Obrazy na stronie

could have the means of forming only an Dissenting Academy at Caermarthen, then imperfect estimate of what he was iu the under the care of the Rev. Robert Gendays of health and vigour. Yet enough tleman; but not being satisfied with the remained to impress the mind with the opportunities there afforded for improve. conviction, that the sufferer was no ordina- ment, he soon afierwards entered at Da. ry man. Retentiveness of memory, which ventry, where the Rev. Thomas Belsham in occasional hours snatched from busi- was then Tutor. There he continued two ness, or from nightly rest, enabled him to or three years, where his Tutor testifies lay up a store of information that in a great to his conduct being most exemplary.measure compensated for the want of a Although brought up in the faith called liberal education in early life, - vigour of Orthodox, whilst at Daventry he imbibed judgment which rendered that information the principles of Unitarianism. This his really useful, as the means of forming excellent Tutor lamented at the time; correct and enlarged opinions on the yet he himself afterwards was led, by most interesting topics,-and a readint's extended and temperate inquiry, to adopt and propriety of utterance, the sure indi. the same opinions. When he left the cation of a well-furnished and well- Academy at Daventry, he settled in Cum ordered mind,-were at all times dis- berland for some years, where his conduct coverable even in the latter days of our did him the highest honour. His congredeparted friend. In some respects, the gation was, however, small, and not very calamities which pressed heavily upon harmonious, so that he at length judged him, were the means of exhibiting his it best to leave it. Whilst in Cumberland, true character. His unshaken firmness he kept a school; and it is no small proof of principle and power of endurance how highly his pupils esteemed him, that could not otherwise have been so fully one of them, now living at Cheshunt, for manifested; nor, had his piety been many years, aud to the present time, spared the severity of the trial, could derer failed to remit him a very handwe have known the depth of his humi- some and liberal donation twice in the lity and the completeness of his resig- year, lest his income should be too small nation to the will of Heaven. Grievous for one in his delicate state of health. indeed it was to behold the indications of This friend of Mr. Davis, like himself, is intense suffering, and yet it was often a man of modest and retiring character, truly delightful and cdifying to witness and best beloved by whom he is best how Christian principles and hopes tri- known. Such was the delicacy he exerumphed over all. We had thus a striking cised in this affair, that he did not send demonstration, that though the outward Mr. Davis the monies directly from himman failed, the inner man was renewed day self, but employed the agency of one who by day, and that, as his life had been was proud of being numbered amongst regulated by the gospel precepts, his the friends of both. - Mr. Davis was a latter days were cheered by its rich con- man of sound learning and of great apsolations."

plication; but he never became a popular Yeovil.

preacher. As to the arts of popularity, he abhorred the practice of them; but

neither his voice, manner vor action, was Dec. 16, at Collumpton, in Devonshire, attractive, so that he was only admired the Rev. JOHN Davis, Minister of the by the judicious few. He carefully wrote Unitariau congregation in that town. His his discourses; and he had a habit, arisdeath was sudden aud unexpected, al- ing from his diffidence of himself, when though he had for many years had but he determined to compose a sermon, of very delicate health. He preached twice reading some treatise on the subject; the Sunday of the week in which he died, which I often lamented, thinking that visited a sick friend on Monday, taking a he thus insensibly imbibed other men's long walk for that purpose, and attended thoughts, and relied too little on his owo. his pupils until the evening of Wednesday, It had been better, perhaps, to have writand died the night of the following day ten his discourse first, and then read on at about 11 o'clock, in the sixty-fifth year the subject the works of others. His of his age. It were iniproper, I think, favourite English author was Dr. Lardner to suffer such a man to sink into the (and with whom, who ever read his grave without some statement of his cha. works, is he got a favourite?). Of the racter and conduct, which I presume to writings of his contemporaries, he afforward to you at the instance of some peared to prefer those of Dr. Priestley, of his friends in Devonshire.-Mr. Davis, whose opinions he greatly approved, aud being a native of Wales, had his grammar in one particular whom he greatly resemeducation in Caermarthenshire, under the bled--a particular which many will regard learned Mr. David Davis, who is still liv. as an excellence, and some as an infirm. ing; and was sent at the usual age to the ity that was, the decisiveness of his

