Obrazy na stronie


be accustomed to self-denial and tem- o losus et fædissimus,' and the shaineperance, and strengthened by the less adulteress, dishonoured by illicit precepts and practice of virtue. But love, are, therefore, never to be shielda licentious boy, indulged and pam. ed from ignominy, contempt, and nepered by luxury, flattered by obse- glect; but to be considered as the quiousness, elated by wealth, and cor- most dangerous to the morals, and Tupted and rendered insolent by sy- consequently to the happiness and cophants and panders, would be a prosperity of their country." p. 159. Aero or a Caligula, if he had power ; but if that power is fortunately cir. cumscribed within a narrower sphere, he will, in whatever station "he is LV. AN APOLOGY for the People placed, degrade his rank, and be- called Methodists; containing a concome a wortbless member of society. cise Account of their Origin and Pro. You, then, who bear a father's sa

gress, Doctrine, Discipline, and Decred name,' or are the guardians of

signs ; humbly submitted to the Friends youth, engrave upon their breasts, at of true Christianity. By Joseph ike very dawn of reason, the great BENSON. principles of religion and virtue, teach know what it is to pity and to be displays the character, and relates itoken their sensibility

, let then Tare book, the contents of which pitied,' and save them from the many incidents in the life of the late fatal etfects of carly dissipation.p: Rev. John Wesley, who at eleven 128.

years of age was sent to the Charterhouse school, and at seventeen was

elected to Christ Church, Oxford, MARRIAGE.

where he pursued his studies to " From this divine institution, great advantage; wben twenty-three, (marriage) all the delightful and he was chosen Fellow of Lincolo Colamiable ties of consanguinity and lege, and was soon after inade Greck friendship, all the relative and social Lecturer and Moderator of the Classics. duties, and all our noblest attach- This is considered as a public expresments, are derived. It exalts our na- sion of the high opinion the univerture, and honourably distinguishes sity entertained of him as a man of man from the mere animal herd; it talents, and an excellent critic in the awakens all the finer sympathies of learned languages. the soul, and is the happy cause of all The cominencement of his religious the beautiful moral effects of love. pursuits appears to have originated This sacred site, therefore, which is in the following circumstance. He productive of so many advantages was early impressed with a sense of and blessings to mankind, cannot be the importance of religion, and much too much protected and revered. occupied with theological studies : The violators then of this most solemn when about twenty-six years of age, of all contracts, are to be deemed the he travelled many miles to see a semost flagitious members of a commu- rious man, who

said to him, aity; as the most daring offenders wish to serve God, and to go to hea. both against the laws of God and of ven. Remember, you cannot serve inan, and whose crimes go directly him alone. You must therefore find to the subversion of all morality, to companions, or inake them. The blast the peace of fainilies, and to Bible knows nothing of solitary relidestroy the very existence of society. gion." He never forgot this; and All rice leads, in its consequences, to on his return to the university he the destruction of nations. But to spoke to his brother Charles, who trample upon the sanctity of mar. was a student of Christ Church, and riage, is to tear up every vestige of two other gentlemen of the univerthe morals by the root; it is to poison sity: in consequence of which they the purity of our domestic establish- agreed to spend three or four evenments, where vistue should érect her ings in a week together, to read over throne; and it is to undermine that the classics which they had before great and capital pillar, upon which read in private, and chieAy the Greek all civil politics are principally sup- Pestament, and on Sundays some ported. The base seducer, mache book of difinity. This little society

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was formed at the close of the year disliked, the pulpits were shut against 1729, and in the next year two or him : he soon adopted the same plan three of Mr. J. Wesley's pupils de- in London he had formed in Aine. sired the liberty of meeting with them, rica, and a small society was collected and afterwards one of Mr.

C. Wesley's under his auspices in Fetter Lane ; pupils. They visited the castle to as he was refused to preach in the admonish the prisoners, and some few churches, in conjunction with Mr. poor families in the town when they Whitfield, he preached to great numwere sick. This practice, added to bers, first at Bristol, and afterwards their attending the communion once in most parts of the kingdom, in the a week, drew upon them the censure fields, and other public places, saand reproach of many in the univer- pidly increasing the number of bis sity, and produced opposition to their followers, who, forming themselves religious pursuits, which they still per- into different societies, built places of severed in, and had some additions to worsbip, and established themselves their little number, among wbich are as a distinct body, taking that name the names of Hervey and Whitfeld. which Mr. Wesley's enemies at col

