Obrazy na stronie

not, for ourselves, allow that in the Version have been rigorously weighed epistolary writings of the New Testa- by friends, as the pages of the Monthly ment really inconclusive reasoning has Repository can attest: that Version, been discovered.

without assuming to be faultless, fears It is of vast importance, that con- not sound criticism from foes; it troversial authors, and those especially requires only “a clear stage, and no against whom almost every man's favour,"* and deprecates nothing but hand is armed, do not overstate their to be condemned without being tried, positions, but enunciate them in as and to be rendered the object of invecclear, precise and correct terms as tive, and not of argument. possible. Mr. Wellbeloved owns and « Permit me," says Mr. Wellbeloved, laments that some of our most distin- « to ask, in what respect the title is guished writers have occasionally given fantastical? Is the authorized English to their opinions, which yet will bear version so perfect that whatever professes the inost rigid examination, a form to be an iniprovement of it, must be that unnecessarily renders them obnox- pronounced fantastical ? Why then did ious and repulsive: and he has a right the late Professor Symouds collect, with to make the complaint, because he so much pains, the numerous passages cannot incur the censure; because his

and his in that version which require to be amendown practice is exactly the reverse,

ed? Why did the Venerable Primate of

S; Ireland devote his great biblical learning, because he is at once honest in avowal

" his talents, and industry, to the accomand judicious and deliberate in state. plishment of a New Translation ? If, ment. A willing adversary fastens instead of An Attempt towards revising without a pause on unweighed lan. &c., he had entitled his excellent work guage; and the phrase outlives any An Improved Version, I cannot think you explanation of the innocence, any would have condemned that title as fallproof of the accuracy, of the ideas, tastical. Much less, then, should this conte which it was employed to convey.

demnation fall on the work of the UnitaArchdeacon Wrangham having spe. riau Editors, which is, in many respects, cifically assailed the Improved Version

an improvement of the Primate's. I of the New Testament, the writer of

think I may assert, without justly expo

sing myself to the charge of presumption, the “ Three Letters” undertakes the

that I am better acquainted with this vindication of it, and wins fresh laurels Improved Version than yourself: who, as in the conflict. Pp. 56–74.

far as I can judge, know little or nothing The dignitary condescends, after

of it, but what you have collected from Magee, and the late Mr. Rennell, the pages of Laurence, Nares, Magee, and many others, to quarrel with the and Rennell; and I hesitate not to protitle: he speaks of what has been nounce it a real and manifest improvefantastically styled by its editors the ment upon the Authorized Version." IMPROVED Version of the New Testa. The writer of the “ Three Letters" ment. No objection can well be more proceeds to defend the Improved Verpuerile and trifling. What pretensions sion, which, however, he acknowledges could this or any other version of the to be capable of emendation, from Christian Scriptures offer to public certain other accusations reiterated by regard, if, upon the whole, it were the Archdeacon of Cleveland, whom, not an improved version? The work in reference to one of those charges, in question even claims to be an im- he thus rebukes : provement of Archbishop Newcome's

“That the Improved Version deviates in * attempt toward revising our English

almost every page from the Archbishop's, translation of the Greek Scriptures :"

will be allowed; but that it widely devi. and the sole inquiry, among men of ates from it, is an assertion which you learning, sense and unaffected candour, are not authorized to make : and I am should be, are these claims established ? inclined to hope that you would not have Is not the text, and, taken altogether, made it, had you, instead of trusting to is not the translation, in a supe. representations of others, compared for rior degree, correct and faithful? yourself the two versions, or even read We do not appeal, on such subjects that Review by a Unitarian writer to the to men who pronounce judginení testimony of which you refer. Dr. Carwithout examination, but to those

penter, whom you rightly name as the who will read and reflect for themselves. The merits of the Improved

* Spectator, No. 436.

