« PoprzedniaDalej »
“ The great poinls are, – - a kind heart, pure motives, and sound judgment.
“We allow no one in our employ to insult, taunt, ridicule, abuse, strike, whip, chain, or iron a patient, under any circumstances whatever. There never was a man or woman chained or put in irons of any kind, since the Asylum received a patient; and we never had a strait jacket in our possession.”
The simple leather wrist-bands; the waist-belt, fastened to the back of a chair; the leather mitten or muff; the arm-chair, and the strong-room for seclusion, are the restraints named by Dr. Awl as sometimes, but seldom, in use at Columbus.
“ At the moment we are engaged in the composition of this paragraph," he says, “ with 118 insane persons under charge in the Asylum, there is not a single individual under any other restraint than the walls of the Asylum; and this is frequently the case for weeks together. They talk in England and on the continent of their recent improvements in these respects; of the value of mild treatment, and the disuse of all harsh means and cruel restraints, describing at the same time the means which their experience has proved to be sufficient. It is well. We are thankful that the things which they have laid aside have never been in service with us. What they call mild restraints have always been our strongest measures, and their conclusions our point of beginning."
Dr. Awl and the Ohio Lunatic Asylum have our best wishes for their continued prosperity.
We close this notice of Lunatic Asylums, and this part of our Report, with a tabular view of fourteen Asylums, for the
year 1842 :
Number improved. ::::::::: | Number much improved.
Se o SEDESET Number recovered during
Maine Asylum, at Augusta,
141 54 65 87 36 16 6 222 691 18 1810 New Hampshire Asylum, at Concord, 76
47 761 12 10 1
12 t 29 1812 Vermont Asylum, at Brattleboro', 196 95) 113 101 49
6 421 179 311 183) Mclean Asylum, at Charlestown,... 271 142 133 1:29 80 81 12 15 2142 957) 20 1818 Boston Asylum, at South Boston,.. 148) 108 95
17 9 17
193 36 10 1839 Massachusetts Asylum, at Worcester, 429 231 238 198 88 25 12 1557 670*661319 1333 Connecticut Retreat, at Hartford,.... 179 83 90 96 56 16 8 1164 650 9 1824 New York Asylum, at Utica,....,
126 145 19
1843 at Bloomingdale, 219 133 110 86 55.. 15 7 2784 1255
1821 Dr. White's Asylum, at Hudson, N. Y. 71 38 33 33 14 23 1
1830 Pennsylvania Asylum,t two, miles west of Philadelphia,..
238) 115 1181 123 60 11 19 12 299 90 18 181) Friends' Asylum ai Frankford, seven miles north of Philadelphia, t97 58 58 39 13 4 10 3 784 263
1817 Virginia Asylum, at Staunton,
152 99 110 53 19
15 South Carolina Asylum, at Columbia, Ohio Asylum, at Columbus,........ 207 142 142 65 41
408 165 13 1833 Total in fourteen Asylums,.
(2569 1299 1478/1271 559 23 155 114 17694/4938)
• Sent away as incurable, 12; to Jails and House of Correction, 52. Th: Pennsylvania Hospital was founded in 1752; has received 10,000 patients, of whom 4336 were insane; of these 1493 were entirely recovered, and 913 improved,
: Year 194?, ending third month. i la 1536, 53; in 1842, 65; in 7 years, under treatment, 206 ; cured and much improved during the time, 83 ; died, 54.
HOUSES OF REFUGE.
The House of Reformation for Juvenile Delinquents, at South Boston, publishes no report itself; but a committee of the city government, through their chairman, Moses Grant, Esq., has for six years made a report on the institutions, including this at South Boston, and the inspectors of Prisons for the county of Suffolk have made a report semiannually. These documents are very valuable. So few of them, however, are published, that very few persons ever see them, and, after a little time, they cannot be obtained.
Eighteenth Annual Report of the Managers of the Society for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents, to the Legislature of the State, and Corporation of the City of New York. Octavo; pages 42. Mahlon Day, Printer.
The Fifteenth Annual Report of the House of Refuge of Philadelphia ; with an Appendix. Octavo; pages 28. E. G. Dorsey, Printer.
HOUSE OF REFORMATION AT SOUTH BOSTON.
Daniel Chandler, superintendent.
Number of inmates, 56, of whom 6 are colored ; no females. Work of the house done mostly by the boys. Rise early, - at 5 o'clock, in summer, make their own beds, sweep
their own rooms, and get ready for prayers, reading the Scriptures, and singing, at a quarter before 6 o'clock. Nearly all sing, and those who do not, at first, with a very few exceptions, soon learn. Breakfast at 7. Play in a yard, about 100 feet by 80, from breakfast till 7 o'clock. Work from 7 to 10; attend school from 10 to 3, with an hour's intermission for dinner and play. Work from 3 till 6. Sup at 6. Play till dark. Settle accounts for good or bad behavior every evening; the remainder of the evening being spent in intellectual exercises for recreation and amusement. Retire at half past 8 o'clock.
