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a financial reform, when he com
His natural zeal and industry, administration which succeeded to aided by the wisdom and learning that of Lord North. No; he kept of these able tutors, acquired aloof, young as he was, froin an unbin early notice and distinction at principled coalition which courted the University. --Ile was, in fact, his assistance, and the lustre of his the model which was perpetually splendid talents, even in his youth. held
for the emulation of the So early did he display the firmness young nobility and gentlemen who and integrity of his mind. But were the cotemporaries of his stu- when on the death of the Marquis. dies
, and when he was admitted of Rockinghan, lord Shelburne (atmaster of arts, more respect was
terwards the marquis of Lansdowne) paid to his personal merits, than to came into power, Mr. Pitt accepted the ordinary qualifications usually the office of Chancellor of the ExcheTequired for that degree.
This ottico he resigned on On leaving the university Mr. the 31st of March 1783, when lord Pitt entered himself a student of Shelburne was obliged to retire, to Lincoln's Inn, and after going inake way for the coalition ministry, through the regular course of legal consisting of lord North, Mr. Fox, study, he was.called to the bar; and and their respective friends. afterwards became a member of That ininistry, however, did not that honourable and learned society. possess the contidence of either the He likewise went once or twice upon sovereign or the people, and it the western circuit, and appeared as
therefore was soon dissolved, in junior counsel in several causes. But consequence of which, Mr. Pitt, he was destined to fill a far higher in less than twelve months obtained station in the country than any
the situations of first lord of the which could possibly be attained Treasury, and Chancellor of the through the channel of the law. Exchequer, which placed him in the
In the 22d year of his age he high situation of prime minister of was returned at the general election Great Britain, at the early age of in 1780, for the borough of Poole, twenty-five years.
as one of its repre From that period the history of sentatives in parliament. He im- Mr. Pite is no other than the history mediately joined the party with of the British Empire, and in a which his father had acted, and great measure the history of Europe, which had distinguished itself by its On setting out he found his situa
to the American war, tion peculiarly difficult and precariand to the measures of Lord North's ous, from the great strength of op
Ilis first speech position in the House of Commons, in the House of Commons was dee from the numerous abuses which livered on Mr. Burke's motion for prevailed in all departments of the
government, and above all from the of the public, from the care which finances of the country. But his had been bestowed upon his edu- powerful mind overcaine them all; eation, from the distinction he and by the wisdom and vigour of was known to have acquired in his his measures public credit arose to studies, and from the splendîd talents an unexampled height, the oppoof his father, which he was born to
sition dwindled into an insignificant support, and which he was ambitie party, and Mr. Pitt was hailed as
the saviour of his country. We Mr. Pitt, however, did not form pass over númerous acts of his adany connexion with the Rockingham ministration from our necessarily
ous to emulate.
confined limits; but it would be ex The government did exert itself: tremely unjust to omit noticing his laws of valutary restraint were envirtuous and intrepid conduct, du- acted, but not without violent opring the king's illness in 1788. On position, some of the factious ringthat trying occasion, the opposition leaders were apprehended, by which - roused all its energies, and collect- means the kingdom was saved. ed inany venal men around its Through the whole of the long standard, who were eager to wor and eventful war in which this · ship the rising sun. But the prime country was engaged against France, , minister stood in the gap with lord Mr. Pitt had to encounter not chancellor Thurlow, and warmly merely the usual force of parliasupported the cause of their king mentary opposition, but the intlamand constitution, for which they re- ed feelings and misguided violeuce ceived the grateful praise of the na of the people. tion.
The inost artful and scandalous When the revolution of France practices were adopted to render broke out, a new and portentous his measures, and his motives odious scene began to open, which re to the great body of the British quired the utmost force of political nation. Nor is it to be wondered wisdoin, and political virtue to guard that in the time of heavy and buragainst. The same pernicious prin- densome expences incurred by a ciples which distracted that unhap- contest which presented but few of py country, were artfully dissemi- those brilliant successes which daznated in this. Freedom of speech zle and please the vulgar, that the and the freedom of the press gave people should murmur. There were but too wide a circulation to the besides
circumstances destructive doctrines of equality and which conspired to blacken the hothe rights of man.
rizon and to fill the minds of even The enthusiastic flame was com the best-disposed with apprehension municated through ali ranks, and and alarm. "But though the premier to the remotest viilages of the king- was frequently reduced to situations dom. To reason against the de- of ditficulty which would have shaken lusive doctries was to incur the the firmness of nost inen, he stood charge of being an enemy to free- towering above them with unexam. dom; and no man could venture pled firinness, and perceived with a to espouse the old and established stedfast mind the clouds and thunprinciples of loyalty without being der rolling at his feet. insulted.
