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rels, plays, and romances, which are LX. The Sorrows op Selfish. greedily read by young persons of NESS; or the History of Miss Rich. both sexes, to the no small injury of
PRUDENTIA their moral and religious sentiments.' HOMESPUN. might be avoided, by placing the Thecite in the juvenile mind suit
We conceive, however, these evils ous parent.
able ideas of the disposition expressed "To counteract the evil influence in the title, by a train of striking and of these institutions, the best mode nataral incidents, at once impressive seems to be the establishment of BOOK and improving; the design of the auSOCIETIES, into which no works thor may be clearly discovered by a should be admitted but such as are perusal of the following Address, adapted to inform the mind, and are which is prefixed to the work. favourable to morality and religion. “ If the history of this little work Books of entertaininent should not be were detailed at length, it would be excluded, provided they are innocent, found to be more interesting than that and recommend good principles. of many large compositions. A very Too much cannot be said in favour of amiable young family requested the these institutions; for as the people author to turn her attention to the fawill, and indeed ought to be encou- brication of books for children ; but raged to read, it is the duty of those, while she delayed the execution of who have the power and opportunity this task, partly from the close attento do it, to direct this laudable incli- tion which the revisal of a long work nation in the best channel, and to required, and partly from an appresuch objects as may iinprove the mind hension that her style and manner to the best advantage. Every person, were not well suited to this apparently who is engaged in the office of in- bumble, but useful and difficult spestructing others, ought to set an ex- cies of writing, one of those promisample in forming, supporting and di- ing children, who had urged this rerecting societies on a cheap and po- quest with peculiar earnestness and pular scale. Even in country villages endearing simplicity, was suddenly the practice should be encouraged; removed from a world of pain and and I do not see why the respectable trial, to the regions of innocence and farmers ought to be excluded froin bliss. The wishes of a departed friend such an obvious and easy method of cannot be forgotten by a feeling mind; acquiring information. Let all those, and the author's first attempt at juwho possess the means, lend a helping venile instruction may be regarded hand, and bestow liberally towards as a tribute to the memory of Miss the cultivation of the human mind; Eliza S-S. and as they have freely received, so “ Some difficulties have attended the
let them freely give. Many well publication of this little story. It was disposed persons are in the habit of objected to, as too dismal for chilgiving away good books among the
and it was represented that the poor; and societies, for that purpose, most suitable method of instructing are pretty extensive in this country. youth was, to set before it the certain But, though the piety of the design is rewards and advantages of virtue, into be commended, as having for its stead of depicting the pains and puobject the information and moral im- nishments of vice. Life, it was obprovement of mankind, yet it appears served, should be dressed in to me, that this object may be better pleasing colours, or the young pilgrim attained by lending, than by giving will be disgusted at the commenceazay books. In the one case, it is ment of his journey. almost certain that the book will be “ Authors are generally too blind to read, because the time that it is to be their own defects to be good judges kept is limited; but, in the other, it of the merit of their productions; but will most likely be just dipped into, an opinion which respects the most and then be laid aside for a more proper method of general instruction convenient season,' which, perhaps, may be fairly canvassed. Perhaps, if never arrives.” p. 33–36.
the doctrine of the ultimate temporal prosperity of virtue was thoroughly analyzed, it would be found to branch from that false philosophy which has
gay and infected every species of education, fit to try his faithful servants, and chasever since fashion determined it to be tens the son whom he receives. The absurd, preposterous, fanatical, and advantages of such correction must be even immoral, to give children an evident to all who recollect that this early knowledge of Christian Relic life is a state of probation. Philosogion. While the Bible and Testament phism denies the fact, and allirms the were familiar to our little offspring, possibility of an earthly paradise, a they knew that vice often prospered, pure uninterrupted, yet sublunary fewhile the righteous, of whom the licity. No wonder then that she world was not worthy, were torment should endeavour to prevent young ed, afflicted, persecuted, and smitten minds from being imbued wiih the down. They would have laughed at wholesome truth, that man is born to the moralist, who told them of the suffer. Such a lesson, though concertainty of good men meeting their firmed by experience, and taught by reward on earth, and by referring to revelation, must be too degrading to the histories of Isaiah, Jeremiah, suit the feelings of a free and indeEzekiel, and other favoured prophets, pendent being.* aposties, and martyrs, they would “To all parents and guardians, who have confuted the assertors of a posi- are not tainted by the poison of infitive terrestrial retribution, and taught delity, the author earnestly recomthem the scripture doctrine of seeking mends these few, plain, and infallible a reward for our good actions in the rules :- Build your system of educasilent recesses of our own hearts, tion on the basis of religion : rememnamely, in that peace of God which ber, that the promises and threatenpasses understanding, arising from the ings of Christianity are not temporal, hope of a better state of existence. but eternal; and that it is not a mere
· Let us here ask the Deist, is not formulary of manners, or a code of the scripture account of the manner external observances, but an active of God's dealing with men realized by principle, intended to prepare us for what we see passing before us in the heaven. Do not, therefore, limit your world? Is the tottering wall’ reserv- instructions to what is expedient. Do ed to crush an infamous Charteris ?' not affect to be wiser than your Ma. Is the bullet only directed to pierce ker; and, above all, avoid those systhe bosom of the guilty or the inpi- tems of morals which are contrary to ous ? Why then did Abercromby fall, revelation. By attending to the leswhile those who have broken all mo- sons of holy writ, and, above all, to ral and religious ties flourish like a the sublime doctrine of immortality,
green bay tree,' as did the ungodly you will send your children into the of old ? Nothing is more contrary to world with just notions of human life; general experience, than the expecta- you will prepare them to act and suftion that virtue is sure to be rewarded fer; you will fit them for disappointby visible prosperity.
