Obrazy na stronie

particular providence be the strongest mains of ancient grandeur; not to consolation under the calamities of • form a scale of the curiosity of inolife; if a sense of the divine favour, dern art; not to collect medals, or which strips death of its terrors, and . collate manuscripts ;--but to dive e-tablishes the hope of immortality, into the depths of dungeons; to bu valuable ; if, in a word, the plea; plunge into the infection of hospisures of devotion and virtue, carried ials; to survey the mansions of sor. to the highest pitch, be the sum of row and pain ; and to take the persunal happiness; then the intlu- gauge and dimensions of misery, ence of the gospel in promoting it, depression, and contempt; to rewill not be denied.

'meinber the forgotten; to attend to " In this view, the infidel has some- • the neglected; to visit the forsaken; times been constrained to commend and to compare and collate the disa it, while he has ungenerously charged 'tresses of all men, in all countries.' upon it those persecutions which it We might compare the state of sofurbids, that bloodshed which it ab- ciety in those countries where the hors, and the dreadful effects of pas- gospel has had any influence, with the sions which it subdues. The charge condition of the nations, both in anhas been wickedly supported, by the cient and modern times, which have misconstruction of a passage, in which had no aid from revelation. From Christ did not at all allude to the these inquiries it would appear, that tendency of his religion, but foretold just so far as inen have listened to his the effects that would result from the instructions, and imbibed his spirit, unreasonable opposition of its ene. have their distresses been relieved, mies.—Think not that I am come to and their social blessings multiplied. * send peace on earth; I came not to And the conclusion would 'follow, * send peace,

but a sword.' That that when he is universally known this passage is not to be taken in and acknowledged, wars will cease to the sense which at first view it sug. the ends of the earth ; neither the gests, is obvious from its connexion voice of the oppressor, nor the groan with the whole of our Saviour's dis- of the prisoner will be heard ; righcourse, and particularly from the ge- teousness, and peace, and joy will prenius of his religion, which is so benign, vail.” that in proportion as it is received In the second part of this discourse and understood, it cannot fail to im- the revolutions and convulsions inprove the state of society. All the tended by the shaking of all pations, evils which bave been imputed to it as necessary to the spread and estaarise from the ignorance, the bigotry, blishment of Messiah kingdom in its the superstition, the enthusiasm, of final glory. In contemplating this which it is the most effectual, perhaps subject, 1. He cautions us not to arI may say, the only cure. These raign the Most High, as if these comassertions would admit of strong proof motions arose from any defect of from fact, had we time to contem- goodness in bim, and shews that they plate the blessed change which Chris- result from the present condition of tianity, notwithstanding the corrup. our nature, and the corrupt state of tions of it, bath already effected in the world.--He then shews how these the state of the world. We might very calamities are over-ruled to distrace its happy influence in all the play the glory and extent of the die relations of life, in the constitutions vine government--especially as they of states, the spirit of their laws, and are means of establishing his church, the mode of administration.- We and of destroying their enemies might enter those charitable institu- yea, the very signs of his coming, tious, where every want is relieved, and the fullilling of his word. every disease mitigated, every cala- Speaking of the sovereignty of the mity softened; and hear the poor, Great Supreme, we have the followthe sick, and even the profligate, ing passage. blessing the religion of Jesus. "We *From the elevation of the sancmight view his sincere follower tra-. tuary, we behold an Almighty arm velling through the world, 'not to supporting the chain of human events, sursey the sumptuousness of palaces, extending its agency or control to the or the stateliness of temples; not to most trivial as well as the most impor* inake accurate measurements of re. tant, the most ordinary as well as the VOL. I.


most casual. God with holds the rain, sion of sin-who knew his worship, and the nations pine under famine: yet never did him homage. Be ashe sends forth his destroying angel, tonished, Oh ye heavens, at this ! and disease mingles with their breath: They found multitudes tho spoke of he shaketh the earth out of its place, a Saviour's blood; yet trampled it and they are ingulfed in its bosom. under foot. Oh my God! lay not The storin is his breath, the thunder this sin to our charge. his voice, the circle of the heavens The prejudices, however, which his throne. But who rolls in blood have been raised, have not extinthe garments of the warrior, and guished the desire of instruction. amidst the confused noise of battle, Their caution is increased; but the turns the beam of victory! The God missionary receives a fair audience. of battles suffers the violence of hu- As soon as it is seen that he hath not man passions thus to punish and cor. come to encroach upon their lands, rect the crimes they produce." p. 26. nor to rob them of their furs, the ca

