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PART II.

COUNTY PRISONS.

STATES,

NUMBER OF PRISONERS, IN THE NEW ENGLAND

IN PROPORTION TO THE POPULATION.

In Oxford county, Maine, with a population, in 1837, of 40,637, there were but 5 persons, of all descriptions, in Prison on the 24th of April, 1844. Only 19, including debtors, had been committed to Prison during the year. There were no debtors, females, colored people, or juvenile delinquents, in Jail at the date above mentioned. There had been only 6 debtors committed during the year.

So seldom was any youth under 16 years of age committed, that the jailer deems a House of Refuge for this class uncalled for. There was 1 poor lunatic in Jail, who had been there three years, who was acquitted of crime, on the plea of insanity, in killing his wife and two children. During all, or nearly all, this time, there had been an Asylum in the state, where he should have been placed. After so long delay, the legislature provided by law, at the last session, that he should be sent to the Asylum, and supported there at public expense, after his own means were exhausted.

In Kennebec county, Maine, with a population, in 1837, of 62,377, there were in Prison at Augusta, the only shire town, on the 20th of April, 1844, only 12; 58 criminals, and 19 debtors, during the year. 1 debtor, only, in Prison at the above date; 2 females, no colored person, and only 1 youth under 16 years of age. In the opinion of the jailer, no House of Refuge was required for juvenile delinquents. There were 2 lunatics, of whom 1 is blind, and has been in Prison since July 30, 1835, almost 9 years; and the other since July 19, 1839, almost 5 years. The keeper, Mr. Moore, says, he has tried to get them into the Asylum, but could not succeed. Being incurable cases, and having no residence in the state, they are supported at the expense of the state. The lastmentioned lunatic, who has been in the Prison almost 5 years, is noisy and very troublesome; the first, who has been in the Prison almost 9 years, is idiotic and blind. In Dover, one of the four county towns of Strafford county,

N. H., with a population of 5,449 in the town, and 58,910 in the county, there were but 6 persons in Prison, of all classes, on the 23d of April, 1844; between 30 and 40, for all offences, during the past year. 3 debtors, only, in the same time, and only 5 since 1841; and these because fears of absconding were entertained. No female, or colored person, or juvenile delinquent under 16 years of age. Here, too, our satisfaction is marred by the imprisonment of 1 poor lunatic, subject to fits of insanity of from 1 to 6 weeks' duration, and who has been imprisoned for debt more than 2 years.

In Newport, Sullivan county, N. H., the only county town in a county containing, in 1830, 19,669 inhabitants, on the 27th of April, 1844, there was only 1 person in Jail; no debtor, female, colored person, youth under 16 years, or lunatic ; 19 only, of all classes, during the year, of whom 12 were debtors. Of the debtors, 3 only remained in Jail one night.

In Rutland, Vt., the only county town in Rutland county, containing a population, in 1830, of 31,294, 10 persons were in Jail, on the 26th of April, 1844, of whom 1 was a debtor. No female, colored person, youth under 16, or lunatic; no House of Refuge required; 20 or 25 criminals of all classes, during the year, and from 10 to 20 debtors.

In Newfane, Vt., the only county town in Windham county, containing a population, in 1830, of 28,746, there was no person in Jail on the 19th of April, 1844. There had been, during the year, 15 criminals of all classes, and 13 debtors ; but no debtor had remained in Jail one night. No House of Refuge required for juvenile delinquents; no poor lunatic in Prison, no female, or colored person.

In Chelsea, Vt., the only county town in Orange county, containing a population, in 1830, of 27,285, there were 3 persons in Jail, of all classes, on the 24th of April, 1844; no female, colored person, or juvenile delinquent. No House of Refuge required. 35 criminals, and 28 debtors, committed since December, 1843. 2 debtors in Prison on the 24th of April ; 5 debtors in Prison one night during the year. poor lunatic, who has been 54 years in Prison, insane at times, but most of the time rational ; can only be sent to the Asylum . under direction of the court; remains in Prison.