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conclusions. His midd was strong and ferociousness. He had, indeed, the spirit clear, but it was not subtile enough to of a martyr, and in other times would pierce and confound its own conclusions. have been one. He could act, and would -He attached great importance (some have suffered, like Latimer. -Mr. Davis of his friends thought too great an im- being a single man, lived two years toportance) to the prevalence of his reli. gether in my house, and never was a man gious opinions, which of course made him better adapted for domestic life. So easy in some sort a propagandist ; yet he uni- to be accommodated, so considerate of formly asserted, that a sound morality the accominodation of others; so quiet, was the end of all true religion, and held peaceful and courteous, that he was in the value of opinions without this in the domestic life inestimable. He thought most perfect scorn. The doctrine of the that three great powers, in a good degree Trinity, in itself, seems merely harmless new, were in action for the amelioration nonsense; but, as connected with such of the condition of man-the free use of doctrines as the atonement and imputed printing, general education, and the bent Fighteousness, it assumes a more seri, of men's minds towards experimental ous and mischievous aspect. He used to research. Certainly, these are great say, that this last doctrine of imputed powers, and cannot be without effect. righteousness was like putting a white Experiment is the sole foundation of shirt over the dirty robes of a chimney. knowledge. Much may be imagined, sweeper ; and he held that Orthodox much believed ; but without experiment Christianity was more absurd than any nothing can be KNOWN, Europe was for of the Heathen superstitions ; for if an centuries diverted from turning to this irrational service was offered to the Hea- source of knowledge by that stupendous then gods, the gods themselves were, at system of fraud, the Catholic Church. the best, but imperfect men, or worse: It appears that the activity and useful whereas the Christians offered to a Being ness of Mr. Davis were continued to him of consummate intelligence, the most pu- until the last day of his life; and I know erile and ridiculous service; exclusively that if he had had the final ordering of levelling their God to the rank of idiotism. bis departure, this was ever his wish and He ever seemed to have the most un desire. His congregation, and the disshaken confidence in the ultimate provi. position to attend to his ministry in his sions of the Deity for universal good, neighbourhood, had of late years inand fully expected that the end of the creased, and with these, his usefulness great drama of existence would be uni- had extended, which gave him great versal happiness. How glorious would pleasure. He was not much acquainted every thing appear, if the phenomena of with worldly affairs, and had studied Man nature and the language of the New Tes. more in the elements of his pature, than, tament warranted this conclusion ! How. in active life. He was, in one word, the ever, this was his conclusion, and quite rarest of all characters, a Christian inunshaken by whatever evil he himself deed, in whom there was no guile; and soffered or saw around him,- Whenever his common designation in the West of he had to determine upon any point of England, “ HONEST JOHN Davis," is conduct, his first inquiry was, whether proof enough that the purity and simpliit was consistent with DUTY ; and that city of his character were duly appreonce clearly impressed upon his mind, he ciated. I will adopt, on this occasion, never ceased to obey its dictates.—No four lines, with the alteration of a word one more anxiously wished for, and few or two, of Johnson's beautiful poem on more sanguinely expected, a great ame- Lovett: lioration of the state of society in this

“Well tried through many a circling year, world, at some distaut period, than Mr. Daris; yet no one was more zealous for

See Davis to the grave descend ; ; the security of property, or more adverse

Judicious, innocent, sincere, to tumultuary proceediugs, as he thought

Of every friendless name the friend." society could only advance with the ad.