In improving the subject and ap- lumet of peace is put into his hand; plying it to the occasion of a mission their bosoms glow with gratitude for among the Indians of North America, his disinterested zeal; and whenever the preacher draws the following pic- he opens to them the unsearchable ture of their present state, and of the riches of Christ, they gather around prospects of usefulness among them. him, examine his doctrine with

“I shall not have made the right shrewdness, and listen with attentive improvement of my text, till I recal curiosity, or deep emotion. Spirit of your attention to the importance of the Lord, breathe upon their soulsthe Redeemer's character, and urge demonstrate the truth to their underyou to remember that he is the desire standings-apply to their conscience of all nations. It is supposed, that at the blood of sprinkling! this day, much more than one half “ Their desire of instruction is of the human race dwell in the dark great encouragement to continue our places of the earth. They groan etforts: but the absolute necessity of under the anguish of guilt; but have this instruction, to their everlasting never heard of the blood which happiness, would require these efforts cleanses from sin. They torture their with less encouragement; would jusown-flesh, and mingle their tears with tify them under opposition. It was the pain of the unoffending victims; observed in the course of the illustrabut the wounded spirit is not healed. tion, that this is the great motive to On this continent their number is great, missionary attempts. It is the only notwithstanding the rapacity and vices motive strong enough to carry us over by which we have exterminated so the difficulties which must ever attend many tribes. Some of these have the preacher of the cross; and it can come from afar in search of clearer never be addressed to the Christian light. The ancestors of that nation without etfect. to which our efforts were first directa “ If we send the gospel to the Ined, travelled many moons to the place dians by those who love it, we shall of their present residence, in search soften their manners, purify their of a people who knew the Great Spi- social intercourse, and rapidly lead rit. "It had long been a tradition them into the habits of civilized life. among them, that far towards the But I repeat it again, this is not our lead. rising sun this happy people would be ing object.-- This will never produce found.

the disinterested, patient, persevering “ For my country, for the profes- exertion necessary to ensure success. sion of Christianity, I blush to think The salvation of their souls is our great how grossly they have been disap- concern. We preach to thein Christ pointed--how long they have been crucified; because there is salvation suffered to continue in this condition. in no other. Brethren! bere is the They found a people who knew more point of the argument. They are of the Great Spirít, and yet, in gene- perishing for lack of knowledge, and Țal, bad less fear of him before their this proceeds in a great degree from eyes. They found among that peo. our supineness. It is true, we have ple, many who knew his name, yet made some feeble efforts, and the succonstantly blasphemed it-who knew cess of these has proved our sin in de. his law, yet turned it into an occa. laying the work so long. But how far


does our zeal in the duty fall short be to die in total uncertainty!-how of our obligations to engage in it? dreadful under such delusion! If you What proportion do our exertions have seen the demerit of sin, the case bear to the necessity of the heathen, now presented will awaken all your or to the means of the Christian compassion. If you have known the church in this land? My brethren, if value of the soul, you will not cease they perish through the want of that to pray for its redemption. If you instruction which we might afford rightly appreciate the instruction, them, their blood will be required at the atonement, the unsearchable our hands. If we withhold that por- riches of Christ, the heathen shall not tion of our substance which we might desire them in vain. If the love of easily spare for missionary purposes, Christ constrain you, neither your and with sluggish indifference dwell substance nor your efforts will be in our ceiled houses, while the house wanting, to spread the savour of his of the Lord lieth waste, he will blast name: and if your faith in his proour comforts. We may, sow much, mises be firm, no discouragements but we shall reap little. We may will cause you to despond. From eat, but shall not have enough the very events which threaten the However great our gains, they will subversion of all human institutions, be put into a bag with holes.” Say your hope will derive stability,not, then, the time is not come, the For thu's saith the Lord of hosts; yet time that the Lord's house should once it is a little while, and I will shake be built.' But remember that ye in 'the heavens, and the earth, and the time past • were without Christ,''hay

sea, and the dry land ; and I will ing no hope, and without God. Call shake all nations, and the desire of all to mind all that he hath done for you ; nations shall come.

