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Dr. Priestley, when he published courteous effort to reclaim the pseudohis great work, in two volumes, enti- believer met with no success. The tled The Corruptions of Christianity, obnoxious passages of his History of sent the Historian a copy, begging the Decline and Fall of the Roman his perusal of it, and inviting him to Empire remained unrectified, and he the examination of Revealed Religion. sunk still deeper into the mire of Enraged at the present, he indignantly infidelity. refused to enter the lists, and took Now mark the attempts to recover his revenge by consigning over the Lord Byron. They indeed were of intrepid, but honest, Divine to the a more private nature, but equally notice of the civil and ecclesiastical unavailing, and oth attended with a constitutions of his country; pointing nearly similar treatment. to two passages in his works, at one These statements are drawn from of which he said, “ the priest," and authentic sources, and shall be tranat the other, “the magistrate, may scribed with scarcely any note or comtremble.” This was cowardly, and ment. They speak for themselves, savoured of the blackest malignity. * and will, I trust, generate an useful But Dr. WATSON, the late Bishop of impression upon the minds of the Llandaff, met with better treatinent. rising generation.* R. C. DALLAS, He addressed an able serics of letters Esq., has just published Recollections to Mr. Gibbon, entitled An Apology of the Life of Lord Byron from the for Christianity, most strangely con- Year 1808 to the End of 1814, in sidering the Historian as a believer, which the following expostulatory letwho had incautiously expressed him- ter occurs, addressed to his Lordship self on the subject. This was grati. respecting his infidelity: fying to his vanity, and accordingly a "I compare such philosophers as very complimentary letter was return- you and Hume and Gibbon (I have ed the Prelate on the presentation of put you into company that you are a copy of his work.t But, alas! this not ashamed of) to mariners wrecked

at sea, buffetting the waves for life,

and at last carried by a current to* The first of these obnoxious passages simply predicted the fall of all antichris

wards land, where, meeting with rugtian establishments, and the other. aw. ged and perpendicular rocks, they fully portentous to the infidel and worldly ecclesiastic, runs thus, concluding with a well as agreeable, than they can possibly prayer for the arrival of the Millennium, do by exhibiting a single combat in the in which the devout of every denomina- amphitheatre of controversy.” Bishop tion might join throughout Christendom: Hurd did not like the Apology for Chris. “ It is nothing but the alliance of the tianity-not savouring of the scurrility kingdom of Christ with the kingdoms of of the Warburtonian school — saying of this world, (an alliance which our Lord it, “ It was well enough, if the author expressly disclaimed,) that supports the was in earnest.” But there could be no grossest corruptions of Christianity; and doubt of Dr. Watson's sincerity. His perhaps we must wait for the fall of the treating his opponent as a believer, was civil powers before this most unnatural the only exceptionable circumstance alliance be broken. Calamitous, uo doubt, every thing else did equal credit to his will that time be. But what convulsions head and heart. in the political world ought to be a sub- * The writer here begs leave to recomject of lamentation if it be attended with mend to his young friends two excellent so desirable an event ? May the kingdom of little manuals --Lectures on Natural and God and of Christ (that which I conceive Revealed Religion, by the Rer. Lawrence intended in the Lord's Prayer) truly and Holden, of Tenterden ; and Illustrations fully come, though all the kingdons of of the Evidences of Christianity, by Mrs. the world be removed in order to make Maria Hack, of Chichester. There is way for it!”

also an anonymous pamphlet well worth † Waving the discussion of the sub. perusal, entitled An Address to Deists, ject, he artfully remarks in the note, said to have been written by the Rev. “ Mr. Gibbon entirely coincides in opi. Mr. Grosser, Particular Baptist Minister nion with Dr. Watson, that as their dif- at Maidstone. See a late number of the ferent sentiments on a very important New Evangelicul Magazine, where its point of history are now submitted to merits were duly appreciated; whilst by the public, they both may employ their the Old Baptist Magazine it had the time in a manner much more useful as honour of being reprobated.