In 1793 there was a dreadful Clubs were formed in every quar- shock given to commercial credit. ter, associations entered into for the Bankruptcies were multiplying daily; propagation of the new lights, the one brought on another, and it was kingdom was divided into depart- impossible to calculate to what an ments, all the absurd phrases and extent the evil would go. In this appellations in the jargon of the exigency Mr. Pitt relieved the mer. French republic were eagerly adopt- chants by an issue of exchequer bills ed, large assemblies of men were which he granted them by way of gathered in the fields, and every loan, on the security of their effects thing tended to shew that, witl.o 't which were not convertiblè into soine prompt aud vigorous measures money. on the part of government, the In 1797 a run took place upon kmgdom was inevitably on the eve the Bank which nearly exhausted all of a revolution.
its disposablecash, and which threat
ened the most alarming consequen- he is said to have brought on so ces: when Mr. Pitt boldly issued an severe an attack of the gout, that Order of Council to the Directors acting upon an already weakened to suspend their payments in specie fraine, it eventually broke up his All the sense of Parliainent should constitution. As the meeting of be taken, which prompt measure parliament approached, he was anxsaved the credit of the bank. ious to appear in his place to explain
The mutiny which broke out in and vindicate his conduct in the prothe fleet a short time after in the secution of the war, which it was same year, made too deep an im- naturally expected would be severe pression on the mind of every man ly attacked. In that assembly, howthen living in the country ever to be ever, which he had so often astonishforgotten. These were serious ed and delighted by his superior elotrials for a minister, yet the courage quence, he was destined to appear and coolness of Mr. Pitt never forsook him amidst them all, and by his His disorder increased, and on prudence and promptness he pre- Tuesday morning (the 21st) the vented the calamity which men of fever returned with such violence no ordinary minds anticipated from that it becamne necessary for the the evils which had so `alarıningly physicians to declare an opinion, and begun.
to acquaint Mr. Pitt himself with But one of the most important the danger.! The Bishop of Lincoln, and glorious acts of his administra- the oldest and dearest friend of Mr. tion was that which preceded his 'Pitt, was called aside, and the folretirement from office. In January lowing opinion was expressed to 1799 he brought forward a plan för him—“ He cannot live forty-eight the union of Ireland with this coun- hours--the disorder has now taken try, and of placing the three king- a mortal' turn-he is not strong doins under one legislature.
enough for medicine or any restoraHe experienced a great deal of tive application. If he lingers a few opposition to this measure, both in days wore it will be astonishing." the British and Irish parliaments; The Bishop of Lincoln now saw. but he was eventually successful in the necessity of intimating the dancarrying it into effect.
ger to Mr. Pitt; who expressed Not long after this Mr. Pitt re- himself perfectly resigned to the signed the seals of office, and was Divine will; and with the utmost succeeded by Mr. Addington,—who composure asked one of his physiconcluded the Treaty of Amiens ! cians how long he might expect to The short-liv'd peace produced a
live. He then entered into a cons new war, and another change in the versation with the Bishop upon readministration. In May 1804, Mr. ligious subjects. He repeatedly dePitt accepted his former situation clared, in the strongest terms of at the special request of the king. humility a sense of his own unworThe events which have since hap- thmess, and a firm reliance upon pened are too recent and impres- the mercy of God, through the mesive to need relation or remark in rits of Jesus Christ. After this the
Bishop of Lincoin prayed by his bedA few months since Mr. Pitt side for a considerable time, and finding himself debilitated, to which mr. Pitt appeared greatly comstate perhaps intense. application posed by these last duties of relia and unwearied anxiety materiaily gion. Mr. Pittafterwards proceedcontributed, went down to Bath. , ed to make some arrangements and By too copious a use of the waters requests concerning his private af
fairs, and declared that he died in was educated at Winchester school, peace with all mankind.
from whence he reinoved to New Early on Wednesday the earl of College, Oxford, where he proChatham, and lady Esther Stanhope, ceeded M. A. 1774; B. D. in 1787 : - his niece, went down, and about and D. D. in 1786. He was apo eleven o'clock he received the sa- 'pointed professor of poetry on the erament at the hands of the bishop death at Mr. Thomas Warton, in *of Lincoln, who continued with him 1790; and first published a Sermon all night, and performed the melan on the resurrection of the Body de
eholy office of closing the eyes of duced from that of Christ, and il- his illustrious pupil and friend. lustrated from the Transtiguration,
On Monday the 27th, Mr. Las- 1777, 4to: the Bampton Lectures celles brought forward a motion in in eight Sermons, 1782, 8vo; Dithe House of Commons, that an vinity Tracts, 8vo. 1788; Alfred, Address be presented to his Ma an Ode, with six Sonnets the same jesty, humbly praying, that he would year, in 4to; an Ode on the Enbe graciously pleased to cause the cænia; on the Installation of tize Temains of the late Right Honour- Duke of Portland, in the Chancelrable William Pitt to be interred lorship of Oxford, in 1791; a Fast at the public expence, and that a Sermon before the House of Comsuitable monument and inseription mons, in 1796, 4to; a Latin Episto the memory of this illustrious tle to Bishop Barrington, in 1795, and disinterested statesman be folio, respecting the collation of erected in the collegiate church of the MSS. of the Septuagint Version St. Peter, Westminster.