p.39--12. think upon the privileges he has grant- To this sermon is subjoined the reed you; restoration to his favour, the port of the directors-several Indian joy of his communion, the transform- letters and papers--with other docu. ing influence of his truth, the blessings ments relative to the society. of his house, the support of his promise. From the pleasant habitation of Zion, let your imaginations carry you into the habitations of cruelty--the XLIV. Thoughts on Happiness, a. wilderness where the benighted In- Poem, in four books. Crown 8vo. dian roams.- Behold the hoary chief. 94 PP. 35. Rivingtons. His enemy fell into his hands, and he triumphed in every groan which slow NDOE torture could produce. His son of- thor enquires into the true naíended bim, and he plunged a knife ture of happiness, and the road to its into his bosom. His aged mother attainment. The varied form of hapwas accused of witchcraft, and he piness are described in the following thought it lawful to take her life. terms : His relatives have been slain, and he thirsts for the blood of the murderers. “ Hard is the task, in language to Weighed down with sorrow and with express years, view him stretched upon the The varied forms of human happi. bed of death. The Comforter is afar off; the balın of Gilead bath never “ Yon peasant loitering up the vilbeen applied; no promise is heard lage hill, to soften the anguish of disease. His While nature smiles serenely, sweetonly heaven is the country beyond

ly, still the hills; its highest pleasure, food Sees, as he views with ruminating without the toils of the chace. The

eye, grounds of his hope, are the trophies Each painted cloud that sails the of his cruelty. I see him point'to evening sky, the number of these which hang Ting'd by the glitter of some parting around his hut : 1 bear him charge ray, the youthful warrior to emulate bis A bird, a castle, or a fish display. deeds, and to revenge himn of his ene. While at yon door, in thread-baré mies. The earthly scene is closed;

scarlet clad, the awful realities of eternity open The worn-out soldier sits, forloruly upon his soul. O how hard it must





Half drain'd, and more the cup which Then surely this must be the magic pity gave,

spell, There while he lingers the last drop To choose right objects, and pursue to save,

them well; His eye keeps tracing in the gilded Say wealth, or pomp, or pleasure, or west,

renown, Past scenes still glowing in his aged Or aught that virtue need not blush to

breast; He sees deep columns marching from No, not each singly, nor in compact afar,

join'd; And fields of ether form the embat- Unless with this—a rightly temper'd tled war.

mind. " Each paints, as wild imagination “ Contentment then's the source warıms,

of happiness, Not what the sky, but what his fancy Is blest itself, and has the power to forms:

bless; 'Tis thus with happiness—a joy to Not apathy, whose gorgon looks imme,

part Is to another downright misery. A petrifaction to the feeling heart; " E'en while I stray along the Nor cold indifference, such as stoics mead, to share

preach, The genial sostness of the spring-tide That scarce will taste the good withair,

in its reach; Or from the hill, survey the fertile Nor yet disgust, that quarrels for a vale,

toy, Or swelling woodland waving with With all the happiness it might enjoy; the gale,

Nor gleams of pleasure, sunshine of Or thro' the walk, high arch'd with an hour, nut trees, rove,

The glittering presage of a coming While airs melodious, echo from the shower: grove,

But what they feel, whom faith em. Mix in wild concert, as they chance pow'rs to see to flow,

A hopeful prospect of eternity. With all the murmurings of the brook Contentment only on that base can below,

last, Haply some eye its censures may Whichi joins the future, present, and

impart, Unseen iny motives, and unknown No gloomy mnists in dreary order roll,

To cloud that calm tranquillity of soul, “ Thro' paths that vary, wide as Whose genial light, which on to-day east and west,

descends, How all mankind are hurrying to be O'er life's whole landscape its bright blest,” p. 10–12.

beam extends.

