« PoprzedniaDalej »
His lantern meets an interposing post; Alas! poor SUSAN I-Farewel peace Instench and smoke the welcome light and joy! is lost;
Ten tedious years she mourn'd her While clanking chains, to aggravate
duteous boy ; his fears,
Oppress'd by poverty and pinching Pour their dread discord on his start
careled ears ;
For times grew hard--too hard inHis implements of trade, where'er he deed to bear! trod
And half depopulated was the vale Goose, shears, and bodkin, strew'd With scarce one neighbour to attend the darksome road :
her tale, One short ejaculation ’scap'd his To smooth her sad, sick bed, or with
tongue, And prone on earth he stretch'd his While life's last hour was wearing fast length along.
away ; The wags, alarm'd, burst from their But Faith and hope-a radiant sly retreat,
pair !--stood by, And rais'd their trembliug vietim on To waft her spirit to their native sky. his feet;
Long her misfortunes claim'd the To calm his fears, the hollow turnip ready tear, bore,
And still the country holds her me. And show'd the chains that on their mory dear.” p. 48.
arms they wore, In vain !--At home arriv'd, he sought THE SQUIRE AND HIS LADY. his bed,
“ The worthy squire will.be remem. Where many a painful, feverish month ber'a long, he led,
The theme and pride of ev'ry cottage And still, whene'er this fatal day re- song; turn'd,
His lady too,the patroness and The same sensations in his bosom
friend burn'd.” p. 16.
Of all whom merit, worth, or want
commend ; THE DEATH OF ROGER
Whose heart benevolent, and lib'ral
mind, . Returning from the fair, Nor prejudice, nor narrow views At which he annually produc'd his confin'd, ware,
With grateful joy the widow heard Poor Roger on a dark and starless her voice, night,
Which bade e'en pale infirmity re. Mistook his way, and rov'd in hope- joice, less plight:
While virtuous orphans, objects of The miller and his mill in peace re
her care, pos’d,
Translated to her household, flouAnd not a cot one twinkling ray dis- rish'd fair. clos'd;
Their well-known mansion, on the The banks were slipp'ry, and the green-hill side, wear was full;
O'erlook'd the village with a decent Still was the stream, and deep the pride; sluggish pool;
But not with pompous arrogance de. His mother watch'd till day-break, terr'd all alone,
The meanest wretch that there his Lamenting dolefully her absent son, suit preferr’d. And he return'd not !- But when Its windows catch the morning's morning rose,
orient glow, To fill the measure of her mighty And fash the colours of the varying
woes, She learnt,—the game-keeper, who Lilacs and jess’mines form a shubb'ry that way pass'd,
round, Some footsteps to the river's brink And showers of rose-leaves decorate had trac'd,
the ground, And sounding, with his fording-pole, Shook from their stems, projecting around,
from the bush, At the mill-head the bloated body By gold-bill'd blackbirds, and the found !
The cultur'd garden opposite is seen, With shelt'ring walls, and walks for XLVI. Brier Commentaries upon ever green;
such parts of the Revelation, and other Blossoms or fruits on every branch Prophecies, as immediately refer to the abound,
present times; in which the several And gentlest breezes waft their fra- allegorical Types and Expressions of grance round;
those Prophecies are translated into Where half the village shar'd our sheir literal meanings, and applied to grateful toils,
their appropriate events : containing And youth and age partook the au- a Summary of the Revelation, the tumnal spoils;
prophetic Histories of the Beast of the There too, the bard has rov'd, a fa. bottomless Pit, the Beast of the
Earth, vour'd guest,
the Grand Confederacy, or Babylon While youthful transports warm'd his the Great, the Man of Sin, the Little ardeot breast.
Horn, and Antichrist. By JOSEPH At the last bell that tinkled from the GALLOWAY, Esq. formerly of Phihall,
ladelphia, in America, Author of LetThe bospitable board was spread for ters to a Nobleman, and other Tracts all
on the late American War. 8vo. Whom business brought, or ancient
Pp. 490. friendship leci, Secure of ungrudg'd cheer and need.
