Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

SI-2 WAS n fact, ANSSI 32 12 NN

[blocks in formation]

Lincole's in, sad sita gune babe war furthe tioa u , trough the regole course of legal costu obnorth M, Fax studs, bevescaired to the bar; and and their restre and afterwards became a member of That ministry, however, and not that bunuirable and learned acety: DOSAs the owner of extent the Helenteveat once or twice upon Servign or the people, and it the western circuit, and appeared as therefore was soon dashed, an junior counselinxveral causa. But coas quence of which, Mr. Hitt, he was destined to fill a far higher in less than twelve months obtained station in the country than any the situatiuus ot' fint land of the which could possibly be attained Treasury, and Chancelior of the chrongh the channel of the law. Exchequer, which placed him in the

In the 22d year of his age he high situation of prime minister of was returned at the general election Great Britain, at the early age or in 1780, for the borough of Poole, twenty-five years in Dorsetshire, as one of its repre- From that period the history of sentatives in parliament. He im- Mr. Pitt is no other than the history mediately joined the party with of the British Empire, and in a which his father had acted, and great measure the history of Europe, which had distinguished itself by its On setting out he tound hus situaopposition to the American war, tion peculiarly ditficult and precariand to the measures of Lord North's ous, troin the great strength of opadministration, His first speech position in the House of Commons, in the House of Commons was de from the numerous abuses which livered on Mr. Burke's motion for prevailed in all departments of the a financial reform, when he com government, and above all from the pletely justified the anticipations low and embarrassed state of the of the public, from the care which finances of the country. But his had been bestowed upon his edu- powerful mind overcaine them all; eation, from the distinction he and by the wisdom and vigour of was known to have acquired in his his measures public credit arose to studies, and from the splendid talents an unexampled height, the oppoof his father, which he was born to sition dwindled into an insignificant support, and which he was ambiti. party, and Mr. Pitt was hailed as ous to emulate.

the saviour of his country. We . Mr. Pitt, however, did not form pass over numerous acts of his ad. any connexion with the Rockingham ministration from our necessarily

L3

confined limits; but it would be extremely unjust to omit noticing his virtuous and intrepid conduct, during the king's illness in 1788. On that trying occasion, the opposition roused all its energies, and collected many venal men around its standard, who were eager to worship the rising sun. But the prime minister stood in the gap with lord chancellor Thurlow, and warmly supported the cause of their king and constitution, for which they received the grateful praise of the nation. When the revolution of France broke out, a new and portentous scene began to open, which required the utmost force of political wisdom, and political virtue to guard against. The same pernicious principles which distracted that unhappy country, were artfully disseminated in this. Freedom of speech and the freedom of the press gave but too wide a circulation to the destructive doctrines of equality and the rights of man. The enthusiastic flame was communicated through all ranks, and to the remotest villages of the kingdom. To reason against the delusive doctrines was to incur the charge of being an enemy to freedom; and no man could venture to espouse the old and established principles of loyalty without being insulted. Clubs were formed in every quarter, associations entered into for the ropagation of the new lights, the ringdom was divided into departInents, all the absurd phrases and appellations in the jargon of the French republicwere eagerly adopted, large assemblies of men were gathered in the fields, and every thing tended to shew that, witho t some prompt and vigorous measures ‘on the part of government, the kingdom was inevitably on the eve of a revolution.

The government did exert itself: laws of valutary restraint were enacted, but not without violent op|..." some of the factious ringeaders were apprehended, by which means the kingdom was saved. Through the whole of the long and eventful war in which this country was engaged against France, Mr. Pitt had to encounter not merely the usual force of parliamentary opposition, but the inflamed feelings and misguided violence of the people. The most artful and scandalous ractices were adopted to render his measures, and his motives odious to the great body of the British nation. Nor is it to be wondered that in the time of heavy and burdensome expences incurred by a Contest : presented but few of those brilliant successes which dazzle and please the vulgar, that the people should murmur. There were besides numerous circumstances which conspired to blacken the horizon and to fill the minds of even the best-disposed with apprehension and alarm. But though the premier was frequently reduced to situations of difficulty o would have shaken

the firmness of most men, he stood

towering above them with unexatnpled firmness, and perceived with a stedfast mind the clouds and thunder rolling at his feet. In 1793 there was a dreadful shock given to commercial credit. Bankruptcies were multiplying daily; one brought on another, and it was impossible to calculate to what an extent the evil would go. In this exigency Mr. Pitt relieved the merchants by an issue of exchequer bills which he granted them by way of loan, on the security of their effects which were not couvertible into money. In 1797 a run took place upon the Bank which nearly exhausted all its disposablecash, and which threat

ened the most alarming consequen- he is said to have brought on so ces: when Mr. Pitt boldly issued an severe an attack of the gout, that Order of Council to the Directors acting upon an already weakened to suspend their payments in specie fraine, it eventually broke up his all the sense of Parliainent should constitution. As the meeting of be taken, which prompt measure parliament approached, he was anxsaved the credit of the bank. ious to appear in his place to explain