decide that it is impossible to land, of conviction. It is, to return to my and, though some of their companions metaphor, the beuch on which we may point out a firm beuch, exclaim, 'De- find a fooling, and be able to look luded things! there can be no beach around us; on which beach I trust I unless you can melt down these tre- shall one day or other see you taking mendous rocks. No! our ship is your stand. I have done-and pray wrecked, and to the bottom we inust observe that I have kept my word: go! All we have to do is to swim on I have not entered on metaphysics till fate overwhelms us! You do not on the subject of Revelation. I have deny the depravity of the human race. merely stated the erroneonis proceedWell, that is one step gained: it is ing of Freethinking philosophy, and, allowing we are cast away; it is, figu- on the other hand, the natural and ratively, our shipureck. Behold us, rational proceeding of the mind in the then, all scattered upon the ocean, inquiry after truth. The conviction and all anxious to be saved-all, at must, and I am confident will, be the least, willing to be on terra firma- operation of your own mind.” the Humes, the Gibbons, the Vol. Mr. Dallas then adds, “ Lord Bytaires, as well as the Newtons, the RON noticed, indeed, what I had writLockes, the Johnsons, &c. The lat- ten, but in a very discouraging mana ter make for the beach ; the former ner. He would have nothing to do exhaust their strength about the rocks, with the subject. We should all go and sink, declaring them insurmount. down together, le said; ‘so,' quoting able. The incarnation of a Deity-- St. Paul, Let us eat and drink, for vicarious atoneinent - the innocent to-morrow we die'! He felt satisfied suffering for the guilty-the seeming with his creed, for it was better to inconsistencies of the Old Testament sleep than to wake. Such were the and the discrepancies of the New, &c. opinions which occasionally manifest&c.-are rocks which I am free to ed themselves in this unhappy young own are not easily melted down; but inan, and which gave me a degree of I may be certain that they may be pain proportioned to the affection I viewed from a point on the beach in could not but feel for him; while iny less deterring forms, lifting their hopes of his ultimately breaking from heads into the clouds indeed, yet add. the trammels of infidelity, which were ing sublimity to the prospect of the never relinquished, received from time shore on which we have landed, and to time fresh excitement from soine by no means impeding our progress expressions that appeared to me to upon it. In less metaphorical lan. have an opposite tendency.guage, my Lord, it appears to me At a later period, LORD BYRON that Freethinkers are generally more was addressed respecting his infidelity eager to strengthen their objections by another gentleman, who has furthan solicitous for conviction, and nished us with the correspondence, prefer wandering into forced infer. attached to a second edition, just ences to pursuing the evidence of published, of an interesting little vofacts — so contrary to the example lume entitled, Thoughts chiefly degiven to us in all judicial investiga- signed as a Preparative or Persuasive gations, where testimony precedes rea- to Private Devotion, by John Shepsoning, and is the ground of it. The pard. This cominunication is of a corruption of human nature being singular and impressive nature, and self-evident, it is very natural to in- shall be transcribed. It exhibits bis quire the cause of that corruption, Lordship in a more favourable light, and as natural to hope that there may and reflects some degree of honour be a remedy for it. The cause and on his memory. the remedy have been stated. How

To the Right Hon. Lord Byron,

core the Rich How Lord are we to ascertain the truth of them?

Pisa. Not by arguing mathematically, but by first examining the proofs adduced,

Frome, Somerset, Nov. 21, 1821. and if they are satisfactory, to use “My Lori), our reasoning powers, as far as they “More than two years since a will go, to clear away the difficulties lovely and beloved wife was taken that attend them. This is the only froin me by lingering disease, after a mode of investigating with any hope very short union. She possessed un


varying gentleness and fortitude, and which, deprived of the grand fountain a piety so retiring, as rarely to dis- of good, (a deep conviction of inborn close itself in words, but so influential sin, and firm belief in the efficacy of as to produce uniform benevolence Christ's death for the salvation of of conduct. In the last hour of life, those who trust in him and really seek after a farewell look on a lately born to serve him,) would soon dry up, and and only infant, for whom she had leave us as barren of every virtue as evinced inexpressible affection, her before. last whispers were-God's happiness! " Hastings, July 31, 1814.' God's happiness! Since the second anniversary of her decease, I have read “ There is nothing, my Lord, in some papers which no one had seen this extract which in a literary sense during her life, and which contain her can at all interest you; but it may most secret thoughts. I am induced perhaps appear to you worthy of reto communicate to your Lordship a flection, how deep and expansive a passage from these papers, which, concern for the happiness of others there is no doubt, refers to yourself, the Christian faith can awaken in the as I have more than once heard the midst of youth and prosperity. Here writer mention your agility on the is nothing poetical and splendid, as in rocks at Hastings :-