Although the number of children is not large, in this institution, if it is large enough to take all from the city who need its benefits, what more could be desired ? unless it be that the benefits of it should be extended to other parts of the state, by opening its doors, as in the House of Refuge in New York, for juvenile delinquents from all parts of the state, whose waywardness might be corrected in this institution. It will be difficult to find a place, in this or any other state, where this class of boys can with more certainty receive benefit. The labor is wholesome and abundant, at certain hours; the school is of the first order for any place; food, recreation, and play, are all well provided; the chapel, school-room, work-shop, play-grounds, and garden, are all good, well arranged, and beautiful. The Sabbath is observed as in the best-regulated Christian communities and families. Public worship twice a day, Sabbath school instruction and reading. The health is almost perfect. There has been no death for 18 months. The opportunity for bad boys, when reformed, to be well apprenticed, is very good.
We greatly lament that this institution itself does not furnish and publish an annual report, which might be preserved as the published and authorized record of its important results.
HOUSE OF REFUGE IN NEW YORK.
This is an institution like that in Boston, for the benefit of juvenile delinquents. It has been in operation 18 years. number of boys and girls received from the commencement to January 1, 1843, was 3,128, of whom 897 were girls. Of the whole number, 2,817 have been bound as apprentices.
“ If there is one fact,” say the managers, “ which shows forth the utility and beneficial effects of this institution, it is the large number of youths, of both sexes, who have been rescued from a life of vice and degradation, and thus assisted in their progress to virtue and usefulness.”
Number of children in the house, January 1, 1842, . 275 Number received during the year,
284 Number enjoying its benefits in 1842, .
559 Number remaining January 1, 1843,
306 Number apprenticed during the year,
253 The great cause of delinquency is idleness.
Time is divided, in this institution for reformation, between the work-shop, school-room, play-ground, dining-room, and dormitory; about 8 hours to labor, about 8 hours to study and recreation, and about 8 hours to rest.
The great lessons inculcated are, 1st, cleanliness in person,
habitation, and dress; 2d, early rising ; 3d, order and regularity; 4th, truth; 5th, industry; 6th, moral and religious observances.
A library of 576 volumes of good books is provided for their instruction and amusement.
The Sabbath is observed in the manner most common in very well regulated Christian communities and families :public worship twice, Sabbath school instruction, reading, rest from labor, &c. &c.
The health is indicated by the bill of mortality ; 2 deaths only last year, among nearly 300 inmates.
The receipts have been $21,350 42; the disbursements, $21,228 62; leaving a balance, in favor of the institution, of $121 80.
Receipts from following sources : Balance from last year's account,
$ 135 50 Labor of the children,
4,212 69 Marine Hospital fund,
8,000 00 Licenses of theatres and circuses,
2,800 00 Corporation of the city of New York, from excise fund,
4,000 00 Legacy from the estate of Archibald Campbell, 1,202 23 Finance committee,
$21,350 42 A new stone building has been erected, during the year, 893 feet by 343, 2 stories high, to enlarge the accommodations.
The benefits of the institution are extended to colored (about one sixth part of the whole) as well as to white children. It is the same in Boston. But it is not so in Philadelphia. Very just and severe remarks have been made on Philadelphia, for such a distinction. But as colored children were not received in either of the three cities for several years, possibly, since they are now received in two of them, it may soon be done in Philadelphia.
The annual report contains, in the appendix, the reports of the ladies' committee, physician, teacher, and matron, - all important and interesting documents.
Although the deaths have been but 2, and two thirds of the year there was very little sickness, still, in the other four months, there were many hospital cases, mostly from sore eyes; 75 were thus afflicted.
case has the sight been lost, and in only two or three cases has the eye been at all injured.
An abstract of the daily journal, and extracts from 19 or 20
letters of a very encouraging character, concerning the good behavior of children who have been apprenticed, close this report.
May this institution, so rich in blessings to poor children, continue its great usefulness !
HOUSE OF REFUGE IN PHILADELPHIA.
This institution, like the House of Reformation in Boston, and the House of Refuge in New York, is for the benefit of juvenile delinquents. It has been in operation 15 years; has received 1119 boys, and 485 girls; total, 1604. On the 1st of January, 1842, there were 150 inmates; during the year, 109 were received, and 109 discharged, leaving 150 at the close of the year. Of those received, 100 were sent by magistrates and courts, 5 were returned by their masters, and 4 returned voluntarily. Of those discharged, 54 were indentured as apprentices, 7 were sent to sea, 22 were returned to their friends, 11 became of age to be free, 11 were not proper subjects, 3 died, 1 escaped ; total discharged, 109.
Expenditures, $18,013 36; receipts, $23,060 48. Of the receipts, $2,269 10 were for labor of boys; $9,000 from county commissioners, by legislative appropriation; and $5,000 from the state treasury, by legislative appropriation.
The annual report contains very full accounts, from the superintendent, of the work done by the boys, and of the expenses of the institution ; — also from the ladies' visiting committee, and from the teachers of both the boys' and girls' schools.
The appendix contains extracts from 30 letters, concerning the good conduct, with few exceptions, of boys and girls who have been apprenticed.
Total number of children and youth, in the three institutions, at the close of the last year, 512.
Total number received last year, in New York and Philadelphia, 393.
Total number apprenticed, in New York and Philadelphia, last year, 307.
Total number received from the commencement, in New York and Philadelphia, 4,732.
Total number apprenticed, in New York alone, 2,817.
Total number of deaths, in the three institutions, during the last year, 5, or less than 1 in 100.