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But when shall spring visit the mouldering urn?
O, when shall it dawn on the night of the grave?

The Hermit.
By the glare of false science betrayed,
That leads to bewilder, and dazzles to blind. Ibid.

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W. J. MICKLE. 1734-1788.

The dews of summer nights did fall,

The moon, sweet regent of the sky,1 Silvered the walls of Cumnor Hall

And many an oak that grew thereby. Cumnor Hall.

For there 's nae luck about the house,

There 's nae luck at a';
There 's little pleasure in the house

When our gudeman 's awa\ The Hariner't Wift?

His very foot has music in 't
As he comes up the stairs. Ibid.

ARTHUR MURPHY. 1727-1805.

Thus far we run before the wind.

The Apprentice. Act v. Sc. 1.

Above the vulgar flight of common souls. Zenobia. Act r.

1 Now Cynthia named, fair regent of the night.

Gay (1688-1732), Trivia, Book iii. And bail their queen, fair regent of the night.

Darwin, The Botanic Garden, Part i. Canto ii. Line 90. * The Mariner's Wife is now given "by common consent," says Sarah Tytler, to Jean Adam (1710-1705).

368 WASHINGTON. — ADAMS. — DICKINSON.

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 1732-1799.

To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace.1

Speech to both Houses of Congress, January 8, 1790.

JOHN ADAMS. 1735-1826.

The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epocha in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary Festival. It ought to be commemorated, as the day of deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward for evermore.

Letter to Mrs. Adams, July 3, 1776.

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JOHN DICKINSON. 1732-1808.

Then join in hand, brave Americans all;
By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall.

The Liberty Song (1708).

l Qui desiderat pacem preparet bellum.

Vegetius, Rei Mil. 3. Prolog. In pace, ut sapiens, nplarit idonea bello.

Horace, Book L SAT. ii.

THOMAS JEFFERSON. 1743-1826. The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the

same time. Summary View ofthe Right of British America.

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

Declaration of Independence.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happinesB.1 ibid.

We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honour. ibid.

Error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is

left free to combat it. Inaugural Address.

Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political; peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, — entangling alliances with none; the support of the State governments in all their rights, as the most competent administrations for our domestic concerns, and the surest

i All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights. — Constitution of Massachusetts.

370 JEFFERSON. - PAINE.

bulwarks against anti-republican tendencies; the preservation of the general government in its whole constitutional vigour, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad; . . . . freedom of religion; freedom of the press; freedom of person under the protection of habeas corpus; and trial by juries impartially selected, -these principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us, and guided our

steps through an age of revolution and reformation. Inaugural Address.

If a due participation of office is a matter of right, how are vacancies to be obtained? Those by death are few; by resignation, none? Letter to a Committee ofthe Merchant: of New Haven, 1801.

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And the final event to himself (Mr. Burke) has been, that, as he rose like a rocket, he fell like the stick. Letter to the Addresscrs.

These are the times that try men’s souls.
The American Crisis. No. 1.

The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related, that it is difficult to class them separately. One step above the sublime makes the ridiculous, and one

step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again.” Age rf Reason. Part ii. ad_/in. note.

1 Usually quoted, “Few die, and none resign.” 2 Probably the original of Napoleon’s celebrated mot, “Du sublime nu ridicule il n’y a qu’|m pas."

HENRY. — TOPLADY. —THRALE. 371

PATRICK HENRY. 1736-1799.

Caesar had his Brutus, — Charles the First, his Cromwell,— and George the Third—("Treason!" cried the Speaker) —may profit by their example. If this be treason, make the most of it. Speech. 1765.

Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but, as for me, give me liberty, or give me

death! Speech, March, 1775.

A. M. TOPLADY. 1740-1778.

Rock of Ages, cleft for me,

Let me hide myself in thee. Salvation through Christ.

Love divine, all love excelling,

Joy of heaven, to earth come down. Dicine Lore.

MRS. THRALE. 1739-1821.

The tree of deepest root is found
Least willing still to quit the ground •,
'T was therefore said, by ancient sages,

That love of life increased with years
So much, that in our latter stages,
When pains grow sharp, and sickness rages,

The greatest love of life appears. Three Warning:

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