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BOSTON, MAY, 1845.





Page of 200k Report.





33 .35

1. Is further Provision for Lunatics and Idiots necessary?

....7 Hospital or Training School for Insane and Idiotic Children,.....

.12 Number of the Insane and Idiotic, with brief Notices of the Lunatic Asylums in the United States,......

19 Improvements and Changes of Insane Asylums,

.19 Tabular View of Insane Asylums for 1844, II. Benevolent Effort for Persons under Arrest,

...21 III. — Houses of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents,

House of Reformation in Boston,..
House of Refuge, New York City,.

House of Refuge, Philadelphia,
Summary of the Houses of Refuge,
The Farm School on Thompson's Island,.

...55 IV. - Reformed Prisoners, with Reference for Character,

V. – An Abstract of Professor Mittermaier's Review on Prison Discipline, 53 VI. - Slate Prison in Maine,.. VII. — State Prison in New Hampshire, ....

..63 VIII. — Slate Prison in Vermont,

.....65 IX. - State Prison in Massachusetts,

..68 X. — Slate Prison at Auburn, New York, XI. State Prison at Sing Sing, New York,

..82 XII. - State Prison in Ohio, XIII. — Sixteenth Annual Report of the New Penitentiary in Philadelphia, ..98 XIV.— Changes and Improvements in Penitentiaries and Prisons, .......217





Statistical Table of Penitentiaries in 1844,...
Mortality of Eleven Auburn Prisons and Two Philadelphia Prisons in 1844,
New Penitentiary in Philadelphia,
Mortality of Penitentiaries in successive Years,

125 125 126 .127



129 .131 .132

APPENDIX. Sixth Annual Report of the Warden of the Rhode Island State Prison ....... 134 CONSTITUTION


Prison Discipline Society.

ARTICLE 1. This Society shall be called the Prison Discipline Society.

Art. 2. It shall be the object of this Society to promote the improvement of Public Prisons.

Art. 3. It shall be the duty of this Society to take measures for effecting the formation of one or more Prison Discipline Societies in each of the United States, and to co-operate with all such Societies in accomplishing the object specified in the second article of this Constitution.

Art. 4. Any Society, having the same object in view, which shall become auxiliary to this, and shall contribute to its funds, shall thereby secure for the Prisons, in the State where such Society is located, special attention from this Society

Art. 5. Each subscriber of two dollars, annually, shall be a Member. Art. 6. Each subscriber of thirty dollars, at one time, shall be a Member for Life.

ART. 7. Each subscriber of ten dollars, annually, shall be a Director.

Art. 8. Each subscriber of one hundred dollars, or who shall by one additional payment increase his original subscription to one hundred dollars, shall be a Director for Life.

Art. I. The officers of this Society shall be a President, as many Vice-Presidents as shall be deemed expedient, a Treasurer, and a Secretary, to be chosen annually, and a Board of Managers, whose duty it shall be to conduct the business of the Society. This Board shall consist of six clergymen and six laymen, of whom six shall reside in the city of Boston, and five shall constitute a quorum

Every Minister of the Gospel, who is a Member of this Society, shall be enti tled to meet and deliberate with the Board of Managers.

The Managers shall call special meetings of the Society, and fill such vacan cies as may occur by death or otherwise in their own Board.

Art. 10. The President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, and Secretary, shall be, ex officio, Members of the Board of Managers.

Art. 11. Directors shall be entitled to meet and vote at all meetings of the Board of Managers.

Art. 12. The annual meetings of this Society shall be held in Boston, on the week of the General Election, when, besides choosing the officers as specified in the ninth article, the accounts of the Treasurer shall be presented, and the proceedings of the foregoing year reported.

Art. 13. The Managers shall meet at such time and place, in the city of Boston, as they shall appoint.

Art. 14. Åt the meetings of the Society, and of the Managers, the President, or, in his absence, the Vice-President first on the list then present, and, in the absence of the President and of all the Vice-Presidents, such Member as shall be appointed for that purpose, shall preside.

ART. 15. The Secretary, in concurrence with two of the Managers, or, in the absence of the Secretary, any three of the Managers, may call special meetings of the Board

Art. 16. The minutes of every meeting shall be signed by the Chairman or Secretary.

Art. 17. The Managers shall have the power of appointing such persons as have rendered essential services to the Society either Members for Life or Directors for Life.

Art. 18. No alteration shall be made in this Constitution except by the Socie. ty, at an annual meeting, on the recommendation of the Board of Managers.


THE Twentieth Annual Business Meeting of the Prison Discipline Society was hild, in Park-street vestry, on Monday, May 26, 1845, at 3 o'clock, P. M.

A quorum being present, the oldest Vice-President then present, the Rev. Dr. Jenks, took the chair, and opened the meeting with prayer.

The Chairman then read the Report of the Treasurer, Hon. Samuel A. Eliot, who was absent from the city, and the certificate of its correctness by the Auditors, W. W. Stone, Esq. and Amos A. Lawrence, Esq. The report, thus audited, was accepted.

The election of the officers was then made, and the officers of the preceding year were reclected, with the following changes and additions: The names of William Lawrence, Esq., Amos Lawrence, Esq., and Rev. Jared Curtis, were added to the list of Vice-Presidents; and to the list of managers, in the place of Rev. Mr. Bartol, the Rev. Robert C. Waterston; in the place

of the Rev. Jared Curtis, the Rev. Baron Stow; and in the place of Rev. Gorham D. Abbot, Hon. John R. Adan.

The meeting was closed with prayer by Mr. Rogers.

Mr. Waterston, on being notified of his election, asked to be excused, on the ground of numerous and pressing engagements,

The Twentieth Annual Public Meeting of the Prison Discipline Society was held in Park-street church, at 11 o'clock on Tuesday, May 27, 1845.

The Rev. Francis Wayland, D.D. President, took the chair; and, at his request, the Rev. Noah Porter, D.D. of Farmington, Conn., read the Scriptures, and opened the meeting with prayer.

Amos A. Lawrence, Esq. one of the managers, read the Report of the Treasurer, Hon. Samuel A. Eliot, who was absent from the city, and the certificate of the Auditors, W. W. Stone, Esq. and Amos A. Lawrence, Esq.

The Report of the Board of Managers was read by the Secretary. The first Resolution for the acceptance of this Report was offered by George T. Bigelow, Esq.

Charles Sumner, Esq. offered a “ Resolution, that the Report be committed to a Committee of members with instructions to inquire whether any modifications of the same be necessary, previous to its publication; and that the Committee be authorized, in the name of the Society, to request permission to examine the Philadelphia and other Prisons, and to incorporate a Report of their proceedings in the Annual Report of the Society." This Resolution was sustained by Charles Sumner, Esq. and Dr. S. G. Howe, and passed.

Before the Committee was appointed, the Hon. J. W. Edmonds, of New York, late the Chairman of the Board of Inspectors, at Sing Sing, was introduced to the meeting, as a delegate and representative from the Prison Association in New York City, and extended to this Society, in his introduction, friendly salutations, as to an elder sister, from that Infant Institution. Mr. Edmonds continued his speech, and showed the great benefits which had flowed in the Prison at Sing Sing from introducing a more mild and humane system of punishment for misdemeanor, and conducting the whole discipline of the Institution by the law of love, and not of terror.

The Committee was then filled, under the previous Resolution, with the following names :- Dr. S. G. Howe,

Charles Sumner, Esq., Rev. Louis Dwight, Hon. Samuel A. Eliot, George T. Bigelow, Esq., Hon. J. W. Edmonds, Dr. Walter Channing, and Hon. Horace Mann.

The meeting was then adjourned.

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