of the Old Testament, which he It was hardly to be expected that had begun seven years before, and such a proposition would have met which occupied his attention till his with any resistance; yet such was death, with a specimen of the MS. the fact, and though all parties con of Genesis, in the Imperial Library curred in giving to Mr. Pitt's me at Vienna, in blue and silver capimory the need of praise, some per tals of the second or fifth centuries. sons carried their political eninity to The delegates of the University such a pitch as to vote against the Press agreed to allow him 40/, amotion.
on exhibit It was, however, carried by a ing to them his Collationsannually, majority of an hundred and sixty to be deposited in the Bodleian eight, a circumstance highly ho. Library, and when the whole should nourable when it is considered that be finished, to the University Press no hopes of favour could have
expence, and for his benefit, operated upon the minds of any of or of his assigns, it he should live persons
gave so just a mark to complete his Collations, Or, if of respect to the memory of the 'left imperfect, they are to be at the greatest statesman that ever adorn discretion of the delegates, they ed the annals of this or any other undertaking to promote the finishcountry.
ing of them to the best of their Of à mortification, in his 59th power, and to publish them when year, the Rev, Robert Holmes, finished, allowing to his assigns a D. D. rector of Stanton, in the just proportion of the profits.” Thus county of Oxford, canon of Salis- encouraged and aided by a handbury and Christ Church, and dean soine annual subscription, he printof Winchester. He was born of an ed the whole of the Pentateuch, in ancient family in Hampshire, and 5 volumes folio, price twelve gu
ncas, at the rate of three for each At his house in Hoxtou Square volume being subscribed for one Shoreditch, the Rev. Charles Toulcopy. Among the subscribers were min, late of Christ's College, Camthe late archbishop of Canterbury, bridge. eighteen English and two Irish bi Lately, at a very advanced age, shops, nineteen deans, the univer- the Rev. Cadwallader Jones, Recsity of Oxford for twelve copies, tor of St. Ives, in Cornwall, and the university of Cambridge three formerly of St. Johu's College, copies, Trinity college, Dublin, for Cambridge: B. A. in 1730. two, university of Glasgow, one; 14 January 4, Greatly regretted, the colleges at Oxford, those of King's Rev. Matthew Thompson, Rector at Cainbridge, and Eton, and Sion: of Bradfield and Mistley, and one the dukes of Portland, Grafton, and of the Justices of the Peace for the Marlborough; others of the nobili- county of Essex. He was on that ty, and many of the clergy and lai- day invited to dine at H. Rigby's, ty-Sixteen annual accounts of the Esq. Mistley IIall, and on rising to Collation of the MSS. and four of go into the dining-room was taken the publication, have been publish- suddenly ill, and immediately exed, the subscription to which, last pired. He has left a widow and year, amounted to 31371. Having eleven children to lament his loss. brought the publication of the Pen At Kelston, in his 55th year, the tateuch to a conclusion, he last Rev. Edward Hawkins, M. A. Recyear edited the Prophecy of Daniel, tor of that place, and Vicar of according to Theodution and the Bisley, Gloucestershire. LXX, departing from his proposed The Rev. George Lefroy, Rector order, as if by a presentiment of of Ashe in Hampshire, and of his end. In fifteen years 70001. Compton in Surry. had been expended on this great
The Rev. Richard Bethel, Recundertaking, the Collations of which tor of St. Peter's, Wallingford. are deposited in the Bodleian Li At Seddington, Herefordshire, brary, to be published under the the Rev. John Washbourn, D. D auspices of the delegates of the one of the Senior Fellows of MagClarendon Press,
dalen College, Oxford, and Recior The Rev. Henry, Croft, D.D. of that parish. Vicar of Gargrave, vear Skipton,
At the parsonage-house at Cot
tesbrooke, in Northamptonshire, At Gateacre, the Rev. Robert of the gout in his head, the Rev. Parke, Fellow of Pembroke Hall
, John Sanford, LL. B. more than Cambridge, and minister of Wa twenty years Rector of that payertree, near Liverpool, aged 38.
rish. At Bath, in the 55th year of his
At Yarmouth, Mrs. Turner, wife age, the Rev. Charles Barton, M. of the Rev. Richard Turner, miA. Rector of St. Andrew, Holborn. nister of that parish. Her stedfast
. He was the son of the late Rev. and unaffected Christian picty, her Dr. Barton, Dean of Bristol and affectionate and unceasing attenRector of St. Andrew, whom he tion to a numerous family, and her succeeded in that living. See his eagerness to relieve the wants of
the poor and distressed, will long At Kensington, Miss render her example instructive, and Smith, aged 18, the only surviving her memory beloved and revered. daughter of the Rev. Joseph Smith, Vicar of Melksham, Wilts.
character, page 57.