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author of that Review, has indeed fur- tion," in a way that shall leave them nished Dr. Nares with the fact, which guiltless of the charge of inconsistency, you might not otherwise have known, or of something worse. that in the first edition of the Improved "As a sp

“ As a specimen of no moderate Version, there were many deviations

garbling,” this gentleman refers to from Newcome's translation; but he has

the expulsion of nearly the first two been far from warranting you to assert, that these deviations were generally of

chapters both of Matthew and Luke any importance. When censuring the from the canon of the New TestaEditors of the Improved Version, for ment. And he goes on to state, what using the name of the Archbishop, in the Editors of the Improved Version order to mislead the upwary, you ought have themselves candidly told their to have been particularly careful not to readers, that these passages are found expose yourself to a similar censure, by in all MSS. and in all ancient vera disingenuous use of the name of a sions. “But,” adds Mr. Wellbeloved. Unitarian reviewer. The note upon the “these passages, though their authennote in page 57, is certainly calculated,

ticity is disputed, are not expelled. whatever may have been its design, to

They are found in the Improved mislead your readers, by making them believe that the whole of your assertion

Version, nearly word for word as they is supported by the authority of Dr.

appear in the Version of the Primate. Carpenter. I will endeavour to disabuse They are indeed printed in Italics, them, by citing his words on this sub. as an intimation, say the Editors,

that they are of doubtful authority.”

Archdeacon Wrangham had either Mr. Wellbeloved, accordingly, makes

seen or not seen, the Improved Veran extract from the Monthly Reposi

sion. If he had seen it, how could he tory, IV. p. 216, and another from Dr.

permit himself to speak thus of the Carpenter's Reply to Magee, p. 306;

expulsion of these chapters? Or if he both which quotations completely dis

had not seen it, why did he venture to prove the statement of Archdeacon

affirm what he had not and could not Wrangbam.

have verified ? This dignitary further censures the

Mr. Wellbeloved proceeds to remind Improved Version for its professing to his opponent that Dr. Durell and the be by a Society for promoting Chris- late Bishop Stock would have expunged tian Knowledge, and thus attempting

from the canon of the Jewish Scrip. to impose upon the unwary the autho

tures, the one a whole book, the other rity of the Venerable Society, &c. al

chety, ac a long passage, solely on internal eviThe objection is borrowed from Ma. dence.-P. 64. gee; but, coine from whom it may,

Dr., now Archbishop, Laurence had nothing of the sort can well be more

accused the Editors, '&c. of having trifling or more uncandid :

altered the text by critical conjecture, “ Is the definite article," asks Mr. in two very important passages, John Wellbeloved, “ of such mighty efficacy i. I, and Rom. ix. 5. How stands the in the Greek language, as by its presence fact? The Editors have not in a or its absence in given circumstances, to single instance admitted conjeclural prove the Deity of Christ ; and is it of criticism into the text. Yet Archdeasuch insignificance in English, as not to con Wrangham, without and against be distinguishable from the indefinite ? evidence, insinuates the same charge! Are the terms a society and the society

By another of his oracles, Dr. Nares, equivalent ? If they be, as your accusa. tion of the Improved Version seems to

our dignitary is woefully misled. His soppose, on what ground have Archbishop

words are: Magee, Dr. Moysey and others so severely “So again as to the decisive compel. censured the Editors of the Improved lation of Thomas to his Saviour, (John Version, as amongst their numerous arti. xs. 28,) we are to conceive it only an fices, making free with the article, sub. irreverent espression of surprise! Beza stituting a Son for the Son of God, more truly says, ' Verba sunt von tantuin whenever they find it convenient to do admirantis Thomæ,' &c. And yet the so ?”