Each rugged hill we lately travers'd Among the various objects suppos- o'er, ed to yield happiness, the author Struck by its rays, is rugged now no gives the palm to virtuous content

more ; ment.

Each rock that frowning lists its au “ Look round the world, and tell ful head, me if you can,

And theatens all the path we have to Is happiness the certain lot of man?

tread; The aim I'll grant; and yet how often Those clouds that darken all the disfoil'd,

tant view, The drone who loiter'd, and the slave This cheering pow'r can soften and who toil'd.

subdue; Adorn the object with what name Ting'd by its lustre every gloom subyou please,

sides, Wealth, pleasure, business, indolence, As distance smooths the mountain's

or ease, Who strives too little or who toils too "The vacant mind, tho' letter'd much,

yet untaught, Each hunts' a phantom that eludes Or with the dregs of human knowthe touchi,

ledge fraught,

the past.

my heart.

craggy sides.




Deems this alone true happiness be- fall in the Action. Reflections on low,

War. Excitement to necessary DeTo seize the fleeting pleasures as they fence. Concluding Eulogy.

flow: But what is pleasure ?--here the world From this Poem we give the fol. divides,

lowing extracts. Points different ways, and chooses dif

rent sides, Part thro' the paths of sensual pleasure “ Oft has my grandam begg'd me stray,

me to refrain To pluck each flower that blossoms From boyish pranks, which gave anin their way;

other pain; The wiser part, each sensual wish sup. For still her heart to sympathy in.

clin'd, Choose what will bless them, and will Benevolently felt for all mankind; keep them bless'd.” p. 20–23. And oft, affectingly, would she recite

The tale of Simon and the fiery sprite! Supposing these specimens suffi- “ Twas in her prime, when siinpler cient to put the reader in possession manners reign'd, of the author's sentiments and poetic And at their board plain farmers enta er ts, we only add from a note on

tertain's th-tack of the title, that the profits The village taylor, oft whose stated arising from the sale of this poem, will be “ applied to the fund of the The rustic wardrobe kept in due reCharity for the Relief of necessi- pair. tous Widows, Sons and Daughters of The dextrous Simon, late one ChristClergymen within the Archdeaconry

mas eve, of Coventry."

Receiv'd his groat, and took respecte

ful leave, With ale replenish’d, and with bosor

warm, XLV. The Peasant's Fate : a rural The plowman's lantern dangling on Poem, with Miscellaneous Poems.

his arm : By W. HOLLOWAY, small svo. Tho' moon nor stars dispens'd one

cheering ray,

He whistling homeward, urg'd his first and chief poem is di ready way. vided into two books. Argu- The barn, the cow-house, and the Bent: Invocation to the Rural Bluse, bridge he past, and to Remeinbrance. General View And reach'd the solitary lane at last, of the former and present State of the Beneath whose mould'ring banks, at Country. Moral 'Reflections. The even-tide, Suicide. The Ghost. Old and new 'Tis said, a restless ghost was wont to Farm-Houses contrasted. The Fairs. glide : Farmer's Daughters. The Church. Where oaks, o'er arching, form a Vicar and Curate. Smith's Shop. deeper shade, England compared with the most fer. And rising breezes rustle thro' the tile Countries. Prayer for Great glade; Britain. Book II. Recurrency to early Midst the quick hedge a ghastly form Lise. Bird-catching. Bathing. Poor Susan's deserted Hut. Her Cala. With bak, transparent head, and mities, and Death. Squire and his Lady—their Mansion. "Old English The mouth, from ear to ear, extended Hospitality. Former Indulgence to wide, the Peasantry: Rabbit - Catching. With long black teeth, abundantly Woodman. His Boys. Their Em

supply'd. ployment. Winter's Day. Wood. A rushing horror curdled all his man's Return. Futility of Happiness. Exemplification of former Re- Fast beat his heart, his hair erected marks. Reuben's early Prospects.

stood; His Farm. Engrossing of small farms His knees, that now together 'gan to the cause of his Misfortunes. He

smite, embraces a military Life. Jenny's Could scarce assist him in his back. Death. Storming a Fost. · Reuben's ward fight;

148 PP.

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