RECEDED by a short introducful bed;
tion, this work commences, in Round went the mantling horn, the the first chapter, with a summary butler's boast !
view of the prominent events conNor one refus'd to pledge the accus. tained in the apocalypse briefly tom'd toast,
stated, and which are detailed at Till each warm heart with thankful- large in the following chapters. ness o'erflows,
The tenth chapter of the Revela. And gives the tongue each secret tions is prefixed to the second chapter that it knows.
of this work, which contains an introWhere now the park extends, and duction to the prophetic history of the useless deer
Western Church, and of the beast of the Along the solitary glades appear, bottomless pit. The events referred to Rich corn fields wav'd in spacious in the chapter prefixed are applied prospect spread,
to the present times, which is fully Nor felt one villager the want of bread. expressed in the Author's explana"Nor then the copse its store of tion of the second verse: he writes, game deny'd,
“ The angel having proceeded so far, Withheld by av'rice or ingross'd by set his right foot upon the sea, and his pride:
left foot upon the earth, with a design, Where the keen bill had clear'd the no doubt, to signify to the prophet, the brushwood scene
general nature, and vast extent of the Of sprouting hazle, broom, and alder important events to be revealed, on green,
his reading the little book, which When, thro' the bed of snow, the were to come to pass upon the sea' rude stumps shoot,
as well as upon the land; in other The peasant trac'd the limping leve. words, that the dissensions and wars ret's foot,
which were to ensue, should be waged Or drew his net across the pathway between the most powerful maritime deep,
and continental states upon the While boys and dogs perpetual cla- earth. Here the prophet begins mour keep,
already to unfold his vision, and to And rabbits, bolting from the thickest allude to the wonderful events of the shade,
present times: the present wars bave Caught in the toils, are struggling cap- ing been waged by a greater number tives made." p. 51.
of states, both by sea and land, than
have ever been waged within the To the above poem are subjoined same space of time, since the world the pieces following: Quakers' Wood. began. They have been carried or -Radipole. Poor Jack and Gilbert.- by powers which are properly mari. Catherine.- Party. - Impertinence reo time, such as Great Britain, Holland, warded.-Epitaph. ---Stanzas on Peace. France, Russia, Spain, Sardinia, Na.
ples, Malta, Turkey, and the United The next subject treated of is, the States. So many states, maritime as • Beast of the Bottomless Pit.' The well as continental, have never be. foilowing questions are proposed and fore been engaged in war at the same answered : time, and no event ever yet foretold, “1. What political power did the has been more completely fulfilled.” prophet intend to designate by the
i beast of the bottomles pit” The Author comments upon each “ 2. When, according to the proverse, and proceeds to the third phecy, was it to ascend on the chapter; the subject of which is, a .earth,' out of the bottomless pit? brief prophetic history of the western “ 3. What are we to understand part of the church, and of the beast of by its making war against and overshe bottomless pit. The eleventh chap- coming, and killing the two witter of the Apocalypse is here intro- nesses of God?'" duced and discussed; the outer court In the solution of the first question, of the Gentiles is applied to the Mo- the Author describes the place from hamedan and Papai hierarchies; the whence this beast was to ascend, origin of which the Author states to which, he apprehends to be the same have been in the year 606. The two political monster foretold by St. Paul, witnesses are considered to mean the under the descriptive and emphatic Holy Scriptures, to which alone the tropes of that man of sin, THE SON Author thinks they can with justice be ‘OF PERDITION,' observes : “ In the referred: and that which is predicted literal sense, they convey the idea of of their power in the 5th and 6th an abyss, or a hole of unfathomable verses has been accomplished in the depth in the earth; and a place of remorse of conscience felt by infidels such darkness, that neither the light on their death-beds, exemplified in of the stars, nor of the moox, nor even the cares of " Voltaire, D'Alembert, of the sun, the great luminary of the and Diderot, the three principal au- world ever enters. In the allegorical thors of the French Encyclopædia and scriptural sense, they mean a bot(that dark abyss of premeditated dis- tomless abyss of error, ungodliness, belief) these inveterate enemies of the and sin; into which neither the light two witnesses or testaments, who had of