Narrative as Counter-Memory: A Half-Century of Postwar Writing in Germany and Japan

Przednia okładka
SUNY Press, 1 sty 1998 - 345
The wartime and postwar cultural histories of Germany and Japan show similar experiences of defeat, occupation, and then the reconstruction of powerful societies. Little previous research has examined the literary works that reflect these contacts and parallelisms. For the first time, this book offers an extensive comparative study of German and Japanese narratives that serve as a form of "counter-memory," in Foucault's phrase, for the two cultures. Rather than attempting to present objective or comprehensive views of history, these narratives draw upon personal memories to offer subjective, selective, and individualistic reports. They provide an alternative (or "counter-memory") to more official versions of World War II and its aftermath. Major writers such as Mishima Yukio, Ibuse Masuji, Oba Minako, Gunter Grass, Uwe Johnson, Christa Wolf, and the Nobel Prize winners Oe Kenzaburo and Heinrich Boll are set in the context of lesser-known writers, including a nine-year-old child, a medical doctor, a woman who served as a journalist, and a former prisoner, to provide a broad cultural basis for understanding responses to the war from within the two societies.

This book combines a broad historical scope with detailed examinations of important individual texts, with both aspects securely set on a firm foundation of historical and literary scholarship. The rhythm of alternation between synthetic generalizations and close textual explication (yielding interpretive insights while providing lucid and economical exposition and summary) allows for carefully balanced and integrated comparisons.

 

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Spis treści

Introduction Contexts for a HalfCentury of Remembering
1
Historical and Literary Contexts
2
Critical Contexts
12
Lines of Convergence and Difference
17
Evoking the Ruins The Recreation of Immediacy
27
Genbaku Bungaku in Japan
33
Ōta Yōko and Hara Tamiki
39
Ōoka Shōhei
74
Ibuse Masujis Black Rain
164
Synopsis
177
Expansion in Time and Place
181
Uwe Johnsons Anniversaries
185
Ōba Minakos Urashimasō
197
Christa Wolfs Cassandra
222
Ōes Trial
233
Synopsis
246

Wiechert and Borchert
83
Triimmerliteratur and Beyond
92
Synopsis
113
The Achievement of a Distanced Perspective
119
Mishima and Boll
121
Grasss Tin Drum and Ōes My Tears
145
The End of the Line
249
Notes
265
Bibliography
293
Index
335
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Informacje o autorze (1998)

Reiko Tachibana is Associate Professor of Comparative Literature and Japanese at the Pennsylvania State University.

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