the expostulatory homage of M. Delamartine ; but here is the sublime,

my Lord; for this intercession was “ O my God! I take encourage- offered on your account to the Sument from the assurance of thy word preme Source of happiness. It sprang to pray to thee in behalf of one for from a faith more confirmed than that whom I have lately been much inte- of the French poet, and from a charested. May the person to whom I rity which, in combination with faith, allude (and who is now, we fear, as shewed its power unimpaired amidst much distinguished for his neglect of the langours and pains of approaching thee as for the transcendant talents dissolution! I will hope that a prayer, thou hast bestowed upon him) be which I am sure was deeply sincere, awakened to a sense of his own dan- may not be always unavailing. It ger, and led to seek that peace of would add nothing, my Lord, to the mind in a proper sense of religion fame with which your genius bas surwhich he has found this world's enjoy- rounded you, for an unknown and ments unable to procure! Do thou obscure individual to express his ad. grant that his future example may be iniration of it. I had rather be numproductive of far more extensive be- bered with those who wish and pray nefit than his past conduct and wri. that wisdom from above and peace tings have been of evil; and may the and joy may enter such a mind!” sun of righteousness, which we trust will at some future period arise on

The Answer. him, be bright in proportion to the

Pisa, December 8, 1821. darkness of those clouds which guilt has raised around him, and the balm which it bestows healing and soothing “I have received your letter.-I in proportion to the keenness of that need not say that the extract which it agony which the punishment of his contains bas affected me, because it vices has inflicted upon him. May would imply a want of all feeling to the hope that the sincerity of iny own have read it with indifference. Though efforts for the attainment of holiness, I am not quite sure that it was inand the approval of my own love to tended for me, yet the date, the place the great Author of religion, will ren- where it was written, with some other der this prayer, and every other for circumstances which you mention, the welfare of mankind, more effica- render the allusion probable. But for cious, cheer me in the path of duty; whomsoever it was meant, I have read but let me not forget that while we it with all the pleasure which can are permitted to animate ourselves to arise from so melancholy a topic. I exertion by every innocent motive, say pleasure, because your brief and these are but the lesser streains which simple picture of the life and demay serve to increase the current, but mcanor of the excellent person whom,

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I trust, that you will again meet, can- the honour to be your obliged and not be contemplated without the ad- obedient servant, miration due to her virtues and her


last moments were particularly strik

addressing a clergyman, but I preing; and I do not know that in the course of reading the story of man- by the mistake (if it is one) on the

sume that you will not be affronted kind, and still less in my observations

address of this letter. One who has

adrese of this latte upon the existing portion, I ever met

so well explained and deeply felt the with any thing 80 unostentatiously doctrines of religion, will excuse the beautiful! Indisputably, the firm be- error which led me to believe him ils lievers in the gospel have a great minister » advantage over all others, for this simple reason, that if true, they will Upon this characteristically intehave their reward hereafter, and if resting epistle of LORD BYRON, Mr. there be no hereafter, they can be but Sheppard makes several appropriate with the infidel in his eternal sleep, reflections; for which I refer to his having had the assistance of an exalt

? work ; whilst the following paragraph ed hope through life, without disap

is deserving transcription, being fraught pointment. since (at the worst for with the divine spirit of charity : “11Them) 'out of nothing—nothing can

tercessions I cannot doubt had long arise.' not even sorrow? But a man's been anxiously offered on his behalf, creed does not denend upon himself. at least by relatives, and some of these Who can say. I will believe this, that. in the blessed spirit of Christian foror the other, and least of all that giveness ; others, as the preceding which he least can comprehend? I pages affectingly shew, by one unhave, however, observed, that those

known to him, from the pure promptwho have begun life with extreme ings of

ings of a Christian solicitude for his faith, have in the end greatly narrowed

À welfare, enhanced by his fine gifts it, as Chillingworth. Cjarke: (who ends and high responsibility. Till the heaed as an Arian.) Bayle and Gibbon. venly records of Chrislian charity (once a Catholic,) and some others;

shall be at last unrolled, we know not while, on the other hand, nothing is

what more and similar petitions may more common than for the early

have been poured from hearts that sceptic to end in a firm belief like responded to bis genius and deploreil Maupertuis and Henry Kirke White. its aberrations ! Nor can any proBut my business is to acknowledge nounce till after “the judgment is set your letter, and not to make a disser- and

and the books are opened, that these tation. I am obliged to you for your

I to you for your were ultimately and altogether uscgood wishes, and more than obliged by the extract from the papers of the

It may not be unworthy of obserbeloved object whose qualities you

vation, that Lord Byron had in the have so well described in a few words. original manuscript of his Childe I can assure you that all the faine