The mutiny which broke out in and vindicate his conduct in the prothe fleet a short time after in the secution of the war, which it was same year, made too deep an im naturally expected would be severe pression on the mind of every man ly attacked. In that assembly, howthen living in the country ever to be ever, which he had so often astonishforgotten. These were serious ed and delighted by his superior elo. trials for a minister, yet the courage quence, he was destined to appear and coolness of Mr. Pitt never for- no more. sook him amidst them all, and by his His disorder increased, and on prudence and promptness he pre- Tuesday morning (the 21st) the vented the calamity which men of fever returned with such violence no ordinary minds anticipated from that it became necessary for the the evils which had so alarıningly physicians to declare an opinion, and begun.

to acquaint Mr. Pitt himself with But one of the most important the danger. The Bishop of Lincoln, and glorious acts of his administra- the oldest and dearest friend of Mr. tion was that which preceded his 'Pitt, was called aside, and the folretirement from office. In January lowing opinion was expressed to 1799 he brought forward a plan for him-“ He cannot live forty-eight the union of Ireland with this coun- hours--the disorder has now taken try, and of placing the three king- a mortal' turn-he is not strong doins under one legislature.

enough for medicine or any restoraHe experienced a great deal of tive application. If he lingers a few opposition to this measure, both in days more it will be astonishing." the British and Irish parliaments; . The Bishop of Lincoln now saw. but he was eventually successful in the necessity of intimating the dancarrying it into effect.

ger to Mr. Pitt; who expressed Not long after this Mr. Pitt re- himself perfectly resigned to the signed the seals of office, and was Divine will; and with the utmost succeeded by Mr. Addington,—who composure asked one of his physiconcluded the Treaty of Amiens ! cians how long he might expect to

The short-liv'd peace produced a live. He then entered into a cons new war, and another change in the versation with the Bishop upon readministration. In May 1804, Mr. ligious subjects. He repeatedly dePitt accepted his former situation clared, in the strongest terms of at the special request of the king. humility a sense of his own unworThe events which have since hap- thiness, and a firm reliance upon pened are too recent and imprese the mercy of God, through the mesive to need relation or remark in rits of Jesus Christ. After this the this place,

Bishop of Lincoln prayed by his bedA few months since Mr. Pitt side for a considerable time, and finding himself debilitated, to which Mr. Pitt appeared greatly comstate perhaps intense application posed by these last duties of relia and unwearied anxiety materiaily gion. Mr. Pittafterwards proceedcontributed, went down to Bath. ed to make some arrangements and By too copious a use of the waters requests concerning his private af- .

fairs, and declared that he died in peace with all mankind. Early on Wednesday the earl of Chatham, and lady Esther Stanhope, his niece, went down, and about eleven o'clock he received the sacrament at the hands of the bishop of Lincoln, who continued with him all night, and performed the melaneholy office of closing the eyes of his illustrious pupil and friend. - On Monday the 27th, Mr. Las

* celles brought forward a motion in

the House of Commons, that an Address be presented to his Majesty, humbly praying, that he would be graciously pleased to cause the remains of the late Right Honourrable William Pitt to be interred at the public expence, and that a suitable monument and inseription to the memory of this illustrious and disinterested statesman be erected in the collegiate church of St. Peter, Westminster. It was hardly to be expected that such a proposition would have met with any resistance; yet such was the fact, and though all parties con curred in giving to Mr. Pitt's memory the meed of praise, some persons carried their political enmity to such a pitch as to vote against the Imotion. - It was, however, carried by a majority of an hundred and sixtyeight, a circumstance highly honourable when it is considered that