Editors of the Improved Version refer to

Beza !" These are searching questions : nor can they be apsivered by the Arch

Our readers will mark Mr. Welldeacon of Cleveland, and by his

beloved's answer : colleagues in the work of crimina “It is Archbishop Newcome who refers

to Beza; and the head and front of the " Pereunt Hypanisque Dymasque offending of the Editors, is their having Confixi a sociis." too implicitly followed their guide. The “As to the various reading of Griesbach, remark is not their own. It is wholly which has called forth from you the echo and literally copied from the Archbishop's of Nares' remark, Griesbach's only vaVersion; and his name is affixed to it,

rious reading is the omission of rai, Not referring either to the Improved

which would make the case stronger,' it Version, or to that of the Primate, but

is supported by no authority; for the tes. relying op Dr. Nares, no wonder that

timony of Facundus carries little weight, you were deceived; for he has most

and every biblical scholar knows, that disingenuously represented the matter.

the Æthiopic translator, the only other Is it fair and honourable thus to repeat witness, omits the conjunction, whenever serious charges against authors, without

he regards it as exegetical. I grant that being at the pains to examine their works,

be so understood this passage." and to ascertain whether they are well founded ?

[To be contioued.] “But Unitarians seem to be considered as out of the protection of the usual laws Art. II. - Memoir of the late Mrs. of controversy; and given over to be Henrietta Fordyce, Relict of James silenced and destroyed by any means

Fordyce, D.D.; containing Origihowever foul."*

nal Letters, Anecdotes, and Pieces The Archdeacon of Cleveland quar- of Poetry. To which is added, a rels with the following example of Sketch of the Life of James For. punctuation in the Improved Version : dyce, D.D. 12mo. pp. 139. Hurst, in Tit. ii. 13, 14, it inserts a comma Robinson and Co. 1823. after ev, and repeats the particle of TVHERE are some persons yet liv. before owinpos; though, like the translation which underwent Dr. (Mr.]

. 1 ing that speak from recollection

: of the eloquence of Dr. James Fordyce, Twells' reprobating criticism, in Pet. f. 20, (where only Kupios, not

: the pastor of the now extinct congre80s, is

gation in Monkwell Street. The mere concerned,) they omit both. But the

reader of his Sermons wonders at his single various reading of Griesbach omnits the nat, and thus makes the

great popularity. As a serinon-writer,

ingenuity is the highest praise that identity of person, if possible, still

can now be awarded to him. There is stronger. With Mr. Wellbeloved's

little depth in his thoughts, and his most satisfactory answer to this head of accusation, we shall take our leave,

style is finical and altogether artificial. for the present, of his first “ Three ..

A preacher's popularity in the Me

tropolis depends mainly upon voice, Letters.”

figure and manner. These distinctions " In placing the comma after fou, it cannot be expressed in print. Hence, [the I. V.) follows the common English soine popular divines have been pruVersio., (see especially the Oxford ed. dently cautious of publishing their of 1739,) and for repeating the particle discourses. The late Mr. Worthingof before owTnpos, it has the authority of

ton would probably have lost his at. that high Diguitary of the Established Church, whose excellent translation it tractions had he frequently appealed takes for its basis. And in omitting both to the public through the press; and in 2 Pet. ii. 20, it agrees again with the Mr. Irving, the bright pulpit-star of Authorized Version, and with that of the the present day, would, in our judgArchbishop; only with the latter instead ment, have stood a better chance of of the Lord, reading our Lord. While being always gazed at by the crowd, aiming a blow therefore at the Improved if he had not made up his Orations Version, you have smitten both that into a dull and unintelligible book. which is held in reverence by your own Every preacher would be popular if church, and that which proceeded from he could. His usefulness, not to adone of its most eininent members.

vert to less honourable calculations,

is measured by the degree in which * Archdeacou Wrangham, if he be ac

he can captivate the public ear. The quainted with the Calm Enquiry. &c. lo majority of preachers must yet be 219, 1st Ed.,) might have known that Mr. contented with being merely acceptBelsham bas expressly cited Beza, for the able; and the history of popular diorthodox interpretation of John xx. 28.– vines, the arts and accidents by which See that work.

they rise, and the mannor in which

they siuk and are forgotten, may be don; and on Lady Bucban's return to used by their less gifted brethren as Scotland, her first visit was to Balcarras. reasons for being satisfied with useful “The two Countesses had been closetmediocrity.