HOMO. : vance of mental cultivation, without which men can neither combine nor stea- [Another Correspondent (D.) gives us dily act for the accomplishment of im. the following pleasing information con. provements, Neither the fear of man, ceruing Mr. Davis : “ The uniform tenor nor any wish to please him, ever induced of his life obtained for him the general him to do that, of which he did not ap- respect of his neighbourhood. By his prove. It was pronounced over the grave flock he will be remembered with affec of John Kuox, “ that he never feared tion and veneration. It should be noted, the face of man :" the same might justly for the encouragement of others, that by be said of Mr. Davis, who had the firm- unremitting endeavours to do his best for dess of Knox without one grain of his the cause of truth, (although for many

years afflicted with a painful disorder,) mysterious, but what we now know only he lived to see the fruit of his labours. in part, we shall fully know hereafter.” He has left a congregation increasing in The religious sentiments, which she emzeal and in numbers. It was thought braced after a diligent and impartial peworth the trouble to inquire concerning rusal of the sacred writings, were strictly the religious opinions of so worthy a Unitarian. But while it was her aim to man, and it was found that he could give entertain correct views of the leading a reason for the faith that was in him.- doctrines of Christianity, she did not About two years since he felt it his duty neglect to cultivate its spirit and to practo attend in the vestry on Wednesday tise its precepts. Revering truth of every evenings to deliver lectures, and to con- kind, but more especially religious truth, verse with any who might be sufficiently what she conscientiously believed, she interested to hear what he had to advance never felt ashamed to avow. In the in favour of his views of the gospel doc- course of the painful and severe illness trine. For some time, very few came which closed her days on earth, she afto be instructed; but with peculiar stea- forded the clearest proof, that scriptural diness he held on in what he thought the views of the paternal character of God path of duty; and his hearers increased. have power to compose the mind to reHis last lecture, delivered a few days be. signation, and to give it peace and hope fore his death, was thought to be parti- in the nearest views of death. cularly interesting, and his auditors had

R, K. M. thén increased fourfold."]

Mrs. Jones, of St. Mary Axe, the lady · Dec. 22, at Tedfold House, Billings, who was taken from this life in a manner hurst, Sussex, aged 70, Mr. William so awfully sudden in the Chapel in Jewin EVERSHED, a truly worthy and useful Street, on Sunday January 9th, during man, and a support and ornament of the the solemnity of prayer, was consigned General Baptist Church at Billingshurst. to the family vault in Goodman's Fields His residence for many years previous, on the Monday se'nnight following. The had connected him with the congregation Rev. S. W. Browne, Minister of Yorkof the same denomination at Mead Row, Street Chapel, St. James's Square, attendnear Godalming. .

ed on the melancholy occasion with her

mourning friends : and performed the 1825. Jan. 6, at Taunton, aged 38, after funeral obsequies; this lady having been a severe and protracted illness, ELIZA- a constant attendant on divine worship, BELLA, wife of Mr. MeADE, Solicitor of for several years, at the Chapel in Monkthat place. Her death is generally and well Street. The Rev. gentleman prosincerely regretted. Au intimate acquain- nounced over the lifeless body the distance with the human mind and its prin- course here given, closing the solemn ciples of action, perfect candour, active duty with selections so made from the benevolence, enlightened and ardent piety, beautifully impressive service of the Comand uniform moral rectitude, strongly mon Prayer-Book for the burial of the marked her character, and commanded dead, as to make them harmonize with the esteem and love of the circle of friends that pure form of Christianity, which in which she moved. In the domestic prevailed in the first age of the church, relations of life, her cheerfulness, her when “ one Lord, one faith, one baptism, evenness and sweetness of temper, though one God and Father of all, above all, she was almost constantly labouring uu- through all, and in al)," formed the der bodily indisposition; her unremitting divinely simple religion of the followers and anxious endeavours to discharge her of the Saviour of the world from sin and various and important duties as a wife, a death. A part of the 90th Psalm was first parent, a daughter, and a sister,--deeply read. endeared her to her bow disconsolate “ All things on earth dissolve and husband, to her bereaved children, to perish : all the external objects of human an aged mother, and to an affectionate complacency come to an end ; grandeur brother, whom she has left to mourn the fades; distinctions cease; riches vanish; irreparable loss which they suffer by her pleasures pall; we are bereft of our apparently untimely removal from the dearest and long-loved friends : thus is present scene. That she should have the fashion of this world passing away, been thus prematurely withdrawn from so and we are continually changing. Soon, much usefulness, affords another instance in the common course of nature, do we of the inscrutable nature of the Divine descend to the grave, even when not dispensations. To employ her own words, hastened thither by those causes which but a few days before her dissolution, terminate in an early death : but it may “ The ways of Providence are indeed be said to any of us, “This night thy life shall be required of thee;' what then January 16, at Hackney, Mrs. ANNA can stand more fully unveiled to our view Davies, aged 69, eldest daughter of the than the vanity of the world? We see late Rev. Philip Davies, (Mon. Repos. V. it in the gorgeous palace; we see it in 88, 89,) long the head of a respectable the lonely cottage. These considerations establishment for female education. (See come more fully home to our feelings also Mon. Repos. XVII. 640.) Her indeat the present hour of mourning. We pendence of mind and Christian consishere consign to earth the honoured re. tency of conduct will ever be remembered mains of one who was snatched from with respect by her friends, and especilife, in an instant of time, ere her sur ally by such as were placed under her care, rounding friends could say “She is dying !' Her last thought was probably an aspiration to heaven; for the minister of religion was at that time engaged with

