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double, white or purple, flowers.
These flourish for a season, and
then disappear till a new crop is brought to light by the same artifi
In woods, thickets, and on moist shady banks, both on the main and Isle of Wight, but not common. Plentiful near Netley Abbey, and elsewhere about Southton. At Sowley Pond; Mr. R. Jefferd!
Fumaria capreolata. In the Isle of Wight, pretty frequently. Most likely not rare on mainland, Hants, but I have not myself yet. remarked it.
Abundant and truly wild on cliffs of chalk and green sand on the southern and western coasts of the Isle of Wight, firmly rooted on the often perpendicular face of the naked chalk rock, defying all the blasts and storms of winter to dislodge it, and scenting the evening breeze with its delicious fragrance in spring and early summer. Mr. Babington describes the flower as " dull pale red;" I find them, on the contrary, of a full purple, with a rich velvet-like lustre, though liable to vary in intensity. He has very properly marked the wild plant as perennial, many stems occurring of several years' growth, as thick as the wrist and perfectly lig
Common in the county and island on old
walls and buildings, but not looking like a true native.
+? Barbarea præcox. Quite a weed in very many parts of the Isle of Wight; on banks, fields, and even in woods, the ground being often completely yellow with it. It is known here as "bank cress," and is very superior to B. vulgaris as a salad herb, from its greater pungency and more delicate flavour. The latter is a far less common species here, and chiefly confined to sides of streams and ditches; the other is said to have been originally introduced to England, but is now as completely naturalized as any of our indubitable natives. have once or twice fallen in with a specimen of a Barbarea having the pods appressed, possibly the B. stricta of the Manual of British Botany,' but my very few and imperfect specimens, quite out of blossom, have not put it in my power to decide on their identity with this last.
Turritis glabra. I searched carefully for this plant, by directions kindly given to me by my friend Mr. W. Pamplin, the discoverer of it in the county, betwixt Froxfield and Privet, but without success, owing doubtless to the want of sufficiently minute indications, which the lapse of many years made it almost impossible for him to afford.
Arabis hirsuta. Abundant about Winchester; Dr. A. D. White! Isle of Wight, chiefly at Newport and about Carisbrooke Castle; very local.
Cardamine amara. Side of river between Titchfield and Hill Head; Mr. W. L. Notcutt. Absent from the Isle of Wight Flora. +? Hesperis matronalis. Near Warnford; Mr. Vickery. Formerly gathered at Bonchurch, Isle of Wight, I believe by Mr. Dawson Turner; and more recently, at the same place, by my friend John Curtis, Esq., who has figured the specimen in his exquisite work on British Entomology, vol. x., t. 435. I have never yet seen this species myself in the county, and doubt its claim to be considered as native. It occurs plentifully in the grounds at Old Park, in this island, but too manifestly a stray from the flower-border to warrant its admission even as a naturalized species.
Brassica oleracea. Very rare at Ventnor, Isle of Wight, but extremely sparingly, in one station only. A specimen or two here and there on the cliffs occasionally.
Diplotaxis tenuifolia. Abundant on old walls at Southampton. Not found in the Isle of Wight.
+Alyssum calycinum. In plenty in a field near Bury Hall, Alverstoke, on the way across the fields from thence to Privet; Miss L. S. Minchin ! The ground was in corn this year when I visited the station, but the plant may reappear after harvest, or when next in lay. It was growing, I understand, with Camelina sativa, a curious circumstance, as that plant is thought only to be found in flax-fields with
On the continent it is not restricted to that crop, the culture of which has long been abandoned in this part of England.
Cochlearia danica. Abundant on the flat shore of Stokes Bay. Very rare in the Isle of Wight. On High Down at Freshwater.
+?Armoracia rusticana. Meadows and pastures in several parts of the Isle of Wight; in some of its stations having much the look of a native, but seldom flowering in any. More commonly it is found near houses, and was formerly abundant and still maintains its ground in the stiff soil of the Dover at Ryde, but never blossoms there.
Thlaspi arvense. Fields in the Isle of Wight, but very local. Teesdalia nudicaulis. Southsea Common; Mr. Hudson! Plentiful on the shore at Anglesea; Miss L. Minchin !!! Abundantly on sandy heaths and commons between Farnham and Petersfield; Mr. W. Pamplin. Not yet observed in the island, but I can scarcely think it is really wanting here.
Lepidium campestre. Extremely common in cultivated fields on
hedge-banks and waysides in most parts of the Isle of Wight, and I believe not rare in the county generally.
Lepidium Smithii. On banks and dry waste ground in many parts of the main and island. Frequent about Lymington and Southton. It is remarkable that in framing the specific characters betwixt this species and the last, one of the most obvious and therefore best diagnostic marks has been overlooked by British writers, almost the only ones who could be expected to discover this striking difference in the habit of L. Smithii, since it is unknown over the greater part of the continent in a wild state. In L. campestre the stem is erect and simple, or copiously and corymbously branched in a very regular manner, the branches being straight and somewhat erect and forming a level top. In L. Smithii the usually numerous stems are always either ascending, inclining, or at most suberect, more commonly spreading or decumbent, and when not simple, branched only at the summit, the branches fewer, shorter, curved upwards and divaricate or spreading, not as in the other erect and forming a regular paniculate corymb.
ruderale. Near Southton, as mentioned in Bot. Guide!!! Senebiera Coronopus. A very common weed under walls and in waste ground throughout the county and island.
didyma. Rare? In great abundance under walls and on sea-banks along the east shore of the river at Lymington, for perhaps a couple of hundred yards below the last houses. Very rare in the Isle of Wight at East Cowes, and now I fear almost extirpated by building. Andover; Mr. W. Whale! a remarkably inland station for a plant commonly found only on or near the sea coast.