In Montpelier, Vt., the only county town in Washington county, containing a population, in 1830, of 21,378, there were 5 persons in Jail on the 20th of April, 1844, of whom 1 was a debtor. There was no female, colored person, youth, or lunatic. No House of Refuge required for juvenile delin

year. 1

quents. About 100 criminals, of all classes, committed during the year; about 75 debtors; but the debtors usually give bonds, and leave the same day; they are committed without remaining in Prison one night.

In Middlebury, Vt., the only county town of Addison county, containing a population, in 1830, of 24,940, there were 4 persons in Jail, of all classes, on the 20th of April, 1844.

In Barnstable, Mass., the only county town in the county of the same name, containing, in 1837, a population of 31,109, there were 3 persons in Jail on the 21st of April, 1844; there was no debtor, female, colored person, juvenile delinquent, or poor lunatic. No House of Refuge is required. One debtor only has been committed during the past year, and this one remained in Jail only one night. 16 persons, of all classes, had been committed, including the 1 debtor, for all offences, during the year.

In Duke's county, at Edgartown, Mass., with a population of 3,785, there was no person in Jail on the 2d of May, 1844. There were only 5 persons committed during the year, for all offences, and no debtor. No female, colored person, youth, or poor lunatic. No House of Refuge required.

In Newburyport, Mass., one of the three county towns in Esser county, containing a population, in 1837, of 93,689, and the town itself containing a population, in 1837, of 6,741, there was but 1 person in Jail at the date of the returns in April, 1844. No debtor, female, colored person, or juvenile delinquent; the only person in Jail, a poor lunatic, who had been in Jail 3 years, on the 9th of December last. He is thought, by his friends, unsafe to be at large. He has been at the Asylum at Worcester, and has been returned as incurable.

In Nantucket, Mass., the only county town in the county of the same name, containing a population of 9,048, in 1837, on the 19th of April, 1844, there was only 1 person in Jail ; during the last year, only 5 criminals, and 2 debtors. At the above date, no debtor, female, colored person, youth, or poor. lunatic.

In Plymouth, the only county town of Plymouth county, Mass., containing a population, in 1837, of 46,253, there were 2 persons in Jail on the 19th of April, 1844. 24 persons committed for crime during the past year; only 2 debtors during the same time; and on the 19th of April, no debtor, female, colored person, juvenile delinquent, or poor lunatic, in Prison. No House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents required.

In Dedham, Mass., the only county town of Norfolk county, containing a population, in 1837, of 50,399, on the 19th of April, there were 3 persons in Jail. During the year, there had been 35 persons, for all offences, and 19 debtors. At the date above mentioned, there was no debtor, female, colored person, youth, or poor lunatic, in Prison.

In Greenfield, Mass., the only county town in Franklin county, containing, in 1837, a population of 28,655, on the 22d of April, 1844, there was only 1 person in Prison ; during the last year, 36 persons, for all offences, and 14 debtors. At the above date, no debtor, female, colored person, juvenile delinquent, or poor lunatic, in Prison. " Not much use for a House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents." 8 of the debtors committed last year remained in Jail one night.

In Northampton, Mass., the only county town of Hampshire county, containing a population, in 1837, of 30,413, on the 7th of May, 1844, there were 3 persons in Jail. During the year, there were 50 prisoners confined in Jail, of whom 8 were debtors. At the date above mentioned, there was no debtor, female, colored person, juvenile delinquent, or poor lunatic, in Prison. No House of Refuge required for Juvenile Delinquents.

In Litchfield, Conn., the only county town in the county of the same name, containing a population, in 1830, of 42,858, on the 19th of April, 1844, there was only 1 person in Prison. Whole number of commitments, from April 21, 1843, to April 21, 1844, 46. No debtor, female, colored person, or poor lunatic, remained in Jail on the 19th of April; the only prisoner was a youth of 14 years. There is no House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents in Connecticut. The subject of establishing one is before the legislature. During the past year, no debtor, for debt on contract, has been committed to Prison in Litchfield county; 8 have been committed for military fines.