reason, nor of conscience, nor of been rendering their souls callous to the revealed word of God, ever penethe truth, by all possible means near- trates. It is the region of the angel ly half a century, have we not known of darkness, whose name in the Hethese very men smitten on their brew tongue, is Abaddon, and in the death-beds by all the agonies of tor- Greek, Apollyon, THE DESTROYER.' turing guilt, and of that consuming It is the proper kingdom of the great fire, remorse of couscience*! And red dragon,' that old serpent called after such striking examples, verify the Devil and Satan, who deceiveth ing the truth of the text, can any the whole world, the greatest enemy person doubt, but that the principal of God and man. In fine, it is the leaders, and thousands of others of the source of all those errors and crimes atheistical conspiracy, who have pe- which alienate mankind from God rished, have died under an agonizing their Creator, lead them into all mansense of the supremacy and justice ner of evil, and finally into the depths of that God, whose power they had of EVERLASTING PERDITION. defied, and whose very existence they beast ascending out of a place of had presumptuously denied.' this horrid description, it imust be
Famine, our Author supposes to be confessed, is a proper and complete intimated in the power of the wit- metaphor to illustrate the coming of nesses to shut heaven, that it rain an atheistical power, that shall connot: and which he considers accom- spire against, and kill the two witplished, in the scarcity experienced, •nesses of God;' or as I have said in the city of Paris, the country of before, extinguish in the minds of Normandy, and other parts of France. men all sense and influence of the saAnd by the murders and massacres cred truths revealed in the Old and produced by the French Revolution, New Testaments : truths, upon the he explains the turning of the waters belief and practice of which, the order, into blood.
peace, and happiness of man evidente
ly depend, both here and hereafter." * See l'Abbé Barreul's Memoirs.
ORIGINAL CRITICISM AND CORRESPONDENCE.
TO THE EDITOR. MR. EDITOR,
CAVING lately had the curiosity tain it is, that our Author calls no that fell in my way, and observing it dence on his own ipse dixit, which, as had not been honoured with a place he is “a Christian philosopher,” who in your work, except in the Monthly sliall be rude enough to question? List, I take the liberty of presenting In offering an analysis of this exyou with an analysis, and some re- traordinary work, I shall not confine marks, which, if not admissible in the myself to your method, nor to my body of your work, may, perhaps, author's, but simply state the princiobtain a place in your Original De- pal doctrines he espouses, and the partment.
morals he recommends, with a few The work to which I allude is en- specimens of his controversial skill. titled, “ Religion without Cant: or a As the author avows himself a true. Preservative against Lukewarmness son of the Church of England, it is and Intolerance, Fanaticism, Super- very natural that he should take his stition and Impiety. By R. Fel alma mater for his guide in all his enLOWES, A.M. of St. Mary Hall, Ox- quiries after truth. But what are we ford."
to understand by the church ? Cera As this gentleman assumes the tainly not the stone and mortar of our title of a Christian Philosopher, it be- parish edifices; what then? The ar. comes us to approach him with it. ticles and homilies ? No: the liturgy spect and reverence; and if we offer and devotional services ? No: the any remarks on his principles or ar. writings of its founders and refor. guinents, to handle them with that mers: No: what then? Have pa. gentleness and tenderness which they tience, gentle reader, and as our phir certainly require.
losopher has “spoken clearly and inYour readers will easily anticipate telligibly," you shall have it in his that the principal object of this writer's own words. attack is, fanaticism, or rather the fa- Speaking of the doctrine of originatics; and that we may be at no loss nal sin, he says, “ though the doc. who these are, he very soon informs trine should be more expressly authous, by a note (p. 2.) “Where I use the rized by the articles than it appears word fanatic and fanaticism, the to me to be, yet it cannot well be reader may, if he pleases, in most called the doctrine of the Church of places, substitute the words methodist England, when it is not the doctrine and methodism;" which certainly are of the majority of the members who very convenient terms, as having no compose that church: for we must explicit meaniog in themselves, they remember, that the church of Enga may be made to signify any thing that land is not a non-entity, or an'im, the imposer pleases.