ments; you will enable them to bear “Does the authortheninsinuate, that that most severe of all trials, prospesuch prosperity will be the portion of vice? By no means. She only wishes to withdraw the attention of ber striking alteration which has taken place in
* Every serious person must lament the young readers from what is adventi. the fabrication of children's books within tinus and mutable, by fixing it on these few years ; formerly the writers of these what is inherent and permanent. Our bagatelles reniembered that they were adown bosom is the seat of tranquillity dressing the offspring of christian parents. or anguish. If all is peace there, the They frequently enforced their observations storms of adversity cannot overwhelin by quotations from scripture; they recomus : if that abode be disturbed by the mended a punctual performance of religious intrusion of guilt, prosperity cannot duties; and they reminded their young rea. subdue the ever-gnawing worms of ders, that they were immortal beings. It is remorse. The good may be afflicted; jects are now avoided. Our nurseries are
not from accident, hut design, that these subthe wicked man must be miserable. “ Virtue, considered in a political adapted to the instruction of Jews, Turks,
stored with very liberal publications, equally and general view, is most likely to Pagans, or Infidels. No degree of cleverness lead to honour and opulence. But in the composition, however superlative it let the Christian remember, that the may be, can atone for this insuperable coo. Governor of the universe often thinks lamination.
rity, with bumble gratitude and self Duty! repeated Mr. Vallaton, påsessing prudence, and you will · How can a mind so enlightened as prepare them to endure calamity with • Julia's talk of duty, that bugbear of digniñed patience. Teach them not the ignorant? I would almost as to expect much: instruct them to 'soon hear you talk of gratitude.' thiok justly of themselves and kindly • Indeed,' answered Julia, I canof others, and you will do more to not help thinking that there is some meliorate the condition of the human regard due to duty. You know how race, than a legion of theophilanthro- • kind my father has ever been to me. pists." p. iii-xi.
• My mother too, whose very soul
seems wrapt up in me, who knows • no pleasure but in promoting mine:
• Is it possible that I do not owe them LXI. MEMOIRS OF MODERN Phi. LOSOPHERS. In three volumes. By vinced me, is out of the question ;
some duty? Gratitude, you have conELIZABETH HAMILTON, Author of " The Letters of a Hindoo Rajah.” that there is in this case something
'but indeed I cannot help thinking 12mo. pp. 1100.
• due to duty.' VAIS work exposes the false prin. •And is this,' retorted Mr. Val. modern philosophy, by a delineation the progress you have made in the bis uatural and striking characters, new philosophy* ? Do not you know and a deduction of inferences from that duty is an expression merely the arowed sentiments of modern implying the mode in which any bephilosophers; by a train of incidents, •ing may be best employed for the in which is displayed an affecting general good? And how, I pray you, contrast between the necessary con- • does your humouring these old peosequences of infidelity, and the in- .ple conduce to that great purpose ? fuence of genuine religion upon the Ah, Julia! there are other methods mind. The author evidently conceives « in which you might employ your that inculcating religious principles in time far more beneficially. early life is the best fortification to • Truth,' said Mr. Myope, who repel the assaults of infidelity; and had been attentively listening to their that a mind destitute of religious conversation, truth, fair citizen, knowledge is very likely to be infa- .obliges me to declare that Mr. Valtuated by its specious prétences. • laton is in the right. We are not,
The variety of incident, and diver- you must remember, connected sity of character, with which these with one or two percipient beings, volumes abound, deeply interest the ' but with a society, a nation, and attention of the reader, who is fre- . in some respects with the whole faputeatly relieved from philosophic dis- 'mily of mankind. To esteem any cussion by rural and domestic scenes, individual above his deserts, because which convey the most useful instruc- he is in some manner related to us, tion, in the pleasing guise of a dramatic or has been in any wise serviceable form.