Crambe maritima. On the shore at Calshot Castle, where the plant is blanched by covering it with the sand, and so prepared is sent to the London markets. Western Court; Dr. Pulteney, in Hamp. Rep. Reseda lutea. Not rare in the chalky parts of the county. Very common about Andover, and from thence to the Andover-road station. Rather uncommon in the Isle of Wight, where R. luteola is, on the contrary, of sufficiently frequent occurrence.
Viola odorata. Extremely common in woods, hedges, and thickets, throughout the entire county and Isle of Wight, rare in the latter with blue flowers, they being here usually white or pale lilac. I cannot see the propriety of printing this humble but fragrant favourite of spring in the 'London Catalogue of British Plants' in italics, as a suspected alien. No plant is, in my judgment, more perfectly wild than the sweet violet in this and in many other of our southern counties
at least, though I do not take upon myself to answer for its being so in the more northern ones, having never directed my attention to the point when a resident in those parts of the kingdom. I suspect, however, it is truly wild throughout Europe up to at least 55° of latitude; and till within these very few years it was always permitted, as far as I can find, to enjoy its claim to aboriginality unquestioned; nor can I perceive any just cause why such claim should now be set aside after having passed unchallenged from time immemorial.
Viola hirta. Common in most parts I believe of the county. It covers the ground in large patches on the most exposed parts of Longwood Warren, near Winchester. Abundant in many parts of the Isle of Wight,
-palustris. Cold, wet, boggy thickets in the Isle of Wight, but very local, though abundant where found.
lactea. New Forest, near Boldre. On a heath near Curbridge, Bishop's Waltham (Curbridge Common?). Very rare on heaths in the island.
tricolor, var. arvensis.
This is mentioned here because it is the only form known to me of this very common plant inhabiting the Isle of Wight or the mainland of Hants. Though many, rich, rare, and lovely are the wild flowers of the south, we cannot here gaze or recline on those "pansied" banks which breezes fresher than our own fan into bloom and beauty in the north. The wild heartsease is here an insignificant corn-flower, the least attractive of any in the chaplet on the brow of Ceres.
Frankenia lævis. Abundant near Portsmouth on banks and in flat, salt-marsh ground. In similar places and on chalk cliffs in the Isle of Wight, but very local. The leaves are erroneously described as linear, being in truth oblong, and only linear by the revolution of their margins; this part of the specific character should be framed accordingly.
Parnassia palustris. This elegant plant formerly grew on a tract of boggy ground, called William's Moor, close to Ryde, but long ago drained and converted into excellent pasture and arable; Mr. J. Lawrence. I have never found it since in any part of the Isle of Wight, or heard of its occurrence within the county.
Common in bogs, both here and on the
longifolia. Gomer Pond, in plenty. Embley, near In bogs on the New Forest, as all about Tachbury Ower, &c., with D. rotundifolia; Mr. W. Pamplin. About Titchfield; Mr.
W. L. Notcutt; and in various other places. Not found in the Isle of Wight.
Drosera anglica. Forest of Bere; Dr. Pulteney, in Hamp. Rep. Tamarix gallica (anglica?). Erroneously introduced as growing at Hurst Castle: and Freshwater must be expunged from the Hampshire Flora, being only known in cultivation as an ornamental shrub within the limits of the county.
N. B. Elatine hexandra and E. Hydropiper grow in Frensham Pond, Surrey, close upon the Hampshire border, and may be reasonably expected to occur in the latter county.
Dianthus prolifer. In some abundance on the turfy parts of Ryde, Dover, where I have seldom failed to see it for these last ten years, though not always in equal plenty. First noticed there I believe by C. C. Babington, Esq.
Armeria. Gravelly and sandy fields; rare. I have one or two mainland stations for this species, but cannot at present refer to my authorities. Very rare in the Isle of Wight, though truly wild there.
+ Saponaria officinalis. At Odiham and between Cheriton and Bramdean; Dr. Pulteney, in Hamp. Rep. Freefolk; Rev. G. F. Dawson. I have not as yet seen any Hampshire station for this plant, and cannot pronounce upon the claim of the species to be called wild with us. The tendency in the flowers to become double is so frequent as perhaps to furnish no strong argument against its title to reception when the locality itself is above suspicion. In this island the Saponaria is obviously introduced and but very sparingly naturalized.
Silene anglica. Abundant in many parts of the Isle of Wight in sandy corn-fields, and extremely plentiful amongst turnips at the close of summer. Of this we have two well-marked forms. 1st. An upright variety, which I call stricta, with very erect often simple stem, and erect or diverging branches; the capsules on diverging, not reflexed pedicels. This, which with Mertens and Koch (Deutschland's Flora) I take to be the S. gallica of authors, is more commonly met with amongst corn and summer crops, though sometimes with the following later in the year. 2nd. Var. autumnalis. cumbent, pedicels (in fruit) finally deflexed. plant, quite unlike the former in habit, with long, straggling, much branched stems, two or three feet in length, and much larger, more spreading leaves; abundant in cultivated (chiefly turnip) fields at the close of summer, flowering on till destroyed by the frost. I can find no structural difference betwixt these two forms beyond those of habit,
Stems diffuse or proThis is a large coarse