material abstraction, but a visible, Most writers generally cite the au- palpable, corporeal reality. It is not thors they relute; some readers, a dead but à living body. Wken, therefore, may expect to see quota- therefore, we wish io ascertain the tions from the writings of reputed me- true doctrine of the church of Eng. thodists, in order to shew that they land, we are not to inquire so much hold the dangerous opinions which he what was the doctrine and belief of imputes to them; but whether he its clergy in past ages, as what is the considered this as below the dignity doctrine and belief of the church, at of a philosopher, or feared to sully the present day. That which was the the purity of his pages; whether he doctrine and belief of the church, was suspects the fact, that they do not in the 'doctrine and belief of the church general believe or teach any of the in their time, and that which is the doctrines which he ascribes to them, doctrine and belief of the church in or whether he never read any of their this age, is the doctrine and belief of publications (which one would cha- the church in our time: for a church ritably hope to be the case)" or is not only a mass of bricks and more whether this or that be true,” cer
tar, or of stone and sand, but a colVOL. I.
lection of faithful men, warm with ing them. A law, like many in the animation and life, inculcating the English statutes, is often suffered to duties of the gospel, and instructing die a peaceful death. The power of the people in the way of righteous- enforcing it is not taken away; but ness. The sermon of a clergyman of general disuse suspends its operathe present day may not entirely ac- tions; and it becomes as if it did not cord with the tenets of the majority exist. None of the articles of the of the clergy, who lived two hundred church of England have been foryears ago, and so far may differ from mally repealed; but it is very eer. the doctrine of the church of England tain, that the literal sense of some of two hundred years ago; and yet they them has been, in a great measure may not differ from the preaching of explained away by the constructions, the great majority of the clergy in and, if I may so express it, abrogated his own tiine ; for as the majority of by the unanimous consent of the most the living members, and particularly illustrious divines. In the writings of the most learned, upright, and judi. Jeremy Taylor, Barrow, Tillotson, cious members of the church of Eng. Clark, Whitby, Jeffery, Butler, War. land, constitute the church of Eng- burton, Balguy, and other ornaments land, they may, without formally re. of the church of England, we meet with pealing any of the articles, pui any many passages, which in directly attack construction upon them which they thine the spirit, and with others which are best; and that construction is the directly contrary to the plain sense and legal doctrine of the church in their letter of the Articles. time; and, in that sense, and accord- Now, the practice of the greatest ing to that construction, the articles divines gives to other members of the may and ought to be subscribed; and church of England the privilege of he, who thus subscribes them, main- dissenting, and a right to dissent from tains what it is so necessary to main- those Articles which they opposed; tain, an unity of doctrine with the and which the majority of the living majority of his brethren; and is, con. clergy, whose animated bodies consequently, a better friend 10 the church of stitute the corporate legal reality, and England, than he is who may subscribe whose avowed opinions constitute the the articles in a sense more agreeable 10 actual doctrine of the church, do not the letter, but more adverse to the gente approve." ral construction of the clergy; and con. Now, Mr. Editor, with your leave, sequently to the received doctrine of the for a few remarks. church. As the church of England is 1. We may for ever bless the name not an union of dead men but of of this philosopher for pointing out to living, an unity of doctrine must mean, us a short road to religious truth. not an accord of opinions with the First, beginning with St. Paul's Cathea dead so much as an accord of opi- dral, or the Abbey (no great matter pions among the living; and as the which) inake the tour of all the parish creed of the church of England ought churches and chapels of ease in and not to be considered in any other about London (taking great care by light than the general creed of its the bye, not to blunder into any faliving teachers, those who oppose that natical conventicle), then take horses creed, though they may maintain opi- and travel post through every parish nions more congenialto the articles, yet, as in the kingdom, (there are but 10,000 the opinions which they maintain, are in the whole), carefully enquire into hostile to those of the great corporate the sentiments of every regular clerbody of the establishment, they must gymen; minute them in your journal; be considered rather as foes than as arrange them ; compare, sum, bafriends to the real interests of the lance; and when you have attained church to which they belong. Con. the opinions of the majority, then sider this, ye evangelical pieachers, you have the doctrines of the church and take to yourselves the reproaches of England, and consequently the with which ye are so eager to oppress truth, in which you may securely rest. the reputation of others.
-No, gentle reader, this is not a sys“ There is a general usage in mat- tem to encourage indolence, as ile ters, ecclesiastical as well as civil, doctrine of the church is that of the which abolishes sone laws, without majority of her priests; and as their formally repealing them, and esta- opinions must be always changing, so blishes others, without formally enact. you may prepare for another journey;