in promoting our happiness, is flaThe following conversation de- 'grant injustice. What inagic is there scribes the way in which a designing villain contrives to alienate the affec- *"The frequent plagiarisms of our author tions of a dutiful girl from her pa. have been particularly objected to by some
of my learned friends, who informed me, “I could not get away sooner, in- that by perusing the works of Mr. Godwin, deed,' cried Julia, eager to justify and some of his disciples, I should be enaberself from the charge of unkind. bled to detect the stolen passages, which it ness
. You know,' continued she, would be but honest to restore to the right * the general bad state of my father's task they imposed upon me. If I have failed
owner. Alas! they knew not what a heavy health; but he has been indisposed in its execution, I humbly hope Mr. Godwin even more than usual for this fort and his friends will accept of this apology; right: and when he is ill, nothing and while they recognize, in the speeches of appears to sooth his pain so much Mr. Vallaton, the expressions they have
as my reading to him; and knowing themselves made use of, that they will have * the pleasure it affords him, I cannot the goodness to forgive me, for not having possibly be so undutiful as to de. always correctly pointed out the page frora 'prive him of it.'
whence they have been taken."
in the word my, to overturn the de- giving an account of some circum• cision of everlasting truth? Did the stances attending his funeral, which
obligations, as you call them, con- we think will prove acceptable to our • ferred upon you by your parents, readers. • originate in the conviction of your “I need not apologize to you, - being a being of more worth and my dear Harry, for being led into a • importance than any other young subject, which, though the most im. • female of their acquaintance? If portant, as well as the most exalted, they did not, they were founded in • of which human beings can treat,
injustice, and therefore immoral; it is, I know, deemed a breach of • and whatever is so your judgment politeness to hint at even to a friend; should contemn.'
• but shall confess, that the impression Yes,' resumed Vallaton, and • made upon my inind by the conven • as to your regard for them, philoso- • sation I held with Captain Delmond, *phy should teach you to consider on his death-bed, has given an un
only-how can these old people be- usual degree of solemnity to the train "nefit society. What can they do for of my ideas. Indeed the misfor. • the general good? And then plac- 'tunes of that unhappy family, as
ing beside them some of those whose well as the misery that has overtaken • extensive faculties, whose great some others of this place, so evi
powers, enable them to perform the dently originate in false impressions • glorious task of enlightening the received of religion as a gloomy and • world, say, whether justice, pure illiberal system of superstition, that • unadulterated justice, will not point I cannot cease from deploring the
out where the preference ought to neglect of early information on this • fall?'
. important point, as the foundation • Well,' rejoined Julia, 'I declare 'of' those mistaken prejudices that • I never thought of it in this light be. ' are fraught with consequences so fa
fore. Every new proof of affection, 'tal to the happiness of society. • wbich I received from my father • While Captain Delmond • and mother, has always so endeared taught to idolize the name of honout
them to my heart, that I have • as the palladium of human virtue, • thought, if I could lay down my life religion was presented to his mind • for them, it would be too little for as a mean and inferior principle, in• all their goodness to me.'
capable of inspiring noble senti• How unworthy of the enlight- ‘ments in the soul of a gentleman. ened mind of Julia is such a senti- • Had not the avenues to investiga* ment!' exclaimed Vallaton.
• But • tion been thus pre-occupied by pre• I hope you will soon get the better "judice, he would have discovered
of these remains of prejudice, and • that honour, which is nothing more in ardent desire for the general *than a nice susceptibility to the cen
good, lose this confined individuality sure or applause of mankind, is neiof affection.'