" The trustees of the new colony lege used as an opprobrium, namely, in Georgia, were greatly in want of Methodists. proper persons to send thither, to This work gives an account of Mr. preach the Gospel not only to the co- Wesley's journeys, and many inciJony but to the Indians. They fixed dents of his life, with the sentiments their eyes on Mr. John Wesley, and maintained by his societies, and the some of his friends, as the most pro- rules by which they are regulated, per persons they could think of, on

and forms a compendium of the hisaccount of the regularity of their be- tory, principles, and conduct of the haviour, their abstemious way of liv- people called Methodists. ing, and their readiness to endure hardships.” (p. 33.) The application was complied with; and when in America, “not finding an open door for LVI. MEMOIRS of the Life of FROthe prosecution of the grand de. ISSART, with an Essay on his works, sign, which induced Mr. W. to visit and a Criticism on his History. TransAmerica, the conversion of the In. lated from the French of M. De La dians, he, and his two companions,

Curne De St. Palave. By THOMAS considered in what manner they JOHNES, Esq. M. P. might be most useful to the little flock at Sarannah. And they agreed, first,

OIN FROISSART, priest, canon, to advise the more serious among them to form themselves into a sort church of Chimay, historian and of little society, and to meet once or poet, was born in Valenciennes, a twice a week, in order to improve, town in Haynault, about the year instruct, and exhort one another. 1337. His infancy announced what Secondly, To select out of these a he would one day be; he early masmaller number, for a more intimate nisested that eager and inquisitive union with each other, which might mind, which during the course of his he forwarded, partly by him and his life never allowed bim to remain long friends conversing singly with each, attached to the same occupation, or and partly by inviting thein alto- in the same place. gether to their house. And this ac- “ The diiferent games suitable to cordingly they determined to do every that age, of which he gives us a picSunday afternoon. Here we see the ture equally curious and amusing, first rudiments of classes and bands, kept up in his mind a fund of natural which have had no small influence in dissipation, which during his early stupromoting the success of the Metho. dies tried the patience and exercised dists, beyond any other denomination the severity of his masters. of Christians, not immediately fa- “ He loved hunting, music, assemvoured by the civil power." p. 42. blies, feasts, dancing, dress, good liv

The author informs us, that on his ing, wine, and women: all these return from America he preached in tastes, which almost all shewed theinmany of the churches to crowded au- selves from twelve years of age, be. -ditories; but as his sentiments were ing confirmed by habitude, were co2. tinued even to his old age, and per- it, and the historian says he saw it haps never left him. The mind and in his chamber; for, I had it always beart of Froissart being not yet suffi- with me, and placed it upon his bed. ciently occupied, his love for history He then opened and looked into it, filled up that void, which his passion and was greatly pleased : indeed, he for pleasure left; and became to him ought to have been pleased; for it an inexhaustible source of amuse- was illuminated, and the writing much ment.

ornamented: it was, besides, bound "He had but just left school, and in crimson velvet, with ten silver-gilt was scarcely twenty years old, when nails, with a golden rose in the midst at the entreaty of his dear lord and of two clasps gilt, richly worked with master Sir Robert de Namur, knight, gold rose-trees.” “Then," continues Lord of Beaufort, he undertook to Froissart, “ the king enquired what write the history of the wars of his subject it treated of; and I told him, own time, more particularly of those of love. He was delighted with this anwhich ensued after the battle of Poi- swer, and looked into ditferent parts tiers. Four years aiterwards, having of the book and read therein ; for he gone to England, he presented a part read and spoke French perfectly of this history to Queen Phillippa of well. He then ordered one of his Haynault, the wife of Edward Ill. knights, named Sir Richard Credon, However young he might then be, he to carry it to his cabinet; and he had already travelled into the most seemed much obliged to me for it." distant provioces of France. The ob- p. 56–57. ject of his visit to England was to This incident shews the temper and fear himself from the pains of an at. disposition of the times in which it tachment which had tormented him occured, for which the works of Froisfor a long time. This passion took sart are said to be celebrated. possession of his heart from his in- The Essay and Criticism subjoined fancy; it lasted ten years, and sparks to these memoirs, are intended to desof it were again rekindled in a more cribe the works of Froissart; a new advanced age, in spite of his bald translation of which, by Thomas head and white hairs." p. 3—5. Johnes, Esq. is announced for publi

