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19. S. ELIZABETH, of Hungary, W. of Louis Margrave of Thuringia; O.S.F., is especially famous for her charity her humility, and her many miracles. 1231, aged 24.

20. S. EDM UN D, the virtuous King of East-Anglia, was taken prisoner by the Danes, and on refusing to renounce Christ, was cruelly martyred by them. 870. Buried at Bury S. Edmunds.

21. The PRESENTATION OF THE B.V. MARY in the Temple. (p. 305.)

22. S. CECILIA, V.M.: a Roman lady who had consecrated herself to God, and being married against her will, converted her husband (S. Valerian, M. Ap. 14.) on the day of their marriage, and was afterwards condemned to death. The executioner only partially severed her head, and she lingered on for two days. About 232. The Patron Saint of music.

23. S. CLEMENT, P.M., 3rd successor of S. Peter; mentioned by S. Paul as a fellow-labourer. Owing to the great increase of Christians during his pontificate, he was banished by Trajan, and afterwards cast into the sea. Ab. 102.

24. S. JOHN OF THE CROSS, PR., 1st Prior of the Barefooted Carmelites, endured much persecution whilst introducing S. Theresa's Reform. 1591.

25. S. CATHERINE, V.M., a lady of Alexandria, famed for her sanctity and learning, boldly rebuked the Emperor Maximinus for his persecutions, and was in consequence cruelly tortured and beheaded. Ab. 307. Her heavenly marriage, her martyrdom (she is represented with a broken wheel at her side), and her entombment by the Angels, have been favourite subjects of Christian art.

26. S. FELIX, of the royal family of VALOIS; was cofounder with S. John of Matha (Feb. 8), of the Trinitarian Order for ransoming Christian captives. 1212.

27. S. GREGORY THAUMATURGUS, or the Wonderworker, B. of Neo-Caesarea in Asia Minor, was a zealous preacher of the Gospel and opponent of Arianism. 270.

30. S. ANDREW, AP., Patron of Scotland: the first called of the Apostles; is styled by the Ven. Bede, the "Introducer to Christ," because of his having brought S. Peter and others to Our Lord. He preached in Thrace, and was crucified in Greece on a cross in the form of an X.


2. S. BIBIANA, V.M., a distinguished Roman Martyr

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under Julian the Apostate, whose parents and sister likewise obtained the crown of martyrdom. 363.

3. S. FRANCIS XAVIER, S.J., PR., Apostle of the Indies, a Spaniard. On account of his indomitable zeal, and almost incredible missionary labours and successes, he may be called another S. Paul. 1552.

4. S. PETER CHRYSOLOGUS or Golden-speeched, B. of Ravenna, D.; an eminent preacher and doer of the Gospel. 450.-S. BARBARA, of Egypt, V.M. 3rd or 4th cent.; the Patron of a Good Death.

5. S. BIRINUS, B., O.S.B., was sent to England by Pope Honorius I., and converted the West-Saxons. He founded the see of Dorchester (Oxfordshire), afterwards removed to Winchester. 650.

6. S. NICHOLAS, B. of Myra in Asia Minor; famous for his many works of mercy, and his miracles both during and after life. Ab. 327. The Patron Saint of Russia, of children, and of the distressed,

7. S. AMBROSE, D., was elected B, of Milan whilst governor of the province and only a catechumen. A zealous upholder of the Catholic faith and of ecclesiastical discipline, he fearlessly reproved two emperors, and led a life of dis tinguished holiness and charity. 397.


11. S. DAMAS US, P., ordained that the Gloria Patri should be said after every Psalm. 384.

13. S. LUCY, V.M., of Syracuse, having consecrated herself to God, was denounced by a youth who vainly sought her in marriage. After being torn with pincers and otherwise cruelly tortured, she was beheaded. 304.

16. S. EUSEBIUS, B. of Vercelli, M., manfully opposed the Arian heresy, and was in consequence exiled and cruelly persecuted. 370.

21. S. THOMAS, A P., slow at first to believe in the resurrection of his Master, he carried His Gospel to the Medes and Persians, and even to India, where he was slain pierced with arrows.

25. S. ANASTASIA, M., of Rome, was burnt alive in Illyria. 304.

26 to 31, see Part III., p. 355.


Psalms and Hymns for all Sundays and Feasts.

The Office of Vespers is divided into two parts: 1, the Psalms and their Anthems; 2. the Little Chapter, Hymn, Magnificat and its Anthem, and the Collect.

The Psalms and Hymn on any given day are, either, 1. "ferial," that is, those for the day of the week, as appointed in the "Sunday and Week-day Service;" or 2. those proper to the feast shown in the Calendar as falling on that day.

Nearly all feasts take precedence of ordinary Sundays and weekdays; and as the celebration of a feast begins on the previous evening, when what are termed its First Vespers are sung, it is seldom that the Sunday or Week-day Vespers are said. But although most feasts are thus entitled to First and Second Vespers, in practice it is only the more solemn feasts that have the whole of both Vespers, the greater number only having one of the Parts above mentioned of both Vespers. And therefore, generally, the first part of Vespers is for the day or feast occurring, and the second part for the feast of the next day.

