Beyond Foraging and Collecting: Evolutionary Change in Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems
LEWIS R. BINFORD AND AMBER L. JOHNSON The organizers of this volume have brought together authors who have worked on local sequences, much as traditional archaeologists tended to do, however, with the modern goal of addressing evolutionary change in hunter-gatherer systems over long time spans. Given this ambitious goal they wisely chose to ask the authors to build their treatments around a focal question, the utility of the forager-eollector continuum (Binford 1980) for research on archaeological sequences. Needless to say, Binford was flat tered by their choice and understandably read the papers with a great deal of interest. When he was asked to write the foreword to this provoca tive book he expected to learn new things and in this he has not been disappointed. The common organizing questions addressed among the contributors to this volume are simply, how useful is the forager-eollector continuum for explanatory research on sequences, and what else might we need to know to explain evolutionary change in hunter-gatherer adaptations? Most sequences document systems change, in some sense. Though we don't necessarily know how much synchronous systemic variability there might have been relative to the documented sequence, most authors have tried to address the problem of within systems variability. In this sense, most are operating with sophistication not seen among traditional culture historians. The primary problem for archaeologists of the generation prior to Binford was how to date archaeological materials.
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REGIONAL SCALE PROCESSES
Logistical Organization Social Complexity
A Complex Society of Foragers
Introduction to Part II
Longterm Land Tenure Systems
qCentral Place Foraging and Prehistoric
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Beyond Foraging and Collecting: Evolutionary Change in Hunter-Gatherer ...
Ben Fitzhugh,Junko Habu
Ograniczony podgląd - 2012
Aldenderfer Anthropology aquatic archaeological Arctic areas artifacts assemblages Bar-Yosef Basin behavior Belfer-Cohen Bettinger Binford boats camelids camps canoes central Brazil coastal collectors complexity context densities Early ecological economic edited environment environmental ethnographic evidence Evolution Evolutionary Ecology excavated Eynan fish Fitzhugh forager-collector forager/collector model foraging forest groups Habu Holocene hunter hunter-gatherers hunting increase Island Jomon Kachemak Kelly Kodiak Kodiak Archipelago Koniag Levant lithic locations logistical long-term lowland Magdalenian maritime Mesolithic Nahal Oren Namu Natufian Culture Neolithic Northwest Coast Ocean Bay Owens Valley Paleolithic period Phase pinyon Pleistocene population population densities Prehistoric Press prey processing production region relatively Research residential bases residential mobility risk River Santana do Riacho Savelle seasonal sedentary Sedentism settlement pattern social societies spatial stone storage strategies studies subsistence suggests Tanjay terrestrial Thule tion trade transport tropical University upland Valla variability whaling Wiessner winter village Winterhalder Younger Dryas