ted for a considerable time, and on their The heroine of the work before us

re-appearance, Miss Cummyng thought was distinguished only beyond the

she could perceive a something momencircle of her friends as “the Relict

tous, in which she was concerned, im

pending. of James Fordyce, D.D.” It must * “ On this important occasion, the con* still be allowed that she had a charac

clave sat in the drawing-room of Balter, and the “Memoir” contains in carras : Lord and Lady Balcarras, Lady cidents and descriptions which will Dalrymple the Countess's mother, Lady interest even the general reader. Buchan, the two young ladies, with one

Mrs. HENRIETTA FORDYCE was de or two members more of their respective scended of the ancient and honourable families, with Miss Cummyng herself, Scottish family of Cummyng. She were all assembled. It was then forlost her father during her infancy;

mally, and with much gravity, announced her mother was left with scanty means,

to Miss,' that her Majesty had most and, while she lived, took charge of

graciously vouchsafed to command her her daughter's education, to which

attendance at Court, when the appoint

ment of governess to the Royal children she was fully competent.

would be conferred upon her. Bewildered « Mrs. Fordyce has often been heard in her own ideas and feelings, and struck to say, that she never was taught, only as with sudden dumbness, she could only allowed to learn; with tasks she was un look from one to another till she had acquainted; and information was given gone through the whole circle : she also to her as a reward. In her mother's sys- stole a peep at herself in a large mirror tem of education there was no theory, which happened to be opposite. all was practice. She was never praised; “A governess! She doubted the evi. any attainment or acquirement was so dence of her own senses, and again, managed as to be made its own reward. mute as ever, gazed around her. Those

From infancy to age she never said assembled betrayed no emotion : no sign · prayers; she prayed, and then she was of jesting appeared ; all was composed with God, and God with her.” P. 5. and sober-seeming truth. The silence · By the death of her excellent mo

By the death of her excellent me was somewhat appalling; yet it appalled ther when she was ten years of age,

not the damsel so highly honoured, who

in a minute after, to the consternation of Mrs. Fordyce was left an orphan.

the wbole assembly, burst forth into a The maternal duties were now dis

most uncontroulable fit of laughing; and charged by an accomplished relative, when she could laugh no longer, drawing Mrs. Baron Muir, “whose connexions one long breath, cried, 'A governess ! were all in the first circle.” She, me a governess ! dear me, I cannot gotoo, 'was soon called away from this vern myself.' “You speak truly, Miss world, and her protegée now became, Cummyng,' said Lady Balcarras gravely; by invitation, a resident in the family and if you continue to treat your friends of the Countess of Balcarras. An

with ridicule who wish to promote your accident made the young lady known interests, you never will properly govern. at court. She worked an embroidered yo

“ The severe rebuke from one whose dress, as a birth-day present for Lady

every look had been approbation, and Buchan, which, beiug worn at St. wh

whose indulgence had rendered her the James's, attracted the notice and ad- petted pet of the family, deeply affected miration of the Queen. Her Majesty her. Tears of swelling emotion gushed learned the history of the fair artisan, from her eyes, and she cried, If you and received the highest commenda- make me leave you, I will go; but never, tions of her from General Græm, who never will I part with my self-dependence. was allied to the families of Balcarras I can work, but I will never serve.' and Buchan. This incident was report. “This was pride, it must be confessed; ed in Scotland, and the young lady but it was the pride of principle ; and it expressed her gratitude for the royal

pleased God so to order her destiny, that condescension by the present of two

the envied possession, independence, was

her own to the latest hour of her exisembroidered groups of flowers on

tence. She was often to experience how white satin, for fire-screens.

much more blessed it is to give than to “ The offering had been sent to Lon- receive, and never knew the pang which


sed the

the decent pride of better days has to the wise ones, with hearts of a chicken abide, when obliged to let the spirit drop and claws of a corbie, that I would be a submissive at the foot of upstart wealth. man or a mouse; and this night, this

“ Independence! fair heritage of the very night, the die is cast, and I am happier of their kind, mayst thou ever be am— possessed as deservedly as by the sainted «« What, what !' cried Lady Margaret being whose memory many will delight in alarm, and grasping his arm. to honour!