Owing to the frequent clashing of the Moveable and Fixed Calendars, it is almost impossible to determine the order of Vespers without consulting one of the Catholic Directories annually published; but once this order is ascertained, the subjoined Table will show the Psalms and Hymn for First and Second Vespers proper to all Sundays and feasts.

Pater noster. Ave Maria. In silence.

DEUS, in adjutorium meum

;- - Domine, ad adjuvandum me festina. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto: sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen.


GOD, come to my assistance; -O Lord, make haste to help me. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost: as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Alleluia. From Septuagesima to Palm Sunday, Laus tibi, Domine, Rex æternæ gloriæ,-Praise be to Thee, O Lord, King of everlasting glory, is said instead.

Here follow the five PSALMS (see Table) with their Anthems, the LITTLE CHAPTER, HYMN (see Table), MAGNIFICAT, p. 182, with its Anthem, and the COLLECT (for which one of the Collects given in "The Ecclesiastical Year," p. 281, may be taken).

After the Collect, and Commemorations, if any:

V. Benedicamus Domino: R. Deo gratias.

V. Fidelium animæ per misericordiam Dei requiescant in pace. R. Amen.

V. Let us bless the Lord : R Thanks be to God.

V. May the souls of the faithful, through the mercy of God, rest in peace. R. Amen.

After which one of the Anthems of the B. V. Mary, p. 431, is generally sung the Priest first saying the Pater noster in silence,


Dominus det nobis suam pacem: R. Et vitam æternam. Amen.

May the Lord grant us His peace: R. And life everlasting. Amen.

Table showing the Psalms and Hymns on Sundays

and festivals.



1 V., 2 V. First or Second Vespers; Ps. = Psalms; H.: Hymn; and † see the foot of the page. When not otherwise noted the 1 and 2 Vespers are alike.

1. Proper of the Season.

Sundays (When the 'Sunday' Office is said). Ps. for 2 V. only: all as at p. 144.--H. 1 and 2 V., Advent, Creator p. 348; Lent, Audi p. 365; Passion and Palm Sundays, Vexilla p. 303; Sundays after Easter, Ad regias p. 380; Sundays after Epiph. and Pentecost, 2 V. only, Lucis Creator p. 153.

Christmas, 1 V. Ps.* and t. 2 V. Ps. (said from 25th to 30th Dec.) Dixit p. 144, Confitebor p. 145, Beatus p. 146, De profundis p. 87, Memento p. 159.-H. Jesu Redemptor, p. 352.

* Stands for the four first psalms of Sunday, p. 144.

t Shows the fifth psalm to be Laudate Dominum, p. 142.

Circumcision, Ps. as for feasts of B. V. Mary.-H. Jesu Redemptor p. 352.

Epiphany. Ps. 1 V.* and t. 2 V. (and during Octave) as for Sundays p. 144.-H. Crudelis p. 359.

2nd Sunday after Epiphany: The Name of Jesus. Ps. and Credidi p 172.-H. Jesu dulcis p. 303.


Easter Sunday and week. 2 V. Ps. as at p. 144.-No H.
3rd Sun. after Easter: S. Joseph. As on March 19, in No. 3.
Ascension and Octave. Ps.* and †.-H. Salutis p. 384.
Whit-Sunday. Ps. 1 V. * and t. 2 V. (and during the Week)

as at p. 144.-H. Veni Creator p. 387. Trinity Sunday. Ps. 1 V. * and t. 2 V. p. 144.-H. Jam sol p. 180.

Corpus Christi and Octave. Ps. Dixit p. 144, Confitebor p. 145, Credidi p. 172, Beati p. 158, Lauda Jerusalem, p. 179.-H. Pange p. 394.

3rd Sun. after Pent.: The Sacred Heart. Ps. as for Corpus Christi.-H. Auctor p. 304. 1st Sunday of July (when not Blood. Ps. 1 V. * and t. p. 179.--H. Festivis p. 305,

2nd July). The Precious 2 V. and Lauda Jerusalem,

2. Common of Saints.

B. V. Mary. Ps. Dixit p. 144, Laudate p. 147, and the three psalms for Saturday, p. 177.-H. Ave maris p. 308.-Special H. on feast of the VII Sorrows, first ten stanzas of Stabat p. 228. For other special Hs. see p. 313.

Angels. Ps. 1 V. and t. 2. V. * and Confitebor p. 156.-H. see under No. 3.

Apostles. Ps. 1 V. * and †. 2 V. Dixit p. 144, Confitebor p. 145, and the three Psalms for Friday, p. 172.-H. Exultet p. 321. During Easter Tristes p. 325. See also No. 3, Martyrs. Ps. 1 V. * and t. 2 V. and Credidi p. 172. -H. for one Martyr Deus tuorum p. 325: Special Hs. p. 329. H. for many Martyrs Sanctorum p. 329, but in Faster Rex gloriose p. 328.


Ps. 1 V. * and t. 2 V.* and Memento p. 159.-H. Iste Confessor p. 332. Confessors.

Special Hs. p. 335.

Ps. and t.-H. Iste Confessor p. 332.

Virgins. Ps. as for B. V. Mary. H. Jesu Corona p. 336.

Special Hs. p. 338.

Holy Women. Ps. as for B. V. Mary.

-Special Hs, p. 342.

H. Fortem p. 339,

* † See Notes p. 425,

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