[blocks in formation]

was educated at Winchester school, from whence he reinoved to New College, Oxford, where he proceeded M.A. 1774; B. D. in 1787, ; and D. D. in 1786. He was appointed professor of poetry on the death af Mr. Thomas Warton, in 1799; and first published a Sermon on the resurrection of the Body deduced from that of Christ, and illustrated from the Transfiguration, 1777, 4to: the Bampton Lectures in eight Sermons, 1782, 8vo; Divinity Tracts, 8vo. 1788; Alfred, an Ode, with six Sonnets the same year, in 4to; an Ode on the Encaenia, on the Installation of the Duke of Portland, in the Chancellorship of Oxford, in 1791; a Fast Sermon before the House of Commons, in 1796, 4to; a Latin Epistle to Bishop Barrington, in 1795, folio, respecting the collation of the MSS. of the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament, which he had begun seven years before, and which occupied his attention till his death, with a specimen of the MS. of Genesis, in the Imperial Library at Vienna, in blue and silver capitals of the second or fifth centuries. The delegates of the University Press agreed to allow him 40/. aear for three years, “ on exhibiting to them his Collations annually, to be deposited in the Bodleian Library, and when the whole should be finished, to the University Press at his expence, and for his i. or of his assigns, if he should live to complete his Collations, Or, if 'left imperfect, they are to be at the .

discretion of the delegates, they

undertaking to promote the finishing of them to the best of their power, and to publish them when finished, allowing to his assigns a just proportion of the profits.” Thus encouraged and aided by a handsome annual subscription, he printed the whole of the Pentateuch, in 5 volumes folio, price twelve go

neas, at the rate of three for each volume being subscribed for one Copy. Among the subscribers were the late archbishop of Canterbury, eighteen English and two Irish bishops, nineteen deans, the university of Oxford for twelve copies, the university of Cambridge three copies, Trinity college, Dublin, for two, university of Glasgow, one; 14 colleges at Oxford, those of King's at Cainbridge, and Eton, and Sion: the dukes of Portland, Grafton, and Marlborough; others of the nobili‘y, and many of the clergy and lai§I-Sixteen annual accounts of the Collation of the MSS. and four of the publication, have been published, the subscription to which, last ear, amounted to 31371. Having rought the publication of the Pentateuch to a conclusion, he last Yearedited the Prophecy of Daniel, ording to Theodotion and the \, departing from his proposed *der, as if by a presentiment of his, end. In fifteen years 7oool. been expended on this great undertaking, the Collations of which ore deposited in the Bodleian Library, to be published under the *Pices of the delegates of the arendon Press. vo }. Henry Croft, D. D. at 0 - -: Yorkshire. rgrave, near Skipton, At Gateacre, the Rev. Robert Parke, Fellow of Pembroke Hall, Sambridge, and minister of Wa. "o near Liverpool, aged 38. At Bath, in the 55th var of his o the Rev. Charles Barton, M. i. Rector of St. Andrew, Holborn. ***s the son of the late Rev. * Barton, Dean of Bristol and **, of St. Andrew, whom he .*ded in that living. See his c 4tacter, page 57. so 3. At Kensington, Miss da . *ged 18, the only surviving W. *; of the Rev. Joseph Smith, * of Melksham, Wilts.

At his house in Hoxton Square” Shoreditch, the Rev. Charles Toulmin, late of Christ's College, Cainbridge. Lately, at a very advanced age, the Rev. Cadwallader Jones, Itector of St. Ives, in Cornwall, and formerly of St. John's College, Cambridge: B.A. in 1730. January 4. Greatly regretted,the Rev. Matthew Thompson, Rector of Bradfield and Mistley, and one of the Justices of the Peace for the county of Essex. He was on that day invited to dine at H. Rigby's, Esq. Mistley Hall, and on rising to go into the dining-room was taken suddenly ill, and immediately expired. He has left a widow and eleven children to lament his loss. At Kelston, in his 55th year, the IRev. Edward Hawkins, M. A. Rector of that place, and Vicar of Bisley, Gloucestershire. The Rev. George Lefroy, Rector of Ashe in Hampshire, and of

Compton in Surry.

The Rev. Richard Bethel, Rector of St. Peter's, Wallingford. At Seddington, Herefordshire, the Rev. John Washbourn, D. D. one of the Senior Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford, and Rector of that parish. At the parsonage-house at Cottesbrooke, in Northamptonshire, of the gout in his head, the Rev. John Sanford, L.L. B. more than o years Rector of that par Irish. -At Yarmouth, Mrs. Turner, wife of the Rev. Richard Turner, minister of that parish. Her stedfast and unaffected Christian picty, her affectionate and unceasing attention to a numerous family, and her eagerness to relieve the wants of the poor and distressed, will long render her example instructive, and her memory beloved and revered.

« PoprzedniaDalej »