To collect materials for his history cation. he travelled over the greater part of The intention of the Essay is thus Christendom at the desire and ex- described by the author : he says, pence of great personages, and parti- " I feel I owe a particular attention to cularly the Queen of England, to an historian, who alone is worth a whom he was secretary; "and wher- number of others, by the importance ever I came," he says, “ I made en- of the subjects he treats of, and from quiry after those ancient Knights and the length of time his history contiSquires who had been present at those I have besides observed, that deeds of arms, and who were well the author has expanded, in the enabled to speak of them. I I sought course of his work, many facts which also for heralds of good repute, to serve to clear up many preceding verify and confirm what I might have facts; and that for want of this inheard elsewhere of these matters. In formation, it has often happened that this manner bave I collected the I have been stopped in my reading, materials for this noble history.”*. 19 and have not profited so much by it -20.

as I otherwise should have done. It He was well received by the many is this which has made me sensible of noble personages which he visited, to the want those who read Froissart whom he often introduced bimself by would have of such an explanation.” presenting one or other of his works; p. 76. in one of his visits to England we tind “The history which Froissart has left an account of his presenting a ro- us, extends from 1326 to 1400. It is mance, entitled, Meliador. He had not confined to the events which were waited some time for an opportunity passing in France during this long peto present it, but “ The Duke of riod; it comprehends, with almost as York, Richard de Surry, and Thomas much detail, every considerable atfair de Percy, finding the king but little which happened in England, Scotoccupied, mentioned to him the ro- land, and Ireland, and in Flanders. It mance which Froissart had brought includes also an intinite number of with bim. The prince asked to see particulars relative to the affairs of


the Popes of Rome and of Avignon; and to the modern, mystical, and imof Spain, Germany, Italy ; sometimes pious French philosophy.” After hiseven of Russia, Hungary, Turkey, torical evidence of the truth of the Africa, and other places beyond sea; two former principles, our author proin short, of almost the whole known ceeds. " At first view," says' he, world.” p. 77–78.

* such bigoted fanaticism seems inFroissart's design in writing his his compatible with atheism, but the retory is expressed in this Essay. “ He verse is true. For it must be conhiniself,” says the author, “ informs fessed, that every deviation and aposus, that he had not the intention of tacy from the principles of those truths making a dry chronicle, wherein facts which proceed from God, the great are simply related with their dates, source and essence of all truth, is a and in the order they happened, but step towards error; and the greater that he was anxious to write what the stride the nearer the approach to was in truth history, in which the a total disbelief of a First Cause. The events were presented with all the papal fanaticism is evidently a gross circumstances which had attended corruption, and departure from the them. The details which lay open divine truths, revealed by the Spirit of the secret springs by which mankind God through his blessed Son. The act, are precisely tárose which unveil belief in transubstantiation; in the the character, and the very heart of power of priests, ordained by man, to the personages, which history places forgive sins; in the worship of images, on the stage; and this was one of the saints, and dead men; and in the inessential parts of the design which fallibility of the Pope, are in direct Froissart had proposed to himself in opposition to the divine truths of the writing history."

Gospel. The first is a manifest per“ Many passages in this work in- version of the words of Christ, from dicate that he had a natural inclina. their metaphorical and spiritual sense tion for it, and that he found infinite into a blasphemous mystery; the sepleasure in working at it; but ano- cond into a daring assiumption of one iher object which does him much of the attributes of God, his infinite more honour, has greatly strength. mercy; the third, a direct disobediened this natural taste: he proposedence of one of his express commands; to preserve, for ages to come, the me. and the last, a flat denial of God's sumory of those men who had made premacy, by an unqualified assertion themselves renowned by their cou- of the Pope's being equal to him. rage or by their virtues; to give to Thus far advanced on the high road their actions a value which nothing of error and blasphemy, the French can efface or alter ; and by amusing nation had only one step more to usefully his readers, to give birth to take, to arrive at the most palpable of or augment in their hearts, the love of all falsehoods, the grossest of all lies, glory, by the most brilliant examples." the non-existence of a God-ATHEp. 111-112.

