of discretion; extension of a liberal policy, and by for woe to them who preach not the the erection of schools on gratuitous Gospel, the whole Gospel, undimi. instruction, the interest of the lowest nished and undisguised." p. 21. classes of society. If we look, for in

stance, on the prominent distinctions

of the remoter appendencies of the LXIII. A SERMON preached at Dur- empire, it is obvious to remark, that

ham, July 21, 1801, at the Visitation the country which has been long emi. of the Right Reverend the Lord Bi

nent for industry, sobriety, and Shop of Durham. By Robert peaceful manners, has been chiefly GRAY, B. D. Prebendary of Chic noticeable for that information, which chester, &c.

is afforded to every rank; and that

intelligence, by which its lower orTH THIS Sermon may be very pro- ders are characterized, more, per

perly connected with the preced- baps, than those of any other nation: ing Ciurze, and the object of it is “ to while in a division, where from in

was

CENCE.

EXTRACT.

Toth

waste;

Day;

238

provident conduct, and a disgraceful in their widest range, to bring every disregard of the regulations, made by thought and imagination in just subthe ancient legislature, the provisions jection to the wisdom of him, who for general instruction have failed, or • a light to lighten the world'." been defeated, the unbappy people p. 27-29. have been deluded by the agents of a malignant superstition, or the profii. gate advocates of infidelity, to disor. LXIV. The ISLAND OF INNOders and crimes, which cannot be re

A Poetical Epistle 10 a viewed but with horror and disgust. Friend, By Peter PINDAR, Esq.

“ Ifan enquiry were prosecuted with Part I. more minute detail, it would generally be found that the local habits are most commendable, and religion and "O thee, my FRIEND, amid that the laws most respected, where early

peaceful Isle and sedulous instruction is communi. Where bounteous NATURE blooms cated through its ancient and legiti. with sweetest smile; mate channels.

Where never WINTER, on his north“It is only by instilling the true prin

ern blast, ciples of religion with effectual and Howls on the hill, and lays the valley universal regard to the spiritual improvement of men, in the forin of O’er a pale sun, the cloud of horror sound words, and with some reference

throws, to their progress in general know- And buries Nature in his vast of ledge; it is only by giving efficacy to

snows; the spirit and intention of ancient in- Ah, no! where endless SUMMER, stitutions and endowments, and by

ever gay, availing ourselves of every increased Opes a pure ether to the ORB of advantage, that the people can be secured from the contagion of those That gilds the tree, and flower, and mischievous opinions, which are cir.

grassy blade, culated under every deception, and And works his threads of gold in intermingled with every species of

ev'ry glade; publication; or armed against the To Thee, my FRIEND, where shrubs seductions of those beguilers of un

of incense rise, • stable souls,' who multiply their se- And pour their grateful fragrance to ceding sects by a delusion, which ex

the skies; hibits the most melancholy proofs of Where rills, in wanton mazes, wind the extension of enthusiasm and ignorance.

Diffusing health and plenty, as they “It is from want of those just con

play; victions of the true nature and prin- Where the rich treasures of the Pine ciples of religion, which were for- reside, merly engraven on the mind with the And orange-branches bend with gol. first rudiments of knowledge, and

den pride; blended with every communication, Where from the boughs of odour, and which, as the ineans are now fa

mingled notes cilitates, might be impressed with Of rapture warble from a thousand more general and efficacious instruc

throats; tion, that men are carried away with And blest, from vale to vale the cooevery blast of vain doctrine,' and

ing dove deluded by every species of sophis- Wings with his mate, and teaches try. Christianity, instilling its sim

man to love ; ple truths into the uncultivated un- To Thee, I yield the Muse's artless derstanding, and unfolding its sublime wisdom to those, who by their intel- And envy all the blessings that are lectual attainments are enabled to es.

thine. timate its excellency, must atford the best and only security against those Poem are explained in the following

The occasion and design of the deceptions, which are daily engen- Note on the first line. dered by human folly and human wickedness; and teach its enlightened To thee, my Friend.)- A gentleman, disciples, while they follow the disco. whom the Author of this Poem met veries of reason and true philosophy by the merest accident, on a small

away,

line,

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