In Danbury, Conn., a half-shire town in Fairfield county, containing a population, in 1830, of 47,010, there were 3 persons in Jail on the 20th of April, 1844. 20 persons had been committed during the year. No debtor, female, colored person, or poor lunatic, was in Jail on the 20th of April last ; 1 juvenile delinquent, under 16 years of age. The jailer thinks no House of Refuge is required for this class.

In Brooklyn, Conn., the only county town in Windham county, containing a population of 27,082, on the 18th of April, 1844, there were 9 persons in Prison. Whole number committed during the year, 55. There was no debtor, female, youth under 16, or poor lunatic, in Jail, on the 18th of April last. No person had been committed during the year for debt on contract, but 2 had been committed for military fines.

TABULAR VIEW OF TWENTY COUNTY PRISONS.

Diminution

of Crune.

County Prisons.

Bible in every Room.

Population.

Sabbath School.

Religious Service and O-Or-o | Debiors. COO0lsol Females. coco-cl Juvenile Delinquents. oooooo! Colored. OOO-19 - Poor Lunatics.

P

Yes.
Paris, Oxford county, Maine,

Yes. 40,637 5 19

00 Yes.

00 Augusta, Kennebec county, Maine,

Yes. 62,377 12 77 Yes.

00 Dover, Strafford county, New Hampshire, Yes. 14,727 6 38 1 Yes.

00 Newport, Sullivan county, New Hampshire, Yes. 19,609 1 1900 Yes.

00 Rutland, Rutland county, Vermont,

Yes. 31 294 10 40 1 0 0 0 Yes.

Newfane, Windham county, Vermont, ..Yes. 28,746 0 20 0 0 0 0 000 Increases ; cause,

Chelsea, Orange county, Vermont,...... Yes. 27,285 363 2 0 0 0 1 00 Temperance ! Yes.

00 Montpelier, Wa-kington county, Vermont, Yes. 21,378 5 175 1 0 0 Yes. Middlebury, Addison county, Vermont, Yes. 24,940 4 000

00 Yes. Barnstable, Barnstable county, Massachusetts, Yes. 31,109 316

00 Yes. Eduartown, Duke's county, Massachusetts, .

Yes.

00

3,785 05 Yes. Newbury port, Essex county, Massachusetts, Yes. 31,229 1 54

00 Yes. Nantucket, Nantucket county, Massachusetts, No.

9,048

00

7 Yes. Plymouth, Plymouth county, Massachusetts, 46,253 2 26

00 Unknown. Dedbam, Norfolk county, Massachusetts, Yes. 50,399 3 54

00 Yes.

00 Greenfield, Franklin county, Massachusetts, Yes. 28,655 1 50 Yes.

00 Northampton, Hampshire county, Mass., Yes. 30,413 3 50 Yes.

00 Litchfield, Litchfield county, Connecticut, Yes. 42,858 46 Yes. Danbury, Fairfield county, Connecticut, Yes. 23,500 3 20

00 Increases. Brooklyn, Windham county, Connecticut, Yes. 27,082 955

01 000 Twenty County Prisons, April and May, 1844, 601,384 73842 6 21 1 61 00

66

1 prisoner.

to 8,238 souls, in April, 1844. 1 prisoner

714

66 the whole year. 1 debtor

56 100,230 " April, 1844 1 female

"

300,692 1 youth under 16 “ 200,461 1 poor lunatic. . ." 100,290

NEGLECT OF MORAL AND RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION IN

COMMON JAILS.

The keeper of the Prison in Orford county, Paris, Me., under date April 24, 1844, says, every room is supplied with a Bible, but there is no religious service on the Sabbath, and no Sabbath school.

The keeper of the Prison in Kennebec county, at Augusta, Me., under date April 20, 1844, says, every room is supplied with a Bible ; but there is no religious service on the Sabbath, and no Sabbath school.

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