• ther so grand in its views, so extensive • Indeed I shall never lose my af- in its operation, nor so noble in its • fection for my parents,' returned object, that principle which Julia; 'I should hate myself if I • teaches the heart to appeal for its * did.'
purity and integrity, not to the pur“ Mr. Vallaton, afraid of pushing • blind judgment of our fellow morthe matter too far, changed the dis- tals, but to a Being of infinite purity course ; but in every subject that was • and perfection. While perfornying introduced, artfully contrived to a part on the busy stage of life, Capbring in such allusions to the purpose
lain Delmond found honour compeof his argument as he thought best ‘tent to the purpose of gaining him calculated to work on the ardent • the flattering approbation of the imagination of his fair and unsuspect- multitude, which was reverberated ing pupil." Vol. I. p. 37–41. .by self-applause; but when he pro
An elopement with the base se. • posed it as the sole principle of acducer is the consequence of similar . tion to his daughter, when he deprinciples to those instilled in the • prived her mind of the supporting above quotation, which is the means aid of religion, and desired her to of the death of Julia's father, a cleli- consider the intrinsic excellence of neation of whose character appears virtue as its own sure and only re. in the following extract from a letter, “ward, he was not aware how liable
"she was to be taught by sophistry a 'that are any way above the world ; definition of virtue very opposite to but it may be of use to her for all his. Had a proper value for the mo- that; and so, as I hear you are gorality of the gospel, enhanced by ing to look into my master's papers, its gracious promises and elevated and to see what can be made out riews, been instilled into her tender · for my poor mistress, I thought it mind, his child, his darling Julia, 'best to tell you to take my pension 'would not have brought down the into the account.' ‘gy hairs of her father with sorrow Your pension, Quinten ! and what to the grave.
. do you reserve for yourself.' * The remains of this unhappy gen- • Nothing but what I can earn by * tłeman were yesterday consigned to my own labour. Thank God, I am their parent dust in military state, not yet past working! you see how and with a degree of magnificence, well
" i have dressed the Captain's * 20 ostentatious parade of pomp and garden. It was I that made that grandeur, that, in my opinion, was pretty serpentine walk for Miss ill suited to the occasion. After the Julia, and planted all them flowers, conclusion of the ceremony, Gene. 'of which she used to be so fond. 'ral Villers and a Major Minden, (a 'Alas! that I should ever line to see *man of large fortune, who, it seems, the day of her deserting them! On, had made proposals to Miss Del 'who would have thought it! such a 'mond) politely waited on the poor pretty creature as she was, and so
* forlorn, and disconsolate widow, and mild-spoken, and so good to every ! took their leave of her in terms of body, that she should after all go for
the most courtly civility. I expected to break her father's heart.' that the General, who was no stran- ' .Well, but honest Quinten, you do *ger to the poverty to which she was not consider that you are now in the reduced, would have come forward decline of life, and cannot long be 'with some generous offer of pecuni- able to labour as you have done !' ary assistance. But no: the Gene- • I know it, sir, I am growing old rai's generosity was completely ex. , apace; but Sam Smith, the old garpended in producing the parade of • dener at Benstield, is ten years older half an hour's procession; and I than I am, and he still keeps his greatly question whether he ever • place. I am a stouter man than he does Mrs. Delmond the honour of at any time. And so d'ye see, I am another visit.
determined not to touch a farthing * After the departure of these great of this here Chelsea pension while 'gentlemen, I was called out of the 'I am able to lift a spade. Did not "room by Quinten, the Captain's old I get it by the good word of my * domestic, on whose face was painted inaster ; and who, then, has so good "the, sincerity of sorrow; he beckoned a right to it as his widow? Here are *me into the back parlour, and hav-. 'twelve guineas besides, which I ing once or twice, with a stroke of 'humbly beg you will fall on some This
, hard hand, driven away the means to make her accept, for I "tears that fell upon his furrowed 'know she would not touch it if she *cheek, I thought, sir, said he, when thought came from me. So pray * 1 saw the lid of the coffin screwed 'don't let her know who sent it; for
down upon my good master, that I 'folks in atiliction ought to be mighty • had lived too long. When I heard tenderly dealt with so as not to hurt the hammer knock upon the last their pride-feetings, I believe my * pail, my heart so sunk at every young mistress would have called it, * stroke, it made a coward of me, but I am not learned enough to know and I should have been glad to have the difference.' skulked to the quiet garrison of · Honest, worthy Quinten! cried death! but then, when I thought of • I, grasping his hand, thou hast a * my poor mistress, and remembered heart that doth honour to thy spehow my poor dear master loved her, cies, and principles that are more 'I scorned to be so cowardly as to de- ' estimable than all the learning in the "rert my post, when, by fighting with • world. At a period when neither " life a little longer, I inight save her « talents nor learning shall avail, thy * from being stormed by want. I gratitude and thy virtues shall exalt *know all I can do is but a trifle-a thee to glory!' 118–125. Vol 3. * nothing, as a body may say, to folks Some of the expressions which Julia VOL. I.