Addition, the congregation in the solemn duty of prayer: a momentary confusion came John Hollis, Esq., who died Nov. 26, over her mind, she sat down, her last at High Wycomb, Bucks, aged 81. (Mon. respiration was heard, and she fell life. Repos. XIX. p. 754.) “ He was the last deless into the arms of the eldest of her scendant in the male line of an opulent beloved daughters. Ought not such an Dissenting family, well known in other event to rouse us from our supineness; counties, as well as in Buckinghamshire, and dispose us to finish the work of him for their zealous attachment to the cause that sent us, while it is day? for the of civil and religious liberty, and for their evening of death may close in on us ere liberal support of it. The Hollis family we are aware. Blessed are those servants left Yorkshire about the middle of the 17th whom the Lord when he cometh shall century, and established in the Minofind watching: if he shall come in the ries, London, a trade in what is called second watch, or come in the third hard-ware, by which they acquired very watch, and find them so, blessed are considerable property. Of this family those servants— Be ye therefore ready was the celebrated republican Thomas also,' adds the holy Jesus, for the Son of Hollis, who left his fortune to his friend man cometh at an hour when ye think Thos. Brand, on whose decease, in 1804, pot.' This consolation we have amid our the gentleman whose death we now reheariness of heart. She whom we mourn cord felt sorry at not being remembered was impressed with a strong sense of the by a legacy, and communicated some truth and importance of religion, which anecdotes of his family to this (the Genshe evinced by a regular discharge of the tlemau's) Magazine (see Vol. lxxiv. p. duties of piety. In her intercourse with 1098; Vol. Ixxv. p. 117). These anecthe world she had a warm, sympathizing dotes were censured by another corres. heart, totally free from the exclusive pondent in pp. 8, 519. The late Mr. spirit of bigotry. In the daily duties Hollis was himself distinguished by his of her station her activity was kept up iogenuous love of truth and eager and to the last hour of life: and she was anxious search after it, by his zeal in the distinguished by an amiable anxiety for cause of freedom, and by his kindaess and the welfare of her family and friends : beneficence. Thuse who knew him well, and we trust that, through the Divine the poor in his neighbourhood and many mercy, she will be everlastingly happy in persons in various situations, who received the enjoyment of that reward to which his benefactions without knowing their our faith leads us to aspire ; for the com- benefactor, will long expect in vain, if paratively light afflictions of the world, they should expect, that his place in work for us a far more exceeding, even society will be supplied to them."-Gent. an eternal weight of glory.'-From this Mag. awfully sudden close of an earthly exis- [Mr. Hollis was always spoken of by tence, we must be impressed with the those that knew him as a truly good man, conviction that in the midst of Kfe, we It needs not be concealed, however, that are in death. Of whom may we seek he professed to doubt of some of the great for succour, but of thee, O Lord, who truths that are received by the whole of knowest the secrets of our hearts? Shut the Christian world, and that he enternot thy merciful ears to our prayers : but tained dark views of the magnitude and spare us, o holy and merciful Father! prevalence of Evil. He printed, some thou supreme Judge of all, and suffer us years ago, a little volume, entitled (we not at our last hour to be without hope, write from recollection) “Thoughts on or to fall from thee.'".

Scepticism." It occurs to us that we have seen also a pamphlet from his pen.]