A man! Bring champaign; and, “A most dutiful and humble answer Butler, Burgundy below! Let to-night was made to the Queen, and many causes live for ever! Champaigu above, Burassigned for the offered distinction being gundy below! The gods shall celebrate declined; when, in fact, there existed this night, for Alexander is a man! no cause, except what originated in her “Never did the wild hero of his name own imagination. Still a very unexpect. appear struck with greater frenzy. Dr. ed honour awaited her from Royalty. Fordyce, who was present, viewed his The Queen had most graciously accepted brother with compassion : some apprethe two pieces of embroidery, and as a hension passed over his thoughts; but mark of her royal approbation, sent her the mind without suspicion 'thinketh no a brilliant diamond ring of considerable evil': be, with his Henrietta, saluted value, accompanied with a letter written poor Lady Margaret and retired. by her own hand, in which her Majesty “Early next morning, and before Lady condescended to express a regret that any Margaret or Mr. Fordyce had appeared, circumstances should have deprived the Dr. and Mrs. Fordyce left the splendid Princesses of the advantages such an in- mansion of their brother, and returned structress would have conferred.”—Pp. 10 their own peaceful home: there they 20—23.

found Sir William waiting their arrival. Dr. Fordyce and his two brothers. In as gentle terms as the intelligence

could Sir William (a physician) and Alex. ander, were intimate with the Earl !

i pajpful tidings. The blow was struck,

the bubble burst; the speculation so reand Countess of Balcarras. Alexan.

plete with ruin had failed, altogether ander, a London banker, of great re

failed : Alexander Fordyce was a bankputed opulence, married one of their

rupt and a beggar ; and the honourably daughters, Lady Margaret Lindsay; acquired fortunes of his brothers irrecoand the Doctor solicited and obtained verably sunk in the vortex, and lost for the hand of their young friend, Miss ever!”—Pp. 53–55. Cummyng. The introduction of the A brief Memoir of Dr. Fordyce is lady of the foriner to a city life, and extracted (pp. 11-15) from the Futhe marriage of the latter, are de- neral Sermonibus

neral Sermon by the late Dr. Lindsay, scribed with no mean effect. We suspect a little romance in the tales. Fordyce to the same gentleman, con

and a very pathetic letter from Mrs. The author thus relates the explosion tains' a narrative of the circumstances which brought ruin on the Fordyce of her husband's death (pp. 67-72). family:

Dr. Fordyce was a successful au“ They (the Doctor and Mrs. Fordyce) thor, having received from ten to were on a visit to Roehampton. Alex. eleven thousand pounds for the copyander Fordyce, as usual, came home in right of his works.-P. 61. the evening; but he appeared to be in a "The creed of Dr. Fordyce was what hurried agitation of spirits, and uttered


is his commands with impatience and rapi


is called moderate orthodoxy. From dity, very unlike his usual calm, dictato.

the following passage, it would appear rial manner. His cheeks were flushed," and his eyes bad an expression which left « In reading the sacred writings, the you in doubt whether what was passing Doctor drew a wide line between the inwithin indicated weal or woe. At supper spired commandments, and the mere he ate with avidity, and tossed off repeat. human opinions of the apostles; and, ed bumpers of Madeira. Lady Margaret speaking of the primitive Christians, he gazed on him, and, almost affrighted, at said, they did not worship the man Jesus, last said, “Mr. Fordyce, you are very they worshiped the God who dwelt in the gay, or very queer. Something ails you man.. There is no sentence in holy --what is it? What are you?' 'What writ,' he used to say, but what will bear am I?' he cried, bursting into laughter, an argument; yet the unwise should and violently ringing the bell, I am a avoid controversy, and read the Scriptures man. I always told the wary ones, and as intended rather to reveal what God is

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