Harold's Pilgrimage this offensive that ever cheated humanity into higher

stanza respecting a future state of notions of its own importance, would

being never weigh in my mind against the “ Frown not upon me, churlish priest! pure and pious interest which a vir that I tuous being may be pleased to take Look not for life where life may never in my welfare. In this point of view,

beI would not exchange the prayer of

I am no sneerer at thy phantasy; the deceased in my behalf for the

Thou pitiest me, alas! I envy thce. united glory of Homer, Cæsar and Napoleon, could such be accumulated

* Mr. Sheppard is the author of two upon a living head. Do me at least

other volumes-“A Tour in 1816 Uhrough

France and Switzerland, with incidental the justice to suppose that

Reflections on Religion ;” and also “ An Video meliora proboque, Enquiry on the Duty of Christians re

specting War," with reference to the Peace however the deteriora sequor may have Societies ;-hoib marked by good sense been applied to my conduct. I have and an unaffected piety.

Thou bold discoverer in an unkuown sea But when the milder beams of mercy Of happy isles and happier tenants play, there,

He melts, and throws bis cumbrous cloak I ask thee not to prove-a Sadducee

away; Still dream of Paradise thou kuow'st Lightnings and thunder proclaim the Alnot where,

mighty's style, then disappear; Avd lov'st too well to bid thine erring The stiller sound succeeds—and God is brother share !”.

there!” Mr. Dallas, his friend, however, ex The unholy infliction of “pains and postulated with his Lordship on its penalties” only serves to stir up the extreme sceptical tendency; when evil passions-deafening us with the melting into a softer mood, he sent clamours of a perverse and obdurate the subsequent lines to be inserted in infidelity! Ever since the blessed era its stead, inarked by a peculiar pathos of the Reformation, truth, emanating and beauty:

from the Sacred Scriptures, is dis“ Yet if, as holiest men have deem'd

emid closing her unrivalled beauties, and, there be,

chasing away every cloud which hath A land of souls beyond that sable obscured her effulgence, will at length shore,

hold an undivided empire throughout To shame the doctrive of the Sadducee, the world. And sophists, madly vain, of dubious But on this important subject I lore :

have already borne my humble testiHow sweet it were in concert to adore mony, at the close of the article on With those who made our mortal la. Deism in the last, or 14th, edition of bours light,

my Sketch of the Denominations. To hear each voice we fear'd to hear no we fcard to hear no


The paragraph having had the honour more; Behold each mighty shade revealed to

of being read in court at the trial of sight;

the unhappy and deluded Carlile, now The Bactrian Samian sage, and all

innmured in the dungeons of Dorcheswho taught the right !"

ter, may form no improper conclu

sion. " Though the pernicious tenSuch, indeed, are the endearing dency of infidelity is to be reprobated, hopes, such the transcendant pros yet the prosecution of Deists is altopects of a blissful immortality! Much gether contrary to the genius of Chrishath been advanced respecting the tianity. It extends the evil deprecated, manner after which unbelievers should and affords a miserable specimen of be treated in their rejection of Chris- the spirit by which we are actuated. tianity. I have no hesitation in de. See an interesting correspondence, afclaring, that mild but firm expostula- fixed to Kippis's Life of Dr. Lardner, tion is the alone method suggested by between the Bishop of Chichester and reason and sanctioned by revelation. Dr. Lardner, who thus writes with For, every man to give a reuson of the his usual good sense and liberality: hope that is in him with meekness and Your Lordship freely declares Wola fear, is the apostolic injunction; and luston ought not to be punished for My kingdom is not of this world, is being an infidel, nor for writing at all the declaration of the Saviour of man- against the Christian religion, which kind. -- Reproach irritates, violence appears to me a noble declaration ! confounds; both are alike hostile to If the governors of the Church and rational conviction. Pious Herbert, civil magistrates had all along acted the brother of Lord Herbert, the father up to this principle, I think the Chrisand the best of English Deists, hath tian religion had been before now thus sweetly sung in strains never to nearly universal. But I have supposed be forgotten

it to be a consequence from this sen

timent, that if inen have an allowance “ Fear frightens minds, whilst love, like

to write against the Christian religion, heat, Exhales the soul sublime to seek her na

there must also be considerable indul. tive seat.

gence as to the manner likewise. This To threat the stubborn sinner oft is hard,

has appeared to me a part of that Wrapp'd in his crimes, against the storm meekness and !

meekness and forbearance which the prepared.

Christian religion obliges us to, who

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