EvangelicalDeclaration of War legal process; except they adopt the more against Unitarians.

honourable alternative of voluntarily sur

rendering it to the purposes for which it The “ Evangelical Magazine" ushers in the new year with sounding the war.

was originally intended."

Having recorded this specimen of intowhoop of bigotry and persecution. For

lerance and persecution, as far as the a long time this work represented the

mind of the conductors of the Evangelical “Socinians” as dwindled to nothing;

Si Magazine is concerned, we are contented, with but few chapels, (places of worship,

It would be ridiculous to argue against they would hardly be called,) and those nearly empty. This artifice failing, and

the principle assumed in the menace; it in despair of answering Unitarian argu

would be worse than ridiculous to say a

word upon the result of the meditated ments, it is now seriously proposed to

“ legal process." Let the Calvinists bethe Evangelical world to try to rob Uni.

gia iheir holy war, and they will then tarians of their meeting-houses !

understand of the signs of the times.". • The notable project has been started in Lancashire, in the course of a news

But the only thing of consequence, at

present, is to set down in print the mepaper controversy growing out of the re

morable design. Here, in the 19th cenport of proceedings at the dinner given to Mr. Grundy at Manchester. (See Mon.

tury, in the metropolis of Great Britain, Repos. XIX. p. 574.) It is taken up deli

in a Magazine supported chiefly by Proberately in the “ Evangelical” for this

testant Dissenters, a Magaziue too which

professes to be by way of distinction hionth, in an article of Intelligence headed (not Socinian, but) “Unitarian

i Evangelical" and to be devoted pecu

liarly to vital Christianity; in this work, Chapels," from which we shall now ex

at this time of day, it is proposed to drive tract a passage (pp. 23, 24,) to which

a multitude of Protestant Disseuting conwe beg the reader's attention. « In the mauagement of the contro

gregations (not less than 70 in one district) versy, the Orthodox party have wisely

out of their places of worship inherited abstained from theological discussion, as

from their fathers, because, it is alleged,

they do not believe all that their fathers wsuited to a newspaper. They have

believed! It is intended of course that confined their attacks principally to two

the emptied chapels shall be occupied and distinct points, shewing by reference to historic facts, first, That Unitarians are

their endowments be enjoyed (here is the not entitled to that claim of candour, of

temptation) by the true believers; for liberality, and of steadfast adherence to

dominion is founded upon grace. The the principles of civil and religous liberty,

iniquity of the scheme may pass; but the of which they boast;-and, secondly, That

cool-blooded assurance with which it is however respectable they may be in their

announced is instructive - This is the

Evangelical Magazine;" this is the spiprivate commercial concerns, they do, as a body, most flagrantly violate the prin

rit of some Calvinists; and this we are ciples of moral integriiy, by the mal-ad.

entitled to consider as the effect of Cul. ministration of trusts, appropriating to

vinism, unless the Dissenting Ministers, the support of their own system numer

whose names are published as the contri. ous chapels, with endowments and funds

butors to the work and the distributors of to a vast amount, originally intended for

its gains, come forward and disavow the orthodox purposes. In confirmation of

Editor's project of contending with Unithis charge, the list of chapels occupied

tarians by“ legal process," and of upholdby Unitarians in Cheshire, Lancashire,

ing and eoriching Calvinism by a sweepa Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, and the ing ejectment and spoliation! West Riding of Yorkshire, is reported to be eighty: of these sixty-nine were origi. Opening of the Unitarian Chapel at nally orthodox; three are doubtful; and eight only of Unitarian origin.

Bramfield, Suffolk. “Should this controversy hereafter ap. The circumstances which led to the pear in the form of a pamphlet, it will opening of this place of worship, are deserve a careful review. It has already, briefly these.-Mr. Thomas Latham, who we are informed, produced a very wide had been for several years settled as the and powerful impression; and, we ap. pastor of a Baptist Church at Laxfield, prehend, it will ultimately lead to the near Halesworth, in Suffolk, having seen rescue of property to a considerable reason, from reading the Scriptures, to amount, from the trust of Unitarians, by relinquish the orthodox system, avowed

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