ISM." p. 67-68. The criticism contains an examina- The names of the three principal tion of a charge imputed to Froissart French infidels are mentioned, with the of writing with undue partiality in means used to propagate their opi. favour of England; it describes his nions; the progress of infidelity, and style -as romantic; and investigates some of its most pernicious tenets, as the merit of the different editions of maintained in France, are specified ; his works.

and the author takes the opportunity of addressing Britons on the subject

under consideration, and introduces LVII. GALLOWAY ON THE REVE- the solution of his second enquiry; ia

which, it is asserted without hesita

tion, that the little horn,' spoken of (Concluded from page 176 of our last.) by Daniel, (which by former comTHI HE author supposing the word, mentators has been represented to de

ascend, to signity that the rise note the Pope), is a type, not of the of this beast sbould be gradual and Pope, but of a very ditferent political imperceptible, attributes its origin to power, in support of which opinion it the “ ancient pride and lust of France is argued, “That the Pope in no for universal dominion; to its intole- part of the prophecies is referred to tant and blood-thirsty superstition, as a horn, or temporal prince, but is


only designated by the symbol of a foretold by the spirit of prophecy, beast; which signifies a cruel and has more perfectly been accomplishwicked power, whether civil or eccleed, than those alluded to in this part siastical; and it is to bis ecclesiastical, of the verse. The most effectual, if and not to his civil authority, that we not the only measures to destroy the inust look up for the character of a Christian religion, and all the virtues beast

, for his usurpation and inhua derived from it, have been adopted manity." p. 87.

and pursued by the revolutionizing His ittsignificance as a civil ruler, is despots of France with unremitting via brged in support of the author's hy; rulence and complete success." p. 91. pothesis, and the rise of the papal

Here follows an account of the power fixed, when Boniface obtained profane and blasphemous conduct of a commission as Bishop over all the the Convention, in the decisive reChristian Churches, which was dated nunciation of religion, and substituin the year 606.

tion of Reason in the place of God, as " If then," says our anthor, we

the object of adoration. date the rise of the two apostacies in

In the author's comment on the the year 696, which bas just been eighth verse, he considers the city of proved to be the true time, the wit- Paris exactly corresponding to the nesses have now prophesied in sack description given in the text: he ob cloth 1195 years of the 1260; so that serves that city has long been the rest. there are only 65 years to come, be- dence of the most corrupt, and abanfore they will have finished their doned court upon earth. By its extestimony according to our present ample, and, as it were, under its sancmode of calculation. But if the pro- tiowy, a total profligacy of morals, all phet calculated by synchronical years,

manner of sin and unnatural crimes or only 360 days to a year, according have been, and are at this time com. to the Jewish inode of computation, mitted by the people, with impunity. when he wrote, as some commentators And if we look at the number of det: probable, there remain only 48 years alluded to by the prophet which is suppose, and which indeed is most ties and demons, we cannot help be

great city before the witnesses shall have f ed their testimony in sackcloth. spiritually called sodm and Egypt." This is a very small proportion of 1260

“Yet more, there is another inark in years, the whole period of their de

the texi, by which the great city' pression and prophecy; so compara- may be known. It is a city where sively snjall, that it may, with strict also (or again)our Lord was crucified. propriety and truth, be said, that they than those I have already treated of


This mark is not less pointed at Paris have now nearly finished their testimony:' and, therefore, this is the true but is by no

means applicable to time foretold by the prophet, when Rome. Christ indeed was actually, as the beast is to ascend from the bot

well as spiritually, crucified by the tomless pit, or the atheistical power, Jews at Jerusalem, who murdered him metaphorically described by it, is to upon a cross denied his mission, and appear in the world.” p. 89.

treated him as an impostor. Nothing The solution of the third enquiry, bears the least analogy to this signifi

that has ever happened in Rome, viz. “ What are we to understand by the words of the text, ' And the beast cant and distinguishing mark. On 'shall make war against them (the two the contrary, the advent and atone

witnesses), and shall overcome and kill ment of Jesus Christ, form an essen'them " The figurative sense of these tial part of the papal creed. But if words is obvious, and points directly we again turn our eyes towards Paris, to the revolutionary power in France in

we shall there find that, the Son of respect to the Christian religion. The the most high God,' the GLORIOUS power typified by the beast shall REDEEMER OF THE WORLD, has * make war against, and overcome and been reviled and abused; and by the * kill them ;' that is, shall make use of highest authority of the state, in the such means as are not only necessary public convention, denounced liketo oppose, but utterly to efface from wise as an impostor: and thus, also, the minds of the people the truths of a second time, spiritually • cruci. attested by the two Testaments. Tak- fied,' * according to the clear and uning the text in this sense, no fact ever declared by the tongue of man, or

* Heb. vi. 6.

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